Laying laminate described below - a process largely standardized.
laying works of certain types of product may be slightly different: unusual requirements should be described in the package inserts of the material manufacturer.
- Self laying laminate: where to start
- rules laying laminate: a preparatory stage
- on concrete
- on the wooden floor
- on the floor
- On lags
- Features laying laminate on the walls or ceiling
- Boards of specialists for securing the laminate on the wall / ceiling look.VIDEO
- Laying laminate substrate under
- Methods for laying laminate
- Direct laying laminate
- Laying laminate diagonally
- Laying laminate squares / «herringbone»
- Instructions for laying laminate: practical tips
- Quick Guide for laying laminate (the order of "direct" stacking)
- Secrets laying laminate in difficult spots premises
- VIDEO: Laying laminate Classen (Germany)
- VIDEO: Laying laminate Pergo (Sweden)
- VIDEO: Choose a quality coatingFloors: laminateBalterio (Balter, Belgium)
- $ Laying laminate: the price issue
Self laying laminate: where to start
Before starting work, decide whether all the necessary tools for installation of laminate you have.When laying laminate, especially if such work you produce for the first time, only need to use a professional tool.
tool for laying laminate:
- construction Roulette (Roulette required length is determined by the length of the room, in most cases will be enough, and 5-meter roulette);
- jigsaw with a set of nail files (cut laminate boards can be performed, and other tools, but perfectly smooth cut and fit is only possible when using jigsaw; for laying laminate flooring in the apartment will be sufficient unit up to 500 W);
- metal building square (up to 35 cm in length);
- pencil to mark the floor;
- hammer (You can also use a rubber mallet to 0.6 kg in weight, this tool is used for tamping laminate boards, as well as for stacking boards in the doorway);
- hacksaw with fine teeth (used for filing the door frame);
- Stag leap bar (for tamping panels are special bars corresponding form, by which it is possible to protect the board from deformation);
- wedges (installed between the slats and the walls of the room around the perimeter of the room);
- bracket tie panels.
addition to tools for laying laminate flooring, you need a tool for installation of plinths:
- drill / hammer (used for wood / concrete surface, respectively);
- uglorez / angle bracket (if using wooden or plastic skirting skirting respectively).
value of the instrument (if you take each component of the list) - around $ 150-200.
Most construction supermarkets you can buy a kit for laying laminate hands.
Advantageously, the mounting kit (for example, Krono Original, Poland) includes:
- wedges (sets contain 20 to 40 pcs.);
- metal bracket;
- podbivochny bar;
- rubber spatula.
rules laying laminate: a preparatory stage
Laying laminate on various types of surfaces require different preparation works.Robust and smooth base - half of success and guarantee a long service life of the new coating.
If you stacked laminate screed made less than a month ago, the better Wait.According to professionals, the screed should settle at least 45 days prior to application of any coating.In another case, the concrete surface may be formed perspiration and moisture under the laminate planks can cause zaprevaniyu coating spoilage and formation of fungus.Postponement is also required in the case of laying laminate floor heating.On the concrete base, as in most other cases, it is necessary to dim a special substrate, but more on that later.
on the wooden floor
Former flooring can be quite useful, and it is not necessary to remove if the ceiling height allows such layering on the floor.The wooden floor must be inspected for irregularities (use builder's level to determine the horizontal surface of the floor of the room), "walk" board - to fix, sinking the nail heads 2-3 mm deep into the wood, cracks - putty.Floor boards before laying laminate and polished.
In most cases, the installation is not done on a wooden floor and plywood lining the surface of the floor (laid on fiberboard laminate is not recommended, because the laminate itself to the surface of the base is unpretentious, but fiberboard reacts to the slightest change in temperature or levelhumidity).On uneven ground, if you can not take it off, put on the best laminate chipboard.
on the old linoleum laminate flooring is not just possible, but you need to pack, if you want to achieve additional sound insulation.Wherein the linoleum surface should adhere to the floor, to have blisters, ruptures and other visible fabric damage. linoleum laminate flooring can not be laid in the case if it is unduly lenient : laminate panels on such flimsy basis can easily sag.
on the floor
on the floorboard to lay laminate flooring is only recommended if the old surface does not cause any suspicion: parquet laid flat, no squeaks, no sags, and the board did not stagger.In the old laminate flooring can be put, not using a standard substrate (at least 2-3 mm thick), and the substrate is at least 5 mm.
In some cases, laying laminate is not on the floor and on the walls or on the ceiling.Laminate, in principle, not intended for facing these surfaces, but our masters manage to adapt it as you wish.
Lay laminate logs by completing the wooden grid as in the photo below.A layer of steam and waterproofing such a system is required.On lags then lay waterproof plywood sheets, and only put it on the laminate.
This is a good option when you need to lay laminate over the old floor, it is not dismantling. Laghi and special substrate under the net to level the floor and help create the perfect base for a new flooring.
Features laying laminate on the walls or ceiling
Consider some features of laying laminate on the wall or ceiling:
- need for additional alignment walls (OSB should be used, because they are not susceptible to temperature and humidityand, in contrast to plywood, do not separate);
- direction of laying laminate on the floor and the walls should be the same (if the laminate cover only a wall or ceiling only, laying direction must be parallel to the natural lighting of the room);
- laminate walls or ceiling are fixed "floating" way - by placing the board in a special mounting frame.
IMPORTANT! laminate can not be put on the glue, becausecovering made from natural materials, should be able to expand / contraction with changes in temperature / air humidity level in the room.
Boards of specialists for securing the laminate on the wall / ceiling look.VIDEO
Laying laminate substrate under
We have already talked about the fact that, regardless of the type of floor surface before laying laminate flooring must be laid out with special support.
required minimum for laying laminate flooring - substrate thickness of 2 mm.The thickness of some kinds of substrates up to 12 mm!
What are the substrate:
- foam foam (2 mm in thickness, from $ 0.35 per m²);
Polyethylene foam - a material with high chemical resistance, antistatic properties as well as soundproofing and sound insulation, foam is moisture, but does not isolate gender from the air.The use of foam cut out heat through the floor.This material is easy to cut and install.However, this substrate is not durable, long-term use because it slёzhivaetsya becoming thinner by almost half.The process of deformation has a negative impact on other qualities of the material.
- expanded polystyrene ("izoshum" of 3 mm in thickness, from $ 0.45 per m²);
This type of substrate can be called the most popular, becauseit has all the positive qualities of foam, however, does not wear out as quickly."Izoshum" - a material more dense and more reliable.
- cork underlay (from 1.85 mm, from $ 3 per m², sold in packs of 10 m²);
The main advantage of this material - its environmental friendliness.Plug in many ways superior foam or polystyrene.Unlike other materials, cork underlay is produced not only in the rolls, but also in the form of slabs, which allows it to lay in any configuration with less care product marriage.
cork backing can be installed not only laminate, but any other type of flooring.It is well tolerated moisture and temperature extremes.
- bitumen cork underlay (2 mm, 3.2 $ / m (sold in packs of 10 m²)).
This two-layer substrate: the sheets of material composed of cellulose and bitumen.The latter has been dressed with a cork (about 2-3 mm).The substrate is placed on the curve the floor bitumen cork layer down, and sheets bonded together with adhesive tape mounting.Bitumen-cork underlay provides internal ventilation floor.
Manufacturers: Estonia, Portugal, Ukraine, Russia.
Methods for laying laminate
determine the direction of laying laminate.
IMPORTANT! figure and structure of the laminate should be in harmony with the shape and lighting of the room.Laying laminate transversely to the direction of incidence of light is also possible, although not desirable due to the deformation of the visual space.
Direct laying laminate
proper styling in this case -ukladka door parallel to the direction of incidence of light rays.Consumption on the trim will be around 4-7%.Recommendations made on the installation this is not unfounded: the light falling on the floor from the window, does not create shadows on the joints between the boards of the laminate, and so the floor surface will seem perfectly flat.Visual integrity of the surface is only possible if the room windows are located along one of the walls.
Laying laminate across the line of light distorts space, visually "pulling" him in the direction of installation.This property could play into the hands of the repair in a narrow corridor or hallway.In this case, however, it takes longer to trimming material.
Laying laminate diagonally
diagonal styling also extends the space visually. This technique is considered to be the laying expensive and complex.His hands, with no prior experience of similar works, will perform this extremely problematic.Consumption in the trimming is about 15%!This scheme is laying the laminate is not suitable for rooms cluttered furniture or carpeted - so lost main idea: to show the decorative floor.
Laying laminate squares / «herringbone»
This method also applies to decorative.This type of mounting laminate is only possible on the condition that you selected laminate has a special type of lock.
If the previous two types of laying laminate can be accomplished with most standard models, "Christmas tree", you can put just finding Manufacturer characteristic product.
This type of laminate is, for example, in a collection Quick Step (Quick Step) Noblesse.The advantage of this collection is that the strips presented therein are identical to the size of the size of parquet: 45.15 * 9.03 * 0.8 cm. The unique design of small strips can be connected at an angle of 90 °.Noblesse collection of Quick Step - a simple but ingenious solutions that allow lay laminate fifty different ways!
IMPORTANT! in the collections of many well-known manufacturers of laminate panels can be found not only "under the tree," but also the so-called artistic panels that mimic any given pattern.These include, for example, the German factory laminated Versale (Versailles).
Instruction laying laminate: practical tips
- check the quality and quantity of purchased material
Before you begin laying laminate should check the quality of the purchase and calculation of the required amount of pre-laminated panels hold with the flow of the material to cut (percentagemarriage above).Installation of the floor and should be performed in the daytime: so soon will be visible flaws not only your work, but the material itself.
- «Acclimatization" bought laminate
Another important preliminary step - to give the laminate to rest in bed in the room for about two days.This temperature must be at least 17 ° C.Packages for acclimatization is not necessary to unpack.If the difference in the level of humidity / temperature in the room and warehouse storage conditions of the laminate is essential, this period should be extended to three or four days.
- laying in dry rooms in a normalized level of humidity
laminate panels in direct contact with water (spray water, for example) can not be laid. Water can penetrate into the base of inexpensive laminate over the edge and cause permanent damage.This is one reason why the laminate can not be laid in areas with persistently elevated humidity levels - in saunas, small bathrooms etc.
- Checking the base
Maximum height difference on the basis of sex should not exceed 3 mm per 1 m length.The floor should be dry and firm.
Before laying a laminate floor is covered with a layer vapor barrier.Earlier we talked about what options exist and the substrate on which materials can be used in its manufacture.The film stack overlap by 30 cm (cork boards are laid end to end) and fasten with tape.Conventionally, on the floor of the substrate finishes preparation for laying laminate: you can start the installation.
- Termoshvy and the distance to the wall
base laminate panels - Fibreboard (MDF), prone, as well as natural wood, swelling or shrinkage due to climate change.Because laminate is not butt placed against the wall, but leave a small gap to each of the walls.These clearances are also called "termoshvami".
laying laminate errors usually occur in the summer / autumn becauseafter a dry period panel gain moisture and not having enough space for natural expansion, distorted.As a consequence - refolding coverage.Termoshva size is largely determined by the type of laminate and its characteristics, as well as the surface area of the room.The average width of the gap from the wall must be at least 8 mm.
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