The most common variant of facing surfaces of walls, floors in bathrooms and kitchen - laying ceramic tile.
Despite the prevalence of this method, many masters and customers make several common mistakes in which we try to understand.
- Technology laying ceramic tiles: what not to do
- Quality tiles
- Quality foundation walls or floor
- quality styling
- Proper tiling
- laying ceramic tiles: VIDEO
- Cost $ tile work
Technology laying ceramic tiles: what not to do
basic rules of successful completion of:
- tiles should be of high quality;
- surface of the walls should be of high quality;
- tile should also be of high quality.
Without constant control over observance of the three components you do not get any good result, even very laborious work.
- started, some mothers do not calibrate tiles, ienot reconcile their evenness edges, identity plates in the package, and do not check for compliance with the tile angle (critical difference - 1.5 mm);
- and tiles should be checked for conformity to color in different packages;
IMPORTANT! sorting and identification of marriage will be more successful if the master before laying tiled on the floor or on the wall to "try on" the pattern and location of the tiles on the surface.
Quality foundation walls or floor
- on the surface of the walls should be no bulges or depressions, cracks, fungus, protruding nails, etc .;
- joints wall / wall and wall / floor, wall / ceiling must be withdrawn by 90 ° (margin of error - 0,01 °);
IMPORTANT! If the master says that most irregularities can be removed during installation, laying a little squinting, your persecution and refused to accept such a job.Facing executed without complying with this rule, it may be unstable and hard-hitting.
- after aligning the wall or floor "fitting" styling also needs to be made.
- key to successful installation - work with the customer at an agreed scheme of laying taking into account the latent scores, exposed suture line, which later will be adjacent, for example, to the kitchen wall, and other nuances (unacceptable that after the installation of ceramic tilesand installation of furniture in the kitchen turned out that the tile joints are not parallel to the walls, and at an angle - it will spoil the appearance of any kitchen);
- professionals tile is laid only on capital base, ie,on concrete or on plaster, any other base (plywood, chipboard, OSB, on slabs of granite or plasterboard) for the tile is not intended;
IMPORTANT! exception to the preceding paragraph may provide cases facing small areas (up to 3 m²).
short instruction tiling, helping to avoid the most common mistakes:
strength ties performed on the floor should not be less than the strength of the adhesive used.Thus, for example, adhesive Ceresit CM-117 strength is about 10 MPa, and therefore the strength of the substrate must be not less than 12 MPa.This solution has a strength of 150-M.It is also possible to use the cement (M-400) and sand in a ratio of 1: 3-2,5.
IMPORTANT! when working with their hands or with the self-purchase materials pay attention to the appointment of an adhesive: thus, the above-mentioned adhesive Ceresit CM-117 - is the glue for lining swimming pools, balconies, plinths, as well as for facing surfaces without dismantling the old tiles.
reference to the use in bathrooms or kitchens there.Therefore, you need another adhesive.For example, Ceresit CM-11, but the range of its application is not so wide.Therefore carefully read the description of the scope of a glue, as well as ways to cook it (you may need plasticizers or other additives fastening)!
Base after the organization or leveling screed must be primed.
teeth trowel adjustment should not exceed the thickness of the tiles.
To align the tile need to use crosses to 4 mm in width.In another case the seams between the tiles come too wide for smoothing processing will take longer and, accordingly, there will be more space for the formation of persistent contaminants.The optimum size of the cross - 3 mm.
styling options crosses may be different, but better than they have in the center of the tile, rather than at their intersection.Centering tiles help to hide irregularities in the tile joints (photo below you can see the consequences of laying without crosses or incorrect installation).
Crosses must be removed on the second day of laying tiles, slightly hooked him with a knife or other cross, etc.
However, all the rules described in the corresponding SNP.Do not be lazy to read the document before finishing work - it will help avoid many troubles.
laying ceramic tiles: VIDEO
$ cost of tile work
- Kiev - from 65-80 USD. /m²;
- Moscow - from 350-380 rub. / M.