Like any modern building, villa or cottage in need of electrification.It is tempting to hold the wire with his hands, having some knowledge and subtract some of the recommendations in articles and forums on the Internet.However, information is often contradictory: the fact that according to some can be done with the wiring, the other not recommended.
For precise information, refer to the Regulations for Electrical Installation (PUE) and Building Regulations (SNIP), to understand that untrained person will not be easy, since different types of work associated with electrification, covered them briefly and randomly.
wiring in a wooden house carries a special fire hazard and can not carry on the majority of the methods applicable to non-combustible bases.The choice of method of laying wiring cable of the brand, quality and fashion make the connections will depend not only on the safety of the tenants of the property of a wooden house, but also their lives.Therefore wiring in a wooden house (and
- How to do the wiring in a wooden house
- Field wiring Internal wiring
- What is needed for the wire harness in the house wiring in
- wooden house, video (professional advice)
- How do the wiring in a private home
- $ cost of wiring in wooden house
- wiring in a private home video (work of a company - not a guide to action)
Ashold the wiring in a wooden house
If we extend answer to the question "how to hold the wiring in a wooden house" (except to call an electrician), the wiring is being hidden or open way and is divided into external and internal.
Field wiring Field wiring - it leads from the centralized transmission line to the shield in the house.It is divided into land branch from the power lines and the area directly input into the house and connect to the internal board.And here, as if the hands are not scratched, work on conducting wires from the pole to perform ONLY HAS THE RIGHT electrician tolerance. to the house wires can be carried by air or underground.
To maintain the air selected cable of sufficient size and isolation, tacked on to pull a cable or a wire type IIB.On the wall of the house is attached to a wire insulator, planted on a hook in the wall.CIP is fastened by special anchoring clamps.Cable entry to the house is done through a metal tube.
Conducting cable underground is more reliable, but more expensive.The cable is laid in a trench depth of not less than 0.7 m, and is introduced into the house through a pipe in a hole in the foundation.
lead-in wire is connected to the internal distribution box in which zaspolagayutsya RCD and machines to ensure safety, and he performed the wiring lines through the rooms.
There are many options of how to do the wiring inside the house.However, if you choose to use rules and do not like, and how to carry out the wiring, it is two of the most relevant rules option.
1. Hidden wiring in pipes
Concealed electrical wiring in a wooden house today is done in something like: PVC corrugation metalorukavom etc.If anything on fire these products will not protect.They are typically used for wiring the grounds of non-combustible under drywall.
If concealed wiring is burnt on the ground allowed to use them, but in a layer of non-combustible material such as plaster.
Wiring duly performed in tightly connected metal (often copper) pipes.All branches are produced in metal terminal boxes welded to the pipes.If a short circuit it will provide an impenetrable barrier between the arc and the fuel base and protect against fire.
pipes must be grounded, should not have sharp edges that can damage the wires.To the junction box must be accessed.This method is the most fire safe, thanks to the same wiring through the pipes will not have much difficulty in how to replace the wiring, or how to change a blown portion of the wire.However, this wiring in a wooden house from a bar is very time consuming and very expensive.
2. Open wiring on insulators or cable channels
Of all the possible ways that are to pave the wiring is open forcombustible bases, the most applicable - a twisted wire, mounted on porcelain insulators.Wiring Accessories are also made of porcelain and metal. wire should touch the walls of: he mounted on rollers so that between them and the wall is at least 10 mm distance.
open wiring on the tree can also be made in the boxes that meet the requirements of fire safety.
What is needed for the wire harness in the house
As already mentioned, for outdoor wiring in the air, you can use a self-supporting insulated wire with aluminum conductors.With copper lead-in cable is connected to it by means of special clamps. underground method is carried out only copper insulated cable.
With regard to what is needed for the conductor wiring in the house, the choice could fall on different brands of cable or wire, but they should certainly be copper, with a good, preferably double or triple insulated, self-extinguishing and does not cover smoke (NGLS).The most frequently recommended cables or VVGng NYM.
Wires is selected depending on the planned load on them and the way they are laying.There are certain minimums and standard values, for example for removal from the cable transmission line is used with a cross-section less than 16 mm.
wiring in a wooden house, video (professional advice)
How do the wiring in a private home
How to do the wiring in the house and how to hold the wiring in an apartment - is a bit different.In fact, how to hold the wiring in a private house made of bricks or how to do the wiring in a private house made of wood, it turns out, there are also differences.The main factor, introducing differences in the wiring for various reasons - a fire safety.
Wiring Requirements vary a lot and, depending on the conditions of the premises and the expected load on the network, such as the wiring in the kitchen will be different from the wiring in the bathroom section of wires and placement of wiring accessories.
Wiring your own hands can be seen on a variety of professional and amateur video.To see and compare some of the information on the electrical wiring, the work is better to order from experienced contractors.
$ cost of wiring in wooden house
wiring in a wooden house, the price in Moscow - from 500 rubles / sq.m., In Kiev - a little cheaper.
wiring in a private home video (work of a company - not a guide to action)