- open wiring
- Posting outdoor
- switches of
- $ Cost of one-button switches of
- Sockets for open wiring
- $ Cost outlets for open wiring
exposed electrical wiring - wiring view, rarer than the hidden and largely inferior to her. Pros such wiring in the availability for inspection and replacement, and the relative ease of installation. Attach a wiring can be on top of the finished decoration.
Often such wiring is used in a wooden house because of the difficulties flush mounting.
According to the EMP, it is wiring laid on the surface of walls, ceilings, on farms and construction elements of the buildings and structures on the supports, etc.
Varieties wirings are stationary, mobile and portable.
open pit wires and cables are laid directly on the surface of walls and ceilings, on the strings, cables, rollers, insulators, in pipes, ducts, flexible metal hoses, on trays, in electrical baseboards and trim-free suspension, etc.Types of mounting open wiring should be
-mounting on the surface of the walls with staples
cables, measuring less than 6 m mm.kv can be attached directly to the surface of wall and ceiling electrical clips.Wire for open wiring must be several layers of insulation.By The cables NYM type VVGng and can be placed without laying cables with a weaker insulation need metal or asbestos lining. The apartment, in the country, and in any living space such wiring does not look very nice.
Posting on strings, ropes
This wiring is used in commercial buildings.
fastening mechanism is that the wall or other base are driven hooks on which the air is stretched steel cable.
cable or wire rope is attached to the steel or plastic bindings.Junction box for surface mounting of this type is attached to the same cable.String wiring - a kind of rope.It differs in that the string of wire in some places is welded to the details laid down in the base (eg reinforced concrete), adjacent to it.
wiring on insulators, rollers
most common method in the past.Its reliability hotly debated, but despite this, he is back in vogue.This wiring can be used in a log house, the administrative building and some time is used as a decorative piece in the interior of houses and apartments.
Due to the remoteness of the method and the excitement around him, quite hard to find porcelain insulators, which are mounted twisted wire, which can be done independently of stranded copper wire with reinforced insulation.
Through distance is not more than 40-50 cm (can be much more) drilled holes in which using plaster or other material mounted screws, which are put on insulators.They fixed stranded wire.
wiring in pipes
open wiring can be installed in plastic or metal tubes.Metal pipes are used as a last resort if you can not use other materials, such as fuel for wiring the grounds.
wiring pipes are well protected from mechanical damage, and will not allow spread combustion.The pipes can not connect the wires.For the connections and branches of the wiring terminal boxes designed.
wiring in conduits
ducts or cable channels, usually plastic, often used for open wiring in offices, found in a residential area.They are easy to assemble and install, available in different sizes and colors, there is even a box with dividers for different cables.Despite the fact that the cable channel is present some decorative component in an apartment, they do not look very aesthetically pleasing.
wiring in flexible metal hoses
used in technical rooms, attics.
This construction from steel pipes or steel wide boxes, which are laid bundles of cables.
wiring in electrical baseboards and trim
The plinth is usually hidden wiring to sockets.
Most often, a combination of several of the above methods. wiring in areas with high humidity - in the bath, bathroom, kitchen, and wiring in the fire facilities is performed with special precautions.
external wiring of the building can also be overt or covert.It is located on the outside of the walls of buildings and the supports therebetween.
Posting outside a branch from the power lines and directly introductory cable connecting the special clamps.
the question "how to make external wiring" is a definite answer: call an electrician. Vesti cable from centralized power lines may only be by a qualified electrician with a tolerance.
Wire for outdoor wiring selected insulated copper or aluminum with a large cross-section.It can be used cable laid on the rope stretched in the air or held underground.Branches from the line in the air being at an altitude of 6-3,5 meters (depending on the site), gradually decreasing at the approach to the house.Lead-in cable is attached to the wall at the centers and is included in the wall through a steel pipe.
Like flush to open special wiring accessories are available.
Depending on how many light sources to be controlled, one-button switch selected for open wiring or switch dvuhklavishny for open wiring.For their installation does not need a recess mounting box in the walls - they are simply screwed to the wall together with a lining of a material that does not burn and does not conduct or with a wooden lining (depending on whether or not the base fuel).
splashproof switch can be attached to the wall and without spacers.Choosing one-button switch for open wiring or switch dvuhklavishny for open wiring should pay attention to its specifications, including the rated voltage and current, and the degree of protection switch.Popular
wiring products manufacturing Legrand.There are other good products in compliance with international standards and GOST, for example, switches from Lexel.
$ cost one-button switches of
one-button switch for open wiring, the price in Kiev begins an average of 20 UAH.
one-button switch for open wiring, the price in Moscow begins an average of 80 rubles.
Sockets for open wiring
Electrical outlets for open wiring are as different from the hidden form and method of installation.Enclosures for them are not the cup, and a flat plate of metal, wood or plastic, nailed or screwed to the wall.It fastens the mechanism outlet, de-energized wires open wiring attached to the terminals, the top cover is installed.
Escutcheon material and the need for additional insulation - asbestos substrate - defined flammability base. requirements sockets are fixed in the state standards , for example, what should be the outlet operated in fireproof premises indicates GOST 7396.
$ cost outlets for open wiring
As for the cost of sockets for open wiring, then, for example legranddvuhgnezdnaya a grounded outlet open posting - price in Moscow: 82 ruble in Kiev: about 28 hryvnia.
Recommended Reading: How to replace the wiring in the apartment