first and important step before wiring is a wiring diagram of the house.This is one reason why a man ignorant for holding wires with your hands is better not to take.A person does not understand the electrician that the external wiring diagram of the shop, that the concept of power supply in the house are on one person.
Competent expertly charting - the key to the correct wiring.Without drawing up schemes should not start elektroprovodochnym work, especially flush, a plan which must be maintained in the event of repair.
scheme wiring in a home or apartment - is not the only one drawing.For detailed design created several schemes.The layout of the wiring in an apartment or house is a detailed plan, on which a wiring harness inside the building, including the location of the sockets, switches and light fixtures.
Guidelines for wiring is a schematic diagram of power.
Wiring and electrical distribution shows how the external and internal wiring connected to the meter, the RCD an
Schemes specified group of customers to which the waste is.Connection "participants" circuit can be serial or parallel.When connecting several lighting elements and burnout of one of them will not work the whole chain.Wiring harness can be carried out in several ways:
- When each customer (outlet or a lamp) from the panel conducted a separate wire.In this case, do not use boxes or overloaded wiring, but the group is too much, a lot of care, respectively, wires and need to buy a lot of machines, and establish a large junction box.
- whole group of electrical outlets can be connected in series with a shield.
- use of junction boxes. division by distribution group can be carried out on the premises: to each room will keep the wire from which branched off the wires to the sockets, switches and fixtures in the room.But increasingly using a mixed principle of division: isolated group of sockets, lighting, high-power appliances, lighting sockets and bathrooms.It can be separately allocated to line the kitchen or utility room.
own hands creating a wiring diagram, you need to choose the shortest possible route, a way to think about laying cables, choose their appearance, to determine the number and type of wiring components and filling the opening panel.Schemes will help to plan the number and quality of the material.
There are standard single and three phase circuit wiring, circuit wiring in a private home in the panel house, in Khrushchev in one-room and two-room apartment, and the like, which can be found on the Internet.
If, for example, the replacement of wiring in panel building, the route of doing the wiring in the apartment is large enough, you can extend a new transaction on the same cavities in the walls of the House panel.As a matter of fact, nothing has changed, the scheme can be hidden just draw for themselves.
When installing new wiring in a building under construction or redevelopment of the global power grid with an increase in power consumption, electrical individual project, consisting of detailed maps, to be ordered in professional organizations and is consistent with the public authorities.
cost of drawing up electrical
cost of electrical wiring on paper in Moscow is 120 rubles / sqm, in Kiev - from 12 hryvnia per square meter (internal wiring).The project is the external wiring for the house will cost a large sum - in Kiev without the consent of the project will take from 5000 hryvnia (harmonization will cost no less).But the project, custom-made will not be a simple outline, and full documentation are surcharge also approve in appropriate instances.