interior decoration starts with the plastering of the walls and ceiling or drywall.
- drywall on the walls - the technology
- Mount plasterboard with steel structures
- use wooden crates
- How stick drywall
- Video: installation of plasterboard with their hands
- Instument, materials and accessories for drywall
- Secrets drywall
- The cut drywall
- How to cut the drywall, videos:
- Insulation under the drywall
- Provision for plasterboard drywall joints
- finishing work plasterboard
- tile on drywall
- tile on drywall, video
- $ drywall: price
drywall, plastering the walls as an alternative has its advantages:
- quickly formed almost perfectly smooth surface, which is particularly applicable when the elevation and bumps too large to align with plaster;
- work less dry and dusty;
- drywall - coating breathable and retains heat;
- installation of plasterboard walls or ceiling of it is, you can create designs of various forms - a decorative framework for fit and finish the room with an unusual layout, such as the attic.
At the same time, gypsum board (although there are special water-resistant) is afraid of damp, leaks, and is not intended for heavy loads (many bookshelves better not hang).
But despite the popularity of this finishing drywall is not reduced and part of the reason for that - an opportunity to carry out installation of plasterboard walls with his own hands.
drywall on the walls - the technology
There are different ways to install drywall sheets, installation procedure using each of them is slightly different.
One of the principles of classification methods of installation - a crate under the drywall.Its presence or absence, of what and how to do lathing for gypsum board - all this affects the material and labor costs for leveling walls.
Mount plasterboard with steel structures
Mount plasterboard with metal structures - the most common way.
steel profile ensures the strength of the frame.Errors in assembly battens are one of the causes of cracks on the finishing and can lead to the dismantling of the drywall.It is therefore very important to set a profile.
drywall on the walls with metal profiles step by step instructions:
marking under frame.
with masking cord on the floor marked the line that will border the frame.With the help of a plumb, level and pencil, or the same cable line is transferred to the ceiling.On the walls are marked strictly vertical lines, which will be mounted rack.This step is necessary to observe between them so that the joints sheets of drywall installation were in the middle of the rack profiles.Typically, the spacing between the axes of the profiles is 600 mm.
horizontal guide profile with the side that is adjacent to the base, pasted special seal - tape, which will provide sound insulation.Then punch in the grounds of drilled holes into which the dowel, and a profile with insulation attached them with screws.
to guide firmly held GCR step between the screws selected 500-1000 mm, but one segment of the profile must be attached to the base by at least three places.
The vertical lines marked on the walls, in the same way as the rails are fixed suspensions that will provide additional rigidity.
Accordingly marks on the wall, are inserted into horizontal rail uprights.We must remember that the open side of the rack should be sideways or watching the wall.First pillar inserted into the guide on the floor, then the ceiling.It stands with screws attached to the rails and suspensions.
Proper installation sheets of drywall should be carried by several people. Ideally two should hold the sheet, and the third - attach it to the profile with screws.
Fixing starts at the top, the distance between the screws should not exceed 25 cm. The seams between sheets of drywall on the need to continue to each other, so mounted sheets of drywall with displacement.
mounting columns and other complex elements produced by the same principles, the desired shape is achieved by notching the profile and sheet of plasterboard.
Cut holes for the sockets, switches, etc.
are reading: How to choose a profile for drywall
use wooden crates
use of wooden crates for gypsum board is used less frequently, sothe tree is afraid of water.
Installation Instructions wooden slats practically does not differ from the installation of a metal profile.Running counting frame, then plugs are attached to the walls of the wooden pillars and struts.Checking the frame as even-tempered.
Fasten the sheets GCR as well as on the profile: the rules of their location so that the joints got on the center rails, has not been canceled.
drywall drywall adhesive - the fastest way, but it is applicable only with respect to a flat surface - with fluctuations of no more than 20 mm.
This method is the most restrictive of the space room - takes the least space, sheets GCR fit snugly to the wall.
Mounted marked sheets on clean primed surface of the walls, or 10-centimeter strip of drywall, plasterboard adhesive, for example, Perlfiks .
To do this themselves as sheets of drywall should be primed.Glue is applied depending on the topography of the surface on the perimeter and along the center of the sheet uniformly with a trowel or a small pad of any suitable trowel.
For greater reliability when the adhesive sheets of drywall can be fastened dowel-nails.
Attaching drywall done after careful markings identifying irregularities and bumps, a single definition of the level at which all of the sheets are leveled.
There are different options on how to paste the drywall, except as described above.And distinguishes them not only technology, but also the adhesive material.For example, some drywall sticker applied to the mounting foam.
Installation Guide on the foam is somewhat different than working with glue.Here, sheets of drywall screwed to the wall on the long screws, and then through the holes in the sheet under it injected polyurethane foam.
Video: installation of plasterboard with their hands
Instument, materials and accessories for drywall
Depending on how the drywall may need:
To label: level, plumb, pencil, paint the cord,Roulette.It is easy to mark up using a professional tool, but rather a device like a laser builder planes.
For assembly: knife, metal scissors, screwdriver, hammer, hammer, spatula, lift, spatula, tools for cutting drywall with superfluous edges, cutting holes, etc.
materials and components: GCR with the necessary parameters (for example, water-resistant) steel Profile: guides and rack, metal hangers and connectors for attaching them, wooden slats, dowels, screws, screws, washers, glue, foam.
for fixing plasterboard dowel-nails is convenient to use fastening tool, such as, for example, building a gas pistol SPIT Pulsa 700P.
The cut drywall
answer to the question "what to cut drywall" is very simple and predictable: need a knife for cutting drywall.
How to cut the sheet precisely: to take advantage of the long rail as a ruler, make an incision on her paper, to put pressure on one side of the sheet - Break gypsum core, cut with a knife and the bottom layer of paper.Cutting drywall in large quantities can be carried out by special cutter.
edge cut sheets must be carried out at an angle to increase the area of joints, which will continue to putty. for this line is marked at a distance of 5 mm from the edge and obliquely cut off the excess drywall.
How to cut drywall, videos:
Insulation under the drywall
Most areas require insulation, especially in the balcony or loggia.As the insulation under the drywall, commonly used fiberglass or mineral wool.Works are carried out with a heater at the stage when installed crate, but sheets of drywall is not yet attached.
Provision for plasterboard
Provision for plasterboard must be completed prior to its installation and insulation.Wiring installed when installed crate.
Get wires for plasterboard in accordance with the rules should be in metal or a ripple of flame-retardant plastic.Performs a complete wiring harness on the walls and the ceiling, then the installation sheets of drywall, cut out holes for Enclosures for wiring leading to the fixtures.Through the hole stretch corresponding wires.
Enclosures can be installed immediately after the installation of the GCR, and the installation of sockets, switches, lamps and spotlights must wait until the completion of all finishing works.
Repairing drywall joints - an important stage in the formation of a flat surface. It is important to seal the edges and seams of drywall, so that in time they are not cracks.
shpatlyuetsya For this joint, then laid on top of the reinforcing tape for joints and apply another layer of putty.On the outer corners of the doorway and window slopes need to putty to set the angle of the profile.Shpatljujut also the place where the screws are screwed.
After drying putty, all processed it should be a good place to go float.If the surface is not smooth, it is necessary to fully proshpaklevat walls and float pass after drying.
finishing work plasterboard
After the above-mentioned manipulation pertinent question arises: what primed drywall, and whether it should be primed.To properly perform finishing work definitely need to be primed drywall.
If the next stage - painting with latex paint, the primer can be done with paint diluted with water in a ratio of 3: 1.The technology works with other coatings, such as wallpaper or decorative plaster, requires the use of special primers recommended by the manufacturer finish.
Processing plasterboard surfaces with their hands facilitated by the fact that the coating is very smooth.
How to work with drywall, painting, or oshtukaturivaya okleivaya his wallpaper, can be found on the basis of the instructions to choose finishing materials.
tile on drywall
special type of finishing - laying tiles on gypsum board.Generally drywall - the basis for the unwanted tiles. But if it is being used under the tiles, it must be a special moisture-resistant gypsum board, packed in two layers, and several times primed.
In addition, mounting the drywall under the tiles, step-profiles between the uprights to do less.Experts recommend choosing for such purposes is not gypsum plasterboard and GVLV.
Sticker tiles mounted on the plasterboard with embedded joints and trained angles is performed according to the conventional technology kafeleukladochnyh works.
tile on drywall, video
$ drywall: price
Does such work on their own or find out their costs and to invite specialists - to decide the hosts.
drywall price in Moscow - an average of 300 rubles per square meter, installation of gypsum board, the price in Kiev - an average of 65 hryvnia per square meter.