roof - one of the most important elements of the house.Therefore, it is natural that its construction must be approached with the utmost seriousness and utmost attention.Consider faces many points, including, of course, and the choice of a suitable roofing material.
- calculation roof
- Erection of roof shingles with their hands
- Preparation for laying shingles
- Secrets of a perfect installation of the roof tiles of soft
- Selection Criteria shingles
- Manufacturers shingles
- company Iko
- company Kerabit
- most famous global brands
- Laminated shingles
- Shingles: reviews
- $ Tile Flexible: Price
Very often, preference is given to shingles.After all, this material is not difficult to install, practically wasteless, moreover, has excellent technical characteristics - resistance to temperature changes and any external influences, and, in addition, the absorption of noise.
is important, too, and the fact that the soft tile looks very interesting.The variety of colors, textures
Sure, the look is very important.But before you choose the material you need, though, to understand that the roof - it's not just a decoration structure, and, above all, a very important part of it.Therefore, you should pay attention to some points.
- flexibility of the material.The higher the quality, the more elastic tiles.Check this feature you need to gently bending the tiles, while not folding it in half;
- smell.If he is very sharp and persistent, which means that bitumen is actively evaporates.If so, the material rapidly lose its elasticity;
- strength.To check, you need to take the tiles for the area and pull firmly, if the material does not tear and will last, the quality is good.This means that the material is perfect for adverse climatic conditions, such as, for example, severe frosts.
Once you have decided on the material, you should calculate the roof.
It consists of the following stages:
- calculation of roof system;
- calculation of roofing material;
- payment of additional materials.
In this case, it is important to understand exactly what components will be needed for the construction of the roof shingles:
- valley carpet;
- carpet backing;
- Cornice strip;
- ventilation accessories;
- roofing nails;
- metal brackets;
- elements of gutter system.
Erection of roof shingles with their hands
Many people want to build a house, and, in particular, responsible for the installation of the roof with his hands.To the roof was of high quality and it as long as possible, did not need repair, it is necessary to adhere to basic rules.
- to crate is securely protected, you need to put a backing layer on which to fix the curtain strips of metal.The same function can perform fixed at the ends of the roof, gable trims.
- followed by laying the carpet the valley, whose main function - protection from rain, it usually selected the color of the roofing material.
- At the ends of the roof, eaves and other places where leaks are most likely, an additional layer of sealant.Thus necessarily comply direction - from the bottom upwards, and overlapping, which may be different depending on the direction - in laterally, it must be 10 centimeters in the longitudinal - 15 centimeters.
- In the same line it is necessary to strengthen the valley and horses - on 25 and 50 centimeters.
- Krepjat "lining" to the ground with special galvanized roofing nails, placing them at a distance of 20 centimeters.
Preparation for laying shingles
For this type of roofing material you need a solid foundation.Normally used with water resistant plywood (thickness greater than 9 mm), or grooved edging board, or oriented strand board.
In that case, when you have given their preference to the board, you need to remember some things:
- width of the boards should be no more than 10 centimeters;
- board must first stand in a pile;
- moisture content should not exceed 20 per cent;
- best to choose a material that is drunk by a lentovoy saws (since it will have the same thickness).
In any case, the surface of the substrate have to be clean, dry and smooth.After all, it depends on the quality of installation and, consequently, life.
And so, upon completion of all work must obtain a construction consisting of several layers:
- layer insulation;
- waterproofing carpet, laid on the base overlap.
Secrets of a perfect installation of the roof tiles of soft
first necessary condition - good weather.For the installation process went according to the rules, on the street should be dry and warm.The temperature should be no less than plus 5 degrees.If these conditions can not, and you must produce packing, then you need at least, bear the tiles at room temperature.When no suitable premises, using hot-air burner.
Compliance with these temperature conditions is necessary due to the nature shingle sheets (each of which is composed of tiles 3-4).Under the influence of heat, they are welded to each other and to the substrate.Ate the same temperature low, this does not happen as a result, the insulation will not.
Helpful Hint - putting soft tiles should take the sheets one by one, at a time of 5-6 packages.They do this in order to avoid differences in the shades of the material used.
In choosing the material for the roof and forms the roof, it is important to pay attention to a moment like the exterior decoration.After all, all the elements of the structure should be in harmony with each other.Possible finishes using:
- different plaster, which later were stained;
- ceramic tiles, bricks and imitating others.
base can also be very different.
Selection Criteria shingles
Very important is how big willthe life of the roof.This figure depends on the quality of the material and the exact sequence of installation technologies.
So, for starters, you need to pay attention to the characteristics you liked the tile.To analyze the advantages and disadvantages to choose ideally suited, just for your project.
impression formed to complete, it is necessary to mention the disadvantages of shingles.
- High stacking technology requirements.For this material requires continuous crate, and often use more carpet underlay;
- limited field of use.Shingles can be laid only on slopes with a gradient greater than 12 degrees;
- Exposure to temperatures - in the cold, it becomes brittle in the heat too overheated.The greater the gap between the extreme temperatures, the smaller will be the life of the roof.
It should be noted that there are modern manufacturers that use innovative technologies and produce the shingles so that does not fade in the sun and is not afraid to temperature changes.
have shingles has its advantages.
- noise absorption.
- Resistance against any natural factors.This tile is not subject to corrosion, putrid changes and fungal damage.
- avalanche characteristics.The surface roughness of the soft tile is capable of holding a large amount of snow, preventing it from sliding down.To achieve this effect, for example, for metal, its equipped with special traps.
- plasticity.Because of this, the soft roof tiles can be arranged any form.
- relatively lightweight material.This means that the design will not require additional strengthening - material costs accordingly smaller.
- shingles Density is measured by two indicators - the average, and the true density.For example, materials such as steel and stone, as compared with the shingles have an average density.
- variety of colors.This material, thanks to the broad palette makes it possible to implement a variety of design ideas.
now engaged in the production of shingles many companies.Each of them deserves attention, since available materials have differences.
For example, a Canadian company Iko, has been running since 1951 year.For such a long period of time it is rightly deserved credibility.For tiles, manufactured by Iko, the highest quality.Since its production of the most advanced materials are used, and at each stage is carried out strict control.In addition, the products of this company has a large assortment - tiles varies:
This means everyone can find material suitable to him.
Another company that for more than a century has established itself as a reliable partner and a professional of the highest class, is a firm Kerabit.Over the years, its products are popular in the US, and in recent years, and in our latitudes.
most famous global brands
soft tile, which has high strength and, more importantly, the company produces frost Nordland.The products of this company applies even in the Arctic.
also quite well-known companies are Roofshiled, Certainteed, Docke, Gaf, Icopal, Owens Corning, Ruflex and others. These manufacturers offer roofing materials that exhibit excellent characteristics in many ways.The choice depends on what requirements must meet the tiles needed for you.
The most popular American and Finnish products.Many of these companies, such as, for example, Norland ondulin also produce high quality, which in some cases may be even more suitable roofing material than soft tile.
has many advantages Tilerkat products.It is perfectly withstands temperature extremes, heavy rainfall and sunlight.
deserves special attention is the coating as laminated shingles.After all, it is a top-class material, which allows to implement the most original designs.In addition to high strength, durability and wind resistance (especially if two-layer tile), it has also a very original appearance.This tile allows you to create three-dimensional structure of the roof.
But despite all the advantages of shingles to the roof was really reliable, it is necessary to form a so-called roofing pie, which usually includes:
- truss system;
- heat, hydro, and vapor barrier;
and complement all the auxiliary elements, such as:
- snow stop (although it is rather necessary for metal coatings);
- drainage system;
- ventilation, and others.
soft tile - the material is very high quality, but for its installation must meet certain requirements.In particular, the necessary elements such as additional lathing, carpet backing, and others. Although the same requirement "imposes" and roll roofing.
If you doubt yourself and you can not Priya decision on the choice of shingles, then a good solution would be to find testimonials of people who have used this material.In fact, many who are versed in construction, not only express their opinion about a particular material:
- give constructive comments;
- useful tips;
- talk about the pros and cons of the roof.
For example, the quality of a certain type of shingles, the simplicity of working with her and the possible shortcomings.Such a source of information as feedback allows for a lot more to find out about the chosen material because rely on the information provided by the seller, it is not necessary.
$ Tile Flexible: Price
important factor in choosing a roofing material is its cost.Especially when will the construction of the roof a large area.By the way, not always the most expensive is the most quality material.Therefore, you should pay particular attention to the prices to the construction costs were unreasonably high.
cost soft tile may depend on many factors, such as:
- specifications of the material;
- of the manufacturer;
- shipping cost and so on.
But it starts about:
- 75 hryvnia per square meter in Ukraine;
- from 260 rubles per square meter in Russia.