Brick fences are one of the elite type of fence, so it was in ancient times, at least remember Babylon - all of its houses were built of brick.And in the capital of Mesopotamia found protective brick wall that had a width of 27 meters.Brick is very convenient and common building material.Durability, decorative, strength - thanks to these qualities bricks became popular.However, despite all these positive properties, this material, there are still drawbacks: high cost and complexity of construction.That is why the brick fence with their hands do not build solid, using only one brick, and combined.
- Advantages brick fence
- Building Construction Technology brick fence
- choice of material
- Calculation of the amount of material
- drawing fence
- marking sites
- Construction foundation
- Masonry work
Advantages brick fence
Fences made of bricks over the years is the popularity of fencing of private houses a
Brick fences are an excellent protection from the wind.Scientists have found that the wall, which has a thickness of one brick withstands winds of close to 15 meters a second.But if you plan to build a fence above, it is best to do in a half-brick wall, in which case it will withstand wind pressure at a speed of 27 m / s, which corresponds to the gradation of conventional storm.And if the wall has a thickness of two bricks and a height of 2.5 meters, it is easy to survive hurricane force up to 40 m / s.
Nowadays, customers are offered a wide range of bricks of different colors and textures.Typically used for the manufacture of a brick fence, which is harmoniously combined with the overall architectural design of landscaped grounds and the main building.In addition to solid brick fence, popular designs today are combined with facing made of natural stone, with different accents of forging combined with glass blocks, corrugated roofing sheets and other decorative elements.
Before discussing the question of how to build and how much brick wall, you need to learn basic terms.This will help to quickly understand what the article says.Here are some of them:
- Bed - wide lower or upper face of the brick;
- Spoon - long lateral side of bricks;
- butting - short lateral side of the brick;
- Usechka - edge of bricks;
- Quartet, halves, trehchetvertki - chipped bricks;
- stretcher series - longitudinal rows with the laying of the bricks along the long wall face;
- bonder series - the series in which the bricks are laid along the short edge of the wall;
- Ligation - the order of laying bricks, in which bricks are placed on the subsequent series of three or two of the previous brick.
Building technology brick fence
Building brick fence can be divided into several stages: the choice of materials, calculation of the amount of material, drafting drawing fence marking the site, construction of the foundation itself bricklaying.
In the process, will need tools such as a trough or a mixer, Bulgarian 230th circle with concrete, fishing line or cord, square rod, a small trowel, hammer, bucket, building level, measuring tape and gidrouroven.
choice of material
Before the construction of a brick fence is necessary to do some preparatory work.To build a brick fence will require gravel, sand, fittings, cement and, of course, the very bricks.Cement should be kneaded in small batches, for about an hour of work.The structure of such a solution includes water, sand and cement.At the request of the developer can be added to a mixture of plasticizer.You can also buy ready-made mass of masonry.
Red standard brick needs subsequent plastering, but sometimes a fence post plastered when it corresponds to the designers.Facing brick does not require treatment and can simulate a variety of building materials.You can use fire bricks to protect cold-resistant material or to shield lasts as long as possible.
Calculation of the amount of material
Build a brick wall, you can own any type of brick you selected.Accordingly, the price of a brick fence can be different!It can be red or lime, standard or facing brick.Before laying remember that single masonry wall requires one square meter of 100 pieces of bricks and masonry double - 200 pieces.
Then you need to determine how thick and made high brick fence.If the fence has a purely decorative function, its thickness in a half-brick building, with a brick placed along the long side of the fence or brick, then - across the long side of the fence.Traditionally, brick fences are manufactured in a half or two bricks, three - is rare.The height of the fence can vary between 0.5 - 3.5 meters.
To determine the amount of materials you need to carefully measure the perimeter enclosing the site, at an altitude designated swings and attention to the features of the structure of the soil.Then you need to create a drawing of the design future of the fence, which will help calculate the amount of building materials and supplies reliably.
In the drawings required to provide brick pillars with concrete steps in order to make the structure of stability and rigidity.As a rule, on top of each pillar design sharp caps to prevent the destruction of the pillars of the fence from precipitation.
Do not forget Elevations on the land, perhaps in some places a strip foundation have to fill in such a way that the base for the construction of a brick fence was perfect horizontal.Also in advance is to determine the location and view of the gate.
layout of the site is carried out by the cord, stakes, laser or ordinary roulette.In places everything foundation decided to drive in pegs and carefully pull the cord.At the same time it is necessary to note the location of the wicket gates and intermediate pillars scoring strictly on line pegs.
Note that ideally should be straight all the angles.Depending on the thickness of the brick wall the span between columns can vary from 3 to 6 meters.All corners are taken carefully calibrate by controlling the level of the lower reaches of using theodolite, at the intersection of tape and at the corners of the foundation.
Typically, a brick fence, located on the plains, make a strip foundation.If the area has differences in height, the build pier foundation.To strip foundation depth should be at least 40-50 centimeters.The width of the foundation is completely dependent on the parameters of the fence type of brick, masonry selected type and height of a brick wall.
Before you make a brick wall and the base, you need to develop a work plan to eliminate downtime.Adopt the construction site is recommended once all the construction materials and to organize in close proximity to the object store.The concrete mixture is usually poured into the trench.
trench under the foundation should be prepared manually or using an excavator.Base manually align carefully, removing irregularities.The trench is to lay a drainage layer - gravel and sand thoroughly with water spilling and ramming.Over it can be poured concrete mixture.
If the site there is a certain bias, it is necessary to make shuttering of boards, controlling verticality.The framework adopted to lay height design.The formwork is gradually pour the concrete.After pouring the concrete reinforcement is laid up to half, and then poured the remainder of the concrete.
After pouring the concrete should be pierced as often as possible with a metal bar, to leave no voids in the material.Ready to set the foundation withstand strength of about 7 days, covered with a cloth.A mixture of cement, gravel and sand is to survive in a ratio of 1: 3: 3.Then you need to remove the formwork and the finished ground to be treated by any waterproofing material.
used for bricklaying mortar, which is composed of cement, sand and water.As a rule, the construction of a brick masonry fence-row practice.Significant popular fishnet, combined masonry when the brick is laid, combining the situation in the diamond-shaped halves or openings.For high brick fence is recommended to use two-row masonry.To see this, it is enough to see the photo brick wall!
main rule is the quality of masonry joints ligation and strict observance of the order placement.The clutch is recommended to perform the following sequence.According to the foundation laid in rows bricks.In the corners, you must install poryadovkoy with nails.On a brick with a trowel applied solution, excess material raking trowel.Keep in mind that for better adhesion material should be soaked before laying the bricks in the water.
During operation, observe the level of masonry using taut string.You can also build a framework of boards, and in the process increase the horizontal board to move higher and higher.
necessary to observe, to fit between the rows of the same volume of the solution, it should be harder to level before laying the next series.Excess solution must be removed immediately.After completion of the processing is carried out bricklaying seams ordinary solution or special protective or colored compounds, which presents a large assortment.
If you plan to grout the surface of the brick fence, then you need to carry out such activities:
- Moisten the wall immediately before the procedure;
- Apply a layer of rough plaster to 15 millimeters;
- your job for about one hour;
- Align plaster layer rack, which is equipped with sharp edges;
- periodically moisten the surface for two days to plaster subsequently cracked;
- Wet the surface with water and treated with a special plaster trowel.
Now you know how to build a brick fence with his hands, and which elements can be used to complement the brick.Follow the above step by step instructions and you will succeed!