often between the owners of city apartments dispute arises, if I can do interior doors with their hands.And this talk usually separates the discussions and the people on the two sides.Here the most important thing to understand, or rather to take into account the fact that the doors may be different in design, so there are all the difficulties in the manufacture of and discussions on this topic.However, despite the fact that the opinions are divided, you can make the most interior doors.
- design interior door
- Types of coatings
- Types interior doors
- Material characterization
- Artificial materials
- Preparation tools to work
- Manufacturing of interiordoors
design interior door
Doors are an important part of the interior of the room and all the home as a whole.Doors allow us to feel secure.Doors perform important functions - isolate residents from those present in the apartment smells, sounds and
Paneled doors have excellent sound insulation and light weight.To produce their own hands paneled door is not suitable because it has a complex structure, and a video viewing on the manufacture of interior doors is not enough.Interior flush doors are primarily used for self-resettlement houses.They consist of a smooth sheet, which you can coat plastic or plywood.The advantage of such a variety of doors - reasonable price and excellent quality.Moreover, these doors are universal!They can be set as input for the bathroom and both doors.
Types of coatings
There are four varieties of coatings, which are used for doors: veneering, laminating, painting and toning.The most simple method of coatings are toning and coloring.
Paint array and MDF doors.On the web is a layer of paint, sometimes - two or three layers.The quality and durability of the painted interior doors depends on the paint and hardware that you use.When tinting paints made to cover the door - translucent or transparent.Using this method will more clearly convey the texture of wood.It is best suited for toning the doors that are made of solid wood, because the soft wood will remain minor scratches and dents.
When laminating is carried out press-on the basis of the film without the use of glue.The film used plastic or paper, which is used almost always.When veneering a thin film made of wood glue on the door leaf.It is desirable that its thickness is larger than 1 millimeter.Veneers are usually applied to a substrate and then coated with varnish.Veneering is for the array and for interior doors of MDF.
Types interior doors
Today there are many types of interior doors, which differ in the way of opening.But the five main types: swing, swing or swing door coupe or sliding, folding or accordion doors and Konyushin.
Swing doors are the most common type, they are opened in one direction.There are single or bicuspid.If the fabric of different width, then these doors are called polutorastvorchatymi.On installation options hinged interior doors are left that open to you left and right, if the door is opened to you right.Their main disadvantage is particularly noticeable in small rooms, in fact, that they need to open space.
Swing doors are considered to be a subspecies of the doors, which are hinged opening support system, but at the same time have their own twist.Their distinctive features lie in the fact that the pendulum doors open on both sides.It is true because of the similar characteristics they are not too common and are more individual nature of the use.Swing door it is unlikely you will see in a normal city apartment high-rise building.But certainly find them at the entrance to the subway.Swinging doors are aluminum, glass or plastic.
Doors coupe can be opened by means of sliding the blade into the wall or on special guide rails.They aesthetic look that can move inside the walls.Sliding doors are ideal for areas with limited space, because the opening do not require additional space.
Folding interior doors are made of separate panels that have a width of 10-15 centimeters, which are formed in the opening to the edge of the opening, or may be retracted inside wall.Silent and easy sliding panels are provided with bearings that are built into the rollers.The panels can be performed by deaf or glazed.To use the stained glass made or normal glass.But it is twice as expensive compared with blind doors.
Konushennaya doors stand kind of ordinary swing door.Originally established in their stables, which is why these doors are so called.Konyushennaya door are two halves, each of which has its own hinges and locks.This type of interior doors is particularly popular in the West.And here at home these products will be relevant as the protection of children, because the lower part is capable of blocking their way to the street.Konyushennaya door is best to install in the kitchen.
In the past, the doors were made of wood, but always moving forward.And today there are many substitutes that mimic natural wood.Combined or artificial materials is much less costs than natural wood.But it does not mean that the technology manufacture of interior doors made of wood sunk will fly, on the contrary, in our time, they are much more expensive, but as ever occupy a leading position in the industry.
Among conifers to create doors mainly use pine, which has received widespread due to its cheapness.The exposed pine wood colorless varnish is very popular with many people due to its excellent light color and pattern with dark spots.It is necessary to take into account the fact that the pine is relatively soft material and minor bumps with sharp objects on the canvas from a tree remains a significant deepening of that spoils the overall cosmetic appearance of the web.
include door installers often there is a perception that the interior doors made of pine, do not put in damp rooms, such as a winter garden, a bathroom, a swimming pool due to the fact that the swing humidity pine wood shrinks and rassyhaetsyathat is, the deformation.Everything can be true, but with the right modern processing with special quality materials is a poor property of pine disappear completely.
are more expensive and richer look the following materials: beech, oak, maple and mahogany.The cost of this material depends on the beauty of the tree and a heavy-duty relative to other conifers.Dates of operation of the doors when the right technology manufacturing, processing, installation and competent arrangements for their care account for more than a decade.
artificial substances for the manufacture of interior doors with their hands, such as particleboard and MDF, certainly can not compare with doors made of natural wood, their durability and strength, but their price is much lower than the door, made ofnatural wood.The useful life of such doors less, and still doubt the environmental quality of the door, despite the fact that manufacturers ensure that they are environmentally friendly.
Typically, interior doors made of composite materials, mainly represented by MDF, particleboard and wood veneer of valuable species.When coating leaf veneer quite expensive, almost the appearance is no different from a natural tree, because the veneer made of wood.On the strength and service time can be said that these parameters do not differ from the characteristics of natural materials.Doors of composite materials the most cheap and not afraid of humidity fluctuations, so there is less subjected to deformation than the analogue of natural materials.
considering all the materials that can be employed to create the interior doors should not forget about such a material as glass.Inserts from the glass in the door is the original decoration of interior doors and interior as a whole and are currently some functionality.Thanks inserted into the room through the glass door leaf comes much more natural light, and this is very important for darkened rooms.
With a variety of colored glass shades can specify various design in the room.Glasses are different: matt, transparent, colorful, with pictures and patterns.Most safety glass - a red-hot, that when broken broken down into very small pieces, but they can not cause harm to humans.Tempered glass is highly recommended to be installed in the children's room.
When manufactured interior doors, a metal used.Because it makes the hinges and handles.Cost usually depends on the hardware design, ease of use and product coverage.Loops can be universal and detachable.The advantage of detachable loops - easy and quick removal.
To remove the door, simply lift it up and off its hinges, it comes off pretty easily.Such loops, unlike universal, interior doors open to the right or left.Universal loop designed to open in either direction.But remove the door to universal hinge much more difficult to remove than conventional doors.
To remove them, you need to disassemble the loop to pull out of this is in the middle of the stem.On sale there are loops, through which interior doors will be opened in both directions, depending on the direction where the man moves.Also, the price depends on the design and the material from which made the cover of the door handle.
Do not forget unobtrusive material that is called seal.It is not noticeable when the door is closed, but you should know that it has an important function for this he set.The material performs functions such as improving insulation, prevent the loss of heat, as any foreign odors and dust in the room.Make seals of different materials, they come in various sizes and colors.
Preparation tools to work
Manufacturing paneled doors - this is a very complex process that requires a certain knowledge, skills and experience.But along with this there are interior doors that are uncomplicated to make and which do not require special skills and require a minimum of tools.This screwdriver, hacksaw, a kitchen knife or a chisel, a tape measure or meter, as well as a large piece of emery cloth.
for doors, you will need these materials:
- planks about 50 millimeters for a box or timber: two vertical beams and one of the shorter horizontal part;
- Reiki or boards for the frame: 2 long bar to the vertical portion and 3 short horizontal portions of the door leaf;
- Fiberboard - so much so that you can sheathe the doors on both sides;
- screws and glue - for connecting components;
- finishing materials: decorative film shponirovachnaya plywood, paint and varnish - depending on the design of future door;
- Door: handles, hinges, locks (lock) - all at your choice.
Production of interior door
Within the walls of your houses have openings which require the installation of the door - it is an axiom.If such an opening is located at the entrance to a house, then the best option is to install the Capital of the door.The cheapest is the one door, which altered their own hands.Getting alteration!Remove the door from its hinges, we are going to remodel, and laid it on the table, then remove from her all the hardware, that is, hinges, handles and lock.After dismantle the door you need to decide how it will look after the alterations.
Decide if it will take the form of a solid surface, or you want it to do with the window frames.The second option is a little more complicated, though, and the first will have to remove the old paint from a large area.Next you will learn how to create a door sash, which use the equipment for the manufacture of interior doors, and how to sheathe the entire surface of the veneer.
first step is partitioning.To do this, use a large gon!Typically, the markup do with a ruler and square, causing the line marker or pencil directly on the surface of the door of paint on it (it will be removed).Make the sides of the door such margins: top more than 160 millimeters;below - is more than 500 mm;on both sides - about 105 millimeters.
After inflicted layout and decided on a fragment of leaf, which will be removed, take the drill and do 5-7 hole in the corners marked in increments of 3-5 mm.Then it all Scrollsaw, while using a hacksaw, and control to obtain a strictly straight line.
Then take out the sawed fragment inserted into the contour of the future binding between the cardboard panels or plywood sheathing, grease wooden slats joiner's glue.If mounting rails cardboard ribs located between the skin will interfere, it is recommended to break out of the required depth using a pair of pliers.To dry the glue is a couple of hours.However, waiting for the glue is not necessary, secure the perimeter of all rail small nails in length of 10-15 mm, pushing it into the lining of their hats.
Now your interior doors manufactured and installed.You learned how to choose the right material for this product and know what tools are needed.You can then take and for more complex tasks.And information can be gleaned from our next articles!