Door trims designed to mask the gap between the doorway and the door frame.They are selected by the texture and the required width and color may be chosen exactly the same as that of the door leaf.They are made of different materials and are divided into wood, plastic, laminated MDF and veneered.Work on their mount is the last step in the installation of the door.By the beginning of this work, the rest of the repairs, in addition to installation of skirting boards, it should already be completed.This article will talk about how to make and how to install the door trim.
- Types of door casings
- What telescopic jamb?
- What is capital?
- How to make door trim
- choice of material
- How to fix door frames
- How to Install Door trim
- nuances when installing casings
Types of door casings
OnToday, building market is full of all kinds of aprons forms: carved and shaped, teardrop-shaped and semi-circular.
They play the role of finishing decorating the door.Some sellers to visually lower the price, the price point only leaf and frame.But he began to establish, through ignorance turns out that casings are scarce and to purchase them only for a fee.Therefore, even when purchasing a door it is necessary to check their presence in the complete set.Of course, the price of the door trim is quite accessible, but may purchase another problem - the selection of colors.For painted or laminated door trims to choose the desired hue is not difficult, but for wood or veneer will make it extremely difficult.
Standard width of the door jamb is 7 cm, thickness - 1 cm, height - 210 cm. The interior door with a flap be required 5 slats casing, and for doors with two wings - 6 bars.
If you only want to frame the doorway, then only two and a half bars.In addition, manufacturers make door frames of any size in width, height and thickness.
Tip: when choosing trims for interior doors, their color should match the color of the door leaf.And when choosing a frame for the front metal door, shade is chosen from within the color of the walls of the corridor.
Door frames are made of MDF, plastic, wood, aluminum or steel.As a decorative coating applied laminated film, veneer, lining plastic or paint composition.
What telescopic jamb?
Outwardly, it looks like an ordinary door jamb, but has a projection for connection to the transoms and door frame.Their use in optimally if doorframe two centimeters narrower than the thickness of the wall.Thanks to the special projection, it is firmly secured in the longitudinal grooves end of the door frame.
With proper installation fasteners are completely invisible, giving the whole structure a monolithic appearance, durability and strength.But the wrong calculation of distances in a box casing will remain loose and play.The design immediately acquire an ugly and unkempt.
What is capital?
Kapitel- is a relatively recently appeared decoration door.Though their primary function solely decor doors, but they, too, belong to the category of door casings.
In most cases, they are made of solid wood or MDF.Available in a variety of forms, and they are decorated with sculpted ruffles.Capital made both standard and custom sizes.After installation, the door becomes rich, finished look.
How to make door trim
Nowadays, the construction market represented a large number of all kinds of door casings.They differ not only in materials but also in size, and color.They can also be done by hand in the home, it will reduce the cost of repairs.But in order to produce high-quality frames require special woodworking tools and a little bit of experience on such equipment.
Below is a list of tools that facilitate the work on the production of casings.Some of them can be replaced by a plane, but thus increasing labor costs.
- sawmill for production of blanks;
- planer to create a right angle;
- marking gauge to achieve the desired thickness of the workpiece;
- vertical mill To create a drawing (not needed if the casing is not a simple pattern);
- electric sander and router;
- auxiliary instruments: triangles, ruler, pencils.
choice of material
Board for trims selected only well dried, otherwise it will lead eventually.The degree of drying is determined by the sound.To do this, knock on it with your finger, if the sound is muffled - this means that the board has not yet been allowed to dry, and if ringing - the material is ideal for the job.
Besides sound, the choice of the board, should pay attention to its color.
It must be uniform, and blue spots signify a violation of drying technology.In the future, they can be hidden, just to paint opaque paint.
surface of the board should not have knots.This not only impairs its appearance, but also increases the risk of fracture of the finished casing in this place.
select the material and prepare the necessary tools, you can start the production of door trims.First, cut the workpiece at the desired dimensions that are calculated individually for each door.It is worth noting that the quality results depends on how much cutting knives sharpened on machines and machine tools.
When the casing is ready, it is polished.This is done in two stages: first - rough grinding electric machine, a second - hand treatment with fine-grained sandpaper.In the second stage should be to remove all circular scratches left by the electric machine.Ready casing covered with a protective structure.
How to fix door frames
There are four basic ways to mount the door trims: using finishing nails and liquid on the screws or special attachment called "beaks."
Mount finishing nails
This is one of the most popular ways.It has a number of advantages: if necessary, trim easily removed and reinstalled, and the process is simple and reliable mounting.
for fixing casings selected nails with a narrow flat hat.Their length is easy to calculate, they go into the door frame to a depth of 1.5-2 cm. The average length of finishing nails for the casings is about 4 cm.
Tip: if you can not buy the nails with flat caps, they can cut a side cutter.
To facilitate the work on the pre-marked points casings for mounting.Place them equidistant from each other along the entire length strips.The most important thing to observe the necessary balance, they have often not recommended, but very rarely, too bad.Experts advise to keep a distance of 50 cm.
They are a special glue in tubes.Fixing it is very simple, just the glue is applied to the back of the casing just before mounting.Then the strap firmly pressed against the wall, held for a few seconds, then you can go.All casing installed.
advantage of this method of attachment not only in the simplicity and speed of operation, but that on the front side casings leaves no traces on the mounting.The disadvantage is the difficulty of removing it and not too big are secure.
Due to its simplicity and reliability, the method is gaining in popularity.For wood trims are used on wood screws with a diameter of 6 mm and a length of 2-2.5 cm.
In advance casings are marked places for screws.Then drilled small holes, which ensures excellent results in the future and protect the wood from splitting when the screw twist.
Tip: To lower the visibility of the cap screws, it "utaplivajut" into the wood, pre-drilled small depression.
Special attachment "beaks»
Their advantages are a good appearance, ease of installation and operation.But there is a drawback.Most casings are made from MDF, and when removing the "beak" it is likely that he exfoliate.
How to Install Door trim
to install wooden casings need:
- hacksaw on wood;
- fasteners (finishing nails and glue)
- Initially applied trim height doors, and the required length is measured.Then the strap is placed on a flat surface and using says gon right angle.Excess cut;
- casing with a ready angle is applied to the frame, aligned to the edge and fell.There height corresponding to the inner hum door frame;
- then, building on to make a mark, using the protractor angle is measured at exactly 45 degrees and is marked with a pencil.Excess cut and trim temporarily set aside;
- repeat the entire sequence is marked parallel to the side;
Tip: upper casing is prepared as a last resort, only after both side panels already cut and installed.This will prevent errors in the markup and to exclude the possibility of formation of cracks at the junction.
- after both side jamb cut off, their installation begins.The door frame are driven studs, and then they, with the help of pliers, hat removed, leaving an acute angle.The length of the stud on the mounting surface casing retained about 5 mm;
- hammer nails with a distance of about 50 cm. They are usually a top, bottom and two in the middle;
- for better grip casing with a box, it is applied to the adhesive.At this stage the important thing is not to overdo it, and when pressed, the adhesive should not be pressed out;
- nailing strip to the door frame, it is not recommended to hit right on it.For this purpose, prepared a piece of wood wrapped with a cloth;
- attaching finished casing and align it by swiping through the bar to put him on the nails;
- When both the side casing, top begins counting.Both his angle of 45 degrees are measured not protractor, and directly apply it over the side rails and the cut otchertiv pencil.
Set door trims complete.
nuances when installing casings
Availability nail or screw can be made invisible by using wax or acrylic sealant equalizer suitable color.
To avoid cracks in the joints trims, angles are measured at the upper limit of Spila vertical strips taking into account their errors.
Sometimes the trim at the junction there are differences.This is due to the irregularities of the walls themselves, or curvature of the strips due to improper storage.The fix is pretty simple, just connect the strap between a finishing nail.
When a small slit, their camouflage acrylic sealant or wax suitable color corrector.
around the box when there are significant defects, for their camouflage suit a door jamb.Its width is 10-12 cm, and in the individual order can be even greater.
If you're wondering what to glue casing, then you can choose from several options.When perfectly smooth walls are used liquid nails.Also, for additional fixing when installing the nails used acrylic adhesive or PVA, which lubricates the reverse side jamb.But it should be noted that indeed secure fit only one - on the carnation.
As mentioned above, the installation of door casings is the final stage of renovations.Mounted flush on the end frames, and visually it seems that on the wall.The most popular way of fastening - on thin cloves with a little hat.In that case, if the frames must be fixed directly to the wall used liquid nails, but this method of fixing does not give long-term guarantees.
for interior doors, casing must be above the doorway is 10 cm. The default installation casings made with gashes at 45 degrees, but can be performed at an angle of 90 degrees - it looks a little bit unusual.
If the opening in the wall located on the side or in contact with the adjacent wall, the casing will not fit completely.Beautifully cut it in width will only end electric saw.Accuracy for the casing is particularly important because its main role is decorative ornaments and disguise any unevenness in the wall and end of the door frame.
But there are cases where frames are not needed, such as a bathroom where the walls are tiled.They will not only look out of place there, and attach them will be impossible.The only possible way of fastening - a liquid nails, but given the high humidity of the room, they do not last for long.
for a very wide (thick) walls door trim is also not the best option.In this case, the slopes, you can just paint, paste over wallpaper or plaster.Also, in most cases, door trims are required when installing sliding doors.