During the construction of hangar facilities play an important role high speed of construction and ease of use of the premises.That is why frameless hangars will satisfy any host.Construction technology of this design is fairly simple, as, indeed, and a technique of disassembling and transfer of the hangar in another place.Despite the fact that the cost of production of frameless hangars much cheaper frame construction, these buildings are inherent high strength, reliability and durability.That's why many of our compatriots are interested in how to build a frameless hangar with their hands.
- Purpose frameless hangar
- Types hangars frameless type
- Advantages of frameless hangars
- Myths frameless hangar
- technology frameless hangar construction project
- frameless hangar
- Laying the foundation for the hangar
- Construction framelesshangar
- Warming frameless hangar
Purpose frameless hangar hangars
Previously used only a
main qualities of this building - covered metal structure with a large area.Most people use the sheds for sports complexes and buildings, shopping centers, roofs, unique projects of private houses, attics and garages.Frameless hangar could be useful for business purposes, for example, to exhibition halls, stations and repair shops.
in industry frameless hangars are also used quite often - as industrial warehouses, plants of agricultural machinery, production facilities, storage of agricultural products.The military industry is very popular aircraft hangars, warehouses, food and barracks.Quite often, a hangar used to store grain or other products.
Construction of facilities for the warehouses must comply with the requirements, which take into account the safety of different products.Depending on the building regulations, the hangar can have a different configuration.Some varieties have to have windows, doors, gates, motorized system, etc.Designs can be together or apart.Storage facilities should be required to provide for ventilation and air-conditioning.
Types hangars frameless type
Today frameless hangars made of metal constructions, which are covered with an awning, or lined with a special coating.Therefore frameless hangars may have a lot of options set.
cold hangar in the usual way.It is made from a metal profile or a special adhesive qualities canvas cloth.Typically, such a hangar for storage of equipment and machinery as well as for short-term storage.
warmed hangar built a little differently.In the double-arch fit mineral wool for insulation.Then it is filled with special foam.Usually frameless arched hangars erected in areas with harsh climatic conditions.Also insulated version should be used for the storage of products that require this.
Options premises largely depends on its intended use: gates, awnings, crane beams, stained glass windows, gates, partitions, glazing.Construction Kits can be expanded at the request of the owners.Remember, the hangar should meet not only the rules and regulations, but also comfort and technical equipment of staff.Quality hangar should certainly have modern security systems.
Advantages of frameless hangars
When erecting frame construction is necessary to construct complex load-bearing elements, additional supports and beam construction.But with the construction of hangars frameless self-supporting structure used, which are more profitable and practical from the standpoint of cost-effective performance and functional parameters.Let's look in more detail the dignity of frameless hangars:
- Easy installation and disassembly.To build a frameless room, do not need to have qualified knowledge.In addition, you will spend on the construction of a hangar in much less time than for a building of brick or concrete.Due to the ease of metal you can not lay a strong foundation, and use it for screw piles.The advantage of the rapid disassembly of the hangar manifested in the fact that you can move it to a more convenient location.This feature makes the frameless hangar mobile.
- structural strength.Despite the seeming ease, the tests confirmed the good strength of frameless structures.Lack of nuts, bolts and sealing materials allow the structure to operate without repair for over thirty years.Such a structure can withstand the amount of snow cover up to 480 kilograms per square meter and greater wind speed to about 200 kilometers per hour, at a temperature of minus 50 to plus 50 degrees Celsius.Therefore, these structures are very stable.They are also waterproof and fireproof.
- High speed construction.Often parts for frameless hangar brought in already assembled, so the modern model can be built in the shortest possible time.Arched profiles are produced directly on the construction site with the help of bending machine.Transportation equipment is very simple, it provides an opportunity to work even in remote areas.
- economy.Sheds are built quickly enough, they do not require additional fastening materials, waterproofing, etc.Price frameless arched hangars 2 times lower than the cost of the frame structures.Stopping its decision on the frameless hangar, you save your time and money.Latest technology construction without scaffolds make it easy to accomplish this on their own facilities.
Myths frameless hangar
When selecting hangar facilities people are often scared of frameless structures, because they consider them less quality.We have tried to dispel any myths about frameless structures, so that you can take the most convenient decision.
Myth №1.You can frame the hangar, which will cost less than frameless.Companies that offer the construction of hangars to the frame, often called the cunning and the cost of the frame.But this price must be added the foundation, construction and installation works, the cost of corrugated board, logistics.In addition, the frame structures should be further isolated from the sounds and water.The frameless hangars all elements of a design are interconnected and rolls, so the cost of frameless hangar quite democratic.This ensures 100 percent tightness without extra costs.
Myth №2.To organize the warehouse, much more profitable to use a frame type hangars.When you use the device storage hangar with straight walls is more convenient because you can use all the interior space.For this reason, it was calculated the difference in cost.It has been found that it is economically advantageous to build structures without carcass.Frameless construction requires additional space, but this is still half the price.Angara, built without the carcass quickly pay for themselves, so are more profitable option.
Myth №3.Angara frame type is much stronger and more durable.Massive metal frame, undoubtedly increases the strength of the structure, but entails additional costs.It is well known that the price of frameless hangars twice lower frame.In addition, if you do frameless hangar all state standards derived parameters will withstand all wind and snow.Frameless buildings often do not have to repair and maintain.Through use of galvanized steel, you can additionally save on treatment against corrosion.
Myth №4.Angara frame type are built faster.For frame structures necessary to build a deep foundation.Next, you need to install the frame, walls and roof.For frameless hangars foundation can not be laid.It is increasingly used for the aesthetics of the room.You just need to mount the arch structure, each element of which is the carrying and enclosing, and then install it.
Construction technology frameless hangar
Ready hangar is a structure made of special profile metal.Frameless hangars are different in that they have no bearing skeleton.Instead, prefabricated sheds made metal arch.That is, it is used as a basis.The owner himself determines the radius and the number and the height and length of the selected parameters are calculated.
Spans standard hangar can range from 8 to 24 meters, and the height will depend on the width of the arch and between 4 and 12 meters, respectively.Mounting starts from the hanger installing foundation, and the following works are mounted on a framework construction profiles.Thanks to its simple assembly technology hangar without carcass is very light, so the design does not require a heavy foundation.
During rolling arched profiles of galvanized sheet steel is used special technology that prevents corrosion and increases the service life of the room.The mechanism of the machine, which gives the profile shape, initially creates a straight profile.Follow-up form the desired bend.This is followed by the assembly structure in place.It is very convenient, but you should understand that it is important to comply with increased reliability.
After construction is relatively easy, but it has to withstand high loads of wind, snow, etc.During the construction of frameless arched hangar should pay special attention to the floor, which should be very durable.If you plan to work in an indoor workplace, soundproofed level should be as high.
project frameless hangar
first step is to prepare a draft of the future of the hangar.You should all be carefully considered.On the territory of the location of the structure should not be hills, ravines or water sources.Pre-defined with the size, number of floors, etc.The design of the windows may be provided, and the ventilation outlets.Often make a transparent dome hangar with an organic glass, special panels or polycarbonate.This approach will allow you to save on room lighting.
During the design do not forget to take into account the requirements that apply to certain types of products.In some cases, the hangars can be equipped with additional facilities, such as offices, changing rooms, showers, canteens and lounges staff.
Laying the foundation for the hangar
Under frameless hangars can be placed virtually all types of foundations, as in the photo frameless hangars.Type of foundation must determine the size of weights, quality of land at the base of the foundation, as well as the type and weight of facilities, which are used in building materials, the danger of frost heaving, etc.For frameless hangars it is not necessary to establish the foundation of deep foundations.
As a rule, use melkozaglublennuyu foundation slab or ribbon type.For this it is necessary to dig a trench.For cushions you can use medium or coarse gravel, slag or gravel and other similar materials.After laying a pillow you can start pouring the foundation.If you plan on making concrete foundation should be set before pouring the reinforcing cage.
Please note that fittings must not touch the walls of the formwork.Prepare a solution and start slowly pour the foundation.It is important to ram it after pouring, that there does not remain with the air bubbles, which in the future can lead to destruction.If it's very hot, the surface should be regularly wet.But if it starts to rain, the surface should be immediately shut down.
Construction frameless hangar
for the next step you need to roll the required number of galvanized steel.You can order this material from professional builders.They brought him to the place, then you will just have to gather design.Arches must be connected to each other and mounted on metal frame support.They are sewn using zabortovochnoy machine.This method will make future space waterproof.
If you spend a welded joint, move the hangar will be almost impossible.After that you need to install doors and windows, engineering networks, etc.Afterwards, you can spend the hangar heating and electricity.Utilities may be used depending on the intended use of the hangar.You may need to carry out drainage, ventilation, security system, water, electricity, heating, communications, control and accounting.As a cover profile flooring you can use.
Warming frameless hangar
Inside frameless hangar condensation can accumulate and flow along the walls to the floor or drip from the ceiling.This phenomenon often occurs in the winter, with a significant difference in temperature inside and outside.To avoid this, it is necessary to perform insulation frameless hangar with their hands, which can be done in several ways.
you can make with the help of insulation pads, for example, mounting hangers or hooks.Between the inner and outer shells of buildings can be carried out spraying polyurethane foam.You can also lay the insulation between the inner and outer shells of buildings set of sandwich panels with different fillings.
For insulation you can use almost all kinds of materials for thermal insulation.The thermal performance of the building will depend on the type and thickness of insulation.To prevent the entry of water vapor into the insulation, it is recommended laying isolating film in a single layer.The final step is to find a canvas cloth.It is possible to use old residues or material which has already been in use.
These flaps must be stitched together so as to get the dome.The fabric should be treated with a special solution for waterproofing.Stitched dome should be put in a 40-percent solution with soap and leave it for a while.When the fabric completely saturated, you should move it to the 20-percent solution of copper sulfate.Let the fabric as well impregnated and then dried.After that you should put a canvas cloth soaked in a special solution for insulation.
Currently frameless hangars are considered the most profitable and popular type of buildings that can be used for different purposes.Without additional knowledge and skills, you can easily assemble your own design.Frameless hangar will cost you 2 times cheaper than construction of the carcass structure, but he will not yield to the latter on the strength, reliability, integrity and durability.We hope the information provided will help you understand the technology and construction make quality construction!