To conserve heat in the house needed a whole range of activities associated with the insulation of walls, roofs, windows and floors.Thermal insulation of houses can save funds that are designed for utilities, safe and sound.The primary objective of warming during the heat-insulating material is coated floor.The network building presented many points of thermal insulation materials for the floor, but the most popular among home builders is foam.
- Qualities like foam insulation
- Warming of the wooden floor
- Thermal insulation of concrete floor
- Warming concrete floors in homes with basement
- Warming concrete floors in homes without a basement
- Thermal insulation foam on the ground floor
Qualities like foam insulation
floor heating, the lack of labor-intensive processes of laying insulation, significant financial cost, but in the end, and drafts - are the main advantages of the foam.Currently, more than 60% in Europe, th
This material is a gas-filled polymer is of white color, which is composed of myriads (fine particles of polystyrene foam) and is best suited for use in thermal insulation system floors, which is being successfully implemented in practice.
Some developers are deeply mistaken, because they believe that the foam is only granulated polystyrene foam, which is known for its ability to childhood crumble into small balls.But it is not really.There foam, polyurethane foam, expanded polypropylene, which relate to foams and are advantageous in price and good in practice.
foam consists of 97% from a natural insulator - air bubbles.Available in the insulation in the form of sheets of various thickness and strength.It is recommended to purchase for floor insulation foam with profiled edges to get rid of in the future of thermal bridges that are formed in the gaps between the panels of foam.
When manufacturing foam superheated water vapor, which provides a high level of moisture resistance.Good properties of water well used repulsion for floor insulation in the house, which is located on a site with high groundwater.
Warming of the wooden floor
Warming of the wooden floors is quite a serious issue during the repair of an apartment, country cottage, country house or a bath.Wooden floors are very popular because they give the minimum load on the slab is not dependent on the height at which the need to raise the floor.
Wooden floors are a combination of the air gap, which is formed between the ceiling and the bottom layer of boards and wood.The tree itself is an excellent insulating material, that's why in Russia huts built of wood.The trouble lies in the fact that at the junction of wall and ceiling cracks are formed blown requiring insulation.
Thermal insulation foam wooden floor under the power of any owner of an apartment or private house.To cope with its styling is simple, you just need to comply with in the process of some of the conditions.
First we need to prepare the surface for insulation material: clean it thoroughly seal the various cracks and crevices in the ground, through which penetrate parasites and insects that lay on top of lap 10 centimeters thick and dense film all over the floor, providing good waterproofing.This layer will not leak into the middle floor.
Of course, you can purchase a conventional polyethylene film, but it is better to use a special material, which is made on the basis of water-repellent properties and is characterized by reflection of heat.At this point, attach particular importance, because the ingress of water in the insulation material substantially reduces the insulating function and the useful life of the floor.After installation of the waterproofing layer lock edge tape.
followed by warming to see a video about sex foam and produce wooden crate from the log, will host the insulating material.With such an arrangement of the floor load is evenly distributed on the frame, so as the insulating material can be purchased not only extruded polystyrene foam and traditional, granular form.
stacked on the film coating must be send close to each other and to the walls of the methodology sheets of foam dressings.Zapente with foam all joints and gaps are different.Another layer of waterproof film onto the foam is able to provide isolation from the floor on top of a possible penetration of liquid.
At the final stage of warming the wooden floor with great caution so as not to damage the film, decided to install a metal frame and perform a cement screed thickness not less than 5 centimeters.After these manipulations, you can safely engage in laying the ground floor.
Thermal insulation of concrete floor
concrete floor in any case require insulation.The best insulation material foam acts as wood flooring.Remember that technology floor insulation foam are different for houses with basement and buildings without a basement.Let us detail on each of them.
Warming concrete floors in homes with basement
Owners of apartments, which are located on the first floors of high-rise buildings, faced with the problems of having cold concrete floors.Cope with them will help floor insulation foam.It is better to cover the concrete floor insulation material from the basement.In this case, in the interlayer plate is hot air.After that, the cold is no longer wade in the home.
foam to insulate the concrete floor, foam sheets need a thickness of 5 - 10 centimeters.Now manufacturers produce sheets with chamfers allowing qualitatively to carry out their installation.Masters in the process may encounter irregularities of the walls, which is easily corrected by using foam and using different thicknesses of foam for insulation of the floor.
Mounting foam produced special plastic plugs that have a length of 120-140 mm.The work begins with the remote areas of the basement.Attach the foam sheet to the plate, hammer, drill a hole through it, is tentatively scheduled attachment points.Then, remove the sheet and continue drilling the holes that match the size of dowels.It is recommended to use for the convenience of the drill 2, which have different diameters.
Before attaching the foam sheet in place apply to the mating faces of adhesive foam that looks like an ordinary assembly foam to fill any unevenness of joints and provide reliable insulation joints.The sheets are fixed to the concrete slab using plugs and fill the joints with foam.
During insulation foam concrete floor from the basement there are areas in which there is no possibility to use whole sheets of insulation.In this case it is recommended to cut the appropriate size and shape pieces from a foam sheet and perform their packing.
not leave foam in the clear, as it is flammable and is easily damaged.Therefore, it is necessary to plaster.It can be used as a mixture of plaster adhesive for ceramics with the application of reinforcing mesh.The result is a thin, yet durable layer.
Warming concrete floors in homes without a basement
procedure insulation of concrete floor in this case is somewhat different.Before you start, you need to carefully prepare the ground.First remove the old floor covering the floor and check for any visible cracking and chipping, if found again need to apply the adhesive composition for the installation of ceramic tiles.
recommended Cracks repaired dense solution with a metal spatula, then proceed with waterproofing floor.For such work can use a special bitumen mastic or roll material.Remember that when it is necessary to capture the 10-15 centimeters of the walls.In the film lay reinforcing mesh, you can take an ordinary masonry grid.
After that you can safely engage in the floor of the first floor insulation foam.The thickness of this material is different, it is best to choose a heat-insulating material with a thickness of 2-3 centimeters.Foam mixture to settle for tight butt to prevent the formation of gaps and gaps, as well as get the best effects of warming.
Knead to a medium consistency using glue mixer at medium speed spindle and spread directly on the floor or on the foam every 10-30 centimeters.This is sufficient for reliable fixing foam.Once you have laid sheets of foam, you can install beacons.
for extreme lighthouses mark the wall with the use of laser or water level, and the remaining elements decided to mount using the linear level of the building.To fix the lighthouse is recommended to use the remains of adhesive used for the installation before the thermal insulation material.The distance between the guide beacons should not be more than 1.4 meters.
solution should throw ties between beacons, removed his flat rack or surplus rule, creating a perfectly flat floor surface.If in the future you are going to choose a floor covering parquet, after drying floor screed should pour a thin layer (2-3 mm), self-leveling mixture, eliminating the slightest unevenness in the floor.
Thermal insulation foam on the ground floor
in private homes, industrial and public facilities on the ground floor should be insulated with an additional layer of insulation, which has a width of at least one meter around the perimeter to the external walls of the adjoining floor.Paul, what's on the ground, on the foundation does not load, but the contact with the ground, increasing the likelihood of adverse effects of groundwater.To protect the floor from moisture and should be well-designed waterproofing.
floor that is placed on the ground, is above or below ground level.Thermal insulation foam floor in a house with a basement and a building without a different thickness used thermal insulation material.In buildings with a basement layer of material can be thinner than in the building without a basement, because the floor is below the level of soil freezing.
first be leveled ground.If the ground is loose, it should be sealed and allow to settle for a month.Pour a bed of crushed stone or gravel thickness close to 10 centimeters and tamp mechanically.Place a layer of sand of the same thickness, and cover tightly Xpress polyethylene.The layout for the foam insulation under the tile floor must be dry, clean and have no significant irregularities.
floors on the ground to be sure to make waterproofing.As moisture protection layer can be used polyethylene film with a thickness of 0.2 millimeters, or roofing material.The bands lined with waterproofing overlap of 10 centimeters and the terminal on the wall in the 10 - 15 cm above the floor level.
Plates made of foam begin to spread out of the corner, tightly clutching one another.Start the next row with a half plate to move the joints between the slabs.Lay the foam layer 2 is recommended with the creation of bias seams in the levels to avoid the formation of cold bridges.In order to completely prevent the penetration of cold foam is used with milled edges "tongue and groove".
last plate cut slightly larger and place with some effort.After placing all the foam must be covered with a protective layer - polyethylene film thickness of 0.2 millimeters, or roofing material and bring the edges of the plane of the floor up the wall.To increase the resistance on the ground floor screed made of metal or reinforced with alkali-resistant fiberglass mesh.
laid out in a similar way on the plate made of foam poured concrete solution.Filling should be thick consistency and contain a filler, which has a diameter of 8 millimeters.Ties are made of cement grade 200. The minimum thickness of screed should be 4 cm.The solution was poured between the guide rails and is overwritten after hardening using a rare cement mortar.Horizontal deflection allowed no more than 5 millimeters.
based on gender is necessary to protect the loads during the first three days.In the floor during curing need to look 10 days, moisturizing from time to time and avoiding drying.The floors on the ground in areas of over 30 square meters can be divided into segments of 10 square meters to avoid during operation of unwanted stores and deformations.
Therefore, floor insulation foam with your hands is a simple way to give the floor heat.In addition, the use of the foam boards is an excellent means to reduce impact noise.Advantages of foam has long been appreciated and professional builders and private developers.