What could be cozier, warmer and more elegant than a wooden floor?The modern market is saturated with a variety of synthetic materials for all tastes, and we continue in recent years, increasingly prefer the good old parquet or floorboard.The natural pattern of wood, its natural warmth, smell and even the sound create a unique refined atmosphere in the home.The term "solid wood floor" appeared relatively recently and it means that the product is made of solid wood without gluing.From parquet boards so different, in fact, only in size.It has been decided to equip the floor from the array, and immediately raises the question how to choose solid wood, on what species of wood to stop, what sort of use is not to be mistaken with the size, how to check the quality.And the manufacturer plays an important role.To avoid stupid mistakes, let's look at how to choose and what to look for.
- Choose solid wood on the wood species
- density wood - an important aspect
- What size solid wood better
- Breeding - what is it?
- solid wood processing factory
- Should I buy solid wood, varnishing
- manufacturer of solid board choose
Choose solid wood on the wood species
From wood depends not only on the color and shade of the future of flooringthat is of course very important, but also the hardness of the floor surface resistance of wood to temperature and high humidity, and more.These characteristics affect the selection of a much greater extent than the group, refinement or exotic products.For example, the massive board can be made from any wood any exotic country, but this board will behave in our environment?After all, we in the summer is hot and humid, while winter is dry and cold.Wood expands and then shrinks, and in some cases may even get out and warp.That is why you need to choose the type of wood that have proven themselves in our climate the best.
Solid wood Oak refers to hardwood, flooring from it resistant to external mechanical influences and serves for centuries without losing its strength.The color range is very wide oak boards and has about 200 shades, from yellowish-white to yellowish-brown with patches of gray or green.On the surface can be easily seen following age rings on radial sawing the core forms a bright line and the areas that seem to be flashes of fire.Over time, massive oak planks dark, but this does not make the overall appearance of the floor worse, and only gives shade antiquity.The strength and hardness of oak is so high that it is placed not only in living rooms, but also in offices, restaurants, clubs and other places with high traffic.
Massive board is made of oak, both with ready varnished, and without it.Boards without coating used for the interior in the style of eco, Scandinavian and ethnic style.Board, lacquered, will create an even smooth coating that will suit styles such as modern, avant-garde, vintage, rococo and others. The cost of massive oak planks depends on the quality of products, raw materials and their characteristics, and can range from 50 to 120 USDper 1 m2.
Massive board Teak prized for its resistance to decay.It is used for everything decks, outdoor terraces and other facilities, which are constantly in contact with water.Teak does not turn black, and does not lose strength under the influence of water.The wood of this tree may have a different color palette with different structures, the most common is the golden brown with lighter sapwood and a dark core.
Massive board Larch looks virtually identical to the pine, but it has the same hardness as Oak.The color range is about 12 solar shades.The peculiarity of Siberian larch are its antiseptic properties, it does not take root in the putrefaction bacteria and mold.Thanks to remarkable resilience to the effects of moisture from solid wood larch used for arranging moorings, outdoor terraces and platforms, balconies, loggias.A hardness and mechanical resistance allow it to stack in gyms, libraries, restaurants, and others. Larch retains its texture, pattern and color for a long time does not darken and does not change shape.
Massive board Ash covers the entire spectrum of solar light shades, complemented by a rich textured.Paul Ash visually expands the space, as it were, at the same time filling it with natural solar heat and light.Wood this breed has even greater than that of oak, hardness and strength, but nevertheless unique elasticity.Through the combination of these qualities ash is used not only in domestic furnishing, and gyms and even sports equipment manufacturing.
Massive board Maple considered the lightest of all the others.The color palette of the nearly white to slightly pink or yellowish with reddish veins.Slice Maple has a unique design and structure of the surface under the influence of sunlight becomes slightly yellowish or golden sheen appears.Maple wood is hard, strong and elastic, has a unique strength in bending.But this apparent lack of solid wood of the maple is considered its dependence on the change of the humidity level.
Walnut Massive board can be made of different varieties of nuts, it is European (Greek), and the US, and others.Colours vary from light beige or light gray to dark brown.The structure of the wood is valued for its pattern of gray, brown and purple hues that give the entire room a warm cozy feel.An important feature of the nut - its resistance to moisture and temperature extremes.Even during drying it does not form cracks and deformations during use low.
Solid wood Wenge made of wood African ebony wenge.Colours Wenge from deep brown to completely black, but there are also gray-brown tones.Wenge wood is very strong, heavy, hard, highly resistant to bending and mechanical stress, it will not start micro-organisms and insects.Included in the oily substance hamper the processing of wood varnish.Solid wood wenge must undergo regular quality drying for a long time, or it can be covered with cracks.Before you buy such an expensive and exotic building material carefully weigh everything and consult with a specialist, we sold wenge wood can be dried to the required 8 - 9%, with all the consequences.
Massive board Bamboo not exist in nature.Remember, the "massive" means "made of solid wood."Bamboo is actually not even a tree, it's grasses.To make it a board, bamboo strips straightened, pressed and glued together under high pressure.In addition, the material undergoes additional processing temperature, polyurethane and ultraviolet.Get in the end the board has a unique density, durability, resistance to mechanical stress and absolutely impervious to moisture and microorganisms.Manufacturers claim that the solid wood of bamboo is not shrinking or swell, but experienced installers notice is insufficient for the production of dried, after unpacking it in our climate, the board bends and warps.This is due to the fact that the home of bamboo high humidity, there is no possibility to dry wood to 6 - 8%, which are necessary for our climate.Also, the board is covered with bamboo in producing fashionable varnish in 7 layers, which is strong enough, but leave a mark on it is not so difficult.
Massive board Merbau made from rocks red merbau tree, which grows in tropical climates (Indonesia, Philippines, Malaysia, etc.).The peculiarity of this breed - the colors of the light shades of red-brown to dark shades of dark brown with golden and yellow patches, forming intricate patterns.In operation, the color changes and becomes a silver-gray hue.Filling merbau oily substance made from a solid board, solid and resistant to moisture and rot, as it practically does not crack.
addition to these rock solid board made of birch, beech, pears, cherries, Brazil nuts and a variety of exotic species: the tiger wood sucupira, afrormozii and others. All of them have their own unique characteristics.But when choosing a need to pay more attention to the density and moisture content of wood, as exotic foreign building materials simply can not meet the requirements of our climate.
density wood - an important aspect
clearance of the area and the level of mechanical stress on the floor determine what kind of wood can be used.Solid wood with high strength, such as oak, ash, larch, wenge, placed in areas with high traffic.Heavy furniture, heels and sharp objects will not leave any traces on the floor.Although in some cases selling lacquer, but not the wood itself.Less than soft wood such as birch, cherry and others can only be used in rooms with minimal mechanical loads, for example, in the nursery.Since even a chair with wheels can be left on the floor grooves and traces of sagging.
What size solid wood better
size of solid wood is very important when choosing a floor covering, with all of its geometrical parameters.
solid board thickness is 15 to 50 mm, the most popular board considered 15 - 22 mm thick of exotic species.Thicker articles 28 - 45 mm is used much less frequently, although the flooring of them get very durable and less susceptible to deformation.
width solid wood is in the range of 60 - 450 mm.The most common are the boards of 60 mm, 80 mm, 100 mm and 120 mm.All the rest are wide planks are used less frequently.The thinner solid wood, the more fasteners, the coating itself more stable and less susceptible to deformation.The wider the floorboard, the more disastrous it will bend and deformation due to temperature changes, or humidity.But wide boards look good in large rooms, making them visually more organic and compact.Narrow planks visually lengthen the room.
length solid wood is from 500 mm to 3000 mm, but there are also the product of 3.2 and 6 - 9 m. Long boards are used very rarely, because they are difficult to transport and install.They are easier to "lead."But they extend the premises, make it uniform.The most popular are solid board and 1 - 2 meters. They are easy to style and form of these figure.
Breeding - what is it?
Selection - sorting wood for its color, pattern, texture, presence of knots or too colorful spots, etc.The difference between these symptoms due to different saw cut tree trunk.
radial cut made almost in the middle of a tree trunk along.Board turns a uniform color, free of knots and monotonous pattern in the form of longitudinal lines.This board is the most durable, resistant to deformation and expensive.
tangential cut - cut the stem at a distance from the center.The resulting board will have a large variation in color (different shade on the edges and in the middle), a high probability of the presence of knots and rich texture.Despite the lower strength and resistance to temperature and humidity, such boards are appreciated for the beautiful wavy pattern.
Different companies are sorted according to different criteria and then give them their names, we write out only the most common.
Radial - perfectly matched version of the board is not allowed sapwood, knots are not allowed.All boards are chosen about one color, the same pattern - the longitudinal line along the board.
Selekt - selection boards in color is not ideal, can be spread in the shade, tolerance of small, medium and large medullary rays, wood fibers located along the boards.The sapwood and knots are not allowed.
Natur - slight variations in color, knots are allowed up to 2 mm and a white sapwood.
Rustic - a full spread of color, the presence of knots up to 6 mm in any amount, the presence of white sapwood up to 1/5 of the width of the board.
Selection of solid wood affects its price, is the most expensive board "Radian", and the cheapest - "Rustic".But the choice of a board depends not only on the quality of the wood, but also on what kind of image you can put one of them.For example, "Rustic" is perfect for creating an interior in the style of bright chaos.
solid wood processing factory
The simplest treatment is more factory cutting chamfer the edges of the product .The flooring of this board is a more accurate and segmented, also thanks to the chamfer is not as noticeable deformation of the boards and the presence of cracks.But it is in the gaps between the chamfers collects fine dust and spilled water.
artificial aging of wood is performed using such techniques as "brushing".Although it is quite possible to be called and "gvozding" or "shuruping", as it is scratching board brush with sharp teeth.Get in the end groove, roughness and create the effect of an old worn wood species seen.After opening a varnish solid wood used in the interiors of an antique ethnic style and the other design areas.
Stylized metal for lovers of unusual.Cover the surface of solid wood with bronze or brass gives the possibility to use it in the interiors in the style of hi-tech.
Coloring solid wood - the most common treatment option.Staining of the workpiece surface at any of 60 colors can be done, for example, boards of oak or teak plank Wenge.Since the average cost of solid wood is converted into high-end exotic appearance.Coloring stains and oils leads to the loss of its individual natural wood color.
choose which is better Massive board - one that has a natural color and pattern, or tint, of course, the hosts, but in such a situation is not superfluous to remember, and why do decide to lay a floor of wood.
Should I buy solid wood, varnishing
Apart from anything not covered by the massive boards manufacturers offer products already covered with several layers of lacquer or oil-soaked.
When opening board lacquer in the factory of its consumption is much smaller, it smooth and beautiful falls.The product itself is already getting ready to lay and secure enough.You will not have to grind, and therefore will not be dust.But there is one drawback.Pay attention when you varnish finished solid wood flooring, you get smooth homogeneous perfect surface without any cracks and gaps.If the mount is already lacquered board between them will be slot into which water can flow into and penetrate the dust.But it is a risk that the paint will crack from the strain of wood is minimal.
oiled planks can be used safely.After installation they may be treated with oil compositions again.