Loggia in most apartments are used as rooms for the storage of unwanted items, or completely empty.Although due to their extra space, you can significantly increase the living space, room to expand or create a room where you can place flowers and put a wicker table for receiving guests.In order to lodge provide comfortable conditions, should first think about its insulation.In this article we look at how the warming of the loggia, as well as what tools and materials needed in the process.
- Common mistakes when insulation balconies loggias Glazing
- warmed loggia
- choice of material
- floor insulation Wall insulation sheathing the walls
- Warming ceiling
Common mistakes when warmingloggia
Unfortunately, not all missing in their home square meters, especially in older high-rise buildings.So the Russians are accustomed to every corner of the apartment to use the most efficient.Balconies and loggias on this issue is no excep
Many in the pursuit of additional square meters of choosing the "Soviet" variant scoring loggia to the brim with useless things.But there is a practical and aesthetic solution to this problem - to insulate a loggia.But here, the owners make mistakes: put double-glazed windows, close up the gap in a hurry, and then set the indoor radiator or mounted system "warm floor".This approach has one major drawback: the heat from the balconies will leave the street, and the optimum temperature will be hard to maintain.
professional approach necessarily involves good insulation private balconies, which can be converted into a winter garden, a place to relax, study or a mini gym.Here you will be spending time regardless of the season.Besides high-quality thermal insulation of loggias and balconies significantly reduces heat loss from the apartment.Start standing with the installation of plastic windows, then focus on the finishing floor, ceiling and wall insulation material.
Glazing balconies loggias
majority in their construction has already glazing, but usually it is a single-layer thin glass and wooden frames.Through window openings in a regular room it takes up to 20% of the warm air when you talk about the lodge, where almost a third of the total area consists of windows, here more than half of the heat is lost.To retain maximum heat, is to dismantle the old windows and replace them with metal windows.
First disassembled and thrown out the old glass, wooden frames and sent to the trash.If you decide to put new windows, better to buy units with three-chambered profile which effectively retain heat even in situations when the temperature outside drops below minus 30 degrees Celsius.By the way, on the non-insulated three-chamber glazed loggia provides the temperature of 5-10 degrees above the street.
Before selecting windows, you need to determine what will be installed plastic windows.If the parapet balconies made of durable reinforced concrete, in this case should have no additional work.But if it is based are metal bars, then you still have to build an additional parapet.This is the most common masonry that is made of foam block or lightweight ceramic brick width of about 10 centimeters.
Masonry work will be required in the case, if the wall with the neighboring balcony made of asbestos cement sheet, or when the concrete parapet mount strong enough.To avoid disputes, before building the parapet should consult with the company that will carry out the glazing.It is better to choose a company that has extensive experience and uses high-quality profile in the manufacture of its own products.
When the glazing is completed, Sun is still connected with the outside gaps between the parapet walls and floors.Polyurethane will become a good helper mastics and sealants.To sealant is not moved during the drying at floor level downstream, can be pre-seal the joints with pieces of foam, special sealing foam, or polyethylene.After the waterproofing seam cavity filled with foam.
Before you begin the process of warming of the loggia, you need to understand what you need to insulate.If you want to get the highest possible results from work, while insulation material must be installed on the parapet, ceiling, floor and walls, including adjacent to the main room, adhering to the instructions warming loggia.
choice of material
main characteristic of insulating material serves the thermal conductivity, showing how well the material holds the heat.The result will depend ultimately on the thickness of the insulation.Given the fierce competition in the market, the thermal conductivity provided on the heat-insulating materials it is approximately the same and is within 0.03-0.04 W / (m * C).The lower thermal conductivity and greater thickness of the insulating material, the better result can be obtained loge insulation.
Whatever the low thermal conductivity of the material is not, when wet, it varies greatly, with it not for the better.Where did the water there?For example, the moist air enters the kitchen.The temperature decreases when approaching the cold wall, the air is cooled, and steam present therein condenses.In addition, it should be noted that the temperature outside is constantly changing, and finish the loggia can permanently freeze and thaw, so that there is a fungus.
Today, the market can find a lot of heat-insulating materials, but due to the high heat-saving properties, high strength and low water absorption for warming loggia fits best extruded polystyrene.Fairly widespread use of other types of foam, but they are not durable and are more modest thermal insulation properties.Often practice penofolom warming loggia.Another material that is used for warming loggia is mineral wool.
Laying insulation material on the balcony usually accepted starting from the floor.It is not a standard, but allows you to avoid unwanted cracks in the floor, between the walls if not a right angle.When the surface contains large bumps, you have to start to perform work on its alignment.
There are two ways of warming the floor: floor, wooden frame and an electric "warm floor".First, let's consider the process of installation of thermal insulation material on the basis of wood.Before work, remove all the excess from the floor.Thereafter, it is recommended to install the joists that will be the basis for future sex.The insulation material is placed between the joists.
must take a wooden beam, which has a cross-section of 20 by 8 centimeters, to measure his length and saw off the loggia.First, you must tie the extreme board, aligning their position with the level.After the establishment of the extreme boards between them is to pull some nylon filaments that serve as a guide for the location of the middle of the timber.
Then you can begin laying the insulation material.Mineral blocks or foam cut into fragments, which are placed between the joists.To ensure good contact and floor insulation can be used gypsum mixture.In the case of using ordinary mineral wool is to decompose it in such a way that it covers the entire floor surface evenly.
After laying insulation can take up the laying of facing coating.For this purpose it is best to take a wooden board, which has a thickness of 1.5-2 cm.Boards should be laid firmly and fasten with screws to lag.
electric floor - a very effective solution if you are doing repairs and insulation loggia.Such a surface provides a certain temperature, but is also capable of heating the indoor air.Before the actual installation of the system you want to align the floor screed Bay.
After that is necessary to expand the heating cable and attach it to the screed with a special tape.Power wires can be calculated based on its technical specifications: 90-110 watts per 1 square meter area.This is followed by a special self-leveling pour mixture that completely close the heating elements.The thickness of this layer should not be more than 10-15 mm.
After laying the insulation material on the floor should insulate your walls with mineral wool or foam.First you need to spend crate of wooden beams, which have a cross section of 3 to 4 centimeters.After that, the wall between the beams are bolted or glued sheets of foam.The thickness of the insulating material depends on the characteristics of the loggia and the climatic conditions in your region.For example, if there is a reverse side walls another balcony even without insulation, it is possible to safely use a thin layer of material.
all joints and gaps between the foam sheathing and joists must be filled with foam, which is great retains heat through a proprietary porous structure.When laying a layer of insulation do not forget to hold the wires to connect appliances and lighting.To ensure the best possible thermal insulation must be covered with foam on top of a reflective material, such as foil.
wall sheathing can then take the wall paneling.To do this, take the drywall, plastic or wooden battens.The easiest, and not labor quite nice option is the technology of thermal insulation and wall insulation loggia plastic lining, which can be used in a wide temperature range.A plastic lining is varied colors and textures, it is able to create an extra layer of insulation.
However balconies facing is better to use moisture resistant plasterboard.The advantages of drywall include its relative cheapness, fire safety and ease of cutting.The disadvantage is only that it is sold in stores in large sheets, which consequently leads to a difficulty of transportation.It also differs very time-consuming when laying, especially on the ceiling.
on standard loggia need close 7 sheets measuring 120 by 250. Customizing and cutting plasterboard better in the hallway, because the apartment produces a lot of dust.After installation of this material is necessary to sand and paint over the screws to avoid rusting.It is also desirable to glue joints and seams with a cloth, which will be a solid after drying.This must be done to reverse the misaligned.
Drywall then you can walk primer.You can paint it in any color desired, giving complete freedom to your imagination.If you wish, you can buy wallpaper paste over them, and primed the ceiling and walls.Approximate flow wallpaper - two 10-meter roll, which have a width of 110 centimeters.In the bedroom window and balcony is best to hang horizontal metal blinds that can be lifted at will, almost completely removing them, the incline can also be adjusted.If you plan to remove the barriers and expanded to a loggia living space, then decorate the room should be in the same way as the room.
heat loss through the ceiling of the loggia are about 10-15%, so the insulation of the ceiling should not be forgotten.The easiest and cheapest way is to use mineral wool or foam.They keep excellent heat and is lightweight and does not create an additional structure for the entire load.
first necessary to fasten the ceiling joists of the transverse beam, which will be attached to the lining material, it is recommended to calibrate using a level position of each timber.Foam placed between the beams, using the dowels.Mounting foam filled all the cracks and joints.If you choose mineral wool, it is necessary to completely fill all the space between the wooden beams of this material.
Then you can start the installation of cladding material.Ceiling insulation can not do if you live in a high-rise building, and over your balcony is warmed floor balcony.However, it is better to make a small layer of insulation 5-6 centimeters.When the balcony is located on the open attic or roof insulation layer should be chosen to 10-15 centimeters.With more time to fix stuff, check out the video of warming loggia.
Thus, the insulation balcony provides a high level of comfort at any time of the year and increases the space of the apartment.Getting directly to the work, supply of essential tools and materials, as well as find out the price of warming of the loggia.Given that the thermal insulation layer on the balcony deals exclusively with saving of heat, but not its production, may further require a source of heat to maintain a comfortable temperature.Of course, on the balcony, you can install an electric heater.However, the best solution would be the installation of the system "warm floor".