Garage is usually not only the place of residence of your machine, but also cellar and repair shop, and a place of rest of our guys.All would be good if we do not take into account the severe frosts.In an unheated garage uncomfortable feeling not only your car, but you are.Therefore, in the winter garage must be heated.A decrease in temperature results in the appearance of moisture, which will gradually destroy the metal.Ideally, every car owner should choose a suitable heating garage and build such a system.Today we look at the main types of heating the garage with his hands and appropriateness of each of them.
- necessity of heating the garage
- Types of garage heating
- Solid fuel
- Gas heating
- Water Heating
- use of electricity
- Air heating
- waste oil
- Safety Rules for heating Garage
necessity of heating the garage
Whichever you choose the material for the construction of the garage (brick, cinder block, concrete), in
The fact is that in the garage with the onset of cold weather an unpleasant phenomenon for metal called condensate, which leads to irreversible corrosion of all metal components of the garage (building, gates) and the car itself.In addition, the car is much better to start up on a well-heated air.The first thing you can do in this situation, it is warm garage facilities.
insulation for the garage walls are often made of aerated concrete blocks or cinder blocks.For reliable insulation of the roof it is common to use concrete block.Make significant layer of expanded clay granules styling - close to 15 - 25 centimeters.And on top of it necessarily has to be cemented.The second most popular insulation material is mineral wool.If the garage installed iron gates, it makes sense to insulate this part.A help you sheets of foam that have a thickness of no more than 5 centimeters.After pasting of leaflets, sheets need to sew plywood or chipboard paneling.
But to your car during the winter season is well preserved, a little warming of the garage!It should take additional measures to equip additional ventilation that will remove exhaust gases and excess moisture, and equip the room right heating.Garage enough to maintain inside air temperature above plus 5 degrees Celsius.
depending on the location of construction, you can choose one of two heated garage in winter:
- total heating system with a residential home.This method of heating the shelter for the car is very advantageous if the garage is close to the house (20 meters).In this case, your garage will be heated on a par with the house, which provides a very high temperature in the cold season.
- Autonomous heating system.This technique is used in cases where there is a shelter for the car away from the house and the garage can not be connected to the existing heating system.Individual heating system adopted to develop, depending on the area of the garage, its structure and the number of machines.
Types of heating garage
to make the right decision about the choice of heating in the garage should be a detailed analysis of your individual situation and think about what kind of system will be most useful to you.When you select the type of heating system and should also pay attention to its efficiency and ease of operation.Pre-calculate its budget to the heating arrangement in the garage is not hit hard by your budget.
Application wood, coal, peat and other solid fuels is the most simple and economical heating garage.This technique is useful when the technical difficulties, for example, without interruptions or feed gas, water and electricity.The main advantage of this device is that it is independent of the power supply.But if you choose this option you should be completely excluded from the garage explosives, and it's quite problematic.
You can use pyrolysis boiler, which will maintain the optimum temperature for 6-12 hours.This boiler is so called because there is a process of pyrolysis - burning solid fuel is separated from the substances that are released in the combustion process, resulting in a set temperature for a long time and remains unchanged.For the normal functioning of pyrolysis boiler is forced to build a rod, which is capable of supporting combustion.The simplest mechanism that performs this function, the fan acts.Note that such a device would have to be cleaned regularly.
pellet boiler allows heat the room using wood pellets that are compressed from shavings and sawdust.On the commodities market this kind of fuel pellets called.The process of filling of the pellets boiler is automated, ie feeding pellets into the combustion chamber takes place through a screw samonasypyu container or hopper.The more raw material to a boiler filled up, the greater amount of heat can be obtained from this construction, provided that an excellent ventilation.
The most popular option is the installation of garage heating furnace Buleryan.This unit has a very high rate of return of heat and is able to work more than 10 hours on a single load of fuel, so its cost is much higher other heating devices.Furnace for heating the garage has a very simple structure: it is equipped with two combustion chambers and working on any solid fuel, than liquid formulations and gaseous mixtures.They absolutely can not pour into the oven!
lower chamber of the furnace is adapted for the gasification unit and the upper - solid fuel.Firing up the best material is paper.If you plan to install just such a wave, then remember that the heating appliance should be positioned at a height of 0.2 meters above the floor, to make better use of insulated chimney pipe "sandwich", and for the base of the furnace - Refractory brick or concrete.For the chimney is better not to use stainless steel because it can catch fire or soot accumulate condensate.
Such heating garage equip yourself is not recommended, otherwise air can fly not only garage, but you are with the car, because the gas is very dangerous explosive!Installation of gas heating must be carried out exclusively by qualified personnel, gasman, who know how to deal with explosive substances.If and to use gas as heating, it is exclusively in the form of a gas generator.
operating principle of such a machine is as follows: soldering a burner located in the generator which burns the gas with air.Formed as a result of thermal energy enters the heat exchanger and heats the air, which is blown by fans.The heated air is fed into the garage, and the products of combustion through the chimney goes out.A new piece of indoor air delivered through the air ducts, or specially made in the heat source lattice.
Such a heat source is used as a permanent element to heat the garage when the central gas pipeline runs close.That awkward moment, but the use of a gas heat source has significant advantages over the use of all other methods - the highest heat transfer coefficient.You should also keep in mind that such a structure more appropriate to simulate a large area garages.
gas as a source of heat has a low cost.And if you decide to put a heating system in the garage, ready to advance to the fact that the arrangement of the whole system, you will fly in a round sum, after all have to invest in a well-plant equipment and installation work of specialists.If you want to save, better to build a garage in places with access to the main gas supply line.More recently began to appear less expensive options with various models of gas heaters.
Gas heaters running on gas or propane, there are infrared and catalytic.The principle of operation of the catalytic heater is called the ideal in terms of the use of the garage, as all similar device can be used for living space!The substance is combusted in the catalyst.In this device neutralizes 95% combustion.
There is also an infrared heating gas, the efficiency of these heaters is much higher than the electrical counterpart.During combustion gas heated ceramic elements and heat is supplied into the air together with the combustion products.You can install this device if ready for a constant ventilation of the garage.Also, lack of infrared instruments can be called a gradual heating.It is therefore advisable to install catalytic heaters, which have a capacity of up to 6.2 kW.
This option is recommended if the shelter for a car is an essential part of a house.But if the garage will stand alone for heating will cost much more.You will have to spend a lot of effort and money to build trenches and pipelines for transporting energy, the installation of the pump for pumping water.Do not forget to find and purchase the insulating material that protects the pipeline from the cold.In this case, the system must also be used instead of water, antifreeze to avoid freezing it.
Water heating is suitable for garages that are made of concrete, brick or limestone, and mineral wool or insulated foam.Water heating system in the garage consists of a boiler, the radiator or convector and connecting pipes.The heat which is produced or convector boiler heats the water circulating through the system.As a result, heat radiators, which are made of a metal alloy of high thermal conductivity.Batteries heat given premises, and in this way the cycle is repeated.
Water heating system garage is easy to repair and replacement of radiators.Suffice it to block and remove the battery unusable, and then put a new one.It is advisable to arrange water heating garage with his hands, if we are talking about an entire group of garages.Then the cost of works associated with the construction of systems, will equally share divided by all participants.
If you are going to build their own water heating garage without the involvement of professionals, you need to carefully examine all the circuits in a wide variety.The main objective of these works lies in the right combination of all the individual components of the heating system in one unit.Designing is a very important step because without a plan, you will not be able to accurately determine the number of connectors and length of the pipeline.If you are going to do a drawing by hand, be sure to provide all the elements that turns the battery location and isolation.
After that, you can manually set the boiler according to the instructions of the selected manufacturer.As a rule, self-installation of heating panels is carried out on one model.First wall plugs installed holders, and then hung radiator.Provide advance, the unit is located at a distance of fifteen centimeters above the floor.After that you should connect the metal pipes into a single system.For this field of forks, bends and connecting pipes use fittings.
use of electricity
most common method of heating the garage is heating electricity.Car owners in Soviet times thought of as warm garage without electricity.But nothing better has not come up, so use homemade devices called "goats."Make them simple: wound on asbestos cement pipes Nichrome spiral.This heater consumes little power - up to 10 kW!Also today, a very popular landline and mobile electric heaters.May be suitable for this purpose and ordinary household heaters.
When using an electrical method is recommended to take care of the maximum saving of heat and conduct complex work related to the warming of the premises.To achieve a good effect can be installed near the heater fan, which will strengthen the circulation of heated air, send it in a certain direction, and reduce the time to heat the building.The only shortcoming is the high energy consumption.In addition, dependent on the supply of electric power equipment at any time may stop working.
problem heating in the garage can be solved by using an infrared heater, which is attached to the ceiling and warms the floor.A source of infrared radiation acts electricity heated element from quartz glass or glass ceramic.Unlike traditional electric heater heats the objects infrared instrument like the sun, and they are already warm ambient air.Thus, the car owner with his work area is just in the heated area.
this modern type of heating for the man is absolutely harmless, but its action is not the best way affects the lacquer coating machines.That is why it is advisable to install such devices directly over the entrance to the garage, not the vehicle.This creates a thermal curtain and protects your car.However, remember that these systems can not be electric heating left unattended as they can be heated to very high temperatures.
even consider this type of heating the garage, as the inverter split.Such a system allows for heating garage 12 volts, save up to 30% energy with automatic temperature control and operate at temperatures which reach minus 20 degrees.Inverter split system - no other than the air conditioning system.Their value is quite high, not everyone can afford chelochek buy a quality air conditioning in the apartment, and not to mention the garage.
most ideal way of heating the garage and other technical rooms is air heating.The principle of operation of such a system is to provide a high flow of warm air that raises the room temperature quickly.This heating is the fastest of all.If the flow of warm air direct to your vehicle, you can achieve the removal of moisture, which is present under the vehicle.
The biggest advantage of this system of heating the garage could be called an easy installation of the equipment without the involvement of specialists.All attachment you can buy at the store at an attractive price.Another advantage of this type of heating garage is to maintain the required temperature with small heat loss in a short warm-up time.The main device is pumped heat acts fan.
Let's analyze in more detail the range of devices for air heating garage.You can install an oil cooler, working from the network.This device is very easy to use.The device can not be heated to excessively high temperatures and slowly cools.It is very simple to use, and thanks to the handles and wheels it can be moved to any place in the room, so far as the length of the electrical wire.