warm garage is a prerequisite for a strong "health" of your machine.Sudden temperature changes can cause condensation, perforation corrosion protection of metal and inflicting significant damage to the car.Perhaps achieve optimum performance only if the conduct insulation garage and think about it for heating.Saving heat creates a comfortable environment for the storage and repair of cars and help save money that is needed to heat the car.Let's talk today about garages and foam, which is used for their insulation.
- optimal climatic conditions
- Prerequisites for garage
- insulation foam Benefits
- Types polystyrene foam
- Thermal insulation foam outside
- Preparing the working surface
- Mountfoam wall
- final work
- garage inside the garage roof insulation
- Insulation of garage door
optimal climatic conditions
With the approach of cold weather every car owner remembers that in an unh
optimum temperature in the shelter during the winter should be plus 5 degrees Celsius.Fresh air ventilation through the equipped garage for one car should reach 180 cubic meters per hour.
There may be a misconception that the warming of the garage with his hands, you can not ignore.However it is necessary to dispel such misconceptions.The reason for such a low optimum temperature in winter is in the following: if the garage to create a "hothouse" conditions with temperatures that exceed 18 degrees plus, a car covered with "sweat" when released into the shelter of the street - a cold environment.A condensate causes corrosion.
worth remembering and ventilation.Some inexperienced motorists trying to organize a garage insulation due to air vents, just closing up their.This is fundamentally wrong.Ventilation is able to provide the necessary maintenance of the microclimate inside the garage, it helps cleanse the air in the shelter of the unburned gases and allows the car to dampen.
Prerequisites for insulating the garage
insulation allows the car to the garage cold season "survive" quietly.Before you insulate the garage, it is worth remembering how is the movement of heat in space:
- Convection - the movement of warm air, which is accomplished with the help of heating the garage;
- conduction - the process by which heat is transferred from the hotter areas of the heated cover to a less subjects;
- Thermal radiation - radiation of heat treatment without moving air.
The most effective insulation today is recognized as a classic combination of insulation (prevents conduction and convection) and reflective (prevents thermal radiation).However, such strong measures is taken only when the garage is part of a residential building.And if the shelter - just a separate building, the arrangement of such a powerful thermal barrier is required.
Warming garage - "a matter of minutes", and to the same penny.Most car owners the choice to stop the warming foam garage, sheathing leaf ceiling, walls, roof, gates and all the building envelope.For more efficiency, common to use styrofoam blocks that serve as permanent formwork.
Why do developers choose it foam?This material is the most popular representative of the group of heat-insulating polymer substances.It is waterproof, its properties are similar to mineral wool and surpass it in some opportunities.Lightweight and low cost make the process of insulation foam garage simple for ordinary people without the involvement of specialists.
Application in the shelter for the car unprotected layer of foam on the fire properties considered imprudent.Select brand is insulation, which have flame retardant additives that give the material damping properties.Water-repellent properties of the foam insulation for the garage are very important, because in this building possible humidity.
Cost of insulation compared with mineral wool is 50%.Foam density 25, which has a thickness of 5 cm, it replaces the 50 cm brick.When the garage insulation foam is necessary to provide good protection against fire and reliable ventilation that is able to protect against corrosion.
Developers foam insulation improved in recent years trying to discredit the "authority" of the traditional foam.But before you insulate garage foam, plunged into the nuances of technology, is to deal with varieties like, because the name "foam" refers to a fairly wide range of heat insulators.The main difference between them lies in the category of polymer which acts as its main component.
Styrofoam Styrofoam is the most popular type of foam used in the inner and outer insulation of buildings, including garages.It is based on polystyrene type emulsion B, to which a blowing agent is added.Depending on the type of polymer (powder or slurry) and production techniques are distinguished pressed, bezpressovanny extrusion and styrofoam.
Since polystyrene belongs to the group of inflammable materials, insulation of the garage in the first place you should be interested in fire-resistant material PSB-S.Through the presence of the combustion flame retardant it does not support, no smoke in the atmosphere and does not emit harmful substances.
list of its beneficial properties is as follows: the high water and vapor permeability, low thermal conductivity, good sound insulation properties, easy handling, affordable price, and is not affected by the fungus does not serve as a breeding ground for insects, perfectly withstand any chemical attack, exceptoil, alcohol and organic solvents.
worth resolve most disturbing question about the harmfulness of Styrofoam.The main argument for this is considered to be the residual styrene, a small fraction of which is retained in the material.It is a toxic substance that does not add a person's health.However, the responsibility rests with the integrity of the manufacturer.
Penoizol represents a new generation of this group of materials, it is often referred to as a liquid foam.Produce it on the basis of phosphoric acid, urea, and CHD-T resin.Unlike traditional foam briquette factory, taken Penoizol produce directly on site.
mixture is whipped by special foam generators forming bystrozastyvayuschuyu white foam.Penoizol fill cavities in multilayer technology, and the walls of the gap in the building.If desired, for warming the garage can be made of any form of briquettes, the Gulf of the workpiece weight.
Wall insulation cover for the car liquid foam achieves the highest level of heat resistance structure.The index of thermal conductivity penoizol lowest in comparison with its "brothers".Warranty penoizol useful life - about 40 years, but according to preliminary calculations it is able to withstand the 100-120 years.
Penoizol not support burning, environmentally friendly, does not give chemical and biological "attack", leaves no waste when using (frozen chips you too can be used for filling gaps).Penoizol main advantage lies in its optimum vapor permeability, allowing not worry about the climate inside the garage.
Among the disadvantages of such a liquid foam insulation garage worth mentioning operating costs of special equipment to carry out the exact recipe and the mixing of the working masses.For the self-construction of this fact is a serious burden on the budget.In addition, due to the mass production of "artisanal" penoizol to this material somewhat undermined confidence.
Polyurethane foam Polyurethane foam is another view of the foam, which belongs to the category of "liquid".This kind of foam, unlike penoizol, endowed with excellent adhesion to any surface.It consists of 97% of "air", which is closed in the numerous pores and cavities.Polyurethane foam manufactured by a chemical reaction of a polyol and izotsenata in which form a closed "crystals" that are filled with gas.
applied to polyurethane foam made by spraying the walls of the garage, hardens the crust for 2 hours.Use this method primarily for internal insulation, because it reduces the loss of usable area of the garage.This seamless insulation that is able to work without interruption for 70 years.
Polyurethane foam is hard and resistant to mechanical damage material.It is fireproof, environmentally clean heater position without releasing toxins and working hard in the temperature regime.Features foam approaching penoizol, but this foam because of its "tack" is used actively for internal and external insulation of the garage.A disadvantage of such material is its application to a surface using specialized equipment.
Thermal insulation foam outside
garage on building codes perfect option appears external wall insulation with foam.In this orientation in the winter avoids the contact of cold and warm that provokes moisture on the surface of the joints with insulation material.In order for internal wall insulation foam garage remove this effect, the room must be provided continuously running mechanical ventilation.
Preparing the working surface
Warming brick walls using foam to protect them from weathering joints and "aging".Monolithic concrete team or "box" of such a lining would only benefit, because its standard thickness does not allow to hold on to the minimum requirements for thermal insulation and sound insulation of the room.
Walls pre-cleaned of dirt, dust and gunpowder.Especially it is necessary to pay attention to their "weak" places: the old plaster, which rests on a "fair" word.The base under the foam must be solid and clean, while warming the garage during the entire period of use will not bring any problems.It is best to clean vorsyanuyu take synthetic brush.Repair deep cracks embedded their pre-plaster.
Mounting foam wall insulation
for concrete and masonry walls is to use a 10-inch foam 25th density.To install the cover surface sheet successively with two layers of insulating material which has a thickness of 5 cm with a mandatory ligation transverse and longitudinal seams masonry.But for the spaces and technical purposes, including garages and not use the simplified method, doing one insulator layer 5 centimeters.
The main technology to adhere properly installed working elements.The surface of the walls made primed to improve adhesion with glue.It is applied on the sheet by "blots" and pressed against the surface tightly.Sometimes the master solution is applied to the surface of the foam sheet with a notched trowel in order to eliminate the possibility of the slightest gap between the surface and a stove.
During installation, the foam sheets must be firmly pressed together and put them in a checkerboard pattern.Lay the wall should be from the bottom up.Lay the first row to the launch bar that is attached to the surface of the dowels.Each element of masonry secure additional at least three plastic plugs.They decided to carry out the installation after the final hardening of the adhesive.
surface foam is recommended to cover 3-5-mm layer of glue that is used for mounting the grid.According to the composition of adhesive it is different from the solution that is used for fastening to the wall sheets.Then it is necessary to "drown" mesh fabric, which should be completely covered with adhesive.
for plastering the wall surface can be used simple or decorative plaster facade.The surface should be further protect the facade paint.
Warming garage inside
Such a method of warming the garage is common to use only as a last resort, because the inner wall insulation using foam to some extent due to the loss of usable area.Also, certain risks are in education at the junction of the surface moisture and heat insulator.Foam little suffers from this, only slightly reduces the insulating properties of its own.But the design of the garage assumes all the "blow".
fear of such an outcome of events forced ventilation.During the heating season in the garage is not necessary to arrange a "bath", and must adhere to temperature recommended above.Wall insulation foam made from inside the garage to perform similarly to the method of the external cladding, as described above.For works made use of self-extinguishing PSB-S-35, does not support combustion.
Warming of the roof of the garage
Always remember, if you leave some surface leave the garage is not insulated, it will not work to achieve an optimal temperature mode.Therefore it is always worth thinking about how to insulate the ceiling and the roof of the garage.In the presence of roof system and a solid insulation sheathing should be fastened under it, and run on the waterproofing.When discharged, place crate insulation between the rafters, and then use a waterproof film.
reliable insulation of the roof of the garage will be achieved if the circuit insulation will be as follows: gidrobarer - thermal insulation material - vapor barrier.Consider some of the nuances of application and waterproofing film.When using underroof film, which has low ability paropronikayuschey, it should not be in contact with a heater.If she has a high level paroproniknoveniya, its contact with the foam is not forbidden.
When ceiling insulation foam in the garage for the bars do not need to drill the holes, you can only use glue.If the ceiling and roof are reinforced concrete slabs, it is recommended to perform insulation and the outside of the roof.For such purposes the foam on top of which is necessary to make plaster screed.Good lay between the plaster and the foam layer of waterproofing, which are suitable for Roofing films and roofing material.
garage door garage metal gate classical construction are also subject to insulation.These crate taken fastened on the inside, more foam necessary to fill all the gaps that exist therein.From the standpoint of energy efficiency, garage doors is good to have a door that did not open the gate without much need to open.
However, for high-quality thermal insulation is recommended to eliminate the uncontrolled flow of cold air into the room through a gap formed in the abutting gate.Therefore, there should be no air gaps.Existing joints must be treated with adhesive tape, which is very hydrophobic.You can take the rubber seals to eliminate drafts.
After mounting crates and packing foam need to do a finishing layer.
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