comfort in winter is provided by the creation of a pleasant room temperature according to individual preferences.International experience shows the effectiveness and efficiency of a standalone system, independent of external conditions.Species differ in the auxiliary heating source used by heating: gas, electric spots, the electrode boiler or solid fuel.
1. The coolant and heat
2. Heat guns
3. multifuel heat gun
4. Diesel heat gun
5. Gas heat guns
6. Electric heat gun
7. Infraredheat gun
8. Water heat gun
9. How to choose a heat unit for private heating
10. Manufacturers of thermal power guns
11. Homemade heat gun
12. Combined solid fuel boilers with heating elements
The coolantand heat
heating systems use a specific coolant: water, steam, air, electricity, or open flames.Open flames are unevenly distributed heat at the bottom near the floor is cold air, and close the oven, on the contrary, not hot comfort zo
Most systems based on the use of substances that transfer energy from the heating source into the environment.Such a method is not rational because of the low efficiency of energy conservation.Most of the heat is lost, and the heating system itself becomes expensive and unprofitable for the homeowner.
most relevant and cost-effective heating system are without intermediaries.At present there are the following methods of heating without wires:
- Heat gun.
- Combined boilers with heating elements.
Multi-unit quick and efficient heating private residences, manufacturing facilities, industry, trade exhibition centers, warehouses and pavilions that have no other source of heat.The name of the device has a peculiar form of the cylindrical body.
unit has a simple structural system, easy to transport and transferred to another site.On top metal case has holes for air suction.The internal structure consists of a heater and a fan with large blades.The air flow passes through the heating device and a powerful fan is dispersed throughout the volume of the room.Node acts as a heating element heating element or burner, create more heat.The overall design of the unit can be compared to a fan heater, working on liquid fuel: gasoline, waste oil, diesel, gas or hot water.Simple internal structure makes it possible to use a variety of energy sources.
are two types of guns:
difference between the models is the heat of the heating device and performance of ventilation equipment.Industrial uses for heating large volumes of the enclosed space.Household designed for heating small houses.
By energy source guns are divided into the following types:
Separation by type of energy source:
- Liquid fuel.
By the method of heating the room is a direct and indirect units.The most popular are the guns of indirect heating with output of smoke and exhaust trubootvodu out.
multifuel heat gun
The multifuel guns for energy burn liquid fuels testing of oil regardless of the type.The advantage of the installation is:
- high 100% efficiency.
- large heating capacity.
- use of cheap recycled fuel.
the smooth operation of the machine depends on the design of the thermostat, the average uptime of 10 to 15 hours.
The principle of multi-function gun: oil pump drives in the cup burner.Fuel burns without residue and gives off heat to the environment.In the domestic market a wide range of exhibited models of direct and indirect heating, for various purposes.The manufacturer guarantees trouble-free operation units in compliance with TB and technical advice.Direct heating is carried out at good ventilation to remove carbon monoxide gases and combustion products.
Diesel heat gun
advantages of diesel heat gun:
- reactive warms the room volume.
- support it desired temperature.
- has a compact design.
- used expensive, compared with working, fuel.
- not economically viable.
- pay off high-power units.
produce models of direct and indirect heating.The models provide an indirect type vapor pipe.The room comes only warmed the air and exhausts are ejected.
Gas heat guns
advisable to use models when connected to the main gas pipeline.For this purpose, fixed installations guns sold.For bottled gas producing compact mobile units average power.Principle: gas burner passes through the air is heated and uniformly distributed over the volume of the room.
- high efficiency - 100%.
- minimal power consumption.
- minimal damage from the exhaust.
- used in crowded places.
- mobile units are maintenance professionals every 3 months.
- timeliness of replenishment cylinders.
Electric heat gun
unit refers to the form of environmental and safety installations.Her work does not result in the release of harmful substances.It is recommended to operate in the domestic sphere.As a heating element is used spiral or PETN.Taine preferred design of the unit, it does not burn oxygen, has a long service life.It connects to a two- or three-phase power supply.
principle: the air is heated by electric heaters, a thermostat protects the internal components from overheating.Excess temperature leads to automatic operation of the thermostat, turn off the gun.It saves energy consumption.
- does not throw carcinogens.
- quick warming of the room.
- maintain a stable temperature.
- high cost of the energy source of the heating element.
- limit setting, the power supply is required.
Infrared heat gun
Installation is radically different from all other types of heat guns.The design does not include a fan.The principle of operation of the unit: the heat radiated from the heated surface, gets to the surrounding objects and heats their surface.Heat warms the surrounding air to a comfortable body temperature pleasant.The radiation is safe for health.
- happens Heating excess air volume.
- released safe radiant energy.
- requires a source of power to connect.
Water heat gun
design of the unit is presented in the form of a heat exchanger filled with boiling water.A simple analogy: the cooler.Installation of the unit is carried out on the walls and ceiling.
- heating occurs at economical energy consumption.
- large coolant flow rate in the heating element.
How to choose a thermal heating unit for private
- defined functional purpose of heating devices: frequency of use, continuous heating of the air, drying of certain areas or surfaces.Accordingly, the optimum power is selected and the heater type.
- think through the rational use of energy for a certain type of case.
- consider installing a safety point of view.In places the presence of large numbers of people do not recommend the use of guns direct heating due to the generation of carbon emissions.
- think through the point of a gun mount.Place a temporary or permanent mounting mobile points selected according to TB.
- produces about future calculations of power equipment to provide high-quality heating.Take the average data for the 10 m2 room 0.8 - 1.4 kW.
- selects the required air flow rate and, therefore, the power of the fan.
- assess the performance of the coolant energy: fuel consumption, the consumption of electricity.
- selects the optimum size, the size of the unit, the mobility of transport.
required parameters are compared with the parameters of this equipment in all models sold instance ideal for home heating.
Manufacturers of thermal power guns
- Ballu - the largest company producing high-quality HVAC equipment.The most famous model - Prorab.Available in several versions.A distinctive feature of the brand models:
- Stainless steel double skinned.
- The angle is adjustable.
- Power models from 1.5 kW to 9 kW.
- average cost of units within the $ 70 to $ 150.
- Frico - Scandinavian company, best known for the model heater Tiger.New brand - stationary heat gun SWN02 produces fast, effective heating large areas.Technique is characterized by ease of installation, ease of maintenance, the existence of an automatic system adaptation, reliable performance over exposed mode.The high cost is directly dependent on the quality of installation, consistency and reliability of the unit.Price Model SWN02 - $ 1000.The average cost of models for domestic use from $ 85.
- Tropic - domestic manufacturer of HVAC heating equipment.He is famous among the customers release low-end models heat guns.The most famous instance - TC series.The company's products are attracted not only by the price.The company monitors the quality of multi-level monitoring system for the production of products.Check nodes produced at all stages of production.Guns TC meet international standards.The average price of the models 50 - $ 70.
- plant Mayak.The new model of heat gun "Term" is different from the previous models compact design, additional safety systems from overheating.Powerful unit quickly heats the room to the desired temperature and, thanks to the built-in automation, is disabled until the temperature is below the norm.Economical power consumption.Heating element - PETN air.Price unit $ 100 - $ 150.
Homemade heat gun
Simple design firm setting allows you to make such a handyman machine in a home workshop.
Details for the manufacture of thermal or electric guns:
- frame for support.
- fuel tank.
- combustion chamber.
- or spiral nozzle.
tank: container is selected from a material with low thermal conductivity characteristic.For safety, use a layer of insulation to prevent overheating of the tank.Housing guns carved from thick-walled pipes of any section or use the capacity of the thick metal of 4 mm.Butt closed bars or mesh.Motor, fan, pump, or spiral nozzle, a combustion chamber placed inside the housing.Between the housing and the fuel tank is kept away from 200 mm.The filter is installed between the fuel tank and the case.
Even a simple machine is difficult to manufacture and requires a master certain skills and knowledge.
Combined solid fuel boilers with heating elements
Universal units for heating rooms.Using solid fuel and electric heating.Burned fuel must be continually added to the unit to maintain a comfortable temperature.In a situation that does not allow timely upload briquettes comes in an electric heating element.The drop in temperature below normal automatically turns electric.
boiler economize on electricity, including portions of the heating system to warm.It allows you to leave the apartment in the cold for a few days.Solid briquettes burn through, and the electric heating element will continue to support climate before returning home side.
popular and well-proven model is considered KCHM-5, the Kirov factory.He heats the areas from 200 to 1,000 m2.Cost PETN 600 - $ 650.