Parquet is a very beautiful and practical flooring, which is made of natural hardwood.If his house chose parquet, then get ready for its periodic maintenance.The first thing to do is recommended before making a final decision on whether to repair, - to examine its condition.Sometimes it is enough just to carry out the restoration of flooring, for example, when he ceased to shine, lost his color and started to creak.
- necessity of restoring parquet
- Getting rid of gum
- Minor defects
- narrow slit
- wide gap
- Parketiny stagger
- Cosmetic filler
- Imitation joints
- Hand scraping
- Grinding feet
- Varnishing parquet
necessity of restoring parquet
Of course, you can choose instead of the cheaper option parquet - laminate flooring, if you are afraid of repair.But remember that not all cases it requires repairs, you can do the restoration.And do not confuse the two concepts!Repair is to bring coverage to working condition, and t
- varnish flooring.Parquet flooring, which is coated with lacquer, is in need of periodically updating.It decided to do every few years.Equally important in this is played by many factors: wood material of the flooring, the purpose of the room, taking care of such a floor.Preventing damage to the lacquer coating - prevent strokes by different heavy objects, replacement of plastic wheels for heavy stationary furniture rubber.
- oil coating defects.To preserve the pristine natural structure of the parquet it is commonly covered by a special opaque paint, which consists of a base oil and wax.The wood that is covered with this substance, is resistant to household chemicals and moisture.Eventually there is damage to the oil coating on the floor.
- Local damage to the parquet.This can happen as a result of a minor fire, flooding, rupture of the parquet field during the dismantling of barriers.Parquet can be sometimes very old, neuhozhen and trampled with visible cracks volnooobraznymi dies and hollows.
- cracks in the floor.The floor covering cracks appear, as there is a process of drying the parquet.The slots, depending on the season, can disappear and reappear.To avoid the appearance of cracks is recommended indoors maintain a constant temperature in the range of 20 degrees.Humidity thus should be not more than 60%.This is especially important during the cold autumn and winter season, when the heating system is working, so we need to use household humidifier.
- creaking parquet.Unpleasant sounds of all sorts arise if you make a mistake when creating a subfloor, or there is a loose floorboard fixing to the ground.Creaking parquet dies best replaced.
- Bay water parquet.It is no secret that the timber is able to perfectly absorb the water and become loose at the same time greatly.And if neighbors or you will flood your parquet with water, then work you add.Restoration of parquet after Gulf conducted depending on the area of the Gulf and styling techniques as coating swells differently.
- mold and rot.A sure sign of the fungus - swollen parquet.Dies darken, the tree becomes loose, awl when lightly pressed out into the timber by 5 millimeters or more.Reproduction mold is closely linked to the Gulf parketin water or other liquid.
Getting rid of gum
If you parquet works timed to repair the entire room, they must perform last.To carry out minor repairs and restoration of the parquet you should just learn a few processing methods, such as the removal of defects, manufacturing tinted putty, imitation joints, manual scraping cycles foot sanding and varnishing of parquet.
Wash gum or remove it with a solvent can not: on the floor after such manipulations will stain.Proceed as follows.Prepare the plastic is not a plastic bag with ice cubes and place it on pollution.After 20 minutes the gum will rise along with the package, then it is easy to knock over without a trace.
To resolve minor defects (chips, dents, scratches, damage to parts of the dies) without the removal of furniture need to remove the old paint first cycle, and then the cloth to clean wood and repaired the defect with the help of cosmetic fillers on the cardboard stencil.Pre-need to clean chips from the trash, sometimes - with the help deepen the respective instrument.
After the plaster hardens, powertrowel sandpaper to smooth the effect until the composition does not pick up strength should be incised falshstyki.Layers of lacquer are applied on top of at least two, each next after the previous dry completely.Individual chips and scratches can be removed with commonly sold kits, including a wax pencil.
narrow single slit to seal putty made in such a way as potholes and scratches: conducting stripping, putty, creating falshstykov and varnishing.The slots, which are located near the baseboards are most unpleasant.Starting taken with the fact that the plinth should be removed.Meanwhile at the board and the wall must be present usually bursting with wedge.
If arching wedge to undermine the need to strengthen it simply.If you have found instead Expander wedge foam should overcome the bar from the wall and set in the space with an appropriate wedge.
But sometimes we are faced with the widespread formation of cracks on the floor covering made from natural wood.Incorporation of multiple cracks and crevices that 5 millimeters wider, is more complicated.Too wide gap does not make sense putty, they still eventually cracked.To deal with such grooves should be "on the contrary".
Several parallel parketin, if not carried out laying a herringbone pattern, you need to warm up for 10-20 minutes everyday hairdryer.A sure sign that the floor warmed enough, considered the occurrence of odor or mastic putty.Rubber hammer and rule-hook designed for laminate, pull each other die, that there is only one slot wide.
In it you need to tightly packed wooden staves flush with parketinami to putty.By hardening filler strip it repaired portion zashpaklyuyte, spend falshstyki, grind sandpaper and prolakiruyte.On the dance floor, which is laid herringbone, plug the wide gap made individually, using wood chips instead of rivets.
If rickety several separate dice randomly, they must be attached to the adjacent acute angle of 45 degrees with small nails.Nails need to drive on the long sides of the planks of 15-20 mm from the corners.Hats will drive nails into the wood-metal rod spacer or a hammer.The wells with heads need proshpaklevat without stripping.
After hardening putty should go once sandpaper and apply a drop of varnish.If they "play" centers, then they need to be fixed with bamboo.When cut bamboo can be seen that the fibers are not arranged as a tree.After he typed little moisture from the air, it swells more than wood.
procedure sgonki playing using bamboo flooring makes this way: drill on the long sides of 15-20 mm from the corner at the junction of vertical holes that have a diameter of 4-6 mm.The holes need to drive as tight as possible, round bamboo churbachki.The residue, which acts, it is necessary to cut the sharpened chisel.Strip it a week later repaired area cycle zashpaklyuyte slit spend falshstyki, grind and coat with varnish.
discovering cracks and crevices on the surface of the coating, the thickness of which no more than one and a half millimeters, they need to close up a special putty.In the process of restoring the parquet with his own hands, you can do without cooking homemade putty, because commercially available pastes for all kinds of restoration of the parquet floor in various shades.
When selecting, consider the type of wood putty, which is made of laid parquet.Before the putty thoroughly clean the slot from debris and dust, use a vacuum cleaner with a nozzle made of plastic.It is not necessary to remove debris from the crack to use sticks, screwdrivers and other similar items, because the thickness may increase damage.This waste will be hammered even further, hampering reliable grasp of the base filler.
If your pantry parketiny lying around the old, the same as on the floor, can be prepared grout and vyboinok that will be ideally suited to the floor.For this purpose any suitable tool to saw more sawdust and mix them with parquet lacquer to form a creamy consistency.You can also add in the epoxy varnish sawdust filler in a ratio of 4: 1, resulting in something like clay.If you do not have exactly the wood samples easier to buy ready-made paste or putty suitable shade.
After the preparatory work necessary to apply putty knife or spatula to crack, trying to fill space as tightly as possible to fill.Speakers excess material is removed from the surface of the parquet, and then allow time to dry the material.Next is cleaning the place being restored sandpaper until the surface is perfectly smooth.
Do not waste time on the closing of cracks large size, because it is still on the edges of the putty is gone, all will come out on the surface of parquet flooring and parquet price recovery increase significantly.In such cases, it decided to use other methods of restoring natural parquet.
Imitation joints parketin plastered on the surface of the coating is done with an awl and conventional locksmith metal ruler.Wait gelling filler, the substance is no longer "was taken," but it was still soft.In uralkidnyh and alkyd lacquers gelation occurs a few minutes after application and lasts about a minute, so that will have to work very quickly.
must then hold direct falshstyki awl with a ruler.To make curved falshstyki, use the edge line with slight pressure.In frozen putty falshstyki if necessary scratched with an awl or a pattern of the galvanizing line.
Small areas of parquet made manually scrape the manual cycle.In any store you can buy tool cycle.But such a device, you can also make your own hands from the glands to the planer: blade release it, bend it and hook again hardened.When the need to adhere strictly to the safety and technology of work.
If the thickness of the floorboard is 15 millimeters, it can be processed by hand 5 times, thin 8mm parketiny - no more than 3 times.First, you must carefully examine the cover for debris and the object protruding nails that can damage the sanding belt.The first stage of sanding a rough grinding surface.
for coarse grinding decided to use orbital sanders or machine drum.The first stage is charged into the drum largest abrasive №40, then start the engine and car are against the wall.After passing a first band width of about 20 centimeters, which is identical to the width of the fixed abrasive belt on a drum, it should be shifted in the direction of about 10 centimeters.
With parquet take off the top layer of varnish and old wood, lining the floor surface.This will be removed thick chips that comes to 3 millimeters, strictly along the wood fibers.To get as a result of better, grinding machine to keep a sharp angle of 45 degrees to the smooth walls of the room.
Remember that rotating drum machines while at the same place must not be delayed.If you need to stop treatment, the drum should be lifted off the floor.Using the initial stage of a rough abrasive belt, you will be able to align the floor, remove the accumulated dirt and old varnish darkened.
to scraping the entire surface uniformly held, follow abrasive wear and change it periodically.In remote places, for example, the wall or under floor heating battery is treated using a disk machine corner.Keep working until all the coverage area will not be perfectly smooth and even, without having even the smallest differences.
After completion of the grinding flooring using a coarse abrasive coating having scratches and other defects from which will help you get rid of fine grain belt.With its help you treat the entire area of the premises.If the boards are large defects, they should paint over putty.It is also necessary after the complete drying process grinding machine.
Then install the tape reel with the smallest abrasive and eventually abrade the entire floor.If you can not scrape the old parquet floor, the blackened part is recommended to treat with the help of a large sandpaper to light layer.To remove small particles of varnish, clean the treated surface with acetone, then pick the glue BF-6 and treat again with acetone.
For the polishing cloth local areas of flooring you can use old shoes, which has a flat sole: sneakers, summer shoes Chinese.Stick to one sole 88th glue coarse sandpaper number 40, on the other - a skin thinner number 80, for the primary grinding and finishing procedures.
scuffs and tedious, but it is much harder to rub his hands parquet, stooping or kneeling.In addition, the skin on the sole of the elastic will work more accurately than fixed on shkurovalnom bar.
Traditionally, restoration of the old parquet lacquer finish procedure.Before the procedure should consider what materials will be needed.To create a protective coating on the floor and fit replacement strips in tone to those that already exist, you need a parquet lacquer.
Alkyd paints are non-toxic, are cheap and dry quickly: You can populate the room after application of the substance after an hour.But the durability of such a layer is not more than 10 years after this time require a complete sanding and overcoating.
Uralkidny paint will cost you a little more expensive but is more durable alkyd.It is recommended to use this stuff around the room, or to create a temporary cover for a few years before the overhaul.
Epoxy paints are able to provide with proper care, high durability flooring that is not limited to 30-40 years, but are expensive.Upon curing, this composition is an allocation of highly volatile substances, so the work should be in a respirator, goggles and rubber gloves, firmly closing the door to the room and opened the windows wide.Accommodating in the room can be a week after the painting: varnish, which seems to be completely frozen, the strength for a long time will gain.
Acrylic paints epoxy similarly require mixing prior to use a hardener and base.This composition is a little toxic, but very expensive.The durability of acrylic varnish with proper care is up to 50 and more.
water-based varnishes are fine suspension of the polymer, such as PVA, in water.Cheap, non-toxic, "ripe" for a day.This material penetrates into the mass of wood, that it gives strength for decades.