Each of us is trying to diversify the interior of your home, choosing the original finish of the walls or ceiling.Multilevel ceilings today is no longer a luxury, but for some reason they remain a dream for many.However, if you decide to build your house in a ceiling, do not regret it later, as it will bring in the interior of the housing flavor.
- Features multi-level ceilings
- Advantages multilevel structures
- Sketch tiered ceiling plasterboard
- marking surface arrangement under the ceiling mounting frame
- tiered ceiling
- Installation sheets of drywall on the ceiling
Features multi-level ceilings
Many developers prefer to divide the space into several zones of functional purpose.When constructing multi-level ceiling in this case, the zoning can flip on the ceiling.The boundaries of functional areas on the ceiling a different look - it's color transitions and fluctuations in levels of height, light and contrast.
Accents often do in the living and working in the dining area, but remained subdued cinema and a relaxation area.Multilevel ceilings made of plasterboard - the perfect solution for large rooms where a smooth ceiling looks out of place.Another thing is the prospect in the vertical direction.
simplest version of multi-level ceiling of gipsokartona- duplex plasterboard ceilings.To this end, single-level ceiling is built around the perimeter of the walls another level.You can make simple ledges or niches hidden under diffuse illumination of the ceiling.Depending on the design decorator, ceiling cornices along the walls can be round or rectangular.
Three-level ceiling of the duplex are different only in the number of layers, the layers created in the previous series.By increasing the number of levels it is necessary to strengthen the support structure of the overlying layers.Standard design load is calculated from the allowable - 14 kilograms per square meter.
Different levels of ceilings made of plasterboard highlight color different layers with different colors and with the help of decorative lighting.It is worth noting that equip curved multilevel ceiling complex than traditional straight ceiling or tiered design with straight lines.The main difficulty consists in applying lines, which will be held later the vertical part of the circles, curves and waves.Simply put, the exact layout - the key to success.
Advantages of multilevel structures
selecting multilevel plasterboard to settle into its housing, you will not regret it, because this design has many advantages.Consider the major ones:
- Ease of use.Even the simplest single-level ceiling mounted much faster classic ceiling.A maximum of two days the ceiling is ready for finishing.
- Changing the geometry of the room.Multilevel plasterboard ceiling with its various curved shapes and a variety of lighting can optically enhance the overall space by rearranging the shape and geometry of the room.
- Masking communications.Multilevel ceilings can close the various defects in the original draft surface mask wiring, communication systems, ventilation and air conditioning, and sometimes even a pipe.
- Functional zoning.Multilevel plasterboard successfully share an apartment-studio and large premises where no capacity for interior partitions into functional areas.
- original lighting.When installing multilevel ceiling plasterboard, you can build an original and unique in its kind lighting system using common nowadays halogen bulbs with the rotary mechanism, spot lights, modern chandeliers for multilevel ceilings and LED backlighting.
- Environmental cleanliness.Drywall - an environmentally safe material.In addition, it vlagopropuskayuschey properties allow to maintain a normal indoor climate.
- Value for money.Multilevel ceilings plasterboard ebe have almost no equal in this price category.Along with these advantages multilevel ceilings of plasterboard have high durability, which tested more than 20 years of operation of the first designs of plasterboard.
Sketch tiered ceiling plasterboard
to analyze how multi-level brand ceiling will fit into the interior of the room and look relatively pieces of furniture is recommended to develop a sketch of the design.The main figure in the multi-level ceiling - to scale, accurate and properly costed size without errors.
On the sketch should draw all the walls in the room and mark the mandatory present there, the windows and doors.This point is especially important, if you do come up with the shape of the ceiling.It is all down to the smallest of details to consider, for example, will be located above the windows hidden eaves for curtains, and will look like the ceiling of the opening of the door.
Thereafter at least schematically in the figure mark the placement of furniture in the room.It should not be too bright features that do not distract attention from the borders of the ceiling.Once these sketches, you can proceed directly to the drawing of the multi-level ceiling.If you have somewhere seen a photo of multi-level ceiling of plasterboard that you like, you can choose for themselves the same configuration, adapting it to the shape of your room.
When you create a sketch tiered ceiling, consider the number of levels, based on which the height of the ceiling in the main apartment.Remember that the more layers you plan to do, and the greater the distance between them - the result would be lower in the ceiling.It is therefore not recommended in nizkopotolochnyh flats of old buildings to equip too bulky structure.
first part of the ceiling is the lowest level of a multi-level ceiling of plasterboard and one fourth of the circle, which is located in one corner of the room.The two remaining parts, which represent the waveforms, will be placed on the same level and between themselves in the middle of the ceiling and part of the circle.
undulating forms and curves of the middle part of the future of multi-level ceiling, you can draw from the hand with the additional use of the compass.Causing all of the ceiling in the sketch, it is necessary to consider the actual size.Also at this stage are advised to stock up on light to create illumination, before starting work.
marking the surface of the ceiling under the arrangement
Just before marking the surface is recommended to clean the ceiling of the old coating.If you are attached to the ceiling panels, they must be removed and cleaned from the surface of adhesive residues and various irregularities.If whitewash was made, you can not clean off it, if you do not see it on the ceiling of a discharge from the surface and cracks.
Mel that applied in several layers and poorly kept, it is necessary to remove, as it is in the future will gradually fall off and fall to pieces of plasterboard.It is desirable to remove the old paint that you can do with a spatula or a brush made of metal.Old dismantle the suspended ceiling, removing fasteners.
After cleaning the surface you can start marking the ceiling.First of all it is recommended to mark the place of the first level of the future of multi-level ceiling, as a video of multilevel plasterboard ceilings.The layout adopted to produce the walls, considering that between the levels will be placed lamps.Therefore, make sure that the distance allowed to place them.
Next you need to select the angle with the lower value of the height and for the necessary distance from the ceiling to make a mark, which designates gypsum board accommodation.It should be noted on the sides of the angle of the two adjacent walls.And the next step - counting the remaining 3 corners.
It is easiest to do by using a laser or water level.But also you can use the following mathematical calculations.From the height of the placement of each subsequent angle you need to subtract the height of the original.Add the difference to the distance by which to omit the new multi-level ceiling, and deduct the amount from the level of the main surface.
give a simple example.If the room is the lowest angle is located on two meters, and the next is at a height of 2.1 meters, a difference of 10 centimeters.If you want to make the first level at 10 centimeters below the foundations, then in the first corner of the markings should be at a height of 1.9 meters.In the second corner do the markup, departing from the main plane 20 centimeters.
After such marking is necessary to proceed with the markup for future suspension and attachment profiles.Under the profiles taken hold parallel lines to indicate the place of fastening hangers - put points.The profiles will be placed at all joints drywall, that is - the edges of the material in the air should not hang.
Step suspensions is 60 centimeters, and step profiles - about 40 centimeters, hangers are also located at the end of each profile.Based on the dimensions and shape of the room the ceiling mount, you need to determine the direction of the profile along the path of low resistance, in other words - as you prefer.Very often there are strong recommendations, it is worth bearing profiles installed in a direction perpendicular to the window, to the seams on the material were not so noticeable in the sun.
However, choosing the direction of mounting profile properly consider its length, placing sheets of drywall, type dressings between the sheets and the number of transverse joints.And that turned out seams less visible, you should try to step spackling.
tiered ceiling mounting frame
to perform work on the device multi-level ceilings plasterboard you need these tools and materials:
- marker or pencil to mark;
- metal shears for cutting or Bulgarian carrier profiles;
- electric jigsaw or a paint knife for cutting patterns on sheets of drywall;
- drill for making holes for mounting;
- edging plane stripper chamfer of 45 degrees for the future shpatlevanija;
- spiked roller to create a curved surface on the drywall;
- protective gloves to keep the hands at work in safety and to prevent cuts and calluses;
- safety goggles to protect your eyes from falling debris and dust that will crumble at work in large numbers.
Before proceeding to the arrangement mnogogourovnevogo ceiling plasterboard should attach the frame to the wall and base ceiling.The wall is attached primary UD-profile, which is a supporting structure.In future it must be supplemented by CD-profile, which increases the rigidity and stability of the entire system.UD-profile mounted on the wall by means of anchors.They are placed close to the pitch 25 - 30 centimeters.
must then proceed to the installation CD-intermediate profiles that are made between the connecting screws type "metal-metal".Now we can say that the work to install the first level of the ceiling is made of gypsum.To install the second level and subsequent elements must be installed bearing levels.
To do this you will need spacers, which is also called the suspension.They need to be fastened to the main crate, they act carriers of the second level.Suspensions should be fixed by using screws, and then they have to be suspended from the second tier of the plasterboard ceiling.
profile turned out to be bent, it is necessary to make an incision.If the room area greater than 20 square meters, the profiles must be placed at a distance from each other, no more than 40 centimeters.Tags for profiles CD case on the ceiling or walls approximately every 50 cm.It should be screwed brackets for mounting.
Measure the distance between the walls, then cut the CD-profiles are approximately 0.5 centimeters less than the resulting calculation distance.Now you can insert into the UD-profile CD-profile, slightly raised last.Therefore, each profile will have average bracket for mounting to tighten, then tucked it under my profile.
Across auxiliary frame pull the thread on the level of his plane.According to her it is necessary to put all the supporting profiles.Then they will need to be attached to the main mounting brackets and screws.The ends of the staples to be bent upward or sideways.After
can sew the frame of the first level, but should not forget about the dressing seams, jumpers and reserve, which should be left to the first level.Unnecessary corners must be removed immediately - cut to construct unnecessarily loading the additional weight.Now, ready the first level, and you can transfer the pattern on the ceiling with a sketch.
Installation sheets of drywall on the ceiling
After fabrication and installation frame, you can begin to mount the first level of sheets of drywall, according to the instruction of multi-level ceiling of plasterboard.I would like to warn that the drywall cut, so he repeated the wave line, still "on the ground" is not worth it.Make different.Extinct sheet in such a way that it is located without problems in the designated areas, but few would act in this case beyond the waves.Once the sheet is prihvachen, all superfluous can trim with a sharp knife.
To do this, hold with a knife on the back side of the paper, focusing on the wave and using it as a ruler.Then, a little cracked drywall in a way that turned the bottom line, and draw a knife on her.Then scroll by tapping the edge.Then you need to trim the ends.Well, in the end all the work you need to trim the frayed cardboard, even though it is not mandatory.
Plasterboard made to hang on the first level, and you do not have to start from the wall.Perimeter can leave freely, so here you will install the next levels.Sheets to a skeleton is recommended to attach special screws.On each page takes about 60 pieces.
note while installing drywall sheets highlighting the future.Provision for it should be carried out before mounting plates to the profiles.The shape of the second level will depend on your imagination.If you choose a round shape.To do this, draw a circle and attach the frame of marking of the second level of the ceiling, which also serves as the basis for UD-profile.It must be attached to the first level, preferably in places where they will be held strips of the first tier.
The basic profile then you need to insert the CD-profiles, which are usually fixed to the CD-profiles drywall through the first level.This will require screws for metals that have a length of 60 - 70 millimeters.Sheets bolted, and then cut.This can be done easily using an electric jigsaw or a normal hacksaw for metal.
Now you can begin to create the third level.However, remember that the price of multi-level ceiling of plasterboard in this case increase.Generally multi-level arrangement of plasterboard ceiling implies any number of tiers.However, it is not recommended to do more than 3 levels, otherwise the ceiling is too low.Do not forget to bring eyeliner for lamps, or otherwise, you have to dismantle the parts are made.