course, not every owner can afford to equip the ceiling made of wood, but such designs swiftly collect all the fans.Selection of wooden materials is quite broad, ranging from different types of wood and finishing trim (bars, panels, beams, rails, boards).Exclusive wooden ceilings are considered ideal for good houses or apartments.
- Features wooden ceilings
- Wooden elements
- Facing plates
- Molded Wood wallpaper
- fillet ceiling
- Beam imitation
- Raised beams
- Construction of wooden ceiling
- Preliminary work
- Finish ceiling tree
Features wooden ceilings
for everything ceiling there are many different solutions: aluminum, gypsum, glue and stretch.However, only the wooden ceilings have no rivals on the majority of indicators.Naturally, elegant and respectable look coffered wood ceilings that are covered with solid wooden array, but an imitation of timber on the ceiling looks at least aesthetically
tree is very affordable and very easy to process material that provides excellent sound and thermal insulation, and just adds to the comfort room.Of course, some sin on the price of wooden ceilings.But the famous designers say that today is not the expensive wood finishes and materials only for processing the ceiling: primer, putty, paint.
Many believe that the wood is intended solely for the cottages, country houses and private luxury restaurants, but with the right selection of finishing materials can be used in the apartment.
There may be a misconception that wood ceilings are only suitable for absolutely dry rooms (bedrooms, living room, hallway), but thanks to the latest processing technology and proper knowledge of installation of wooden elements, having the possibility to use the wood for finishing ceilings in the kitchen andin the bathroom.Wooden ceiling often equip the attic, in the sauna and bath.
It is recommended to be able to choose the right material.When buying wood panels or boards note, what part of the tree they have made.If the board have cut from the core barrel, it will crack.But the board, who drank from the edge of the wood, will serve much longer.But if you are interested in water-resistant material, there just is recommended to give preference to the boards of the core.
Remember that the parts for finishing the ceiling should not be cumbersome.It is necessary to choose the wooden elements that have a thickness of not more than 25 millimeters, and they are long and 1 meter and 6.5 meters.When purchasing material for the arrangement of the ceiling in the room with high humidity should be used such panels, which are processed from all sides, including slots, a special water-repellent wax, and when you install - leave a small vent between the panels intervals.
Of course, the most popular are the wooden ceilings of pine, but increasingly in recent years to such works are used and other types of wood.For example, in some countries apply for the manufacture of wooden ceiling of special wood pecky, that is able to give a ceiling made of it, a special charm because of the presence therein of small craters.Boarding wooden ceiling in the apartment is carried out through a variety of elements, including edging and wall paneling, and specially treated croaker.
Plywood Plywood is a material consisting of several layers of wood, which are superimposed on each other, wear-resistant and durable.It is easy to paint, handle and light toning able to clearly reflect the natural structure of the wood itself.And by using special processing solutions used as impregnating plywood may be resistant to penetration of moisture on its surface.Depending on the shape and size of sheets of plywood, wooden ceilings are diverse.
ceiling tiles from wood of any species produced in a huge range.On sale are even designs that are fully impregnated wood wax.They are ideal for installation in the kitchen or bathroom, because they waterproof.And these plates are impervious to dirt, do not crack or delaminate, so to him at least require your attention.
most beautiful bed in such detail - front, for its production are taking the most expensive types of wood, and the other two layers are made of the more common and less expensive species - pine or spruce.The layers are glued together at the factory with the latest technology under high temperature and high pressure.Rating panels high because of good quality, durability, effectively type, speed and ease of installation and ease of care.
Lining, edged boards or finishing slabs are the traditional and time-tested interior materials, easy to trim.Planks of wood core treated with difficulty and often cracked, but have excellent water-repellent properties.Boards of the edges of the trunk is much easier to handle and they do not crack.
always valued in the regeneration of the wooden ceiling wallpaper for their delicate texture and beauty.This is quite a promising innovation that combines the panel and standard wallpapers, infinitely expanding design possibilities.Wallpapers veneer typically have a thickness up to 1.56 mm, they are made of valuable wood, wallpaper pasting on paper veneer.Wallpapers in sheets or rolls of cork does not absorb odors, easy to clean from dirt and creates a good sound insulation.But intolerance moisture and flammability limit the use made of all wood wallpaper.
fillet seems a plinth of wood.Only wooden fillet has undeniable advantages over any other: the unique strength, natural color, amazing durability.They successfully emphasize the design of the ceiling of wood and hide possible flaws in our work.Since they have a length of up to 120 millimeters, while the headliner is significantly reduced the number of joints.In addition, you can choose laminated or veneered fillet and attach them - nails, screws with plugs, clips or "liquid" nails for choice.
Another popular option is finishing the ceiling wood beams imitation.This material has some similarities with clapboard, judging by the photos of wooden ceilings, and a planed cladding boards, but a wider and more massive.Keep this in mind when creating an interior room!
Among wooden suspended ceiling elements occupy a special place decorative trim beam, which over conventional designs have a number of advantages.Ease, ease of product and installation, high durability converted false beams in a popular decorative material.Inside these beams can be hidden electrical wiring, internet and antenna wire.They are beautifully mounted electrical lamps.With proper placement of decorative beams of optically expand the space or raise the ceiling.
Construction of wooden ceiling
Before installing the suspended ceiling made of wood note that after installing all the elements of the design height of the room is reduced by about 10-15 centimeters.Therefore, a mandatory, please ensure you fit for the height of the walls of your home this option finishing the ceiling.Pre-need to do wiring plan, indicate the location of the lamp or other electrical appliances.Well, go ahead!
device for wooden ceiling, you will need these materials: imitation or timber linings of conifer rack 40 to 20, 2.5 by 25 screws, hammer anchor 6 to 60, paneling block-house, thick woods, decorativeLever, varnish or paint.Before finishing the ceiling wood surface must be warm.To do this you need steam waterproofing materials, pegamin or roofing material, polyurethane foam, slab, insulation, nails, drywall or fiberboard.
The first step is the creation of a vapor barrier layer.To do this, select the material from the list: Steam insulation film, polymeric membrane foil insulation.Fitted with selected material between the beams on the ceiling along the length, leaving an overlap of the height of the beam.Insulation Materials attach construction paper clips or staples.
Then select insulation: you can use mineral wool, glass wool, polystyrene, ecowool, expanded clay.After selecting the desired heater lay flush with the joists.Top cover insulation waterproofing materials.Remember that ecowool does not require the use of additional protective film.On top of the waterproofing material to lay the shield of the slab - across the ceiling beams.
similar way to shield arrangement helps to ensure that the repair of the roof, you can safely move without creating additional pressures on the ceiling panel.A serious matter is the procedure of warming the ceiling near the chimney.Of course, if your house is no attic and vertical flue runs through your attic.
Choose a material that is non-combustible and can withstand temperatures of 200 degrees Celsius.A layer of insulating material around the perimeter of the chimney at the place where he goes to the attic should be at least 25-30 centimeters.Also make gasket between asbestos-beamed ceilings and insulation.
If the home has an attic, the ceiling is not necessarily insulate, but it is advisable to put a layer of sound insulation.Available materials can be used, for example, a mixture of lime and sawdust, or a layer of dry sand.When you can begin to build crates and headlining a tree that will not take much of your time.
Finish ceiling tree
technology installation ceiling wood paneling similar to the surface of plasterboard, but the material need not attach to the aluminum frame, and on the wood.Therefore, by arranging the wooden ceiling with his hands, you must first mount a wooden crate, keeping the distance between the rails of 30 centimeters.
to manufacture batten is recommended to use the rail 20 by 40 millimeters.Pull the middle and on the edges of the ceiling a thick fishing line using a spirit level.Reiki mounted on the fishing line taut, without bending the it.The first bar is placed right next to one wall.With standard headliner (across or along the plane) must secure batten strips in a perpendicular direction to the mounting board.
When plating at an acute angle of 45 degrees attach straps around the perimeter.For perfectly smooth placing strips along with recommended levels to logs under sections mounting brackets enclose segments of the boards.After mounting the rack frame, you can create the ceiling.Measure the required length of the boards and cut the excess.
hide under the lining of electricity lines.To do this, use stranded wire made of copper with a reserve power, which is not heated.You should also designate a place for lighting and other electrical appliances.Wooden podshivnoy ceiling is attached to the ceiling panel.When decorating the ceiling panels should create such a small indentation on the wall of a house in a couple of millimeters, giving space for shrinkage of the tree and its possible compression-expansion.
Now we come to the main question, how to make a wooden ceiling using battens.Battens fastened to the rail with self-tapping screws.In order not to be seen screws, they should be fastened in a groove lining.If mounting screws are not hidden, it is best to scatter them over the entire surface of the ceiling.
also to make mounting and imperceptible as not to spoil the overall impression of the nail head, you can just trim quality glue stick to a wooden crate.Some artists prefer to create fastening with screws.If you use them instead of the usual nails decorative counterparts, it will give the interior a distinctive flavor.
After installation of wooden elements on the ceiling should be covered with varnish or paint.If you do not like shade lining and you want to change it, you can take advantage of special dyes, preserving the natural texture of wood and saturating material natural shades of oak, walnut and pine.The surface dries very quickly.
When selecting nail lining avoid using glossy lacquers, after brilliant ceilings tired eyes and not a sign of good taste.After the first coat is completely dry and the surface it is recommended to wipe fine sandpaper entitled "nulevka" to remove air bubbles and small villi.Repeat procedure should be 2 - 3 times.
You needed more time to think about what exactly you want to do the ceiling, because the choice of wood products is quite wide.Maybe this will be familiar to all of us lining or do you prefer a wooden wallpaper?Do not forget that the market offers all kinds of panels and slabs for lining, plywood, timber imitation.Besides, you can always build on the surface of the dummy beams that can not be distinguished from the real to the eye.In any case, such a ceiling would look respectable, recalling the exquisite taste of the hosts.