Initially beams were by no means decorative elements premises, they take all the load from the roof of the house, and at the same time serves as a support for the attic floor.Over time, the beams on the ceiling are increasingly hidden from view as an unnecessary element, but in our time interest in them came back again, and pay more attention to the decorative aspect.And at the same time beams acquired a completely new look and began to carry out a host of new features.
- features beamed ceilings
- use of beams in the interior
- How to hide the beams on the ceiling Stretch ceiling
- Gypsum box
- Beamed ceiling
- Sheathing Cutting board
- Original ways scenery
- Repair ceiling beams
features beamed ceilings
today beamed ceilings decorate the ceilings not only in rural homes, but also in suburban homes and city apartments of brick and concrete.These items are authentic interior very much appealing to the residents "concrete
ceiling beams can be used in any room.They naturally look in the living room, study, bedroom, library and even a hallway.Their massive and determined the number of dimensions of the room.In the spacious kitchen you can "dot" all large ceiling beams and a small hall you will need only a few pieces.
Decorative beams are simple and very inexpensive way to finish the original ceiling.But is there the advantages end?Why after all beams are so popular, and how to beat the beams on the ceiling?Let's look, what functions can handle beams:
- problem of high ceilings.If the ceilings are high, the design successfully emphasize the amount of space.If the room is too high, making it comfort, beams can be placed under the low ceiling to visually reduce its level, and feel the volume of the room will be more comfortable.
- problem of low ceilings.If your cargo weighs housing low ceiling, then to correct this deficiency can try this technique.The beams from the ceiling must move on the walls.On the wall at the same time can not really go and beam, and the thin strap to match the beam.
- Making attic.In the attic and loft design a pitched ceiling with beams will make space in order and harmony.
- change in optical perception of the room.To visually expand the room, the beam is positioned across the width.But the placement of structures along the wide side of the room to make the look more elongated.In order not to change the geometry and add volume ceiling, beams can be set "bars" - criss-cross or "herringbone".
- Functional zoning premises.One big-beamed ceilings able to divide the room into several zones, in which case you need to install the construction at the intersection of functional areas - for example, over the bar or dining table.On the other side of the beam can be finished with a certain area, so it will highlight the background of other.
- unusual lighting.In most ordinary ceiling beam can be fixed vstaivaemye lamps, LED lighting, hang or tie it to the big chains chandeliers.Beams are often used for decoration of niches in the construction of plasterboard and creating spotlight.
- Hiding communications."Hollow" psevdobalkami can disguise communications that go to the ceiling, for example, the wiring.Designs that mimic beams are often used as ducts for the installation of lighting fixtures.These beams have a U-shaped form, they are hollow inside, so they can cover even pipe.
- optimization space.In the kitchen ceiling beams can be set different holders and hooks, hanging baskets on them, utensils, bundles of dried herbs or holder for glasses.For ceiling beams can even attach flat-panel on a special bracket, "air" chair or swing, if, of course, the real beams, rather than imitation.
use of beams in the interior
beams can be used to decorate the ceiling in the interior in almost any style, from classical to contemporary historical hi-tech.But when it comes to the interior in ethnic style, the beams will fall, as it is impossible, by the way.It is therefore important to know how to decorate a beam on the ceiling.
If you prefer the classic with pretensions to luxury, the data structure can be decorated with carvings, paintings and vignettes.Suitable and painting in a gentle tone, and "under the silver."In strict classical interior fitting look smooth lacquered ceiling beams.
Smooth beams are suitable for a modern interior.Here, these elements do not look less impressive.There are acceptable solutions and creative daring.Therefore, you can paint the beams not only in the traditional white, black and dark brown tone, but also in bright colors - red, blue or pink.
The interior in the style of hi-tech and loft beam can be colored dye compound with a metal or metal effect.Often the ceiling beams are combined with "naked" lamps and exposed for the type of wire and brick walls.This "industrial aesthetics", an appeal to the category of old abandoned warehouses and factories converted into modern luxury housing apartments.
For the interior country or country-style, of course, recommended to choose beams that mimic aged wood.And construction can be dark or light, it all depends on the overall color scheme of the room.Features and texture of their rudeness.As for the French country style of Provence, there is better to use a more elegant and neat whitewashed beams.
These full-bodied wood beams are considered a luxury.And the presence in the house of wooden beams as the structural elements should be provided in advance, it is still under construction.Mount the sake of aesthetics wood beams in most cases is not advisable: they are too heavy.
So often turn to simulate the wooden beams that is indistinguishable from the original.Such articles are usually made of polyurethane.Polyurethane beams weigh a little that simplifies the process of installation.Their price is not high.They may look differently: how smoothly polished beams, which are lacquered, or as a beam from an ancient wood cracking.
How to hide the beams on the ceiling
So, we have dealt with the persistent hosts who want to decorate your ceiling like decor.But the happy owners of buildings with exposed beams, these elements are trying to make invisible, and therefore interested in how to hide the beams on the ceiling.Besides often beams may have different defects and differences in height, usually because things at the general poor condition of ceiling.
first option of closing girders - Installation of all known tensioning webs of PVC film or fabric.In this case, the ceiling will have to be lowered to the width of the masked beams.However, using such a technique, it should be remembered that in that case it may be another risk - the loss of space.The ceiling may fall too low.Therefore it is better to arrange a multi-level suspended ceiling, which is essentially "running out" and adds the ceiling space.
The second option is to decorate the beams on the ceiling - creating designs from hanging drywall, which has the shape of a box.The frame should look like the letter P. Note that the frame should be fixed directly to the ceiling, but in any case not to the ceiling beam - it can not make holes, or beam lose their original properties.Minimum offset from the base of drywall constructions is 15-20 centimeters and stretched canvas - 2 centimeters.
With gypsum board, you can create a part of the ceiling zakarniznuyu diode backlight.Highlighting hiding under gypsum cornice, which is mounted directly under the exposed-beam ceilings.The light sources can serve as neon tubes, halogen lamps, or long flexible cord Rope.By the use of fluorescent lamps is not recommended due to excessive bluish tint, which gives the interior.Spotlights - not the best option, as zakarniznaya lights should be continuous.
There is another option of finishing the ceiling with exposed beams, more refined and more expensive - decorating by creating caissons.This ceiling is made up of ceiling beams, cell borders, cornices and recesses.Moreover, the tape may be square, diamond-shaped or polygonal.In the practice of interior design are also known around the caissons.
On coffered ceiling can be nice to decorate the longitudinal and transverse beams, for example, ornaments and lights.In addition, the presence of such beams will save time in the installation of the supporting lattice frame for mounting tapes, because the beam is already there!These ceilings can give a room a solid and impressive sight.
Sheathing Cutting board
The easiest option is to hide the beams on the ceiling, is the use of edged board or lining.All surfaces of wooden beams are closed on one lower horizontal and two vertical planes.These corner joints are uncovered, if the ends precisely customize, or cover joints with wooden corners.
In the case of Cutting board they need to polish and paint.Sometimes the material is pre-baked fire blowtorch and then coated with a transparent varnish.Lately it has become fashionable to grind these beams and planks, but rather to make its surface rough with the help of round wire brushes.The shank of the tool must be plugged into an ordinary electric drill and a relief to put on the surface of the timber risks.
Original ways scenery
Sometimes plaster ceiling beams using different nets plaster and paint cover with imitation marble and other natural stone.Often the ceiling beams decorated with ropes.This technique is used often in the Mediterranean, eco and country-style, when in the first place put the aesthetic component.Beam simply "revive" winding around the rope.
If you have not found a way to close the beam on the ceiling, you should pay attention to the following original way.You can make a built-in wardrobe and completely hide the beam.In this case, you will have a lot of useful storage space.
Repair ceiling beams
most unpleasant when working with beamed ceilings is the time when they begin to sag with time.If the tree is not damaged, and the deflection was formed because of the overload of insulation material roof surface or incorrectly selected section of the ceiling beams, correct all errors will at minimum cost, reinforcing the old beams by using an auxiliary.
level Measure the height and the size of the deflection sagging beams.Then you need to remove the edge sagging beams cross to locate there additional beam.It is also necessary to measure the length and cross section of the beam, to select a board of a suitable size and preferably similar to wood.In no case can not be used croaker.If the board is slightly arched, it is necessary to arrange the place curved upwards.
Abut new board on the supporting wall if not inserted into the support edge of a new beam should make notches about 1 centimeter deep and 20 centimeters in length.Then you need to sagging jacking beam, better a few centimeters above the horizontal.Then the reinforcing beam is located next to the old one, the new clip for cross beams in the support walls.
between the supporting wall and the end of the supporting beams need to insert a wooden wedge.Then align the hay crop with a support wall until you get a smooth, level surface, attach the wedge, hammer inciting such a way that it does not fall out.Secure with bolts.Tidy up the jack only a few days later.
If you have any doubts about the quality of the wood beams sagging under its enhancement between the joined bars you can skip the metal strip and attach to enhanced tightening.The wood that is used for repair, it is recommended to handle antiseptic, and all metal products primed.