normal bleached or coated vodoemulsionkoy ceiling is considered yesterday.This structural element today decided to pay no less attention than, say, the floor or the walls.The endless sea of modern technology and new materials allow you to create an original design of the ceiling, you will not see in any other house.Therefore, we try to figure out how to decorate the original ceiling with his hands.
- Finishing decorative plaster ceiling Making
- stucco ceiling surface
- decorating the ceiling using a wallpaper
- The use of wood in the decoration of the ceiling
- Decorative painting the ceiling surface
Finishing decorative plaster ceiling
Among the largethe list of the ceiling surface decoration techniques can distinguish finish decorative plaster ceiling - an environmentally friendly, durable and strong material.This is not only a stylish element in the interior, but also quite durable coating that protects the ceiling fro
Decorative plaster is produced in many different colors and has a different texture.Composition of the plaster can vary in additives and fillers, giving certain additional properties of materials.Decorative plaster for the ceiling in the structure may have the ingredients:
- polymer or acrylic, which are included in the plaster as a link, are environmentally friendly, but their durability wants to be better.
- epoxy or polyurethane, which are present in the composition of decorative plaster as a link, the most durable, but when heated can give off harmful fumes.
- Granite or quartz chips that are used as filler for plaster mix, give the material abrasion, rough or smooth texture.
- Marble chips, which acts as a filler, gives the treated surface a rough texture.
- preservatives, thickeners and preservatives that are present in the composition of the plaster are required to mortar has antiseptic and waterproofing properties.
Decorative plaster on the grain size of the filler is divided into the following types:
- Krupnofakturnaya plaster that has a grain size of 3 to 5 millimeters;
- Srednefakturnaya decorative coating with a granular size from 1.5 to 2, 5 mm;
- Melkofakturnaya plaster, which in its composition has a granule size of 0.5 to 1 millimeter;
- Tonkofakturnaya plaster granules that have a size of less than 0.5 millimeters.
specialized in DIY stores can be purchased and structural textured plaster ceilings.Structural mortar is a white mass, which can be painted in any color in the finish.Structural plaster made to apply an even layer on the surface, and then with the help of special combs, rollers and spatulas to form the desired relief.Naturally, there will be difficult without the proper experience to achieve excellent results.
In contrast to the first embodiment, on the surface texture of decorative plaster relief formed independently without further intervention.This kind of plaster is very convenient to use because that is completely ready for use.All necessary components have been added into the textured plaster, and when applied to the surface texture is already due to the composition of construction and finishing of the mixture.The only thing you need to do is dry the finished textured surface gives the color, that is to paint.
If no experience in applying the plaster on the ceiling, it is better to give preference to textured plaster.Pictures and surface relief ceiling selected when purchasing the plaster mixture with a different set of fractions.Finish the ceiling surface will be more environmentally friendly, if you choose a water-based plaster.After plastering recommended to paint the ceiling of the dispersion paint.Choosing a plaster for finishing the ceiling, you need to take into account that the ceiling must be perfectly flat surface, because the material does not hide defects.
Making stucco ceiling surface
If you do not like modern tension or plasterboard ceiling, it is necessary to consider such an option, as the stucco decoration of the ceiling.In this case, you will have an individual ceiling that none of the friends and acquaintances meet.Stucco as a decorative element for the decoration of the ceiling is often the main feature of such architectural styles as Baroque and Rococo.Some types of moldings are sold ready-made, they simply attach to the surface and paint it the color you want by choosing the tone in its sole discretion.
plaster moldings to decorate the ceiling, you can make your own hands.Production of gypsum stucco is the following: dry mortar or plaster kneaded while removed lumps, more powder is mixed with cold water in special containers designed for 0.5-1 liters of the prepared solution.The consistency of the solution should be similar to the fermented baked milk, that is different weak thickening.The solution was mixed well and then poured into molds and compacting produce a spatula to no voids were formed.
similar solution for 15 minutes should thicken, and then you can get out of shape moldings and polish with sandpaper.Such details are pasted with glue PVA.No need to worry that the stucco to fall off as the details themselves are small and not heavy.If you doubt crept in, the purchase in DIY stores more robust glue.The joints that occur between stucco, closed up special putty based on PVA and then stripped.After finishing work stucco paint.
in any DIY stores you can find a kind of stucco, based on polystyrene and polyurethane.Available for ceiling moldings have the following elements: The most popular type of polyurethane moldings - moldings, by which made the ceiling decoration of places of contact with the walls of the ceiling joints, sockets that are necessary for registration of sites and fixing all kinds of different ceiling chandeliers hanging lamps, ledges, curbs, flower and ornamental composition.
incredibly simple process is a decorative finish ceiling moldings of polyurethane, but we must remember that before the glue material should lie down for several days in the room where it should be installed.Further details are glued to the surface.After drying, the adhesive is performed painting products.For polystyrene paint applied solely water based, and are used for manufacturing polyurethane compositions of any kind.
stucco can be represented abstraction, intricate patterns, apply effective gilding or use bright colors.Coloring compositions pearlescent are translucent, and it certainly should be considered due to the fact that the painted surface becomes fairly saturated hue, but not painted entirely.Such paint is often called a chameleon, as depending on the light, it changes its color.It is applied with a plastic spatula, brush, sponge, roller or spray gun.
A favorite of many effects of antiquity can only get when painting plaster or polyurethane moldings.For this purpose use of lime-based paint.On the surface, nodules appear after staining, wear, color transitions.It is necessary to put a paint brush with a long nap in a circular motion.In places where the pressure is applied by brush harder, and appear worn.
very popular watercolor effect, which is achieved by applying for painting stucco two colors.On a base layer of paint that has dried completely, causing a different color.For this purpose, you can use cloth crumpled polyethylene sponge.It is interesting to look at the stucco imitation of wood: with a roller, similar to a razor (you can buy at any hardware store), carried out on freshly painted surfaces for drawing a tree.
decorating the ceiling using a wallpaper
much less used wallpaper on the ceiling than on the walls, as it is believed that for finishing the ceiling wallpaper tenants quite often there is a feeling, like an enclosed space above your head if the ceiling is not whitecolor.But if you do not consider yourself to be a category of people who can pay attention to the creation of a decorative covering the ceiling of the wallpaper.Almost all the wallpaper can be glued to the ceiling, unless, of course, a good try, but it is recommended for ceilings dense wallpaper, in addition to decorative effects could hide minor imperfections and even out the surface.
Very convenient and non-woven wallpaper paste, as you will apply adhesive to the ceiling, not on themselves wallpaper.This wallpaper can be divided into two categories: conventional and washable.In areas where the ceiling is severe, for example, in the kitchen, you must use the last option.For rooms that need sound insulation and heat insulation, perfect textile wall, but be aware that they absorb odors and collect dust.
have good quality and wallpapers.Today, they are quite diverse in their subject matter depicted scene.And it is really necessary to order the wallpapers for you to picture, for example, copied from your favorite photos.Decorative ceilings will look best with photo wallpapers so-called "air" theme: depicting a starry sky or a cloud, sunset, space.For finishing the ceiling in the nursery, you can select an image of cartoon characters who love your children, or 3D-abstraction.
addition to ordinary wallpaper in our time began to actively use wallpaper made from natural materials that are easy to stick to the ceiling.Quite often, this technique is used in eco-style.The main feature of such wallpaper is their environmental friendliness: natural wallpapers are able to evenly distribute air and moisture in the room have, unlike ordinary wallpaper, high sound insulation, as are two-layer.Wallpaper from natural stands unbleached paper, and on its outer side is usually glued thread of natural fibers of bamboo, jute, arrowroot, zawadzkii, sisal, yellow cane.
Another popular decorative covering for a ceiling of palm and bamboo fabric.Such coatings are themselves a panel where palm or bamboo slats are glued onto the base fabric.The slats have a natural color or can be painted in any color.To frame the edge of fabric, dressing joints and additional fixation of such products, a system of profiles made of bamboo.
Another interesting natural material for the ceiling is considered linkrust.It is a kind of wallpaper with a long centuries of history.Linkrust used to finish completely different in purpose and style of the interior, from the royal apartments to the cabins and rail cars.Linkrust is a fairly durable material, which you can repeatedly repainted, you can also make him a variety of decorative compositions.
The use of wood in the decoration of the ceiling
very wide field for creativity in the decoration of the ceiling could be a tree, or to be more precise - the bars, panels, boards and slats of different sizes, textures and colors.This ceiling design is the most common in such styles as Provence, Country, Scandinavian, eco, ethno and fusion.Wood has always been the most popular eco-friendly materials that can be colored and processed.
On sale you can find special cladding panels, which are made of precious wood, and suspended ceiling panels that are made on the basis of floor floorboard of several layers.Facial layer is made of veneer of valuable tree species, and the other layers - from inexpensive and common species, such as spruce, pine.
Even despite the fact that the tree does not usually likes a moist environment, suspended ceiling, which are made of such panels can be installed in any room, even in those where there is high humidity, that is, in the bathroom or kitchen.To do this, you simply need to abide by certain rules: it is necessary to create air gaps and cover all the panels special wax for wood.The surface of the wood due to this wax will receive the necessary moisture, will not peel off and crack.
for decorative ceiling and wooden slats fit - plate made of a thin edging board with veneer.The length, thickness, width sipes varies depending on the purpose for which it is used.The slats are made from different materials, so the choice of textures and colors is almost endless, this makes it possible for each individual to choose the interior color solutions.The main advantage of the slats is their light weight, which allows them to simply "plant" in the glue.
popular beam suspended ceiling, which consists of beams that the inside of the room filed boards, ceilings, solid round and coasting from raw logs or lining.At the request of such materials can be processed mordants, tinting compositions, achieving different shades and colors.In addition, there is always the option of using cheaper Lining, which is usually covered by special cements and oils to simulate valuable wood.
Decorative painting the ceiling surface
Decorative painting is one of the best ways to decorate the ceiling surface.Previously, likewise decorated palaces and temples, and today this kind of finishing the ceiling available to each owner, regardless of its class.You can run on different types of ceilings painted - from flamboyant surrealist paintings to the light air of the composition.This also rank as an imitation of all kinds of surfaces (wood, cloth, stone, and so on. D.), Ornaments and create separate drawings.
Enormous popularity of the image pattern on the ceiling of the sky.The interior of the dome may be present, which is far from classic.And almost any room becomes visually higher and seemed filled with light and air.The composition can be added birds, flowers, branches, especially if shallow bowl, oval or round.Trompe-l'oeil painting as diverse beat on the ceiling architectural fantasies that go into the sky.
Decorative flowers perfectly complement the interior design of the dining room and living room.Patterns of colors include wreaths, vases, garlands and small architectural details.Most often elfreynaya painted ceilings used in the classical interiors, with raskolerovkoy and stucco decoration.Pretty good looks monochrome or grisaille (painted stucco).
By using a brush and paint can be applied to any surface of the drawing.If you do not have the talent of the artist, decorative painting the ceiling will not bring you trouble, because the market today there are many stencils with ready drawings.Such products need only attach to the ceiling construction duct tape and then remains only to decorate them.
similar decor can be supplemented if desired applications.Today, applications are mostly made with ready-made vinyl stickers stickers.