In today's world of design much emphasis on tension ceilings with beautiful lighting and a multi-level structure, or ceilings, paneled in wood and plastic.Undoubtedly, such ceilings look impressive, but they require a significant effort and financial resources for its establishment.Those who want to get a beautiful ceiling with minimal cost, should pay attention to whitewash the ceiling.This simple way of finishing known for a long time and is still relevant.Whitewashing the ceiling has a lot of advantages over modern finishes and can be accomplished in various ways.In the way to whitewash the ceiling, there is no special difficulties or secrets, the main thing - to understand the essence of the work and be able to handle the tool.
- Surface preparation Cleaning
- Repair and leveling the ceiling
- ceiling Whitewashing
Execution of whitewashing the ceiling starts with surface preparation.At this stage of wor
The cleaning of the ceiling are required in preparation for its whitewashing.This is due to several factors.Firstly, the old coating can be of material that will eventually be shown through the layer whitewash.Second, the old coating can sometimes peel and after whitewashing finally disappear.Thirdly, by removing the old finish, you can more accurately assess the state of the ceiling and the need for repair.Fourth, only having put a layer of whitewash on a clean and well prepared surface, you can be confident in the durability of whitewash.A method of cleaning the ceiling depends on the material of the old finish.
For all cleaning work the ceiling may require the following:
- stepladder or a goat;
- wide brush or roller;
- hammer or a hammer;
- spray or water tank.
Earlier ceilings were painted with oil or acrylic paint , then remove it can both mechanically and with a special wash.In the first case using a conventional hammer paint loses its surface.In the second - the surface is covered with a chemical stripper, and after a while the paint is removed gently with a spatula.What a way to choose, to decide the hosts directly.But it is worth noting that in the first case, the work is quite inconvenient and complicated.As for the second option, then, despite its simplicity, the use of chemical washing is very harmful to health.
Those who ceiling papered , do the following.The entire ceiling surface, moisten with warm water and let wallpaper VITP a water.And then after 10 - 15 minutes with a spatula to clean the ceiling of the wallpaper.If in some places the wallpaper will not give in, you can re-moisten them with warm water and then try again to remove.As soon as the ceiling surface is cleaned of wallpaper, it should be washed to remove adhesive residue.
old whitewash and vodoemulsionku removed from the surface of the ceiling in two ways.The first - the entire surface is moistened with warm water using a roller or spray and then cover gently scraped with a spatula.Second - whitewashing removed "dry" using a spatula or brush metal.The first method is more preferable since the process does not remove a lot of dust.Upon completion of the ceiling should be washed to completely remove the remnants of the old coating, and allow it to dry.
Sometimes ceiling surface tile trim .In such cases, in order to clean the ceiling may require a hammer or hammer drill.After the tile has been removed, the surface is cleaned from the remnants of the glue mixture or cement mortar.
Whatever the old ceiling decoration, after its removal should remain bare and clean concrete surface or wooden floors.During the execution of works on cleaning the ceiling need to be warned beforehand about the protection of the eyes and respiratory tract.Do not be amiss to lay a polyethylene film floor, then to make it easier to perform cleaning.
Repair and leveling the ceiling
Once removed the old finish from the ceiling, it is necessary to conduct a thorough inspection of the surface for cracks, irregularities or other damage.All deficiencies have been found correct.The order of execution is the following.Initially embroider cracks.To do this with the help of a little corner of the spatula itself expanding crack.Next, the damaged area of the ceiling primed deep penetration and give it to dry, then shpaklyuem.It is worth noting that for shallow cracks that will be enough.But if the depth of the cracks and depressions will be more than 3 mm, it is necessary to use a paint grid, which will be hidden under a layer of putty for more reliable repair.
If the surface of the ceiling previously stood out rust, it is necessary to protect it from the whitewashed ceiling.To eliminate and protect the surface from the appearance of rust stains place of its occurrence must be treated with copper sulfate.
next step will be a complete leveling of the surface.To do this, the whole ceiling is primed and glued to its surface paint grid.Then the ceiling surface puttied.After drying ceiling polished so that its surface does not remain any irregularities.
to perform whitewash the ceiling repair its surface is mandatory for those who want to see the perfectly smooth ceiling after a whitewash, and for those who are just going to make cosmetic repairs.After all, whitewashed or painted ceilings seen the slightest flaws that spoil the overall impression of the repair.
Upon completion of the surface of the ceiling, you can proceed directly to the finishing.Whitewashing the ceiling is done in several different ways with three of the most popular materials - lime, chalk or water-based paint.It should be noted immediately that whitewash the ceiling price is dependent on the materials used.So the cheapest will whitewash the ceiling lime and chalk, but the whitewashed ceiling vodoemulsionkoy will cost a bit more expensive.However, in comparison with other methods of finishing the ceiling whitewash really the cheapest and most environmentally friendly option.
to work for whitewashing begin with preparing primer for whitewash.Her accepted to do on the basis of lime.But if the primer remained after the repair of the ceiling, you can use it.To make the primer require 200 g of soap, 2 liters of hot water and 100 g of varnish 3 kg of slaked lime.
soap cut into small pieces, or chips and then dissolved in hot water.Once the soap is dissolved, add drying oil and mix thoroughly.In a separate container breed lime with 4 liters of water.Thereafter, lime and soap-solution was stirred together.The resulting concentrate, dilute with 10 liters of water, after which it can be used.Sometimes, instead of lime for the primer used carpenter's glue.
After the primer dissolved with water, it is necessary to strain through cheesecloth or a sieve, so that the resulting mixture is uniform.Now primed the surface of the ceiling .You can use a roller, wide brush or spray gun.After priming the instrument should be thoroughly rinsed.Once the entire ceiling is covered with a layer of primer, proceed to whitewashing.
Important!Today is not much of a problem buying a compressor and spray gun.But if the funds do not allow, you can use a vacuum cleaner, which provides the connection of the hose to "blow."This feature has been provided in the old Soviet vacuum cleaners.The scope of such cleaners also includes a special nozzle-sprayer.
The next step is the preparation of the Cretaceous or mortar .For the chalk whitewash dissolved in 5 liters of water 3 kg of chalk or lime, and add 20 g of ultramarine (blue).Thoroughly mix all and filtered through cheesecloth or a sieve.The resulting solution is supposed to be uniform consistency without lumps.Such amount of chalk whitewash enough for about 10 - 12 m2.
Important!Ultramarine, or as it is called - "blue", added the chalk whitewash for the preservation of white chalk.The fact that the chalky surface with time acquires a yellowish color, and ultramarine will maintain whiteness.
lime wash to dissolve 3 kg of lime per 10 liters of water with the addition of 100 g of common salt and alum 200 g Preparation of lime wash involves risk to get burned, so in the process of working with a whitewash need to comply with strictsafety measures.Work is necessary to wear rubber gloves, and when applied to the ceiling of the eye protect glasses, respiratory respirator.Also worth noting is another important feature of lime wash.It is an excellent sanitation by mold and mildew.This is especially useful to those who thought about the question, what and how to whitewash the ceiling in the bathroom and kitchen.
Important!Before applying the whitewash it is highly desirable to lay the floor with plastic wrap to protect it from drops of chalk, paint or lime.Also, no harm will be protected in this way the wall.The film is glued to them with the help of masking tape.In addition, on the walls so you can indent the ceiling under the whitewash.
now proceed to the application of whitewash on the surface of the ceiling .This can be done by brush, roller or by spraying.If you use a spray, it is the best option.Since whitewash sprayed uniformly and thinly.But we need to note two important points.Firstly, whitewash applied have several approaches.First, apply the first layer, then give it to dry for 1.5 - 2 hours and then apply the next.Second, the spray should whitewash circular motion in the region of 15 - 20 cm so that the surface of the ceiling small droplets fell.
If whitewashing is done with a roller or brush, then everything is a bit more complicated, since it will be very careful to carry out the application of whitewash.The process of whitewashing roller or brush is as follows.Moistened brush or roller, pressing it a little to get rid of excess fluid, then carefully put on the ceiling.Make a smooth straight movement in the direction away from the window.So we put the first layer of whitewash.Having given the first layer to dry, apply a second perpendicular to the first.So uncomplicated way overlap defects and the surface will become saturated color.
vodoemulsionkoy Whitewashing the ceiling is very similar to lime or chalk whitewash.The difference is in the preparation of the surface before painting.Where instead of homemade primer necessarily primed deep penetration.In addition, the acquisition of the paint eliminates the need for preparation and dilution of chalk or lime.Today, the most widespread whitewash the ceiling snowballs.Water-based paint manufacturer that is famous for its excellent performance and reasonable price.It should be noted that in addition to the finished water-based paint, the market can find ready pobelochnye chalk and lime mortar.How, for example, lime paint manufacturer Bio Apnena.The main advantage of such paints and solutions is already fully ready to mix with the addition of all the necessary components in the right quantity.In such a mixture is enough to add a little water and stir thoroughly before use.
Once the ceiling caused 2 - 3 layers of whitewash, leave it to dry.It is important to observe a few simple rules.In no event it is impossible to accelerate the drying process by opening wide the doors and windows.Also, the drying whitewash should be in the room, shaded from the sun.
works whitewashed ceiling is quite a simple process and at a certain skill they can perform even a novice.The key is to adhere to safety regulations and follow the above recommendations.