Additional living space is always welcome, so if you live in a private home, you have a great opportunity to get an extra room, making the interior decoration and repair of the attic.Options for using this room very much, for example, you can make a personal office, billiard room, living room, or equip the gym.Having the skills to repair, you will be able to make the finish.Typically breaching this work and from takes weeks to months, depending on the number of assistants and free time.
- project attic
- options interior decoration attic
- Wall insulation attic
- Making walls in the attic alone
- interior walls
- Finish attic gipsokatonom
- attic finishing clapboard
- attic floor insulation
- Finishing the ceiling of the attic
There are many options for the location of the walls.The two main methods that can be combined with each other, are shown in the picture.Choosing a suitable option will d
first method is perfect for attic with high roof and low slope.You should also take into account the width of the attic, usually this arrangement the walls tend to narrow or long rooms.With this arrangement, comfortable movement along the walls will be hampered because of the height, so that space is often used for installation of various furniture, cabinets and shelves.
second method performed by additional baffles and applied to roofs with steep slope and average width.The rooms are not included in the living area can be used as a storage area.The base walls made primarily of wood and channels.But if your house is not yet built, and attic only planned, it is possible the construction of walls using brick.The size of the attic of this type will depend on the chosen height of the ceiling.For example, if the height from floor to ceiling is 2 meters, the base walls at the point of contact (shown in picture) is lowered to the floor at an angle of 90 degrees.
options interior decoration attic
Finishing the attic is made of wood or drywall.Wood trim is very popular for such premises, using wood, you can achieve very beautiful and exquisite appearance.Finishing drywall is less popular for attic.After installing gipsokaton Wallpapers or painted with latex paint.Also, the loft can be divided into two or more rooms, depending on the length by using additional baffles that allow for more convenient to use that room.Installation of built-in cabinets that allow a variety of design and save space.
Wall insulation attic
Before starting work on finishing is important to make the correct insulation, otherwise there may be greater heat loss.
The first thing you need to do the waterproofing layer that prevents penetration and accumulation of moisture.Waterproofing materials are sold in rolls of any hardware store, so the problems with their search and purchase will not arise.Mounted they overlap with each other before and after the insulation by the construction stapler or rods driven into the edges.
Choice of heaters are also very varied, but the most suitable mineral wool.Gables insulated on the same technology as the eaves.For more information about the insulation and fixing them can be seen here.
If you chose the first method of disposing of the walls, the insulation materials are stacked thick layer between the supporting structure of the roof (rafters).But it is between the layer of insulation and the roof should be left a gap for air circulation.A layer of insulation will consist of a waterproof coating, insulation and on top of another layer of waterproofing.
If you chose the second way to position the walls, the installation of insulation will depend upon the material from which the partition was erected, usually brick or wood.If your partition is made of brick, the heater is attached on both sides of the wall.On the inside of the wall is attached only to a thick layer of insulation and waterproofing material.The front part also finished with waterproofing material, then put a small layer of insulation, then attached a finishing material (plasterboard or paneling).This will not necessarily make insulation of the attic from inside, that is, the roof slopes.Suffice it to attach to the slopes of waterproofing material that will protect against ingress of excess moisture.
Making walls in the attic alone
In order to separate the living space necessary to the construction of walls.From the extreme base of the ceiling beams are lowered to the floor board, which will serve as a base partition.The minimum board thickness of 2 centimeters, and a width of 10 centimeters.The large width is necessary in order that the gaps could put as much insulation.Then set additional horizontal bars.Place for door installation is done so with the help of horizontal and vertical bars that are installed on the desired size.
reverse side walls upholstered with boards with small thickness, arranged horizontally.Allowable gap between the boards is 0.5 millimeters.Then, the inside is attached the waterproofing material and laid on top of insulation.When the insulation layer is ready, set another waterproofing layer.Next, set your chosen otelochny material (drywall or paneling).
Base room divider can be made from both wood and using U-sections.The process of installing the base of the tree as described above.The total width of the wall is usually 10-15 centimeters.
Connecting the walls of channel bit easier.On each side of the wall using screws, fasten channel.To obtain a clean partition, do not forget to enjoy the level.Inside this structure with ceiling to floor is lowered in steps from channel 50 to 100 centimeters.After that, around the base of the channel bar is mounted horizontally with a pitch of 50 to 100 centimeters.If the finishing material will be used lining, then the wooden blocks that are bolted to the bars with screws.The construction of walls with one side sheathed selected finishing materials.Plasterboard attached directly to the metal structure and fastened with screws in increments of 15 centimeters.Molded mounted on horizontal bars using studs.Then, in the spaces set waterproofing coating and insulation, then sheathed the other side.
attic finishing drywall
The first location with the wall, it is important to comply with the order of execution.The first step is trimmed with eaves and gables, only then it gets off the ceiling.To trim the roof slopes to the rafters horizontally mounted bars in increments of 1 meter after the gaps are set in horizontal bars.
Next vymeryat drywall on the necessary size and is installed on the base.Installing drywall is very simple, but it is very time-consuming process.After installation, putty all the cracks and holes from the screws.
attic finishing clapboard
wood decoration is very popular for the attic space, and installation of lining is very simple.It is cut to the desired height and nailed to a wooden base with the help of nails in the joints, so the bonnet stud is hidden.It is important after each sheet lining to check its position using a level, or because of the mistakes made at the beginning, at the end of the wall may be a strong bias.After installing the paneling is covered with several layers of lacquer.
attic floor insulation
attic floor insulation is made by means of thermal insulation materials laid over the entire area of the attic.As the insulating material is best suited fiberglass or mineral wool, which is tightly fit between the joists.Paving thickness of insulation must be at least 10 centimeters.Also, do not forget about waterproofing that protects the room from excessive moisture.The waterproofing layer is laid below and above the thermal insulation layer.If, however, as the overlap between the floors serves monotonous range, then the best option is insulation screed.
basis for an attic floor is the flooring of planks that are laid on beams.Board thickness should be at least 4 centimeters.Between the board and the insulation gap is left to allow air circulation.As a basis for the floor are best boards softwood (pine, spruce, fir, cedar, larch).Boards of these species tend to have high strength and durability and easy to handle.It is important that the boards were dry and did not have excess moisture, as they may crack from dryness due therebetween large gap is formed.Recommended processing boards with the back of the various antiseptics, which will protect your floor from rot, fungus, insects and increase fire resistance.If this is not done, the floor may start to deteriorate after a few years, and his replacement will be re problematic.
Laying boards made of logs.Initially they should be put to mark and combine them so that the gap between them is less than 2 millimeters.The clearance from the wall must be at least one centimeter, it is done in order to avoid moisture from the wall on the board.
For convenience, the board then enumerated.Then comes the laying of the first board, which must be placed in compliance with all the necessary clearances, and then check the position with the level.If the board is stacked crooked, you will eventually be skewed entire floor.Then the boards are stacked in order, and nailed the length of which will depend on the thickness of the board.
Finishing the ceiling of the attic
The first thing to determine the height of the ceiling, the optimum height for it is 2, 2 meters.If you make a ceiling below this level, then to be in this room, especially those with high growth will be very uncomfortable.Also at low altitude may not be possible installation tall furniture, such as cupboard.
Once you choose the right height is measured from the floor to the rafters, and a number of the place where the required height is reached and touched the rafters, annotation.Then, between opposing rafters set timber that originally attached to one nail on the one hand to further customize.On the other side is not fixed, the beam is applied to the desired height and mark its position further verified using a level.If the position of the beam is set evenly, it is secured by at least two nail or screw on each side.Once you connect all the lines between themselves, the base of the ceiling is ready.
Next to the reliability and durability of the design nailed additional cross bars with a pitch of 50 to 100 centimeters.If you chose the second way to position the walls, as shown in the picture below, from the extreme to the floor beams are released vertical bars, which will serve as the base walls.
finished ceiling design fully upholstered boards with small thickness or plasterboard.The gap between the boards should not exceed 0.1 mm.On top of the board nailed waterproofing fabric and then a thick layer of insulation is placed (glass or mineral wool).
various options for finishing the ceiling a lot.If you decide to make the interior "under the tree", that you can do without further finishing, and just cover it with varnish.Also, if the height allows, you can order the stretched canvas, which forms a perfectly flat surface.Another possible installation of drywall, which will be attached to the base using screws.
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