Hardly anyone today could surprise the concept of "smart home".Although few people clearly realize that smart home system - a technology that ensure, first of all, priority livelihood and maintain an optimal environment settings, and already in the second turn - entertainment and comfort.
Much of what allows these technologies is quite able to organize in the usual city apartment, using the available solutions.
- Maintaining a healthy microclimate
- heating system "warm floor"
- Security Fire Alarm Burglar Alarm
- Brain "Smart House"
Maintaining a healthy microclimate
That this problem is a major, performed by the system of smart home.If we expand this task into components, we can conclude that a comfortable environment is composed of a certain humidity, temperature, and regular updating of the ambient air.Technical means to achieve this are widely available today.For example, any modern air
course, fully air-conditioned winter heating is unlikely to replace.But is it possible to regulate the operation of the radiator?Central heating in the apartment is by the rules, and there are cases when the outside temperature is positive and the batteries in a flat red-hot.It is unlikely that such a house will be called a "smart".
smart home control - an important part of creating comfortable living conditions.Add intelligence to the central heating can be by means of a device such as an automatic radiator thermostat.As part of its design includes thermostatic head with regulating valve handle and crashing into the pipe, which feeds coolant to the radiator.Rotating head thermostat allows you to select the temperature of air, and then the unit will automatically maintain the temperature as long as the settings are changed.At the same time, depending on the selected settings, each heating device can function in an individual mode.
system "warm floor"
creating smart house with your own hands, you get the advantage of the system to select only those that are really needed.Constant component, without which, as a rule, can not do any smart home - electric underfloor heating.In this smart home, the equipment for which it is very diverse, involves intelligent control systems for warm floors, which allow you to select different modes of heating: it is possible to control not only the temperature of the floor, but the room air temperature set limits for the various floor coverings, programfunctioning of the system with a built-in timer.
touchpad intelligent system is mounted in a box for the common outlet.Smart home design may involve very different and even innovative solutions: in fact, the system of floor heating can be used not only for sex but also for almost any surface.For example, the walls in the bathroom.
course, creating and maintaining a comfortable climate system "smart house" is not limited.We should not forget about such an important task as security.This problem is usually of two parts - the organization and the organization of the fire alarm system.
Fire Alarm Fire Alarm Installation requires a careful approach to the design and installation of arrangement of detectors in the area of the object.In each room, in addition to rooms with high humidity (bathrooms and toilets) must be installed at least two untargeted or targeted one of the detector.Addressable detectors are much more expensive.In addition, the fire detectors are divided into hand - they are installed at the exit of the house, heat - mounted in the kitchen and garage, and smoke - for the rest of the premises.The cable, with which you are installing the fire protection system should ensure its work during a fire.It is advisable to lay the cable in a corrugated tube.For ease of use and installation of cables, pipe stack of false walls, false ceilings or cutting grooves.By
installation smart house, do not forget about the control panel - is it all connected detectors.As panel detectors are divided into analog and address.The first is almost twice cheaper.For fire alarm mounted light and sound siren.
If a house is built, and the laying of cables for the detectors can not be used radio channel system.It differs from the cable only equipment cost.With self-assembly of the equipment, it will cost not much more expensive.The biggest advantage of this system is - quick and easy installation.
like fire alarm, security has two systems of construction: targeted and untargeted.The vast majority of devices for fire alarm let you use them for protection.This greatly reduces system cost and eliminates the need to install additional equipment.To protect houses on the sash windows, doors, garage doors are installed magnetic contact detectors that respond to a break contact, volumetric detectors are installed in the corners of the room and the beating izveschatili on glass.
implementation is not different from the organization of the fire alarm, she also performed in two stages (wire system) or one (radio channel).The first stage of mortgages mounted cable products to furnish and plaster.The second stage of the main elements of the system are connected.
program smart home allows you to organize a controlled perimeter lighting.Central control can be carried out in such a way that the lighting will be switched depending on the level of illumination on the street.This provides significant cost savings and finance and time, which usually have to expend to include lighting.Although there is time switching devices, switching time still have to adjust.An important role is played by Rain, and the time of sunset and sunrise every day is different.
Here is an example, as can be arranged lighting
Brain "Smart House»
The most important element of the system - a central control unit.For a small system as the unit will approach the controller, and for large - computer.Computer as head of system provides ease of management, flexibility, versatility, expandability.He can solve within the framework of a huge number of diverse tasks.Due to the huge amount of available software, frameworks, libraries, it is possible to saturate the central apparatus of the extensive functionality.Computer fully copes with the task of integrating the individual blocks and the creation of a unified system of "smart home".
To ensure that possible protected central server, it is better to use the operating system Linux: it works and stability of other viral programs written under it, very little.The computer must be installed in a convenient closed room.If the operating system to work hard, then you can use the familiar Windows, but should take care of a good anti-virus protection.