Everyone wants to live in a house or an apartment with a beautiful and unique interior.To create one, in addition to finishing the walls will have to work, and above the ceiling.After all, that is what we notice and consider first when entering the room.Today, very popular stretch and suspended ceilings, allowing to realize original ideas and ideas.But for their external beauty and simplicity hides a framework for a ceiling less attractive and much more complicated.
- calculation of the ceiling frame
- Creating frame ceiling
- ceiling mounting frame for ceiling
Creating tension or the ceiling - work consisting of several stages.The first - is the creation of the project.The second stage - improvement of the framework.The third stage - laying of communications and trim frame.At the end is finishing time, if required.In this article we will look at the creation of the project and how to make a frame for the ceiling.
calculation of the ceiling frame
Like any other construction work, construction of a stretch ceiling suspended or start a project, namely to calculate the amount of materials.To do this it's best in a specialized program such as ArchiCAD.In the creation of the project is the most important figure of the ceiling frame indicating the necessary elements of a design, installation location, as well as their quantity.
Having planned to equip at tension or ceiling, you must be prepared for the fact that each of them will have to make their own, distinct from another frame.Furthermore, structural elements for false ceilings are different.Of course, beauty stretch and suspended ceilings can be combined.This creates a framework for a two-level ceiling, combining design elements of both types of ceilings.Therefore, planning for the establishment of such ceilings should focus on the amount of the ceiling.This will determine the appearance, the amount of materials and complexity of the work.
Important!Creating a false or tension ceiling means to reduce the overall height of the room.So you should very carefully approach the issue of creating a multi-level ceiling.
Before the calculations needed to figure out what are the frames stretch and suspended ceilings.The frame for the stretch ceiling consists of an aluminum profile Framing, which is attached to the walls around the perimeter of the room at a certain height from the ceiling.The framework for a suspended ceiling is much more complicated and is a structure of metal profiles PP and PPN (their analogue is the profile CD and UD), joined with screws, and one / two-level connections.The whole structure is attached to the ceiling on hangers.
To calculate the required number of profiles for suspended ceilings, simply obmeryat perimeter of the room.But in the case of the frame to the ceiling will have to work hard and do the following:
- measure the perimeter of the room.The result will be the length of the guide profile PPN 28/27.It is possible that such a level would be in the room opposite walls vary in size from one another.In this case, for convenience of calculations and material procurement take greater importance;
- Now count the number of the main frame of the carrier profile PP 60/27.The length of the profile is taken equal to the width of the room.It is more convenient and more reliable.The profile itself is mounted in increments of 600 mm.Such a move is convenient because drywall sheets are manufactured of 600 and 1200 mm.If you do frame ceiling made of plastic, while the profile of the PP 60/27 place along the length of the room with a pitch of 500 mm.Calculation of the profile strips is performed as follows: divide the width or length of the step and get the number of bars.For example (4000/600) 2 = + 8.66.Be rounded down and get 8 strips and note on the site diagram for the bracket profile.In this formula, 2 - two rails, which are installed at the beginning and end of the room;
Important!To secure the sheets GCR first and last carrier profile strips are placed at a distance of 100 mm from the wall.The other six evenly distributed to the selected step.
- continue to perform the calculation of U-shaped hangers.They are attached to the overlap, we take a step 600 mm.For each carrier profile strips need a few pieces of hangers, their calculation is as follows: (4000/600) * 8 = 48 pcs.As in the case of carrier strips, the first and last hangers placed at a distance of 300 mm from the wall, the other with a pitch of 600 mm.Places to install them in the drawing note the crosses;
- stiffness of the whole structure is achieved by setting the jumpers between the carrier profiles.To do this, we use the profile of the PP 60/27, which is located in increments of 600 mm.Number of rows of jumpers calculated similarly to the number of strips bearing profile.The difference is that for the calculation of the length of the room, instead of taking the width;
- compound carrier profile and jumpers done using special connectors - crabs.Calculating the number of crabs is carried out simply enough.To do this, multiply the number of rows of the carrier profile and the number of rows of jumpers;
The above calculations are performed for a single-level ceiling.Typically, a two-level ceiling involves the creation of a projection or recess arrangement stretch ceiling inside the suspended structure.To do this, on the perimeter of the room, with a space from the walls creates a metal frame to the ceiling.They use the same profiles as for conventional single-level ceiling.The only difference in the height of the second level and its design.To make the calculation for the two-level ceiling, must be supplemented by the above-described scheme of creating the framework follows:
- number of jumpers Profile PP for the second level is (8 + 8) * 2 = 32 pcs.In addition, one crosspiece extended length at each corner.The size of the second-tier carriers jumpers choose from the vision of what will be the second level;
- for fixing 36 bridges require 36 suspensions;
- to obtain reliable design, for the second level have to make a profile of the uprights of the PP, which in addition will be attached sheets GCR.The number of columns equals the number of second-tier carriers jumpers - 36. Their height depends on the chosen height of the second level;
Important!If the height of the second level will be more than 120 mm, must be used for suspensions adjustable traction.If you plan to make the suspended ceiling in a two-tier structure, the length of time for the profile is calculated by the inner perimeter of the two-level ceiling.
- all points of the installation of hangers, vertical load-bearing profiles and note the drawing.In addition to the project suspension or stretch ceiling is necessary to specify the location of the lighting and wiring harness to them.
Creating frame ceiling
installation works frame profile for the ceiling of the GCR, plastic panels or stretch ceiling begin to overlap with the surface preparation.Even despite the fact that the entire surface of the slab is hidden a new ceiling, care should be taken to eliminate overlap and large irregularities and seal cracks.In addition, it is necessary also to align the surface of the walls, especially in those places where it will be mounted and Framing guide profile.After completion of these works can proceed directly to the installation frame.
start layout with the vertical height of the ceiling.You can use a metal ruler or tape measure.Putting it in the 3 - 4 points to the wall, measure from the ceiling height without the necessary thickness of a sheet of drywall, plastic panel or the plinth for the stretch ceiling.Make a note, take the masking thread connecting the target point and pulling, release.The result is a straight line, on which will continue to strengthen the rail or ceiling mount for tension ceiling.To simplify the problem and do not bother with masking thread, you can use the laser level.
Important!For a stretch ceiling is quite a mark on the walls near the ceiling around the perimeter of the room.And for the frame to the ceiling plasterboard or plastic have to apply for marking strips bearing frame and attachment points of hangers as shown in the drawing.This can be done similarly to the method described above.
mounting frame for ceiling
create a framework for plasterboard ceiling begin to install and fix the guide profile PPN 28/27, which is attached to the walls under the ceiling with dowels and screws 6h60.For this purpose, the profile zasverlivaem holes with a spacing of 300 mm.Wherein the first and the last hole to make 100 mm from the edge.Profile is then applied to the wall so that the line has been planned under the lower edge of the profile.
through the hole in the profile to make notes Wizard.You can zasverlivat hole directly through a wall attached to a profile, but this requires one or two team-mate, the pressing firmly to the wall profile.Make a hole, put in place the profile and fasten it.To frame a ceiling of plastic carry out the same actions as described above.Since the frame stretch ceiling consists of only baguette profile, fixing them to the wall, you can move on to the web tension.
next in line - hangers.At the point of attachment of the suspension applying it to overlap.Trail to the base of the suspension was located strictly perpendicular to the line for the carrier profile strips.Then we outline the space for mounting holes and then zasverlivaem or immediately zasverlivaem holes.It remains only to repeat this procedure for all suspensions, secure them in place and bend the antennae down suspensions.It is necessary to ensure that the gap between the antennae is 60 mm.
Important!When mounting the metal frame to the ceiling, to be ready for what will have to twist a lot of different screws.Therefore it is necessary in advance to buy a screwdriver.
finished with the suspension, turn to the slats of the carrier profile.Everything is simple.It is necessary to have a flat, down a basis profile PP 60/27 inside hangers and secure it on both sides on each suspension.To do this, use screws for metal LN 8 or LN 11. The result is a frame for a ceiling of plastic.But plasterboard ceiling will have to install additional items.To do this, we take a whole bar Profile PP 60/27 and cut into pieces the size equal to the distance between the installed straps supporting framework.The number of such jumpers indicated in the drawing.Now, take a tape measure or a ruler and marker to mark strips bearing frame location of the crabs.Then we set them into place by pushing top to complete it clicks.Now we set the jumper in place, which are attached to a crab.Snapping them, check the distance between the webs according to the drawing, if necessary, adjust and fasten with screws on metal.
above described embodiment of the frame assembly is provided for a single-level ceiling.To create the second level is necessary to supplement the already created structure.If you do not initially mounting a two-tier framework, the first install guide profile for the second level.Next to the already established jumpers Tier anchoring uprights profile PP 60/27.To do this, cut out the profile struts at top and bottom part of the profile, to get a U-shaped opening.Now put the U-shaped rack in place and fasten with screws on metal.It remains to establish the carrier profile strips of the second level and attach them.
creating a framework for suspended ceilings, you can start laying the wiring for the lights.The culmination of all cases will trim sheets GCR, plastic panels or web tension.It is worth noting that all the work to create the frame fully able to perform on their own.The main thing is to be able to handle the tool and understand the essence of the work performed.