term "finishing work" includes a list of co-operation from painting the walls to the tile.All of them are held only on a carefully leveled surface of the walls.
Modern methods of leveling the walls are divided into two groups.Depending on the technology and performance materials distinguish dry (with the use of drywall constructions) and crude (correction of the surface with a mixture of construction) methods, each of which has its own characteristics.In order to select the most appropriate way, it is necessary to measure the roughness of laser level, a plumb line or normal level.From potholes and depressions ranging within five millimeters can be eliminated with the help of putty.Irregularities about 3-5santimetrov?Then, the mixture should purchase the building.Differences of more than 5 centimeters better align using drywall.
- How to align the wall with plaster?
- Installing beacons
- Technology plastering
- How to align the wall with putty?
- How to align walls Rotband?
- Frame alignment method plasterboard walls
How to align the wall with plaster?
Just before align the wall, it is necessary to hold a series of preparatory works:
- dismantle obsolete finishing materials;
- estimate the surface to be plastered.
Wall must not crumble or flake.Often in the case of the execution of the old plaster after drying the first layer of the defects detected, which previously were not visible.
The key to success is to comply with three conditions:
- surface preparation;
- right choice mortar;
- availability of accurate lighthouses.
to align the brick is recommended to use a mixture of cement.The cost of the plaster mixture is relatively low.It may be applied fairly thick layer of material, which is important for finishing the brick walls.Note that when overlaying layer 2 centimeters should be used to reinforce plaster mesh structure.
for plastering smooth concrete wall required for wall plasters, gypsum-based.Silica microparticles that make up the material make the wall slightly roughened.But first, certainly prime the surface.Reinforcement executed polymeric mesh with a mesh size of 5 × 5 mm.
Many people wonder how to align the solution of the concrete wall.For plastering of concrete with a rough surface using plaster or cement compositions.The primer is also required, but without the addition of quartz.
When processing foam concrete surfaces are mainly used plaster mixture.Pre-Primer deep penetration is required.
cam boards, which are used for the erection of walls should be plastered with a mixture of ordinary plaster primer.
next step after evaluation of the surface and its preparation for the application of the plaster mixture to the location of the beacon.
lighthouse in the building is called a kind of guide for the control of the alignment with the surface of liquid mixtures.As used beacons plaster perforated profile whose width depends on the amount of the applied mixture.Newcomers better to use bought-beacons, the beauty of which is that they do not need to take out after work and mask the recesses remaining after removal.
beacons mounted on the vertical stripes or a mixture of rapid-solution, which will be carried out plastering.The distance between the beacons is determined taking into account the size of the rules (it should be based on the two edges of the lighthouse and not slide off).
Between beacons trowel and "Falcon" pounces "gallop" - an excess amount of the mixture.Falcon called the tool handle, vaguely reminiscent of a trowel, but with the size of the basics, much higher than the base of a trowel.Experts gaining trowel mix with the "Falcon" and dumped between beacons.The use of this tool can significantly increase productivity, aseach time there is no need to return to the vessel with the solution.This means that the time required for the alignment are also reduced.
rule then evenly distribute the solution from the bottom up.To immediately apply a thicker layer of plaster, make a rough gallop without leveling it.After drying the layer rough start to spray finishing charted.Finishing has also witnessed align rule.
How to align the wall with putty?
surface before leveling putty and primer.Shpatlevanie surface of the hands - a simple lesson.Note that this method is not always suitable, as to align the walls for painting putty can only be small differences of "heights."In other cases, the putty will be the final stage of a multi-step process.
shpatlevanija need to conduct a wide and narrow spatulas and cuvette with a flat bottom.The consistency of the mixture should be such that the cone, formed by stirring stick, retains its shape.Over time putty thickens, so it should be periodically thinned with water or primer.The mixture should be the consistency of a well-kept in a vertical position without slipping with a spatula.
properly prepared putty is applied to the cuvette and covered so as not to dry out.On the surface of the wall with a spatula strokes applied a small amount of the mixture.Then with measured horizontal and vertical movements align the filler is applied to a thickness of one to two millimeters, holding the trowel at an angle.It should be noted that the larger the angle of inclination of the spatula to the surface, the smaller the thickness of the mixture layer remaining on the surface.For the convenience of the web with the other hand trowel fix.
After the "seizure" of the mixture, it should be lightly rinsed with a primer.This is done in order to remove nodules and various irregularities.The first layer after drying (at least the day after the blur) is treated with a skin-nulevkoy grinding to smooth roughness.If necessary, apply a second layer, but before that you need to be primed before stopper surface.Overlaying the second layer without priming can lead to cracking, as the moisture absorbed in the filler is applied earlier.A day later surface again grind sandpaper wrapped around the board or a small bar.
How to align walls Rotband?
Start putty "Rotband" is a mixture of gypsum produced Knauf - known brand in the construction industry.Used in domestic work.Sometimes referred to as filler Rotband plaster.For facades, the mixture should not be used as part of the Rotband gypsum, which is exposed to harmful environmental influences.The characteristics of this material is much superior to those of a conventional filler.It is much more plastic and dries slowly, so it's extremely easy to use.Due to these advantages, the alignment to the level of finishing mixture Rotband carried out much faster.Work is conducted in several stages, as well as with a conventional filler, but also the starting and finishing time carried a mixture.
SHpatlevku better kneading using a mixer construction.So it will not dry lumps.When aligning significant irregularities putty is applied a special mesh.Application technique with beacons may also be performed Rotband.
Frame alignment method plasterboard walls
What can align the wall with large potholes?For these purposes fit drywall.Correction of irregularities plasterboard - the most effective and low-budget of all possible options.Held carcass or frameless ways.
When installing carcass method first creates a framework to which is attached and sheets of drywall.Frame constructed of timber or metal profiles of two types - the guide and the rack.The frame of the timber is not as durable (affected by microorganisms, moisture, prone to deformation).Set it too much more difficult.Therefore, builders often used as a base is a metal profile.
first necessary to build a framework.To this must be screwed to the ceiling guiding profiles parallel to each other.Then, every 40-60 cm to the guides with the width of the sheet of plasterboard (120 cm).At this stage, if required, carried wall insulation foam or mineral wool.
After carcass start to sheets of drywall fasteners to the metal profile.They do it with the help of screws oxidized metal.Installation of drywall sheets were spaced 40-60 cm (depending on the distance between the guide profiles).Cap screw slightly "hidden" in the list.
Frameless method is slightly different.In this case, the sheet is glued directly to the surface in need of finishing.A significant drawback of frameless method is that this method walls align with serious defects is not possible.
There are other ways to align the wall with his hands.For example, plywood or plastic panels.The technology is similar to the performance of plasterboard lining, but instead profiles for fastening plywood or plastic panels used wooden blocks.This method is economical, so used in the finishing of cottages, garages, bathrooms, etc.It also allows you to hide communication.
to your walls became smooth, carefully evaluate their condition and determine which method is most appropriate.Smooth walls - the first step to what finishing materials really decorate your interior.