Not all companies involved in the installation of plastic windows include the installation of slopes in the list of services.In the arrangement of slopes often require unreasonably high fees.In the presence of the respective equipment, materials, and basic knowledge of this task can be performed by hand.
Slopes protect joints from moisture and provide insulation.There are several ways to install the slopes: plastering, installation of drywall sheets or PVC.
- Installation plastering slopes
- Installing beacons
- Plastering slope
- Slopes of plasterboard
- Laying on the slopes of plasterboard frame
- Frameless mounting method slopes
- Plastic slopes
- Types of plastic slopes
- plastic sandwich panels
- Slopes PVC foam
Installation plastering slopes (slopes plaster )
Mounting own hands plastering slopes require a lot of time to perform.Such a method is usually chosen for the restoration of the existing slopes during overh
professionals carry plaster beacons - wooden and metal appliances.If you want to "build" a small layer, it is possible to dispense labels from the mixture with the addition of gypsum.Newcomers better to buy ready-made plaster beacons.The first lighthouse put near the window or door unit so that a layer of plaster lay on the frame at least 50 mm.During the installation of lighthouses all distances shall be verified building level or laser level.The second lighthouse placed on the corners of the box.The distance between the first and second beacons must be the same along the entire perimeter of the window opening.
for plastering indoor slopes can be used gypsum drywall.This solution applies to drying, knead it better by applying construction mixer.Apply this kind of plaster can be thicker than the cement-sand, which is very important if will gloss over the deep potholes in the old slopes.
in cement sand mixture is added at the rate of ½, if you want to apply a coat of plaster more than 3 centimeters.So layer hardens quickly.Before the addition of sand in a solution it is better to sift.The outer slopes of the windows are treated with a mixture of cement or putty Homepage facade in combination with water-repellent additives.If the house windows, before plastering need to spend more and insulation.Otherwise, in the cold season will be much sweating glass.
plaster is applied in several layers, each of which requires dry.First performed obryzg then made ground in 1-2 layers.Newest perform topcoat.The next layer of the mixture is applied only after complete drying of the previous one.The surface shpatljujut disposing thus of smaller irregularities.Impose a thick layer of putty is impossible.If you want to apply another layer of putty, the previous necessarily primed.The latest layer - finishing, finishing putty.After drying, it becomes lighter.The next stage - grinding, which is performed sander.
small slit in the joints and fillings of the window or door unit obscure hermetic amenable to painting.The joint is cut to 2-3 mm office knife at an angle of 450. The resulting deepening of the soil.With the surface is covered with sealant gun so that the groove is completely filled.Sealant strip should be as straight as possible.For this cause masking tape.Sealant dub a small rubber spatula, then the masking tape is removed.
slope surface should be primed with a broad brush to prevent cracking and to prepare for subsequent painting.Stain can be solvent-based enamel.But lately, more and more often applied acrylic paint.Finishing slopes passes in two layers.The second layer is applied after the full drying of the first.Since the foundation will not shine through a layer of paint.Perform all steps will take about a week.
Slopes of plasterboard
One of the advantages of gypsum slopes before the plastic is their practicality.In the event of minor damage or contamination of the upper layers of drywall, unlike plastic, it is repaired.To return to the initial slope aesthetics rather it again zashpatlevat, sanded and implement staining.To perform the slopes of plasterboard special skills are not required, but the time of their production will need a lot.Installation takes place in several stages: the creation of the framework (with wireframe mode), laying drywall Shpatlevanie, priming and painting.Such slopes are durable and practical.However, it has a significant drawback - absorb moisture.Therefore, for rooms with high humidity and exterior they are not suitable.
Laying on the slopes of plasterboard frame
The package of high-quality plastic windows always include a profile for mounting slopes of plasterboard.Have you must specify the profile directly from the manufacturer or the supplier.In his absence can apply galvanized profile.For laying on plasterboard soffits and doorways using metal profile.Before installing the window unit mounted in the profile groove provided for this purpose.
Typically, the setting is carried out on the slopes the next day after installation of windows.Then, the surface is treated with foam.
Now the window unit should stay.At the end of the day, plastic or wooden spacers are removed, and cut off excess foam.
into the groove around the perimeter of the opening set, and then through the drywall with a docking window units bolted screws guide profile.Framework set before warm slope with mineral wool.Insulation lay in the gaps between profiles.The angle of repose of 950. To put up the frame is mounted drywall.
Regardless of the method of mounting plasterboard polish slopes.The gaps between the sheets shpatljujut.Only then proceed to the primer and paint.To the corners are not stratified, the perimeter mounted galvanized metal corner.
As with plastering slopes, in the joints of the window frame and the slope (in this case, plasterboard) make recess at an angle of 450, paste over with masking tape and processed putty based on acrylic.Acrylic hardens completely in 12 hours.Then paint the slopes.
Frameless mounting method slopes
frameless technology efficiently used when you need to put on the old drywall soffits.For this purified surface from previous finishing and building materials and produce primer.
When the slope of the existing sheet of drywall is attached to the guide profile screws and dot glued to the base mixture "Perfiliks."Glue made from this mixture, very quickly grasped.Therefore drywall should be cut in advance.
For better fixing plasterboard pressed a piece of wood on which the Tapping of rubber hammer.In order to maintain the desired position at the time of bonding the upper horizontal slope, use spacers on the window sill.The minimum time during which the surface is necessary to fix - hour.Slopes left for 2-3 days to completely dry.At this time, the outer edge of the slope (place engages drywall and wall) is left open.Since the glue dries much faster.After drying, the adhesive edge slopes obscure acrylic.Next you need to decorate the surface finishing putty.
The easiest way to complete the installation of window unit - plastic slopes.They are easy to install, require no special care, durable and moisture resistant.Depending on the style of the room and colors of windows, you can choose the desired tone.For thermal and acoustic mineral wool or need Penoizol.Plastic slopes can be installed "from scratch", and the old wooden or plastered surface.
Types of plastic slopes
Plastic slopes are suitable for exterior and interior.They can be installed on the day of installation of the glass.There are several types of slopes PVC: foamed plastics, gypsum board, plastic-coated and sandwich slopes.
plastic sandwich panels
Recently often set slopes of sandwich panels.Their cost is not high, they are not afraid of moisture, can be matte, glossy or imitation wood.The structure of this material resembles a sponge, so that the slopes better retain heat.After the installation of slopes, condensation can form on the glass - a rare phenomenon.Reason "fogging" of windows in this case lies in properly equipped with ventilation systems.In the production of sandwich panels used slope 1 cm thick.
Along the perimeter of the outer edge of the window opening screws strengthen rail timber, specifying the level of its location.Rake will take over the load slope.Therefore, it must be securely fastened.
in grooves set the starting profile.To secure the profile itself derailed and then produce insulation (insulation for laying plastic).The outer edge of slopes is mounted to the wall with screws, dowels or brackets.The first way - the easiest.Do not worry that the cap screws are visible.Screws are screwed as far as possible in the panel and hide plugs.
slopes Installation using the brackets as follows: the first double-sided bracket mounting tape is attached to the wall, and the second - to the slope.Together brackets attached with screws.Side slopes fixed with adhesive to the windowsill, then glued together with adjacent.Slots are treated with sealant.
Slopes PVC foam
slopes of the integral PVC have quite a smooth top layer, easy to cut grinder.To bend angle PVC, small incisions performed on folding seams.If you need to ditch in the form of a semicircle, the better material than PVC foam, is not found.In order to form the necessary arc make frequent cuts.However, it should be remembered that the grooves must not exceed one third of the thickness of the slope.The incisions are certainly treated with glue.
in a prepared groove in the mounting foam glue is applied and put the panel.As in the previously described mounting methods to fasten metal box profile and is fixed in a plastic.The space between the PVC and the wall blow out the strip of foam, leaving little room for her swelling.Then proceed to the profile of fasteners to the outer corner.Places docking treated with silicone, smoothing the surface with a rubber spatula or damp cloth.Mounting slopes of plasterboard with PVC coating performed as well as plastic.
Setting slopes with their own hands - a great way to acquire new skills and thus to save.A properly executed finishes help hide some of the shortcomings of construction and repairs, and minor mistakes made during assembly of PVC windows.