When the question arises as to elevate the wall during a routine repair or buying a new home, comes to mind a lot of materials, from paint and wallpaper to tiles and plaster.The vast majority of them requires careful surface preparation and a large financial and labor costs.What to do if you do not want to invest too much effort and money while to get beautiful.For example, how to decorate a balcony or loggia, bathroom, technical room, corridor and entrance hall, the kitchen, or maybe even just some of its parts?Inexpensive and aesthetic option is wall decoration panels.Decorative wall panels finishing material is relatively new on the market that can be used for both residential and non-residential premises.
- kinds of decorative wall panels
- wall panels difference in shape and size
- Moistureproof and nevlagoustoychivye wall panels
- Wall decoration wall panels of different materials
- Decorating the walls with panels of MDF
- Decorating the walls with plastic panels
- Finishwood-paneled walls
- Decorating the walls with panels of fiberboard
- Decorating the walls with panels of chipboard
- Decorating the walls of cork panels
- Wall Decoration acoustic panels (mineral wool)
- Wall decoration mirror plastic panels
- means of fixing the wall panels
- Decorating the walls paneled with their hands
- Install furring
- installation of wall panels
- Wall decoration panels: photo - examples
kinds of decorative wall panels
To satisfy the tastes and wishes of the greatest possible number of people,panels made of different materials have enhanced color and tint range, decorated with a pattern or print, but may also have different sizes and shapes of the issue.Each type has unique properties and performance characteristics.
wall panels difference in shape and size
Dialers rack panels , they are sometimes called "lining", although they are not it, but it looks very similar.The width of each panel may be in the range 10 - 30 cm, length - 2.5 - 6 m, the thickness from 8 to 25 mm.It turns out that the length is sufficient for vertical installation in most types of houses and apartments with a ceiling height of 2.5 m. These panels are equipped with a system of "thorn - groove" that provides an easier and more convenient installation.Fixing is performed by means of special clamps or capping.
Square panel (tiled) are mounted in the same way as the splicers.It is possible to combine the tiles of different color or with a different pattern, forming a pattern.Typical size of tile panels are: LP * 30 cm, 30 x 60 cm, 15 x 60 cm, 98 cm * 98, 98 * 49 cm.
Sheet panel can be uniform in color or have a pattern on the surface.Outwardly, they look like sheets of hardboard.The most common size: 122 * 244 cm, 260 cm * 100, 200 * 100 cm, 130 cm * 100, 260 * 490 cm, 130 cm * 49 128 * 98 cm, 260 * 98 cm, thickness of 3 mm to 6 mm.If the surface is perfectly smooth walls, such panels can be glued directly to the wall.Otherwise better sheet panels fastened to a batten by means of nails.
Moistureproof and nevlagoustoychivye wall panels
Depending on the substrate material and the upper layer of the wall panels can be resistant to moisture and can negatively react to it.So once I would like to distinguish between them.
Waterproof wall panels:
- of wood, covered with wax or other special material.
- of other materials, but the front of the laminated film, painted in a particular color.Sometimes the panel can be laminated on both sides.
- plastic panels or plastic-coated.
- panels of chipboard.
- panels of fiberboard and MDF, uncoated.
Wall decoration wall panels of different materials
modern market offers decorative panels of different materials: wood, particle board, MDF, PVC, cork and glass.The base material is not only imposes certain restrictions on the scope of application and operating conditions, but also affects the aesthetic component.
Decorating the walls with panels of MDF
to create MDF uses wood dust (the fine wood shavings), which is compressed under high pressure at high temperature.The connecting element is a lignin, which is released during the heating of the wood.The resulting thicker fiberboard material, its density 650 - 850 kg / m3.The thickness of the panels can be 16 mm, which resembles solid wood.
MDF panels can be easily cut, and they do not crumble or break.Decorating the walls with decorative panels MDF improves heat and sound insulation of the room.When the temperature rises during the operation panel expands, but not much in comparison with PVC panels.The degree of water resistance of MDF panels must be indicated on the packaging.The presence icon indicates droplets moisture resistance of the material.There are also fire-resistant panels made of MDF.
hallway, hallway, kitchen, bathroom, toilet, loggia, balcony, study - any of these premises you can trim panels of this material.Particularly impressive look cabinet, loggia and a corridor.
Decorating the walls with plastic panels
Plastic panel - completely unnatural material.They are made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) contain the minimum amount of fabric softener, do not contain cadmium and asbestos.The structure of the mesh panels, so the material provides good sound insulation.Figure is applied to the surface of the panels by printing and covered with a protective agent which provides antistatic, increases durability and resistance to ultraviolet rays.Top can be applied varnish, silky matt or intensely glossy.
Decorating the walls with panels of PVC is possible even in places of direct contact of water, ie,in the shower or bath, because the material is completely water resistant even in the joints.The surface material is easy to clean, requires no special care, totally hygienic.PVC panels are used not only indoors, but also for outdoor work - finishing outside the house.In the living room they can also be used, but is not recommended because of their artificiality.
Decorating the walls with wood paneling
This category includes panels of natural wood and veneered of wood.Most often, for the manufacture of such panels used oak, cedar, maple, alder, ash, beech.To improve performance, increase resistance to moisture and fire wood etched, coated with a wax or lacquer.
veneered panels consist of several layers.Usually, the core layer - pine, cheapest, it is glued veneer, which, in turn, consists of two - three layers.For the top layer of selected hardwood species with specific characteristics.Then the veneer and the core layer are bonded by hot pressing.The panel is polished, then coated with paint, wax or lacquer.
Decorating the walls in the bathroom panels of wood is only possible if they are covered with a special varnish.But the most advantageous place to trim the tree is an office and a library.Create an authentic atmosphere captivates.The structure and shape of the panels may be different, often performed for the order.
Due to its natural and ecological wood wall panels can be used in living rooms, bedrooms, even.All other areas of the house so you can also trim panels hallway, hallway, kitchen and loggia.
Decorating the walls with panels of fiberboard
panels based fibreboard (MDF) produced by hot pressing of wood and other plant fibers.They are quite harmless, so they can be used in an apartment or a house, but not in the bedroom areas.Easy to clean, not too afraid of moisture.
trim panels of fiberboard can be any premises, except where a direct hit water.The optimum would be a corridor, hall, technical rooms, corridors, public spaces in the entrances of apartment buildings.
Decorating the walls with panels of chipboard
panels based on chipboard (DSP) also produced by hot pressing, just as the material used sawdust and shavings and add a binder.Because of what is considered to be environmentally unfriendly chipboard and even dangerous to health.Panels of PB affected by excessive moisture and temperature extremes.Therefore, they can not be used in the bathroom, the kitchen, bathroom and balcony or loggia.Decorating the walls of chipboard panels is only possible in a dry storage room.
Decorating the walls of cork panels
panels of cork often made double-layer.Bottom layer - cork agglomerate composed of agglomerated cork.The top layer - decorative, consists of compressed cork crumbs with pieces of bark or a fully monolithic layer of the bark of cork oak.To maintain the material in its entirety, to increase its wear resistance surface of the plug is covered with wax.
very structure of cork mesh, so finishing the walls of such panels can increase the sound insulation and thermal insulation of the room.In addition, the wall panels made of cork are lightweight, strong, durable, elastic, hypoallergenic, are not affected by the fungus does not attract dust and static electricity.
Given the characteristics of the materials and facilities, the best option would be to finish in the kitchen wall panels cork.Since it is completely natural and environmentally friendly, is not afraid of moisture and steam.For places where the prepared and adopted food cork is preferable to any other.
Wall Decoration acoustic panels (mineral wool)
acoustic panels are made of thick glass.Their thickness can vary, as the surface of the treated and untreated.Use acoustic panels to create a certain atmosphere in the room (in terms of acoustics).
Wall decoration mirror plastic panels
panels are made of polystyrene covered with a protective plastic film.Plates with a smooth surface are used in hotel lobbies, restaurants, bars, discotheques and other premises.These panels are easy to bend, so they can easily decorate columns and other elements with rounded surfaces.
means of fixing the wall panels
Depending on the material characteristics of the wall panels and fastening the panels can be produced in various ways.
adhesive used to secure the wall panels only when the walls are perfectly aligned, and the panel is not too heavy.Then, on the entire surface of the panel adhesive is applied to fiberboard or MDF zigzag stripes and panel pressed and applied directly to the wall.These adhesives are flexible enough so they do not hinder the thermal expansion of the panels.
Sticking to the sheathing - insufficiently robust method of attachment.Therefore, in addition to the use of a mechanical fixation.
self-tapping screws to secure the crate panel only in rooms with constant temperature and moisture characteristics.Although this attachment and reliable, but screws prevent the expansion of panels, which leads to warping and deformation of the surface.
capping a wooden crate panel fixing by mechanical means.Thus nothing prevents thermal expansion of the panels.Sami clamps are attached to the sheathing with nails, screws or staples.
clamps to a plastic crate - the most progressive method of attachment.Crate is not leaky, nothing prevents the expansion panel simply clip on.This mount allows the panel to re-crate and elsewhere.
Decorating the walls paneled with their hands
Consider the case cladding panels MDF, fixed via capping to the sheathing.
First acquire the necessary material.Number of panels MDF is calculated from the width of the wall.Purchases with a margin.We buy wooden blocks 20 * 40 mm battens.We select additional elements: internal and external corners, finishing elements, skirting.For fastening batten buy screws 40 to 80 mm thick depending on the thickness of the panels.For mounting panels acquire clamps.For mounting over - liquid nails.
The first thing we need to perform a crate, to which we will attach the wall panels.For this there is the protruding portion of the wall.In it, we will be guided.Crate will do the horizontal.Use a level to one and the other end of the wall to drill holes, screws are screwed in them, but not until the end, and so they were.Between them pull a cord or thread.In it, we will be guided during the installation batten.
the planned site of attachment batten strips.The distance between the strips should be from 40 to 60 cm. We put the strap to the wall.Zasverlivaem holes with a pitch of 50 cm. Once the drill reaches the wall, stop drilling.Remove the bar and zasverlivaem hole in the wall to the end.Insert dowels into the holes.Then again, we put the bar and screw-tapping, pushing it deeper into the hat.
Repeat the procedure for all the frame rails.The first rack near the floor should be located as close as possible to it in the future, it will need to secure the plinth.Position upper limit depends on finishing the ceiling.
installation of wall panels
- start the installation panels from the corner.Thorn in the direction of the angle bar set so that the decorative area and then hid spike.The distance from the perpendicular wall before the panel should be 2 - 3 mm.
- Fix the panel with screws to the crate at a distance of 10 - 15 mm from the edge of the panel, so we hide cap screws area.
- second start to install the first panel perpendicular to the wall.Guide her as a thorn in the corner.Locate needed so that the decorative corner lay precisely in the space formed by the spiked panels, and leave no gaps.
- From the slot fasten the panel with the capping.Pre-clamps to fasten the crate small nails.
- All other panels fixed on this algorithm: insert spike into the groove of the new panel is already installed, then attached to the side of the slot clamps.
- last panel is usually placed on the wall does not completely, so prune it to the desired size.Anchoring it in the same way as the first: with screws to the sheathing from the corner.
- The corners fasten decorative area.Apply to the back side corner glue is applied to the wall at the location where secure plan.Nestles quite and wait 3 - 5 minutes until the glue dries.
Important!Do not try to remove the glue that will inevitably come out of the slots.Wait until it is dry, cut with a knife.
At least fasten the plinth.
wall finishing decorative panels can be made without having special skills or using a complex professional tool.Perhaps that is why this kind of finish is so fond of our compatriots.Work is not a lot of dust, too, do not need to align the wall - the beauty, and only.
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