Facade - the person at home, and the windows, the most significant objects - his eyes.So they require treated accordingly.Frames trims are paying close attention, even with little use of house decor elements, because it trims give the building a special kind, completeness and appeal.Thus, if we are talking about homes in the private sector, there is definitely no casings on the windows can not do.
- Purpose window casings
- material for window casings
- Tools for manufacturing platbands
- Selecting Pattern casing
- Production of carved casings
- Connecting casing parts
- decorating window frames
- Installation casings onWindow
Purpose window casings
word "casing" is found in the description of the houses in Russia, which dates back to 15-18 centuries.Today, on the jamb say little, but they are also an integral part of the window from the front and all the buildings, regardless of the material from which the house is built, a
At its core are the trim frame from the board thickness of 30 - 40 mm, which is framed by the window.However, frames for windows serve not just a decorative element of design: they are needed to close the gap between the window frame and the wall to the heat did not come out and the rain and the dust does not get into the house, as well as to reduce the level of noise coming from the street.If necessary, trim advocate for shutters frame.
If the classification window casings in shape, then release the curly, flat and rounded frames and trim with a convex surface.Most low-cost and easy to install flat frames.Casings that have a convex surface, made using special equipment, so the price casings on the windows of this type is higher.And the most expensive - carved frames.
By way of setting two groups of casings: Telescopic who have special tabs that entering the slots on the box, and trim overhead.When selecting a profile casing it is mandatory to take into account the bias that we have in the top of the casing and allows rain and snow does not accumulate at the top and flow down.The most popular at the present time in the form of frames are carved, and the material - plastic.
material for window casings
Making the facade of the casing requires more than just an aesthetic profile.Plat for the window to be resistant to changes in outdoor temperature.If we talk about the climatic conditions of the middle band of our country, the facade elements can heat up in the summer to +50 degrees, and in winter - chilled to minus 35. Total difference between the temperatures experienced by these elements on the front, it comes to 85 degrees.Therefore, the material from which made frames must withstand such temperature fluctuations, as well as snow, wind and rain.
Remember that the material should not crack and crumble.In this case, MDF and plywood are for the manufacture of facade elements futile.We all know that the materials are derived from wood after installation on the facade absorb water, burst, when inside freezes the moisture, crack, then oblazit paint, and a few years later these frames have to be changed.
Therefore trims MDF are mainly used inside the house or apartment.The material is characterized by ease of handling and relative cheapness.Moreover, such a product can be manufactured in a short time.Well, if you decide to use these frames for the facade, they must be treated regularly paints and adhesives to protect from moisture and color retention.
tree considered the oldest material for carved window casings.The best decoration for the facade of today are products which are made of oak and beech.Less common birch and pine trim.The tree also inherent hygroscopic, like MDF and repair of wooden casings on the windows is too labor-intensive and quite expensive.Therefore, to maintain the original shape of the product regularly use all the same protective varnish.There is also a need to update the original color of the product, because the wood darkens with time.
hygroscopicity that is absorbed from the air water vapor is also a problem for the plaster decoration of facades.Moisture absorption provokes that the moisture freezes at varying temperatures and thawing, which contributes to the gradual destruction of material and architectural window casings.
Heavy facade materials, GRC and polymer concrete, free from the problem of hygroscopic and have a low coefficient of linear expansion.Everything would be fine if it were not for significant weight architectural elements from this material.However, this is not a problem in our time for the clever owners.For each project, window casings recommended simply count the possible burden on the facade, to walls could withstand the weight of the heavy elements of the material.
Window frames of polyurethane as any facade decoration of this material are further characterized by one more advantage compared with frames made of other materials.Polyurethane is the material from which insulation is made, that is inherent in it for insulating properties.This means that casings made of polyurethane will do their main function is insulated.Also, the polyurethane material is light, which is comparable in weight to a tree, and polyurethane trim is easily mounted on the façade.
Tools for manufacturing platbands
Before you make trim on the windows, it is recommended to stock up on necessary tools.First of all, prepare a pair of knives and a set of chisels.It is not necessary to have a full set of chisels: the most important for this are in the following list:
- semicircular chisels that have a width of 5 - 25 mm (round, sloping, medium);
- Flat, sizes 7, 12 and 20 millimeters;
- Chisel-kljukarzy (semi-circular and curved);
- Chisels-corners with an angle of bending the blade about 5 - 15 degrees;
- chisels with a curved blade with a bending angle of 50 to 70 degrees;Chisel-
- tsezariki semicircular shape to have the width of the blade 2 - 5 millimeters, which have a bend at the bottom;
- knife cutter with wedge-shaped blade;
- knife with a blade that whittle away at an angle of 30 degrees and has a wedge shape.
At home, often used manual milling machines, jig saws, electric drill.Using a jigsaw, you can cut almost any patterns to decorate carved architraves.Sometimes the pattern is used to create a device that is made of a step-down transformer and nihronomovoy wire.
also need a tool that is used for sensitive start sawing spikes.This device is very simple in design and easy to make your own hands.Fix between two wooden slats 3 from the longitudinal hacksaw blades that have small teeth.The principle of operation of this tool is the following: you need to file a saw spikes, and another - eye window casings.
Selecting Pattern casing
next phase of the window frames - is the choice of the pattern that you will create, and the development of the drawing on the window casings.If it concerns a slotted thread is better to take these wood species as aspen, alder, linden and pine.Board thickness should be 5 - 50 mm.Not the best solution for windows - an abundance of small details, the image should be good readable from a distance and watch the skilful addition to the general appearance of the house.
upper part of the window frames decorated with "kokoshnik" which has long been taken to represent the sun.The upper part can be extended, if necessary, connecting component parts spikes.The bottom is called "Towelie", it must have chamfer of baffle stack water.Lower strip should have a thickness of 10 mm greater than the upper slats.Drawing the bottom of the stylistically must match the picture on the "headdress."
To prevent cracking of the thread with the time, the elements are better placed along the wood fiber is important, especially for softwood.Thin and delicate ending bends are usually short-lived.The simplest acts-cutoff circular hole that is drilled with a drill.
therefore preferable to choose patterns that contain a lot of round holes.The most common pattern of carved window frames consists of a one-piece design which includes recurring items.Each such repeating element consists of several semi-circular, and circular holes and cutouts of complex shape.
Drag the selected pattern over the entire length.For this paper, draw a picture in a ratio of 1: 1, and can be printed.Those areas where the slots to be done, mark a different color.Figure glue on the wood.With drill drill round holes, giving them the desired diameter.Where the work will need a jigsaw, drill small holes better.
Production of carved casings
Naturally, all the windows of an apartment house should be made out identical frames.The same should be the size, shape and patterns.Trim on the windows of the wooden houses are made in the form of a solid frame consisting of several well-interconnected parts.When processing is not required special care, but need reliable protection from atmospheric phenomena.For this process the wood and paint different impregnation composition, intended for outdoor use.
If the window is open outwards, casing must be placed by 30 millimeters above its wings.Consider the manufacture of casings, they must not impede the opening of the windows at an angle of not less than 90 degrees.Other parameters will depend on the size of the windows themselves.
Produce trim is recommended so.It is necessary to shave dry boards, which have a thickness of 30 millimeters and a width of 75-150 mm from all sides.Window frames should be wider than the box of 25-50 millimeters.On the reverse side of the casing to choose the groove or gap, which has a depth no greater than 2 millimeters, which should not reach to the edges of about 10-15 millimeters.In this case, frames are adjacent to the walls and boxes tightly.
in the electric tool is not worth it to "help", that is not recommended to put more effort in the hope that it will go faster.Excessive pressure on the saw blade provoke overheating and creates the risk of breakage.If the wood is difficult to cut, perhaps, the reason lies in the blunt edge.In this case, you need to replace sawing.To create a smooth long cuts is better to use a wide blade.If you will be working with plastic or metal, should be reserved by machine oil or even water, to have something to lubricate the saw blade.
Connecting casing parts
In the process of manufacturing window frames perform the connection parts with single blind or through the spike.Apply preferably hollow spike in this situation does not necessarily close the connection details of a decorative element.No need to buy a special machine for the manufacture of thorns, you can do it manually using an electric drill, a chisel and a hacksaw.To obtain
jack studs drill several holes that have a depth that exceeds the length of the spine on a couple of millimeters, and then to remove the partition.The holes need to do drills for wood, and delete partitions - drill for metal.To earn the edges can be sharp knife or chisel.According to the scheme on the window casing, the spike should go into the slot firmly, but without too much effort.
spikes fixed with dowel, which are made of dry hardwood (birch or larch).It is not advisable to use glue to connect the parts of the window casing for several reasons, one of them - is a significant drop in air temperatures, exposure to chemicals, and moisture contained in the atmosphere.Such "load" none of the adhesive does not withstand.In addition, the casing frame that is rigidly fixed to the window units, not affected by side loads.
decorating window frames
On the front side window casings need to select kalevki a certain size and shape.Planed appropriate preparation, you need to cut it into pieces.To irregularities casing wall is covered on both sides should be nailed rail, the thickness of which is equal to the width of the gap.
End production of casings on the windows with their hands cut elements recommended treatment.The edges of the handle taken sandpaper to grind.Plat paint or varnish.Individual elements must be attached to the substrate with adhesive or nails.To isolate the specific patterns, they can be contrasted with respect to the rest of their paint color.
carved frames are themselves part of the decor, but in addition to the thread, you can decorate them with paintings.But remember, it must be combined with carved patterns, they emphasize.Also used the firing of wood: a very impressive look beautiful tan.To do is get through the use of gas burners or a blowtorch.
On the other hand decoration on clypeus should coincide with the overall design of the facade of the house, in harmony with the other elements of decoration.Window frames made of wood can be supplemented with shutters that are decorated in a similar way.
Installation casings on the windows
plat put in place without glue on nails.Use nails that have a length of 75 millimeters, pierce approximately 400-500 millimeters apart, pushing it into the timber cap.Window frames made to strengthen against the front side of a window box, or departing from it of 5-20 mm, depending on where the open sash.
have window openings must be adjacent frames against the window sill.This will put tables - thick pieces of boards that smoothly planed, without kalevok.Nightstand necessary to protect the bottom of the casings from rapid wear.
wood after setting casing must be treated with a special compound that protects the material from sunlight and moisture.In addition, they need to be covered with paint or varnish for outdoor use.Periodically update such coverage, then trim will serve for a long time, and the facade - an original look!