If the purpose of your repairs are reduced to the fact that he survived a year and not the second, and at least a dozen years, you should choose and apply putty on the ceiling, which is considered reliableprotection from the merciless flow of time.Putty ceiling - an important stage before pasting wallpaper, paint application or painting.The main thing - take responsibility for the task, the correct start and follow the instructions!Then the result will be the same as your expectations - superb!
- Purpose fillings
- Classification fillings
- Ready filler filler filler
- base fillings
- Appointment fillings
- Putty ceiling with his hands
- Preparation Tools
- Surface preparation
- CookingPutty mixture
- grinding surface
putty Putty is a powder or paste mixture compositions intended for leveling and preparation of surfaces prior to priming the ceiling, or the implementation of finishing paint.Experts fini
fillings used for the manufacture of film-forming substances, for example, flour glue, ordinary soap, fillers such as barite, chalk, sifted gypsum, talc and pigments - ocher, or zinc oxide.Film-forming agents used are much greater (5 - 12 times) than the filler and pigment together.
If the ceiling is rough to finish, it is in any way affect his appearance after the painting.Irregularities in the ceiling will be even after pasting wallpaper show through - through a layer of paper.The main difference putty before painting the ceiling with plaster lies in the fact that the latter is applied in a thicker layer, and is used in cases where the ceiling is too large defects are present that need leveling.
the filler is selected, depending on the intended work.There are fillers for application to plasterboard ceilings.When choosing fillings taken into account such factors as the kind of building material, which you will apply the putty coating of this material, the air temperature at the site where it is planned to produce the work, the nature of the defects.
There are special fillers, which are intended for use on wood, for example, to hide the flaws on the decorative beams.For the filling of deep unevenness in the ceiling it is recommended to purchase a coarse filler, which can be applied in thick layers without the risk of cracking or spalling of the material.To remove small scratches, select a fine-grained putty.For a lot of work on the ceiling should be preferred putty with the lowest specific weight.
construction market is oversaturated with various construction materials including putty.Caulking is divided into types, depending on the readiness of the material composition of the mixture - to use a filler or base, as well as the purpose and value of putty ceiling.Let's look in more detail what is the each of them.
First, putty can be divided into a ready-to-use (sold in small vedryshkah) and dry putty.Depending on the appearance of the material is ready to use plaster in tubes also called pasty and dry filler - powder.
Ready filler can buy, if you do not want to cook her own, and dry before preparing yourself to use.In such fillings, of course, a lot of advantages: they are generally cheap and quality, but also they are suitable for different jobs with the ceiling, even the most subtle and finishing.This filler can maintain their properties for a long time, because all of its components are already divorced in the right proportions, and you do not need to worry about the correct preparation of pasta.
Ready-mix is not recommended for pre-alignment of the ceiling, requiring thick layers of fillings (more than 0.5 cm), as the solvents that are in their composition, are able to evaporate in contact with the surface, and this provokes a quick drying andlow shrinkage.
Dry putty mix - a complex multi-component composition, which in its composition contains all the necessary components.This mixture before use should be diluted with a certain amount of cold water.Buying putty dry, remember that the finished mixture is usually not stored, but you can choose the one that has a long shelf life in the final composition.Dry putty costs more than ready.Such a filler is not used for thin layers.
Depending on the filler (main binder) filler is divided into: cement, plaster and resin.
stucco used mainly to remove cracks, they breathe and in this way regulate the humidity in the room mode.However, in humid rooms their use is not recommended.In addition, this coating does not withstand changes in temperature.That is why the scope of its use is quite limited.But if the work is carried out under normal conditions, it's still worth to buy part of the cast.
cement putty - waterproof.It is recommended to be sure to apply in several layers.It also has a tendency to shrink.If the works are not carried out at low temperature and high humidity, it is better to buy cement putty that can withstand large fluctuations in temperature and do not swell from moisture.
polymer coating - the best option, because its composition is, polymeric binders, which makes it very plastic.This coating is more expensive than others, but in eliminating cracks it consumed more slowly than plaster or cement.Remember that this putty often counterfeited.
depending on the basis of the material filler is: acrylic, oil, varnish, adhesive, oil-adhesive and latex.Let's look at each of these in more detail.
Acrylic putty (universal) is composed of safe ingredients, it has a leveling properties and different fine-grained structure.It evens out the surface of different types - wood, concrete and plasterboard and is used for repair plaster, which has already been damaged.She applied and thick and thin layers.This putty - a great option if you do not have time to pick up a separate type fillings.
acrylic single component putty used to seal small cracks and is not suitable for surfaces of large scale.Squeezed from the tube, it dries quickly.Shpakril - a special type of filler used in surfaces previously plastered for alignment.In addition, a filler can be used for bonding ceramic tiles, and if it is diluted with water, the liquid can be even whitewash ceilings.
Oil fillings include natural linseed oil, chalk and driers, they are slow to dry, but quite viscous and durable.It is used for interior work to align the various defects of the ceiling, which subsequently need to be painted or wallpapered.This filler has high strength, used in wet and dry conditions.
oil used fine-grained putty before painting the ceiling in different colors - oil and water dispesnymi.Oil-adhesive coating comprises plasticizers, acrylates, additives, varnish, chalk and water, it aligns walls and ceilings and is used as a final finish.Suite oil-adhesive putty aligns well surface, and can serve as a finishing putty.
adhesive putty in its composition contains 10-percent solution of glue, varnish and chalk, thus increasing the strength of the fillings and ease of application of the ceiling.Putty on the basis of PVA is used to prevent mold and mildew because aseptic filled with additives, as well as alignment of asbestos-cement, gypsum and plaster surfaces.It is very sticky, so with no problems, apart from that, it dries quickly.
latex putty used for interior works, like the oil-adhesive, but its composition has a styrene-acrylate latex, dolomite, bactericide and more functional additives.Latex putty is intended for the treatment of plaster surface under all types of finishes.Latex putty characterized by a number of advantages over conventional fillers.It does not crack when dry, it is inherent high adhesion and flexibility, it is conveniently applied to the ceiling and do not emit harmful substances.
Depending on its purpose filler can be divided into levels, finish, specialized and universal.We'll talk in more detail about each variety of fillings for the ceiling.
aligns called putty putty first layer, which is used for rough machining, that is preliminary.This sealer should be carefully selected, remember that it must have great strength in the solidification, a high level of adhesion to the base and match basis.In addition, it is applied a layer thickness of 0-25 millimeters.
In terms of the domestic housing putty leveling must comply with such an important parameter - the possibility of the coating of variable thickness.Using plaster in this case is not always effective and self-leveling compounds easily solve the problem, do not shrink and does not allow the occurrence of cracks and delaminations, despite thickness variations.
Finishing putty used to fine-decorated ceiling - so it is also called the second layer of putty.It evens out the defects, but choosing a filler is necessary to consider the decorative surface coating.If the ceiling is to prepare the paint, the main condition becomes an ideal surface smoothness is achieved through the fine mineral filler, in which case it is necessary to use a plaster finish filler grain having a thickness not greater than 100 microns.
Universal Putty in itself combines the properties of all kinds of fillings.It is widely used and convenient to use on any surfaces, thus it is possible not to consider features bases surface.At the same time, its quality is a little worse than the quality of a certain type of filler, putty ceiling price of this kind is quite high, since any material is the universal multi-component composition.
specialized putty.This type of filler used to seal joints in gypsum board, remove the "breathing" crack of urgent repair.Purpose certain specialized putty can be found by reading the information on the packaging.It can also be specialized expanding.
Putty ceiling with his hands
Approach the matter seriously, consider all the details, keep in mind all the features of your home and your own preferences.Pay attention to the selection of the right materials and the preparation of the mixture.Before you start, be sure to check how clean the ceiling.
Preparation tools and materials
Oshpaklevaniyu ceiling should be preceded by preparatory work.Elements of the room is important to protect against debris.Then assess the state of the ceiling and on the basis of this conclusion make the purchase of materials required: start and finish putty, paint bandage, metal mesh with mounting components (nails, dowels, hooks) and the primer composition.As a working tool needed for the production of a mixer or a working composition with an electric whisk, scrapers, sandpaper construction and centrifugal brush.
to putty ceiling is common to use several different sizes of spatulas.A small spatula designed for application on a large putty, and then using a large spatula putty is applied to the ceiling.Tank filler selected 15-20 liters, with straight walls that allow pick dissolved without residue, and high sides which protect from unwanted spray, with stirring.
choosing putty, carefully read what is written on the package - there are all the necessary information - what properties, where applicable, for which it is used more often, and that is included in its composition.Also, the package must be indicated on any surface you want to use this type of filler.Buy materials in specialized shops, because there you can get competent advice of sellers and not to be mistaken in their choice.
If you are dealing with an old ceiling in poor condition, which color more than once, you need a primer, which is deeply absorbed into the surface.Specify these moments, when you buy everything you need.Do not give preference to cheaper blends questionable, if not soon want again to make repairs.Approach the matter seriously.
After preparing the necessary tools to start preparing the surface of the ceiling to the putty.It is recommended to remove the base from the ceiling all the elements that easily peel - old wallpaper, decorative materials, whitewash, and estimate the level of mechanical damage.
ceilings are well clear of various contaminants.Pay special attention to the mold or other fungal nature spots that should be treated with special disinfectant solution, for example, copper sulfate or German drug "Pufas."If the fungus invaded large areas of the ceiling, make a fight with him using an open flame - a blow torch or plasma welding.
If you have chips, cracks and potholes need to take steps to restore them, and then you can go to oshpatlevaniyu ceiling.First cracks extend through any metal scraper and prime with the recess.Once dry, fill in all the recesses plaster composition.
When the plaster ceiling will be made on the surface with small defects, a valid event is considered to be reinforcement of damaged areas via serpyanka.For this cover portions ceiling surface prepared composition and then glue the reinforcing material.It followed Work on only after the surface has dried.
If you can cook putty well as video putty ceiling, it will be of very good quality, with the time on the ceiling will not crack it does not disappear or fade.Use the better compositions based on plaster, apply them and lighter than cement-based plaster, dirt and they give less.Choosing dry mix, consider the place where the will to use them - if you live in an apartment, which is dominated by the low level of humidity, you need a mixture of labeled KR, if the humidity level is high, buy a mixture labeled LR.
To prepare the mixture, take a container of water (preferably plastic) and to sprinkle filler, then mix everything to the desired thickness (by hand or with a mixer construction).Water should be the desired temperature (it indicate on the package).Use of three-quarters of a dry mixture of one quarter of the water.Let the mixture stand up after cooking for about fifteen minutes.
If you do not want to buy ready-mix in a bucket, you can make them yourself without any problems.Prepare gypsum and chalk.