Having planned redecorating at his country house or apartment, confronted with the question of the choice of finishing materials for the walls.And if 15 years ago the choice of materials was limited, but today there was a fairly large number of them.One of these advanced materials for decoration are wall panels.They are easy to install, have a wide range of colors and textures, are based on both artificial and natural materials.About how to choose the wall panels, the material from which they are, and the benefits of a particular type of panels will be discussed in this article.
- Types of wall panels
- Rack dial pad
- Tile patterned panel
- Sheet wall panels
- material for the wall panels
- Panels natural wood Panels
- chipboard panels of fiberboard
- Panels MDF
- PVC panels
- glass panels
- Gipsovinilovye panel
- Features selection of wall panels
Types of wall panels
Today, the wall panels are available in three basic versions, whic
Rack dial pad
This type of wall panels is the strap length from 240 cm to 370 cm, a width of 12.5 to 30 cm and a thickness of 8 - 12 mm.Due to its size rack panels are the most popular in applications that require sheathing with a small area of the room, or a large number of angles.For mounting rack panels requires the creation of crates of metal or wood.To interconnect the panels have a tongue and groove or grooves only.In the second case, the tabs connecting the two panels together.In such an embodiment, the compound is a small gap between the panels.Fixing the panel to the sheathing is carried out by means of special brackets or by fastening screws through the slot.Pinion patterned panels are made of MDF , chipboard , MDF and PVC .In addition to the panels produced by the various parts, skirting boards, plugs and so on.
Tile patterned panel
Unlike rack panels, tile made in the form of a square with sides of 30 cm to 98 cm. They are attached such panels mainly to the wall surface on the glue or use capping.Another important difference is that tile panels that interconnect used only grooves and the insertion therein.Made tiled panels fiberboard , chipboard , MDF , PVC .Perhaps the main advantage of tile panels is the possibility of combining different colored panels at different angles, creating a unique pattern on the wall.
Sheet wall panels
Among the three main types of panels leafy biggest.They are produced at a rate of 1,22x2,44 m and a thickness of 6 mm fiberboard, impregnated with resins , or PVC .The working surface of the shell plate is a multilayer structure with a printed pattern or imitation tile, wood and stone.Sheet panels are mounted on the glue, and seams between the panels hidden by moldings.The main advantage of the leaf panels is to cover large areas in the shortest time.
Of particular note that in addition to the decorative panels that trim the walls, there are also structural wall panels , from which erect interior walls and partitions.It can be wall panel PS from different concrete and modern panel for modular homes - wall sandwich panels .If these species are ornamental, the sandwich panels are essentially finished walls with insulation, vapor and damp-proofing inside.When searching and selection of such wall panels need to pay attention to the markings.For example, the wall panels PS 30.9.3,0-6l interpreted as follows:
PS - panel wall;
30 - length in dm;
9 - height in dm;
3,0 - width in dm;
6L - serial number and material (in this case the lightweight concrete).
In addition to the photos shown marking sandwich panels :
such panels are used in the construction of a country house or dacha, so they stand out from the main types of wall panels.A good representative of sandwich panels in our market are wall panels Ventall-ruuk, which are of high quality and reasonable price.Wall panels Ventall-ruuk manufactured in Russia on the Finnish technology and meet all the requirements of GOST.
material for the wall panels
It's no secret that the materials used in the finishing of a direct impact on the atmosphere in the house.In the manufacture of wall panels used a large number of different raw materials.Since normal wood and glass and plastic finishing.In most cases, several panels are combined materials.But it is possible to find only one panel, such as wood, PVC or glass.
panels made of natural wood
those who seek to create a healthy and friendly atmosphere, you should opt for a wooden wall panels.The raw materials for their use wood oak , maple , alder , cedar or bamboo .The room, with wooden wall paneling looks particularly attractive and comfortable.Wood panels are mostly produced rack and slab.The exception is the mosaic wall panels, which are basically made of MDF and covered with pieces of wood of different breeds and colors.
For those who seek to create an expensive and respectable interior fit veneered wall panels boiserie.They are renowned for their magnificent views.For those who like exotics and wants to design your interior in oriental style, use the wall panels made of bamboo.These hand-woven from bamboo pieces and soaked in a special adhesive mat as well as possible give the whole atmosphere of Asia.Wall panels Mosaics made on the basis of MDF with pieces of different kinds of wood, the room will create a unique and attractive panels of wood.One of the brightest representatives of the mosaic panels are wall panels Canfor.They feature a splendid imitation of stone from specially treated pieces of wood.
Unfortunately, the tree has its drawbacks, which limit the scope of its use.To a greater extent this applies to rooms with high humidity.But this shortcoming is easily remedied.For this wooden panels covered with a layer of wax or a special lacquer.
Waste wood processing industry have been applied in the so-called chipboard.As the wall panels are greatly inferior wall panels made of wood, but the ease of manufacturing and low cost to compensate for this deficiency.By themselves, chipboard panels unattractive and therefore covered by plastic.Such a coating made it possible to implement a wide range of colors and different textures that perfectly demonstrates the panel wall Skiff.
Despite the presence of harmful adhesives, wall panels made of particleboard are widely used in the design of buildings.Such popularity is due to artificial turf, making the scope of the use of panels of chipboard virtually unlimited.But these panels have one serious drawback for their use - they are extremely poorly tolerate high humidity.In addition, the high weight of wall panels of chipboard imposes certain restrictions on the method of mounting, however, they are available only in the plates.Like sheathing panels are best such facilities as a hallway or corridor.
Perhaps the most common are wall panels of fiberboard.This material is obtained by hot pressing of wood fibers, which allows the creation of any type of wall panels.MDF - a material that combines the latest technology and natural purity.And in combination with the low cost and different finishes working surface makes them leaders segment wall panels.
mount panels of fiberboard can be as lathing, or directly on the wall itself.The main condition - is the lack of large swings, clean and dry surface.The panels is performed either locking manner or by means of seam connection.Regardless of the rack, slab or sheet, hardboard panels can be easily mounted and replaced if necessary.These benefits provide a tremendous opportunity to use them.As such serious shortcomings in MDF virtually none.The only thing that does not tolerate fiberboard is high humidity.Reiki by moisture expands and sheets and plates twisted propeller.
should also mention the work surface finishes fiberboard panels.In addition to the usual lamination surface can be trimmed with cloth, wood mosaics, wood veneer or just painted.The huge choice of colors and textures can be seen by looking at the wall panels Izoteks.This company is one of the leading manufacturers in this segment.
twin brother is MDF fiberboard, but unlike the first, MDF has a lower density.Wall panels made of MDF has a number of significant advantages over conventional.For example, wall panels made of MDF or Isotex as it is called Fibre, have sound and heat insulation.This universality makes wall panels MDF is very attractive for interior decoration.In addition to the insulation properties of the MDF in the manufacturing process can be given, and other useful features, such as fire and water resistance as well as resistance to biological attack.It is these qualities owe their popularity to the wall panels Union, which are positioned as fire and moisture resistant.Unfortunately, the advantages of MDF fiberboard to have their price, which affects the cost of these panels.But when compared to the enormous opportunities for their use, the price is quite reasonable.
As a material, PVC is widely used in a variety of building designs and products.And wall panels are no exception.Due to its operating characteristics, such as moisture resistance, durability, possibility of drawing and creating different textures, wall PVC panels have a wide range of applications.Combined with the ease of installation and affordable price, the PVC panels quickly won market, becoming one of the most used finishing materials.As to the form of release, the panels are manufactured in all three versions - rack, tile and sheet.
should be noted that PVC makes it possible to implement a huge range of designs.So, thanks to the wide range of colors and textures, you can create a mosaic wall panel imitating tiles or stone.In addition, the panels with a core of fibreboard or MDF coated with PVC, can easily create an imitation of wood or marble slab.Prominent representatives of this segment of the wall panels are Dpi, which in addition to the classical hardboard and MDF panels boast panels with imitation of stone and wood.And only the most serious drawback of PVC panels is their artificial origin.
To create a unique long-lasting photographic pictures on the wall panels requires strong and durable framework able to protect and save the image.Under these requirements are usually the basis of MDF and PVC are not suitable.The solution was to use glass wall panels.Such panels have many disadvantages inherent in the glass, but careful operation and proper care glass wall panels will last quite a long time.In addition, manufacturers are striving to apply modern technology to the industry, which is reflected in the strength and protection of the glass surface.The most prominent representative of this category panels are wall panels Skinali.
Today the popularity of gypsum board is difficult to underestimate.From this material are walls, partitions and ceilings, even.With the development of technologies plasterboard grew into a new generation of finishing materials - gipsovinilovye wall panels.In fact it is the same drywall, but instead a layer of cardboard covered with vinyl.Initially, this type of panels intended for public spaces with high traffic.But gradually gipsovinilovye wall panels moved into ordinary houses.These panels favorably with conventional drywall.They are much stronger and more reliable, have a ready-made work surface with a certain color or pattern.Wall panels Durafort companies are among the most notable in this rapidly growing market.
Features selection of wall panels
Different types of wall panels and the materials from which they are made, pre-determine the place of their use.For example, glass panels fit perfectly in the kitchen and in the bathroom, and wood are ideal for living rooms, bedrooms and children.The same applies to the size of the panels.More subtle and long rack panels allow visually expand a small room, and the large slab or sheet panels contrary amiss for large rooms.These simple rules are already known for a long time.Difficulties arise when looking at the description and marking of the panel there is more questions.
Considering labels note that they indicated characteristics and dimensions, as well as compliance with a particular wall panel SNIP.On the Russian market all wall panels must meet the following building codes:
- SNIP 2.08.0289 "Public buildings and facilities";
- SNIP 2.09.04-87 "Administrative and domestic buildings»,
- SNiP 31-03-201 "Industrial buildings";
- SNIP 2.01.01-82 "Building climatology and geophysics";
- SNIP 23-01-99 "Building climatology";
- SNIP 21-01-97 "Fire safety of buildings and structures";
- SNIP P-3-79 "Thermal Engineering" 1988
The important is to take into account parameters such as flammability, ignition, smoking and toxicity.It is from these parameters is most dependent use of wall panels in the interior decoration.For them there are 4 levels, and the higher the score, the worse.Ideally, notes on the label must be as follows:
- flammability G1;
- flammability B1;
- smoke generation D1;
- toxicity T1.
In conclusion, we note that when choosing wall panels should also pay attention to their appearance in the package or without it.The surface of the product to be free of defects and damages, edge - intact without chips, cracks or irregularities.If the multilayer panel, the protective coating must be intact, with no swellings, deep scratches or damage.Color entire batch should be in tune.If the parties are different, razbezhnost in color should be minimal.The connections must be intact and perfectly matched to each other in shape.Following these simple rules will allow without difficulty to choose the desired wall panels are of good quality.