Almost every apartment has a balcony or loggia, which wants to turn into a natural extension of the apartment.For this purpose there shall be established a window, executed insulation and interior trim.Today, the market can offer a huge selection of building materials, and a variety of design solutions for apartments only inflame the desire to create something unusual on the balcony or loggia.But, surprisingly, it keeps the old leadership and proven option - finishing the balcony clapboard.Especially since the balcony clapboard siding with their own hands - a case that any of the forces.It is enough to be able to use a tool to know what to do.
- Types lining
- Wooden wall paneling
- plastic lining
- Preparing to trim clapboard
- tools and materials
- clapboard sheathing
- Creating a frame and insulation
- clapboard sheathing
Before you work yourself, you need to determine the type of lining.After all, it wi
Wooden wall paneling
Manufacture of wooden bunks established on a large scale, and today you can find a variety of linings of wood.From the whole range of wood paneling for the balcony clapboard selected pine wood, linden, ash, larch, aspen.If finances permit, loggia or balcony, you can decorate a specially aged antique oak paneling.In fact, no matter what breed will be used, it all depends on the wishes and financial possibilities of the owner.But there is one important caveat.Such a high popularity of pine or linden same due to ease of processing of wood and affordable price.So if you want to perform without any problems finishing the balcony clapboard with their hands, choose a soft wood.
When you select lining cladding loggia or balcony should immediately determine what should be the final result.Since this will depend on what class it is advisable to buy the lining.Total of four classes - Premium ("0" or "Extra"), A, B, C
most expensive, but also the quality is Premium Class .This wall paneling without knots, core, perfectly smooth and uniform color. Molded Class A lower cost, without a core, strips of uniform color.It may contain one or mote resin pocket 1.5 meter.Average cost lining Class .It contains up to four knots or resin pockets, strap color irregularity and poorly handled.Cheapest lining P .Trims badly treated, they are a lot of knots and pitch pockets, cracks and has a distinct uniform color.When you finish the balcony clapboard issue price will depend primarily on the use of wood and the class of the lining.
Besides classes siding has several types of profile: "tongue and groove along the length," "tongue and groove and chamfer along the length," "soft-line", "Euro".It should also be noted that pedantic Europeans tried to minimize waste in the casing lining, and all straps are adjusted under a certain size.Such battens called "Lining" and it compares favorably with asymmetric connection type, ergonomics and the presence of grooves on the back side to drain condensate.But if you compare the different strips lining, the difference will be only in size, depth and type of connections.
under the plastic lining the narrow involve ordinary PVC wall panel.Clapboard also called them because of the similarity with wooden slats.Boarding the balcony of a plastic lining has a number of significant advantages over wood.The main advantage is the low price, resistance to moisture and easy-care surface.The main drawback is its artificial origin.The plastic lining has such a large division into classes and types, like a normal wooden wall paneling.Therefore, there is a choice in the selection of a suitable color, size, and determining the quality of the product.
Colours plastic lining is enormous.You can choose to suit every taste.The main thing when buying ensure that all panels were of the same party and the same key.Also in the selection and purchase of PVC panels should pay attention to the quality of the product.To do this, take a plate in hand and examine her.The first thing you notice - this is the thickness of the work surface.The thicker the better.The second - the number and condition of the internal stiffeners.The more, the better, and the ribs themselves should be smooth.Third - it is high quality raw materials for the panel.To do this, bend and back edge of the panel.If after that no trace, or it is poorly visible, the panel quality.
What bunk choose plastic or wooden solve directly the owners depending on their preferences and capabilities.It should only be noted that the issue of choice must be approached with great responsibility.Since the quality of the material will depend on the process of installation, the final result and durability.
Preparing to trim clapboard
before carrying out the clapboard siding balcony or loggia, will have to make a series of preparatory work.These include the purchase of the right amount of necessary materials and preparation of the walls.The latter is especially important, as the wooden paneling may eventually be covered with mold or mildew.
tools and materials
Finishing the balcony clapboard starts with measurements and buy the required amount of materials.With measurements no special difficulties.It is enough to measure the height and length of the walls of the balcony or loggia, and calculate the total area.Then measure all the doors and windows and deduct their area from the total area of the walls.The result is a clean area under the cladding lining.
After removing the size of the materials can be sent.Besides the lining also require wooden bars 60x40 mm and 60h15.At the same time it should be noted that the bars will be used to crate. Bruce 60x40 mm will be used for the main crates holding the insulation and between the bars of which will be laid insulation and beams 60h15 mm for surface holding the second layer vapor barrier.Also acquire insulation thickness of 40 mm , impregnation against fungi and mildew , superdiffuzionnaya membrane and a single-layer vapor-permeable membrane , nail .Still need ostrogannoj board thickness of 20 mm for the sill convenient to you width.For decorating the slopes can also take planed board, but at a thickness of 12 - 15 mm and the width of the board is equal to the thickness of the walls on the slopes.As the insulation is quite often choose foam, but you can stay on stone wool.It has excellent insulating properties and are more environmentally friendly in comparison with the foam.
If you will run the plastic lining the balcony clapboard, then in addition to the PVC lining will have to buy more and moldings .They come in several forms, and each is used in a particular case.There ceiling moldings, connecting, the end and start, for internal and external corners.Their number is quite easy to calculate, one need only look to the balcony and count the number of corner joints.Another important point is to buy short screws with wide cap for fixing PVC panels to the sheathing.
of the tools required impact drill or a hammer, screwdriver, hammer and dobojnik, Mallet hacksaw, paint brush.And, of course, roulette, level, pencil or marker.You will also need some supplies - a liquid nails, clamps for fastening lining, for lining nails, screws and dowels 6h60.
All work on the decoration of the balcony or loggia finish lining their own hands performed after the window will be installed and the floor is laid.But apart from the windows and the walls are the floor, which will be secured crate.It will have to spend with them the main work on the preparation to the skin lining.
Firstly, to check the walls for cracks and damage. If any are found, they will have to close up and let dry completely.
Secondly, check the wall for irregularities .This can be quite simple - attach a long level against the wall.If they found large humps or dips deeper than 10 mm, then we need to do in the beginning of their alignment.Otherwise, after the skin lining the entire wall will look very crooked, wooden frame and eventually lead and strap lining depart.Of course, you can put a lining under the bars, but eventually they may ssohnutsya that will lead to the fact that the frame and wall paneling will hang.
Thirdly, perform processing walls and bars carcass impregnated against fungi and mildew .The measure is strictly necessary as a balcony or loggia are more susceptible to weathering than the living quarters.And wood can come quite quickly into disrepair.After treatment impregnated wood and walls are protected against this scourge.But the period of protection is limited, so you'll have time in 10 - 15 years to carry out minor repairs and re-processing.There is another way to protect against mold and mildew.It consists in treating the walls PVA sealer.It creates a moisture-proof barrier.But it is also a disadvantage.Since the walls are no longer "breathe", and all the moisture is accumulated inside the structure and may cause the fungus.After processing the protective structure give the surface to dry and then move on to further work.
Important!It so happened that the people balcony and a loggia become identical concepts.Although this is a completely different design.Balcony - a protruding from the plane of the facade of the building with a fence.Loggia - is part of the building and enclosed on three sides by walls.Therefore lining trim loge somewhat simpler unlike balcony.Since the balcony you first need to create a robust wall sheathing.Therefore, balcony cladding lining materials and labor cost can be several times higher.Also finishing balconies lining imposes less stringent requirements for thermal insulation and moisture protection lining.
Just do finishing work on a balcony or loggia lining to be performed in two ways.The first - the creation of sheathing, insulation, vapor barrier.Second - lining slats lining.It should be noted that finishing the loggia wooden paneling and a plastic lining in many respects similar.
Finishing loggias lining video lesson:
Creating a frame and insulation
first, where to start - it markup .Apply it to the frame strips.Depending on how the lining is installed - vertically, horizontally or diagonally, will be placed and batten strips.For the diagonal and horizontal slats lining installed vertically.For planks lining, fixed vertically, batten bars are installed horizontally.Step strips for the frame in both embodiments 50 - 70 cm. When the first and last strips are always set at a distance from the edge is 5 - 10 cm., And is also worth to remember that the width of the batten bar is 60 mm, and the line forwhich will equal the bars is their upper limit.Performing the markup follows the lines have been strictly horizontal or vertical.
completed with markings, cut into bars of the desired length .Then, attach the bar under the line and press tightly against him zasverlivaem in the bar and the wall mounting holes.This can be done with a drill and hammer.Step openings 40 - 50 cm. When the first and the last hole located 5 cm from the edges.Make a hole, insert the dowel back.Next, you need to deploy and secure to the wall superdiffuzionnaya membrane. It just required and liquid nails.After securing a few points with them membrane can be installed in place and secured batten bars with screws.
next step is blow insulation into crates .It's all pretty simple.Sam heater when necessary to cut the size of the opening between the bars and tightly laid it inside.Working with mineral wool, should follow safety precautions and perform all work gloves, respirators and goggles.On top of the laid plank single layer of insulation vapor-permeable membrane, first securing it to the liquid nails and then permanently fix the size of the bars 60h15.
creating a framework to start its hull.In total there are several options for fixing straps - vertically, horizontal , diagonally .Which one to choose, to decide personally to you.In demonstrating trim clapboard lodge photo, you can see how to use two ways of fixing brackets.
installation works begin with cutting slats desired length for the site under the windows of the balcony or loggia. Next take the first bar, cut off her tongue and a putting a slice to the wall.Now fix the bar itself.There are several options - using capping, nails driven diagonally or straight, as well as through securing a stub.The most simple and at the same time a neat way of fastening - with the help of capping.His advantage is that he will be hidden fasteners and strap lining remains intact.In demonstrating the balcony clapboard cladding photo shows the mounting options lining.
Running mounting clamps lining follows.Firmly hold the first bar, trying to drive a couple of nails, one in the upper batten bar and the second at the bottom.We are trying to drive nails themselves do not end up, but so that they hold the straps in place.Then take the clamps and the plant them so that they are tightly seated, the bar tucked lining.Then we take the nails and fasten completely self-clamp.Initially, we take out the nails fixing the bar.That, How is fastened by capping at the balcony clapboard cladding video lesson :
Further action on the balcony clapboard cladding will be as follows.Take the following panel and plants her tongue in groove and pressed tightly against the previous .To strap in place of the village, it is necessary to finish.To do this, we use the mallet.Then simply clips clamps on the above algorithm.Hats of nails recessed dobojnika.The whole procedure is repeated for all the planks.Closes the bar must be trimmed along the lining so that it is freely entered the remaining space.Samu bar is achieved by means of a special clamp and fix the nails driven directly.
finished with the wall under the window, go to the higher walls.In fact, all work similar to the above described.But there is one important point.If the strap lining will be short and not completely block the distance from the floor to the ceiling, then they will have to arrange with transoms.This is done as follows.First, we set the length of the bar and fasten it.Thus it is necessary to lay down on the edge of the half batten bar.Then, take another bar, but short, and we fix it as a continuation of the long.Next, we start with a short, and add to it long.The result will be placing strips staggered.
When will be completed all installation brackets lining, go to sills .Special difficulties in this.Under the windows of a special clearance for the sill.
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