After the installation of windows in the wooden house is always a gap between the wall and the window frame.The easiest way to eliminate it is to install the casings.In addition to functionality, they play the role of decorative elements that adorn the facade of the house and make it look unique and complete.One of the most beautiful frames are carved from wood.
- Types of casings of wood
- wood for the manufacture of casings
- tools required for the manufacture of carved casings
- basic rules for the manufacture of casing
- Getting Started
- Installation casings on the windows
Types of wood casings
Today casings are not just wood, but wood fiber, plastic, and even ceramic.But the most popular material for their production is still wood.This is due to its environmental performance, affordable price and high aesthetic qualities.In addition, the timber can be restored, thereby prolonging the service life.
smooth or profiled from solid bars . If further trim will be painted, then used conifers, mostly pine.In the manufacture of fine wood, they are varnished.As fasteners protruding nails, screws or liquid nails.
with figure carved from solid bars. mainly made of fine wood and varnished.May be fastened on the screws, and the liquid ethers and nails.
smooth or profiled from glued bars. They can be made already decorated with a laminating film or fine wood veneer, which eliminates the need for additional finishing.But there are also the building is intended for painting.
stylized certain style. most expensive form of trims, which are made to order only.
In addition, they are divided by their appearance on the flat, shaped and curly frames.
flat. The cheapest and easiest form of casings.But it has low aesthetic value.
Shaped .Most often, they have a convex surface which has cuts, ridges or grooves.They cost more than ordinary flat.This is due to the production technology, for which you must use special equipment.
Wooden plat curly .They are decorative elements and give the house a personality.They are produced on special machines equipped with vertical mills.In this case, the desired pattern is programmed, and the machine automatically produces milling surface.But despite the latest technology, the possibility of such equipment is limited.
Only a master can make delicate terrain.Price wooden casing handmade will depend on the complexity of the ornament and wood.
But the main difference from manual milling machine is that the machine does not do a through thread, but only applied in a pattern to a predetermined depth of the wood.
wood for the manufacture of casings
If you want to make a flat or shaped casing, then use a simple pine.For the manufacture of carved need softwood, such as lime.It is easy to process even hand tools and is easy to sand.But because of its high water absorption, it needs quality finish.This involves applying several layers of paint composition.
In areas where there may be significant changes in temperature and high humidity and dry climate on the contrary, is made of dense wood trim and hardwood.These include birch and oak, which are extremely difficult to handle, but they will last for decades.Therefore, the data frames of wood, most often made on milling machines.
only drawback of all types of wooden casings is the high hygroscopicity, which eventually leads to cracking and shrinkage.Avoid this by periodically renewing the protective coating layer.
tools required for the manufacture of carved casings
Through carving the most affordable way to decorate trims for non-professionals.It does not require special skills, it is necessary to have a patience, diligence and a sense of beauty.
large number of companies offer various trims, manufactured industrially.But it's much nicer to make of him.As a tool can be used manual milling machines, conventional or electric jigsaws, various drills, chisels and hacksaws.
basic rules for the manufacture of casing
Producing wooden frames with their hands is important to note that after installation they should not interfere with the normal opening windows.Therefore, the internal dimensions of casing being made larger than the window frame of 2-3 cm.
upper part of the casing is called "kokoshnik" if necessary it can be extended, cementing parts spikes.The lower part is called "Towelie" and mounted at an angle from the wall to drain the water.It also has a threaded style coincides with the thread "kokoshnik" but bar for her to be in the top 1 cm thick strips.
before installing the casing, it is necessary to nail the rack around the perimeter of the window - it will completely cover all the irregularities of the wall.Joints, thus, must be carefully tailored.
All trims are performed in the same style.
to manufacture carved wood casing should opt for a board of 3-4 cm thick.It is perfect for the free opening casements.The width should be sufficient to cover the edges of walls and protect them from moisture.As the timber can be used alder, linden, aspen, or conifers.
Choosing small ornament is not the best solution.It will be difficult to see from a distance, and for manufacturing would require more time and a special thin instrument.Therefore ornament must have large items that can be clearly seen from afar.
Location carved elements along the grain of wood, protect the casing from cracking.This particularly applies to softwood.
First, use simple patterns.The easiest for newcomers to the thread elements are circular pattern that just drilled with a drill.Here are sketches of models of wooden casings.
more on their manufacture can posomtret video.
Installation casings on the windows
Stencils can be made independently or move drawing with ready-made sketches.Initially, the pattern is applied to the workpiece, and then drilled a hole using a drill and a jigsaw have him cut out the desired pattern.Next, you need a well-carved trim sanded.
Once carved billet made, they should be properly connected.In total there are two ways to connect: Connect to the studs or vpoldereva.The first method is much simpler and more popular, the second - is rarely used.
casing is used for fixing a special adhesive.It is important that it be synthetic, as in an organic compound can appear fungus and collect moisture.All this is very harmful to wooden frames.
If the elements are mounted on the nails, it is desirable to pre-lubricate all joints with glue, and then fix the nails.We should not forget about the treatment of adhesive joints and especially the studs.
on window frames easiest to install with screws for wood.You can decorate their hats with the help of sawdust mixed with glue that later painted over.But even without this work, screws are practically invisible from the crowd.
Finished trim must be covered with a protective composition, which will extend their life for years to come.It is better to use special impregnation are sufficiently updated periodically.Paint same, no matter what quality it is, over time, begin to crack and peel, and fix it will be much harder.
When selecting the future pattern casing, it is important to consider the style of the entire house, because they have to harmoniously complement it.Here are a few examples of carved wooden picture frames.