Each of us sooner or later faced with the installation of new windows beautiful.As a rule, old windows cracked wood changing modern plastic construction.At the same time on the perimeter of the window from the inside after the dismantling of dilapidated wooden frames and installation of new eurowindows remains untreated strip that has a width of 5-15 cm, depending on the design of the building.This band is called the slope, it is required to cover.Today we'll talk about what does it do, and how to spend the finish slopes of plastic windows with their hands.
- necessity of finishing window slopes
- Plastering and painting slopes
- finishing window slopes plasterboard
- installation of plastic slopes
- Sandwich panels Wall panels
- Finishing slopes decorative stone
- Finishouter slope metal
Necessity finishing window slopes
Facing slopes (the inside of the window or door opening) is the final stage in the installation of new d
qualitatively finished slopes are not afraid of changes in temperature, they do not arise condensation and sound and thermal insulation properties of the opening only increase.But often, the window owner refuses finishing slopes or the job lay in the "back burner."Many visit the following thoughts: because the window zapeneno reliable, then it does not happen anything if it is a little pobudet without slopes.Only, as a rule, it is delayed for a long time, and windows for years are in this form.
However, experts assert in one voice, that this should absolutely not!Arguments following:
- sealed gaps between the glazing often with foam, which is an excellent sound-insulating material.On the foam destructive action of solar rays and is deteriorating rapidly.
- Pena in the hardened state and increases the volume itself "crushes", so between the frame and the layer of foam over time may be a gap, which is best to install windows or doors will bring to "no."
- open foam is not a waterproofing material, and has the ability to dial in the moisture, which destroys the material at freezing.
- foam, which for a long time, is in the clear, very quickly loses its insulating properties: increasing humidity of only 5% reduces the thermal insulation foam by 50%.
you can wait to finish slopes with their own hands, if your home or apartment is supposed to repair and redevelopment.Starting in any case have to mount new windows.Set windows - Cover them with a plastic film and keep repair.And openings can be finished at the final stage of renovations.
Plastering and painting slopes
definite advantage finishing slopes using plaster is its low cost.Before working on the basis of dry mixture of plaster or cement simply diluted with water.The surface around the glass thoroughly clean, removing all the dirt, dust and bitumen spots, and cut down on the corners sagging concrete.For good adhesion of the walls (masonry) and the plaster is recommended to embroider seams slopes and angles by 10 millimeters.
Once you have plastered walls that are adjacent to the window, you can carry out plastering slopes.Cover the walls with plaster, then align the angles of repose.Remember that a new layer can be laid only after drying the previous, so this method can be called very long, because the whole procedure takes 2-3 days plastering.Often a layer of plaster is too thick, which is caused by the peculiarities and irregularities of the walls.
slope into a groove, apply a small amount of the solution, leveling it.Give it a fragment bit dry.Apply a bit of plaster, level, continue so long as the sinuses are not fully filled slope.At a time is allowed to bring a layer thickness of 5-7 mm close.Screed layer from the bottom up, moving to the side.To align the docking lines poluterok use.
When finishing window slopes plaster save a small angle between the frame and the wall.Carefully make sure that the corners were the same.Before plastering on top of the slope you can fix a wooden rail with a perfectly horizontal flat face.You can fix it with gypsum plaster or nails.On the sides of the slope you can also install rails.
recommended leveling plaster with a wooden handle with a rounded Malki.The width of the slope tells how long to take Malki said.One end of Malki set on the box, the second - on a wooden rail.Start the alignment angle between the slope edges and the wall can be only after the solution has started to set.Then, apply skim coat of plaster and overwritten.
To keep up to the level of integrity usenok use Fisk flat or rounded.After drying, layers of plaster slats removed.The remaining parties are handled similarly.Plastered angle should ideally be no prayer lapped surface walls and skim coat should have a thickness equal to 22 millimeters in all slopes.
Remember that when working with plaster is strictly forbidden to open the window.If the mixture gets into the hardware, it can damage it, causing the window to be bad to perform its functions.A smooth layer of plaster allows the window to break away and close properly during the entire operation.
However, finishing slopes in the old plaster inherent long list of serious shortcomings.Mortar not reliably connected to the frame of PVC, which ultimately leads to the appearance of the surfaces between the frame and the slope of the slots.Due to seasonal temperature changes and lack of elasticity of the plaster on the surface of the slopes formed cracks.Moreover, the insulating properties of the plaster weak, which leads to the formation of mold and condensation.
finishing window slopes plasterboard
Slopes of plasterboard are already considered traditional.Preference is given, as a rule, moisture-resistant drywall that is resistant to condensation arising on the window.Or ordinary plasterboard treated with primer in several layers or moisture barrier composition.Moisture resistant gypsum board has a high rigidity, good thermal insulation and increased thermal stability.
Benefits openings that are decorated with gypsum board before plastic counterparts are as low cost material and the ability to quickly repair the damage: damaged area must be easy proshpaklevat and paint again.Besides drywall able to maintain optimum humidity in the room by absorbing the excess moisture and releasing it back when the humidity level in the environment is insufficient.
However, if the humidity in the room exceeds 75%, the drywall can swell, losing their original characteristics.In addition, the choice for drywall finishing slopes on the windows and get ready to such negative moments.This material has a comparatively low strength, and the created slope can be damaged by mechanical action.Created slopes require extra time to repair - or rather, color, since plasterboard spots appear.
Fixation sheets of material to produce a wood or metal lath (if the wall on which the window will be sewed up sheetrock) for assembly foam (if poorly grasped putty) on the appropriate glue or putty.The latter method is the most common.
After installing windows need to cut excess foam and remove the old finish.Do not forget to treat the surface of the primer.If there are large potholes and cracks, they should be leveled plaster solution.To avoid penetration of moisture into the plasterboard and prevent the occurrence of mold, it is recommended before assembly slope soak it moisture-resistant compound.After
cut drywall.Sheets are marked by a clear shot to the size of the window or door opening to the width of the removed portion that will sheathe, and height of the opening.Properly labeled sheet of drywall is cut with a special knife, then finished panels are tried in size, the entrance to the starting strip and the slope of the frame to the wall.
Slope going from the top panel.The first glue is applied to the edge of the panel.Glue is applied to whole band width of a few centimeters.Next, the panel is set to start a band, pushes more tightly, and the second edge of the sheet is pressed against the plasterboard wall.Also comes with side panels, which led into the grooves on the adhesive and pressed to the wall.All joints necessarily processed neutral sealant.
To prevent premature wear of the corner for finishing slopes door you can use paint the corners of galvanized steel or aluminum.In places where the drywall is included in the profiles of the window, it is recommended to stick the tape-net, that there are not cracks.The surface ready to paint: 2-3 applied layer of putty, and the last layer will be overwritten.Paint the drywall can be oil or acrylic paint in any color.
installation of plastic slopes
most universal kind of slopes are plastic, which is used in the construction of mineral wool, which gives the slope of hydro and thermal insulation.Plastic - a very durable material, which is able to last for about 15-20 years.And now it is worth considering the reasons why rationally put plastic slopes:
- Slopes of plastic can be put on the same day, when you have installed new doors and windows, cladding and openings using plaster, its drying and coloring take several days.
- PVC soffits are further insulating barrier between the outdoor and indoor.
- Plastic openings have high moisture resistance, high strength and stiffness, they do not fade, do not fog up, and easy to clean.
- material such panels corresponds to the material from which made the glazing, so they are at the same temperature drops dilate and undue stress on the slopes does not arise.
- Plastic slopes do not require additional work in color.
- door and window openings get an attractive finished look, because it is well combined with modern doors and windows.
Currently, for finishing plastic slopes with their own hands have spread two products: plastic wall panels and sandwich panels.Sandwich panels are of plastic sheet 2 itself, is located between the layer of foamed or extruded polystyrene.Available in a thickness of about 8 - 36 mm.When facing window slopes best use panels that have a thickness of 1 cm.
sandwich panels, you can coat the slopes of wooden or plastic doors and windows, the width of which is 5 - 150 centimeters.The advantage of these panels is obvious: the slopes, in principle, can not insulate as insulation material incorporated in the design panel.The drawback is that the sandwich panel under the influence of moisture can exfoliate.
Installation of slopes recommend that you wait for the next day to foam had time to dry completely.To ensure the best insulation characteristics, slopes must be installed simultaneously with the sills.There are several methods of fixing sandwich panels to the wall, but it is recommended to use the most common and practical ones.
ends of the panels are fixed with dowels to the base of the slope, and then install fasteners and plastic decorative corners.All joints of contiguity of sandwich panels to the window sill, windows and door frames should be treated with an adhesive based on PVC, or a neutral sealant.Unlike silicone sealants it is not inherent in a sticky consistency, as a result, they do not pollute and do not turn yellow.
Wall panels Wall
plastic panels are less costly facing material than the sandwich counterparts.Plastic panels represent a white color or a hollow panel in which the ribs are disposed transversely to the sheet.The thickness of the wall panels is close to 1 cm, width - 25, 39 and 37.5 centimeters, length - 3 or 2.7 meters.
These wall panels are recommended for use at a depth of slopes in the homes of up to 25 centimeters, because with larger openings will be difficult to achieve sufficient rigidity and strength of the coating.When facing slopes so be sure to create panels of foam insulation or basalt wool.Do not forget to close the joints decorative area.
plastic wall panels are glossy and matte.Most used mat products, as they are not in the sun glare and look less pompous.It is also possible to find the plate in the form "under the tree" of different shades, which allows for finishing slopes in a wooden house in full accordance with the interior design.
Finishing slopes decorative stone
The interior natural stone, whether granite, marble and onyx, are rarely used because it is expensive and a lot of weight, which causes problems with the transportation and installation, as not every wall can support the weight of such acladding.Therefore, it is gradually replacing the place easy and inexpensive decoration (artificial) stone.This material is combined with wood, so it is often used for decoration of window and door slopes.
The composition of the decorative stone cladding includes cement or gypsum, various dyes and fillers.As fillers used perlite, expanded clay and pumice, so the weight of the decorative stone is approximately 2 times less than that of the natural.And if you compare with granite, the difference is even more significant: Artificial stone lighter natural 3-4 times easier.
But at the same decorative stone looks virtually indistinguishable from natural stone, successfully imitating him.He is like a brick, is "crushed" - one that is hit by the texture and rough edges, though trimmed using a jackhammer.The sale is presented and chipped decorative stone with smooth straight edges.Rubble resemble natural boulders of various shapes and sizes.
Furnish door slopes stone can do yourself, as there is no need for wall surface perfectly aligned, and therefore there will be no time-consuming work.For interior trim recommended to choose ornamental tiles which have a thickness of 1.5 - 2 centimeters, and are dyed throughout the thickness as in the case of the cleavage will not be noticeable defects.
Availability textured side of the tile allows you to attach it to any surface, and the special rounded and angular elements - to create complex structures on slopes and openings.Therefore, surface preparation for installation of decorative stone will not take much of your time.Make incisions on a smooth surface to ensure good adhesion of stone plates with glue and then prime with the surface of the slope.Thereafter, the surface of the wall or sole adhesive glue is applied using a spatula, brush.
Decorative stone laid in neat horizontal rows and perfectly glued to the surface of liquid nails.Line a plate with the level.