Polyvinyl knowingly acquired a wide popularity in the construction industry.Because he made a variety of materials that are used in construction and decoration.Installation of PVC panels on the walls and especially the ceiling - a fairly common phenomenon, and today each team of builders offering similar services.However, due to the simplicity of the device and installation, fully able to perform independent installation of PVC plates.
- Where to start?
- Pretreatment and measurement
- Installation requirements
- Mounting panels for ceiling installation
- PVC plates on the wall
Where to start?
first thing, which sometimes do not pay enough attention - is the measurement and planning.It is not enough to measure the length and width of the ceiling and just buy the required number of panels, it is necessary to consider all aspects of the preparation.If the surface is perfectly smooth, then the simplest taste is fairly simpl
Of course, it is difficult to imagine a job where there is no need to use the tool.In this case, you need the following:
- hammer or a drill with the function of shock to the delight of all the neighbors during the installation work,
- ladder (for use in homes with a standard ceiling height of 2.5 meters will be the best choice inexpensive aluminum ladder height1.8 meters),
- handsaw for wood and metal (hacksaw best suited for cutting PVC panels, allowing the edges to make the cut as straight as possible),
- roulette and building level,
- paint, or shoemaker's knife (in hisas a suitable and well-sharpened steel scrap, the slope of the blade should be made of 60 degrees, the optimum blade width - 10 cm),
- screws or tacks by which to mount PVC panels to the frame.
Dashboard PVC provides for mandatory use of these tools to work, because without them it is impossible to accurately complete the installation (the exception is only the punch that is needed for quick alignment problem of the surface).After selecting the tool should begin the first phase of the work, to the markup.
Pretreatment and measurement
First markings applied to the entire work surface.Since PVC ceiling boards have standard sizes slats, it all depends on the preferences.The most popular solution is to "siding" - long strips that have a width of 10 cm. Draw the line to set the profile, you must every 400 millimeters.The first mark is made on the width of the PVC plates, starting from the lowest point on the ceiling.Then, using a spirit level on the perimeter of the surface of drawn mark for attaching anchors or plugs, depending on the preferences, whereby the frame assembly will be conducted to the surface of a wall or ceiling.
It should be noted that the profiles of the main load-bearing frame is always mounted perpendicular to the location of PVC plates.Experts recommend using marking system not only marks the level, but also ordinary rope small thickness for quick layout.How can it be done?Simple enough.It is just "paint" the rope with crayons and press the ends to the surface - in this case the labels put chalk - remain on the wall.Such a method will significantly accelerate the process of marking, saving time spent on preliminary work.Dashboard PVC any surface, whether a wall or ceiling, begins with the carcass.
Initially frame profiles are compounds which are produced from different materials.There are the following kinds of skeletons:
- wooden frame,
- plastic obreshechivanie,
- metal profile,
Each species has its pros and used depending on the preferences.
wooden frame constructing infrequently because this design has more disadvantages than advantages practical.Wood afraid of moisture and frost, as well as the drying up because of the heat, for this reason, the question of necessity of installation of wood frame, especially in those areas where there is a noticeable impact of climate change (either a balcony or loggia, for example) rather controversial.
If no contraindications, wooden beams are attached to the cover every 60 cm with dowels or screws shock, to equalize the level of accommodation necessary to use lining boards.In general, this kind of carcass yield with properties similar structures made of plastic and metal.
Plastic U-shaped profile has many advantages, among which are:
- low cost,
- light weight (which is especially important during the installation work on the ceiling),
- ease of mounting,
- insensitivity to moisture and the effects of heat.
Mounted such profile is easy enough.As previously inscribed lines every 30 centimeters happens installation, dowels or screws, which are screwed through each meter.It is important to note that when joining profiles, especially at an angle, it is necessary to use a hacksaw and miter box (which is a tray for cutting boards at 45, 30 and 90 degrees).In this case, the cut will be barely noticeable, and the joints are obtained straight and tight to each other.Another advantage of the plastic crates release that inner grooves to form a cable-channels for the construction of communications (wiring for lighting, for example).
frame of metal profiles is best suited for the construction of vertical space and most often it is used for the walls drywall (as sheets of this material have a significant weight).Wall panels PVC because of its light weight do not require a powerful and strong frame, for this reason, preference is given to the design when choosing the side plastic.When using metal cabling for lighting must be done in corrugated PVC pipe (PVC) to provide fire protection and avoid damage braid power cables on the sharp edge of the metal frame.
Despite the simplicity of working with products from PVC panels also require compliance with certain requirements.Among them are the following:
- before mounting material necessary to give a period of rest in bed, especially true for those conditions where it was stored at a temperature below 10 degrees Celsius,
- PVC slats are arranged perpendicular to the frame rails,
- at high humidity areas must bemaking ventilation cuts in the frame,
- be taken into account when installing the clearances of 5 mm to account for temperature changes of PVC coatings,
- when installing the covers with a picture of the work is always carried out from the left corner to the right (this is not a monotonouscoatings),
- can not make the mounting of work in those areas, the internal temperature exceeds 40 degrees Celsius (ie, these PVC panels is strictly not suitable for interior furnishing in the steam room and saunas),
Mounting panels for the ceiling
AfterFurthermore, when the frame was mounted, it is ready to install PVC panels.Strips are cut along the length of the ceiling and mounted on sequence, starting with the extreme.The first band is attached to the corner, using screws to transverse profile forming additional rigidity to the frame.The following panel is already inserted into the slots of previous so installation is carried to the end.
There likelihood of difficulty during the installation of the last panel, as required by trimming the width of the material.There is another option to mount the final panel, when it turned over the mounting lock to the other side and make trimming groove side to the desired length.
After the installation of all panels was completed, comes the turn of the final work, namely the installation of ceiling moldings.He put simply: the inner part of a layer of liquid nails, and then pressed against the plinth finished ceiling and hold for 10 seconds for drying glue.Then it remains only to remove excess adhesive from the surface and ceiling mounted.
worth noting that the liquid nails on the moldings dry up almost instantly, so removing sag should be executed as quickly as possible.
PVC panels fit the design of any room, because there are a myriad variety of external style models, but the biggest advantage is their use for interior decoration bathroom and toilet thanks to the distinctive ability of PVC to resist moisture.This is a significant advantage in the case of flooding the bathroom upstairs neighbor.The panels withstand the load and not have to make a thorough repair.In addition, PVC plates are easy to clean and unaffected education they mold and bacteria, they can be used for finishing dishes.Soot and grease resulting from cooking will be washed off easily with simple means of household appliances, so the choice of such material is correct.
Installing PVC plates on the wall
PVC wall panels allows you to quickly and inexpensively make a comfortable interior space.The installation process is not too different from similar works on the installation of the ceiling, and painted literally steps:
- wall beforehand treated with a mixture of anti-fungal, establish a frame made of metal profiles (this is due to the fact that PVC plates for the walls are thick and weightand to retain them requires more powerful frame than plastic),
- further first panel area is inserted into the profile and is mounted to the wall.The second and third panels are inserted into the groove at an angle and attached to the first via kleymerov (the name Plastic staples are serrated latches that allow secure the panel on metal frame rails),
- thereafter all subsequent panels are mounted on the rails in the same manner,
- last panel inserted into the U-shaped area and a set with him on the frame.
Then conducted finishing works related to mounting corners and eaves.Often it is possible that the wall should have access to electrical outlets and light switches that will give some complication during installation.In this case, installation of ducts and laying of power cables must be made before the installation begins PVC plates.Then when paneling simply cut the required size hole for the outlet.
is important to remember the following at any stage of the panels:
- PVC material rather fragile, so do not make a significant external influence on him when installing the panels.Strong enough hand pressing on the panel, on its surface to a crack that can not be corrected.
- panels must be carefully put to one another, effortlessly.If necessary, allowed to use the tools at hand, for instance, stationery knife, narrow blade that will direct the edge of the plastic PVC panels.
At the present moment PVC plate, buy that does not cause difficulties in almost any variations and colors - is one of the most popular materials for finishing the room, both internal and external.Before buying only quality products worth checking out, looking at the lack of cross uneven bars and the number of ribs - to make sure that the product meets the stated expectations, and then the installation of such coatings do not cause trouble, and the panels of PVC will last long enough.