installation of aluminum windows is not much different from the installation of windows of other materials.However, there are some features in the assembly of the frame and adjust the finished structure, which must be considered when working with aluminum profiles.
Compliance mounting technology provide reliable, durable and smooth operation aluminum windows.Consider how competently install the main types of aluminum constructions: swing-out and sliding windows.
- design aluminum windows
- Technology installation of aluminum windows with their hands
- preparatory stage
- install aluminum frame
- mounting tide and sill
- glass installation and adjustment of hardware
- Features assembly and installation of sliding aluminum structures
- Practical advice on installation and operation of aluminum windows
design aluminum windows
Recently, demand for aluminum windows has increased substantially.This is due to the significant expansion of
Aluminum construction - durable (lifetime - more than 50 years), easy, reliable, and have unlimited scope.These high performance figures are largely due to the design of the windows.
the production of aluminum window frames used complex window profile, which includes:
- frame profile;
- profile for wings;
- leaved profile;
- impostny profile.
This set allows you to make windows of various configurations and any method of opening.
- Hinged windows - casement window swings, opening the top of the window.Suitable for creating a window opening on the landing, in the storerooms and areas that do not require full disclosure of the window.
- hinged window - casement windows are opened in a single plane, often inside the room.
- Tilt & Turn windows - the most common and convenient option.Most often used in the glazing of residential houses and apartments.
- Deaf windows - without the possibility of opening the window.Serves only to highlight the room.Popular in the regeneration of the facades of commercial and office space, as well as the glazing of windows.
- Mnogostvorchatye window - suitable for the glazing of loggias.It is possible a combination of different types of opening the valves.
- Sliding systems - useful when space is limited, such as for glazing balconies.Casements move on profiles.
All window profiles made of aluminum are available in two types.
- «Warm profile" with thermally insulating insert.Used in the manufacture of doors and windows for heated and non-residential premises.
- «Cold profile" without a warming inserts.Windows and doors of the profile can be installed in unheated buildings, or for arranging partitions inside heated rooms.
Technology installation of aluminum windows with their hands
Before you proceed directly to the installation of new aluminum windows, it is necessary to produce a neat dismantling of the old structures and to prepare the window opening.For
need such tools and materials:
- When removing old frames can be used:
- meter crowbar.
- When installing aluminum windows need:
- saw or jigsaw;
- crowbar with nails;
- construction foam;
- drill for metal;
- building level;
- building knife;
- wooden swords.
Remove the old wooden frame as follows:
- Piloyu or jigsaw to saw an old frame in a few places - so it will be easier to remove the box design of the window opening.
- in place of cut (better to start from the bottom of the window) to pry the frame crowbar and carefully remove it.
- After removing the old windows need to "remove" the windowsill.For this to work better to use a chisel and hammer.
After complete dismantling of the old structure is necessary to prepare the window opening:
- Remove the pieces of concrete and fasteners left after the old frame.
- If the window opening is significantly damaged or distortions, it is necessary to align the cement-concrete solution.In this case, setting the aluminum window must be transferred for 1-2 days - up to a complete solidification of the solution.
- Before installing new windows, opening it is desirable to spray water and primed.
To ensure that during the dismantling of the window aperture not damaged, it is necessary to exert force in the plane of the window, rather than in the perpendicular direction.With this exposure, the fasteners (nails) can easily be removed from the concrete
aluminum frame window construction of aluminum comes in a partially disassembled state - frame with fittings and glazing - separately.
Consider how to install aluminum windows.Let's start with the installation of the window frame:
- If the window is received assembled, it is necessary to release the glass from the frame and sash.
- Joinery exhibited in the doorway and leveled using wedges.
- Check the level of horizontal and vertical position of the window frame.
- Along the perimeter of the entire frame and the wall, drill holes for fasteners.
- anchor plates will be fixed by a dowel-nails.A self-tapping through the hole in the plate comes mounted to a wall, a second screws, through the second hole - to the frame.
- assembly seam is formed in two stages:
- frame around the perimeter of "zapenivaetsya";
- time span of two hours;
- wooden or plastic wedges, which are used in the ejection of the frame, it is necessary to carefully remove;
- handle with foam formed hole;
- after seam froze the excess foam should be cut.
optimal distance from the side walls of the opening up of the window frame - 5 mm.By increasing this distance, it is necessary to align the frame to use additional plates
mounting tide and sill
sequence the installation of low tide and the windowsill:
- on the outer perimeter of the frame (for mounting suture) attached vapor-permeable tape - it is breathable,but it retains moisture.
- to the bottom of the aluminum frame (outside), using screws, attach the tide.
- gaps between the frame and the tide with foam handle.
- cut excess foam and place seam covered with a layer of sealant.
- sill need to have a frame, pasting it into a groove.
- Align the level of the window sill.
- «Planting» the windowsill on the mounting foam.
- The joint frame and sill covered with a band of sealant.
sill can be set with a small slope - it will save an additional window unit from moisture
glass installation and adjustment of hardware
final phase of installation of aluminum windows - installation of glass, hanging flaps and adjustment of window fittings.
When installing the glass is better to enlist the support has at least one person.Depending on the producer firms window structure may use different inserts.Their form and quantity depend on the type of window profile ("warm" or "cold"), and the type of opening the valves.
algorithm glass installation:
- According to the instructions to place pads on the perimeter of the window frame.
- Set glazed.
- Secure glazed shtapikami.They need to "score" with a rubber mallet.
technology glass installation - time-consuming and "thin" process that is best left to professionals
Before hanging the shutters on the window frame it is necessary to check all fittings and put the handle on the horizontal flap (open position of the window).
- sash worn on the lower loop.
- in the upper loop of the frame to start the loop corner flaps.
- Secure pin and push them up to the operation of the latch.
In order to pin easily entered the loop and not jammed, sash should be pressed against the frame
After hanging flaps have to finally adjust the fittings - tighten mounting screws or weaker.
Features assembly and installation of sliding aluminum structures
design sliding aluminum window includes: guide rails, rollers and glazing.
consider gradually how to install aluminum sliding window:
- Set frame (mount technology is similar to installing a conventional profile of the frame).
- Installation guide:
- a tape measure to measure the length of the horizontal sides of the window frame;
- guide to cause marking and cut into pieces of desired length;
- sides saw cut smooth with a file;
- on the bottom and top of the frame drill holes every 30 cm;
- guide screws to attach to the frame.
- IGU inserted into the fold.By
- bottom flaps on both sides to attach a pair of rollers.The distance from the roller to the edge of the sash - about 5 cm.
- horizontal and vertical sides of the leaf to fix the brush seal - Schlegel.
- Leaf adjusted first to the top rail, and then - to the bottom.
- Moving sashes should be adjusted with the adjusting screw (usually located in the lower part of the leaf).
How to install aluminum windows: video
distance from the guide to the outer edge of the window frame should be not more than 5 cm, otherwise the winter freeze wall will
Practical advice on installation and operation of aluminum windows
In order to last a long time window, it remained robust and reliable, during installation it is necessary to follow some basic rules of technology:
- Before installing the window must always be checked for defects (bends, cracks, scratches).
- to adjust aluminum windows can not be used metal plates.Align position of the window can be plastic or wooden wedges.
- conduct seal the window opening with foam must be strictly from the top down.
- flex aluminum profile is strictly prohibited.
- slopes on aluminum windows better handle plaster or plasterboard.
Care aluminum windows is quite simple and is to periodically wiping the dirt and dust.Furthermore, to maintain the aesthetic appeal of windows in appearance can be used silicone-based correctors and "aluminum resin."These tools effectively "mask" appeared scratches and other defects that have appeared on the aluminum profile.
Grease window hardware is desirable to conduct once a year.For this it is necessary to use oil containing no resin and acid.
Technology installation of aluminum windows is not difficult, and is not much different from the installation of wooden and plastic windows.However, some aspects, such as the installation of glass into the fold, and the final adjustment of fittings, are best left to experienced professionals who can ensure the strength of the finished structure.