Among the latest developments of universal decorative coatings for surface finishing became granite.This superior, in every sense, the material combines the main advantages of natural stone and ceramic tiles.Due to its unique properties, it is very durable tiles, in many ways superior to conventional ceramic actively takes the lead of building materials.However, it is the hardness and high strength of the material creates some difficulties during installation - a cutting porcelain, so you have to use a laser, hydroabrasive, plasma and other types of cutting.
- Features porcelain
- main advantages of polished porcelain tiles in front of natural materials
- Methods for cutting and processing of porcelain
- Industrial cutting
- porcelain marking when cutting at home
- Features of different tools for cutting porcelain
- Decorativeproperties of porcelain
porcelain stoneware production process resembles the formation of roug
Although granite is among the fairly new finishing materials, it gradually pushes the natural marble and granite, ceramic tile and natural stone.Today, granite is widely used as a finishing material and high-grade decoration of modern interiors.It is used not only in the traditional laying of conventional washable surfaces and mosaic panels - on the steps and stairs, in bathrooms and bathrooms.Porcelain tiles can be seen in the decoration of the interior receiving state institutions and banks, on the floor in a medical clinic on the stairs and expensive hotel, on the steps at the entrance to the mall or in the kitchen of a house.
railway stations, supermarkets and banks, where the surface of the floor and the bottom of the wall is exposed to intense daily stress and mechanical stress, there is a relatively inexpensive and versatile finishing material than granite.It is perfectly suited for large mosaic panels or artistic compositions, which includes laying out the contrast in color and texture patterns and sockets.However, patterned design is impossible without cutting curly porcelain.
homogeneous granite or stoneware mass - is uniformly colored tiles with natural textures.It is with some abrasion does not change the color and texture, but can be a little fade with time without losing the appeal, but requires polishing.The most demanded grade - invoice "salt and pepper", as well as monochrome or mono-KOLOR tiles.Imitation of natural semi-precious stones and other types of natural stone - the most expensive version of the porcelain, and it is considered to be elite.
today learned how to make a homogeneous tiles under the malachite and jasper, granite and marble, onyx and lapis lazuli, amber and other semi-precious stone.There are also options that mimic the concrete and asphalt, natural stone and brickwork, petrified lava, other solid natural surface.The technology of their production is about the same, but it takes a special pigment and on.The hardest granite to create a play of colors of natural gem and similar structure.For the resemblance with natural fossils in granite is often added the inclusion of anthracite, natural marble, crushed glass or pieces of mollusk shells.
all polished surfaces do not like abrasive detergents and solid particles capable of destroying the top layer of tiles.Water dripping on a regular basis at the same place, is also able to hurt smoothly oshlifovannomu porcelain stoneware.Wet polished surfaces slippery enough, so this is not recommended to lay the tiles on the bathroom floor, it is more suitable for wall cladding.However, the floor in the kitchen and toilet in the hallway and on the stairs, she is irreplaceable, yet floors are better spread unground homogenous tiles.
main advantages of polished porcelain tiles in front of natural materials
Today granite is actively used for self-decoration, and for laying the mosaic, and as an additional lining material.It is harmonious in the interior with an emphasis on eco-friendly materials in the decoration, in the vicinity of the texture of wood, stone wild, natural textiles, plants and aquariums.Elite polished granite proved in practice its superiority over natural stone, and other finishing materials on a number of parameters:
- its amount does not depend on the volume produced in the quarry stone;
- often it is harder and has no internal cracks and chips;
- had excellent consumer characteristics;
- most of the granite is not inferior to the quality of natural materials;
- it more affordable;
- it can be cast tiles of any size, while some types of natural crystals have a limited size;
- granite fairly uniform and devoid of natural defects, which occur in almost all crystalline formations;
- it easy to use for cutting and styling;
- guaranteed uniform repeating pattern, as opposed to the natural diversity of the natural stone;
- a safe and environmentally friendly finishing material and natural stone often has a background radiation;
- very hygienic material virtually does not absorb water, in contrast to a simple ceramic tile;
- granite has a high resistance to wear;
- it visually almost indistinguishable from natural materials.
most advantageous granite "under a rock" looks at public receptions and restaurants, in offices and hallways, on the stairs and in the pool, in the hallway and on the balcony.The only problem - it is cutting, drilling, cutting, or trimming the ends of porcelain under angle 45 °, so getting good docked corners.This work can not be done at home without equipment, since the facing tiles at an angle of 45 ° requires a special machine or a cutting tool can cope with greater firmness.
wet lay stacked porcelain stoneware slabs gives the best quality processing of the angles at the finish.
Methods for cutting and processing
Cutting porcelain stoneware tiles can be learned in the home when there is a special equipment.This can be a universal cutting tool with different nozzles, special machine Tile, router, or other devices kafelerez.However, most of them can do only cut in a straight line, without angles, radii, bends and holes, for example, cutting porcelain tile cutter.In most cases after cutting granite additionally be processed, and sometimes it turns uneven peeling and other defects in the edge.If an uneven cut will go under the plinth, then it does not need further refine and curly for laying a very important facet of each stacked on the floor elements.
1. Drilling porcelain required in places where the pipes and transmission cable for attaching decorative elements and structures, decoration in the interiors.Drill or cut exactly stoneware tiles is relatively simple and independently at home.
2. Usual cutting porcelain required for fitting the tiles under the perimeter of the floor and walls.Selection of tile size and the perimeter, which is exactly lie on the floor without prirezki - is a great success, especially in view of the fact that once a centimeter and a half away from the porcelain is quite difficult.If you have the skill to work with ceramic tiles, the more you can work with granite.High-quality cut possible when processing special diamond-coated disc and coolant (lubricating and cooling emulsion).
3. Figured slicing needed for uploading mosaic features.Circles are cut in passing through the ceramic granite slab communications.Sometimes sophisticated design intricate partitions requires an exact match with the surface of the bends.Sometimes it is necessary to impose an interesting tile surface relief, and without figured cutting is necessary.For complex straight-cut or other "jewelry" edging tiles need waterjet.
Tip: Considering the hardness of the material, it is best to use only solid carbide drill or a disc with diamond-coated, which are able to overpower the granite.Tip shape is selected depending on the method of cutting.Universal tools do not rush to put the maximum turnover that did not sleep, but that's how it turns out the perfect groove.Remember that the cut tiles on a dry surface is undesirable because a lot of dust is formed and fine crumb, it can spoil the tool scoring drive and other operational elements of these suspensions.
Get tiles cut as smooth as her natural edge in the home is not possible, especially in the production lines of complex configuration, so the studio or shop with a special industrial equipment comes to the rescue.For example, laser cutting can be used porcelain and other methods - special machines and drives to work with the very solid materials can easily cope with the task.Masters toolmakers used precision tool attachment with diamond-tipped cutters and solid, not to mention the water-jet cutting.Diamond cutting porcelain tiles available in the home, in the presence of a tool with diamond nozzles, they are convenient to do a round neck.However, any patterns in industrial cutting makes the most accurately.
industrial waterjet cutting porcelain - is the ability to cope with the difficult tasks for any pieces with smooth edges.Waterjet cutting method porcelain water at home is not possible, this is done at the facility for mixing the smallest abrasive particles and water under pressure through a tube to a diameter of 0.2 mm.This does not violate the structure cutting tiles will cut without defects.Himself granite with such cutting does not overheat, preserved and polished or matte surface structure.
Cutting stoneware video gives only a general idea about all varieties of cutting, drilling and other processing porcelain.Today, no problem create an unusual pattern or mosaic pattern, contrasting frame around the perimeter or another pattern, it is important to develop a competent sketch and make necessary cuts tile shapes and sizes.This is best done by a specialist or builder with skills and cutting tiles having the necessary tools.
porcelain marking when cutting at home
Make the desired shape stoneware tiles in the home is difficult, but to cut the extra inches in a straight line best roller Tile or glass cutter.Before cutting tile necessarily good record, as shown in the video.To mark need a marker and a ruler, a line marking on the front side makes the tiles.
It is important not to err in the measurements because the perimeter of the floor is not always strictly rectangular shape and a small deviation in a couple of meters on the tile can be a significant error.That is why you can not just cut all the tiles on the same layout.If the parallel sides of the perimeter of exactly the same length, all the angles of 90 °, then you can easily mark all the tiles along the wall the same way.The line terminator of the machine for cutting saves time and effort, since it can be done by a series of multiple raspilovok equal size without a marker.When installing, if the edge has to go under the plinth and frieze, it does not need to process.
Ideally Tile installed on a flat surface, stoneware tiles placed face up and secured, holding the line-fence, which is provided at the Tile.Tile cut myself on the side line, pushing the half trimmed tiles, and then break off the unnecessary portion.If formed corner or uneven peeling, the excess can be removed with pliers.
Tip: tile cutting errors are eliminated because allowed only one incision, and the tools to work with a uniform load.On the front surface of the porcelain tiles should get a noticeable groove on which is split tiles.The line itself should be cut more 1cm on edge.Sometimes it is advisable to make the round hole of the two halves of the cut tile.This operation is performed using the brackets on the top of the tooth forceps and metal on the bottom.
Features of different tools for cutting porcelain
If no suitable for porcelain tiles Tile cutting grinder, the tiles are cut away.Suitable and kafelerez - this similarity roller glass cutter and tile fixed on the frame, it simultaneously cuts and chips unnecessary part.High-quality cutting porcelain accessible and if the router with drills on stone at high speeds, but gives low-quality milling cut.
also for cutting of granite tiles use an electric tool or mokrorez tile cutter and a circular saw with a diamond cutter.There are other types of similar equipment, but the principle is the same - it is important to make perfectly flat groove on the tile and split it without defects.
Decorative properties of porcelain
White polished granite stone is sometimes called porcelain and treated surfaces look more luxurious than ceramic tile.No less interesting is the surface under natural onyx or malachite, which are used for particularly luxurious interiors.It is able to simulate and other natural materials, when combined laying granite looks even smarter.Finish floor terrace or porch steps tiles natural stone is particularly great, but do not forget that on the wet steps of polished porcelain tiles will be slippery.Polished porcelain tiles oshlifovana to glass luster.After laying a smooth porcelain, it is treated with a special putty - for additional protection of the polished surface from scratches and microcracks.
In any catalog of building materials can be found not only an extensive collection of porcelain stoneware tiles standard, but additional clearance.The offer consists of laths, moldings, edge, shaped parts, sockets and more.