tree - pretty popular and environmentally friendly material, so wooden houses are in demand in modern construction.After the equipment of a wooden house should be the installation of power supply system.Since the tree is unstable before the ignition wiring should ensure complete security of the residents of the house fire.About how to do the wiring in a wooden house properly consider further.
- Requirements for Wiring in a wooden house
- main types of wiring in a wooden house
- Features wiring in wooden houses: the preparation phase
- Features laying the main cable to the house
Requirements for Wiring in woodHouse
first most important requirement for electrical wiring installed in any home is its safety.To do this correctly pick all the wires that will be able to withstand the load assigned to them.This power supply must be at least thirty percent.
wires installed in the house should have a special coating that is resistant
During installation wiring note methods wiring made of copper and aluminum.In order not to violate the rules of fire safety, it is advisable to install protective devices, which during drops or high voltage power supply will produce power outage.
Another requirement serves the construction of separate branches, having increased power reserve.For it will connect devices requiring a special power, such as the oven.
recommended to install all elements wiring in special flutes, which are sold in any electronics store.Their selection and properties depend on the thickness of the wire and the material of the coating.For example, in a standard household network is sufficiently corrugations with plastic.
When routing cables through the building construction should build the holes for them.Thus, after the installation of the cable, a gap is sealed by means legkoudalaemyh nonflammable compositions.For the preparation of this composition is perfect mixture of sand and cement in a ratio of ten to one, except that you can use clay, putty or plaster.
close up pass-through is necessary for the entire area, in order to prevent the penetration of moisture into the room or excess gas.
installation wiring is carried out at an air temperature does not exceed the mark of -16 degrees.
Choose wire and cable insulation characteristics with the presence of the protective braiding and copper cable zhilami.Secheniya providing the network connection shall not be less than 0.25 cm by 1 m and the cable is responsible for coverage will be sufficient to 0.15 cm 1m².
main types of wiring in a wooden house
There are two ways of wiring in a wooden house:
wiring scheme in a wooden house open implies substantial simplification of repairs and access to the wires as they are located directly on the wall surface.It certainly is an advantage of such posting.
main disadvantage of open-wire acts unsightly appearance of the premises in which it is installed.
This circuit arrangement of wiring is used in rooms with high humidity, because in them there is a possibility of a short circuit, or when moisture condensation on the surface of the electrical appliances.
There are several variations of the posting of open type.The variant it is installed directly on the wall, in a plastic tube, podplintusnoe space or special channels for wiring.
materials for the manufacture of similar construction are inflammable, they have electrical insulation properties.These cables come in a variety of configurations, shapes and cross-sections.In accordance with the color they are divided into:
- light brown;
the production of cables for installation plinth is not allowed to connect with wires running lighting, low-voltage and power functions.To communication does not overheat the plinth should fill the space no more than 65%.Otherwise, a short-circuit from overheating is inevitable.
Under-mounting in a wooden house determines the height of the construction of communications person performing the work, as it not normalized.
Make sure that the skirting boards and channels flat against the wall, the minimum distance between them is no more than two millimeters.During the wiring installation in unheated areas such as a basement, garage, attic, or corridor, to secure the wire requires the use of staples with a suitable diameter.
To improve the aesthetics of the room occupancy plan postings in inconspicuous places.Do not install wiring near doorways, radiators, pipes or the corner portions of the walls.
second type of wiring - hidden.You can use this method in the presence of voids in structures, precast walls, fissures in the walls, suspended ceilings.All these elements indicate the possibility of installing wires.Laying horizontal sections of power cables used with the materials that are resistant to fire.
During the installation of wiring in a wooden house with plastered walls, it is advisable to use insulated cables with a common protective sheath.It is able to protect them from mechanical damage.But consider, if necessary, to dismantle this system, have crumbling walls and do repeated repair.Therefore, the choice of this method is good to weigh the pros and cons and decide which is better: the aesthetic appearance or finance.
If the wires are installed under a layer of plaster, they must lie strictly vertical or horizontal direction.The interval between the floor slabs and wires should not exceed 20 cm. The partitions, up to 9 cm thick, produced the shortest track pad.
Fastening and fixing the wire is made with an interval of 0.5 to 1.2 m, thereby providing a perfect seal cutting grooves.
At arrangement wiring beneath the surface of the suspended ceiling and other similar structures, are used exclusively high-quality wires marked NG - RETARDANT or index LS - low level of emission of gas and smoke.If the wiring is mounted on the surface formed of polugoryuchih material, the wires are installed in the metal sleeve with lokazitsionnymi abilities or metal pipes.When using steel components should provide their protection against corrosion.
This method is suitable for resettlement and bathroom and bath and a sauna, but in order to avoid electric shock in these places with high humidity, use a wire to the presence of PVC membrane, placed in PVC pipe.In such environments, the use of metal tubes is unacceptable due to their susceptibility to corrosion.If using an electric heater in the room baths constructed a special fence that obbivayut Cardboard asbestos coating.
Features wiring in wooden houses: the preparation phase
Before proceeding to the immediate laying of wires, it is necessary to carry out the preparatory work on the preparation of the surface, which include:
First determine the place through which will be connections for electricity to the house.Then, mark the place of installation of all electrical appliances, or places that need to be equipped with sockets, switches, connectors and branch boxes and lamps.
After marking all the sites, is launching a markup laying wires.It is better if they will be held strictly vertically and horizontally.Note the place of installation of distributive purposes.Better if it will be installed at the entrance to the house, the room at the same time should be dry and heated.Recommended installation height of half a meter.
In carrying out wiring work should begin striper from tramline and transit bundles with wires, and then mark a branch.Rotary and communicating portions are routed through the wall as indicated.
horizontal part of the wiring is laid down from the ceiling of 15-20 cm. In parallel with the junction of the wall to the ceiling.This procedure will help to prevent damage to the wire in the process of mechanical effects.When do you turn the route, you must adhere strictly to the right angle.To mark the site of attachment of the conductor with the edge portion is necessary.To label a hidden or open wiring using a special cable.This cord is pre-coated with paint manufacturers to help accelerate the process of marking.Otherwise, it uses ordinary cable which is pre-stained with methylene blue or chalk.
cord is fixed at the starting point, and gradually extends to the places of passage of the track.Lines are obtained smooth and crisp.
Tip: When marking the work, it is recommended to transfer the marks on the paper, which should always be the owners of the house.If necessary, repair or even hammering a nail into a wall, the card will specify the place where there is wiring.
For the layout the placements of switches and sockets used chalk, and the work is carried out manually.Installation of branch boxes takes place in the branch to ensure the descent to the switch or outlet.
When using flush in a wooden house recommended hidden sockets and switches.They are installed in a special box the size of 7 cm.
recommended to install the switch near the front door, preferably on the right side, at a distance convenient for inclusion, which is from 90 to 110 cm. The distance between the door frame and the circuit breaker should be at least ten centimeters,the same applies to the windows.
When installing switches have two options for performing this process.The first involves the installation of up to 50 cm, it concerns a child's room, and the other - at a distance of more than a meter, to other premises.
Sockets rules do not restrict the location.They are installed in accordance with the preferences of the people living in the house.Although it is not recommended that you install outlets close to the floor, as the breakout of water or flooding, the risk of a short circuit.
wiring in a wooden house Photo:
next step appears blank material for eyeliner.It is necessary to choose the type of cables, sockets and all the accessories.In addition, the cutting wire is made into separate parts, aware that it is better to cut the wire with a margin of 15 cm to cover the processing mounting or wiring together.
Features laying the main cable to the house
to hold wiring in a wooden house the first thing you need to hold the power cable.This process is performed after marking.There are two ways to perform this process:
The choice depends on the type of pre-compiled and agreed upon with the service power supply project.
less costly method is to install a cable air routes.Although the distance between the house m the main source of energy for more than 26 m, you have to install an additional support in the form of a concrete pillar.
Aerial Installation is by means of special extensions or porcelain insulators.This requires the use of self-supporting insulated cable, C and D, the life of which is at least 30 years.Basic requirements for cable:
- weatherproof polyethylene coating;
- resistance to ultraviolet light;
- resistance network congestion;
- mechanical strength.
The disadvantage of using such a cable relates his excessive elasticity and recalcitrance, which leads to difficulties in its installation.The distance of the cable above the road surface is at least 600 cm, and in relation to the footpath - 350 cm.
To ensure the safety of a wooden house and protect it from fire when overloaded network cable is inserted through the metal sleeve.Cable diameter should be at least 1,6h1,6 see.
to a more expensive method of cable lead to the house serves its installation underground routes.Since this method requires equipment trench whose depth is at least 100 cm. In addition, there are differences in the quality of the cable.In this case, it is recommended to use a cable with the presence of copper wires and armor.This cable is resistant to rodents and ground advances.When installing it is necessary to provide a sand desyatisantimetrovyh pillow, and after laying the cable, or it is filled with sand or bricks.
Do not use any metal pipes when laying cable underground method, as due to the formation of the condensate there is a risk of termination of electricity supply.
wiring in a wooden house video: