One of the most popular, colorful and easy to work are acrylic paints.Since their main component serves water - they quickly dry up.The more dilute the dried acrylic paint so that it was no different from the newly acquired consider further.
- features and properties of acrylic
- The diluted acrylic paint
- Breeding acrylic paint with water: the proportions and features
- Breeding acrylic paints intended for painting on the walls
- Additional recommendations for dilution acrylic If
- dried acrylic paint: the recommendations to restore
- How to use acrylic paint in: Tips for dyeing process
features and properties of acrylic
About fifty years ago there was the appearance of acrylic paints, but during that time they have become the most popular amongother types of coating material.With their help, painted ceiling, walls, floor, wood, metal, plaster surfaces.Their popularity is high, due to the presence of these advantages:
- ecological - solution acrylic paint contains no environmentally harmful substances and is therefore completely safe;
- acrylics comfortable to work because they do not have sharp, unpleasant smell;
- marked by enormous color palette, have the largest number of colors and shades, as compared with other types of paint;
- after application is not required to wait a long time to dry it;
- painted surface becomes supple, well-washable, and paint, even after washing is not used up;
- on the surface of the paint does not accumulate dirt and dust;
- acrylic coating is breathable, allowing the surface to breathe, but does not pass water;
- when choosing a high-quality manufacturer of acrylic paint, it can last for more than a decade.
Acrylic paints Photo:
main components of acrylic stand:
The binder serves as a material of synthetic origin, which is called an emulsion-based acrylic polymer.Ink drying is due to the rapid evaporation of water, at the end of this process, a flexible film covering the surface.The paint does not crack, frost resistant to delamination and does not crumble.
Separation of acrylic paints occurs in relation to them:
- resistant to physical impacts;
Depending on how you use acrylic paint used for painting internal or external surfaces.Colours are universal or combined.
include acrylic paints isolated types of properties to the presence of moisture resistance, light fastness, resistance to mechanical stress.
Acrylic paints are used not only in the construction grow back, but also in the artistic field.Acrylic paint glass, ceramic products are made, drawing on the skin, paper or canvas.
Some paint different scope of application, as intended for use on brick, concrete, plaster, wood or painted surfaces.
to paint the walls, floor or ceiling of the room in which there is an optimal humidity and temperature using a special kind of acrylic paint.Its properties make it possible to cover both plaster and plasterboard or embossed surface.
The diluted acrylic paint
Before you answer a question, than dilute the acrylic paint, try to understand the reasons why this should be done.
Structurally acrylic has a rather thick consistency, however if it is not diluted before the operation, it will lead to the inconvenience in application and its uneven distribution at the surface.Another reason why the acrylic paint is to be diluted its use after a long stay in the open state.If you plan to restore acrylic paint to create beautiful furniture or a masterpiece, then dilute it before use is mandatory.If you do not, then the following tools which paint is applied will be shown on the structure of the painted surface.
Acrylic paints are Physical water-based paints, so the very first and foremost advocates of diluent water.While, after application of the paint coating becomes waterproof.Therefore, it is recommended to clean all the tools used in the process immediately after application, before it dries.
Another option diluent is a material recommended by the paint manufacturer.To do this, refer to its instructions.Special solvents such as corporate change the characteristics and features of the paint, for example, make the surface glossy or matt.Therefore, the choice of solvent is necessary to know all the properties of the paint.
Breeding acrylic paint with water: the proportions and features
If, however, as a solvent for paints acrylic water is selected, you should familiarize yourself with the recommendations that will help to make the paint the right consistency and does not affect its properties.
Use only clean, cold water.Before you mix the paint with water, should be to conduct an experiment to determine the exact amount of water required for its dilution.
Prepare dropper or bottle of drops under which you can measure the amount of water in the droplets.Proceed to a certain proportion and texture of paint.The most popular versions of proportional dilution of paint is to add water at a ratio of one to one, one to two, one to five or one to fifteen.
invited to consider these options more:
- if the paint diluted with water at a ratio of one to one, you get a paint that is suitable for the application of the base layer, it fits well to the surface, pretty thick, but does not stick to the brush, smoothly and evenly painted surface;
- using diluted paint in the ratio of one to two, is a material of increased fluid, which fits well on the brush when applying a layer of paint on the surface to produce thin and smooth;
- if one part paint to take five times more water, the paint color takes the form of water, which penetrates well between the lint brush or roller, and a layer, a light and slightly visible, this option is suitable for dyeing textured parts or surfaces asPaint is easily absorbed and does not remain on the convex elements;
- if acrylic paint diluted with water at a ratio of one to fifteen, then turn ordinary water with small amounts of color pigment, it is used to create the gradient colors, or for the construction of a smooth transition between the two tones.
Breeding acrylic paints intended for painting on the walls
To create a unique masterpiece on the wall or just for its decoration using colored acrylic paints, which are sold in small boxes.They are also used by artists to paint on canvas.
invited to consider recommendations for breeding these colors:
1. In order not to overdo it with the amount of water, use a pipette.For breeding use a paint dry or important palette.If they have a cap, then dilute them therein.
2. Place dilution of paint depends on the speed its drying.It is recommended to breed on wet acrylic paint palettes.
3. The consistency of the paint depends on what kind of tone you want to color the picture.If necessary, dilute the pronounced color ink at a ratio of one to one, otherwise, increase the amount of water.
Additional recommendations for dilution acrylic
When using water as a diluent Ensure that there were no foreign chemicals and other items.It is recommended to use water that has defended several hours.Make sure that the paint does not hit on other non-staining surface, if it occurred, it must be removed immediately with a damp cloth.
When applying paint using a spray gun, colorful composition must be uniform and high quality.In this case, it is better to use the purchased diluents recommended by the paint manufacturer.With their help, the consistency of the paint will be optimal for the application of a spray gun.
use diluent for acrylic significantly modifies its properties, namely:
- appearance on the surface;
- strength layer;
- color and shade.
For these purposes, use special solvents, the composition of which changes the properties of the paint.Be sure to use only those diluents that are recommended by the manufacturer.So how can poor performance, which will manifest itself immediately after drying or after a certain period of time.
Adding diluent in the paint occurs gradually, it is recommended to use the building mixer for uniform mixing it.To change the color of acrylic paint, use the special Tonnerre.They allow you to get almost any color and shade.Pre add some Tonner in a small amount of ink, select the desired color and apply it to the surface to see how it looks, and then add Tonnerre in the paint.
to use paint roller, brush, spray gun - it all depends on the surface which will be painted, its features and the area.We should not forget that after drying acrylic modified it slightly in color, so pre-apply a little paint on the surface and wait until it dries, if you are satisfied with the shade, do not hesitate to apply the paint.
It is desirable that a small amount of ink remains in the bank, so how to get the desired shade after a time it will be difficult, and the paint may need for restoration.
If dried acrylic paint: the recommendations to restore
After using acrylic paint happens that a little paint remains and to return it in the time former state need to work hard.All reason is that acrylic water based and water, after a certain period of time, gradually evaporates when this process is completed, the paint is polymerized.This process is irreversible, therefore the less moisture in the ink is, the worse its characteristics.
paint recovery process should be initiated on the basis of its appearance.If the paint cans are small clumps of her and she has not fully thickened, then you should add the usual acrylic thinner or water with alcohol.
With strong drying paint, try to grind it into a powder and then pour into the box a little bit of hot boiling water, a few seconds to drain the boiling paint and repeat the procedure again.When the paint is warmed up, leave the third poured water into the pot and mix the paint.Of course the quality characteristics of such inks are much worse than fresh, because it's all the same there are small lumps and a layer on the surface to become less stable.
If acrylic paint has dried to such a degree that resembles a large and resilient ball, then throw a paint better, though before that you can try to revive it.To do this, it crushed and warmed using hot water, as in the previous method, but instead of plain water for the third time, it is necessary to add water with the alcohol.The quality of the paint is significantly affected.
How to use acrylic paints work: advice on the process of staining
paint depends on the density of the final result, so it is very important to give the process of breeding acrylic lot of attention.If the paint is fairly thick consistency, the strip joints, and that leaves a brush or roller will be very noticeable after it dries.
therefore recommended before applying diluted, and then a very good mix acrylic paint.Some types of paints require dilution with water, while others - no.So before you start, be sure to read the instructions.If you have a film on the surface of the paint should get rid of it.It is unnecessary to agitate the paint as it forms clumps that are visible by staining.After removing the paint film strain to finally get rid of mikrokomochkov.The variant acrylic adding additional components that enhance its resistance to the occurrence of mold or mildew.
choosing the instrument should be based on the area you want to paint.If it is small, it is enough to brush, and when painting large areas, it is recommended to use a roller or spray gun.
While working with the brush keep it at a slight angle relative to the surface to be painted.No need to touch the brush of the pan in which the paint is to prevent deformation of its bristles.Do not wipe the brush on the dish with paint, it is recommended to gently shake.Brush stroke should be uniform, and wide bandwidth.Joints between them gently blend.If necessary to obtain a smooth surface, avoid overlapping of strips or bars.Apply the paint twice, the first wave of the hand goes up, the other down.Periodically changing the direction of the brush, which is painted on the surface of the bristles wear out evenly.If the paint is applied with a break, the brush should always be washed, as even a few minutes, she hardens and becomes unfit for further work.
Choosing roll should decide at its optimum size.At this affects the size of the surface you want to paint.Use special trays that will provide comfortable work with this tool.Make sure to roll in the process of immersion impregnated paint completely.Prepare non-working surface on which will be running roller after his dive.If this is not done, the surface is covered with spots.Begin to apply paint to the remote corners of the plots spread over the surface of the paint, and make sure to perehreschivalis strokes.
When painting the surface of great importance also has the force of pressure on roller or brush.If it is weak, the layers will be uneven and omissions.When hard-pressed will form streaks that adversely affect the appearance of the painted surface.If the surface is formed unpainted portion, paint it with a thick acrylic paint, is recommended to apply a liquid layer, which removes all defects, and connect the area with a total painted area.
If the paint is applied in several layers, then the process of application is recommended to wait a few hours to complete drying of the previous layer of paint.Otherwise, the second layer, a dilute paint and ruin the surface.The formation of small spots, get rid of them will help sandpaper.