excellent option if the equipment is to install outdoor lighting halogen spotlights.This device is the most common form of street lighting.On the Specifics of choice and the intricacies of setting Halogen type discussed later.
- principle and device halogen spotlights
- Advantages of the halogen type spotlights
- sphere of use of halogen spotlights
- Species halogen spotlights
- Recommendations for choosing halogen spotlights
- Review producers halogen spotlights
- Installation and connection of the spotlighthalogen type
principle and device
halogen spotlights Halogen spotlight comprises a halogen lamp, which, in turn, consists of a cylinder with the addition of a buffer gas.The presence of this component increases the longevity of the lamp a few times.
body as a halogen lamp serves tungsten wire.Electrodes and holders give it the required shape.
operating principle of halogen spotlights is the formation of tungsten halide
Initially, halogen lamps used iodine atoms, but this procedure had its disadvantages.Iodine is aggressive to the metal surface, the radiation becomes greenish and hard to guess the exact rate of iodine needed for the lamp.
Later used bromine, chlorine and fluorine.These substances could not cope with the task.In modern lamps atoms apply methyl bromide or methyl, which possess suitable properties for use in halogen lamps.
Devices that have a very long service life made of pure bromine.However, these lamps are expensive, since the receipt of the substance - a complex and time-consuming process.
work halogen lamp is provided through getting electricity to the coil of tungsten.This element heats up and begins to emit light.Operating temperature rises and the evaporation of tungsten atoms.They settle on the walls of the lamp, which are arranged iody returning tungsten to the initial position.
in the process of returning tungsten bulb temperature rises and the lighting becomes more vivid.
Using the lamp as spotlight ensures optimum distribution and concentration of the corner of the world.Spotlight contains a halogen lamp and a lens that concentrates the light beam in the desired direction.To spotlight was lightweight and compact in most modern models use a Fresnel lens.Halogen spotlights outdoor lighting have additional protection against dust and moist mass.
Advantages of the halogen type spotlights
1. Using a halogen lamp in the spotlight for beautiful light that is as soft and diffused, and tough sheaf.
2. Halogen lamps are more saturated color intensity.The light emitted by them bright and amenable to regulation.
3. Halogen spotlights are more durable in operation.They differ in a constant flux of light throughout use.
4. Halogen floodlights can withstand a variety of power surges, without changing the light.
5. Using the halogen spotlights can save electricity in two or three times.
6. Halogen lamps is small in size, so compact halogen spotlight emits a bright enough light and has a wide scope.
7. Ability to use halogen spotlights as street lights due to their heat resistance and mechanical strength.
8. Halogen spotlights can operate in any climate zone and even in the polluted environment of the industrial enterprises.
9. Ability to set different angles of lighting using a dimmer allows you to arrange the lighting designer.
10. Halogen spotlights high power do not require special equipment such as ballast, and able to operate from voltages of 220 watts.
11. Ability to install motion sensors, promotes significant energy savings.Spotlight activated only at the time when people are near it.
sphere of use of halogen spotlights
1. Outdoor residential buildings, warehouses, patios, driveways, parking lots.
2. Halogen floodlights used to illuminate advertising, such as banners, billboards, signs, posters.
3. Used for light rail lines and highways.
4. Halogen spotlights special purpose used in the navy, the army, and also in the film.
5. The lighting of stadiums, playgrounds construction purposes, large airports, bus stations takes place by means of halogen floodlights.
6. They are used to create a special atmosphere in an old house, or in a country mansion.
7. Perfect halogen floodlights to illuminate the park alleys.
8. These devices are used for lighting of tunnels, bridges, parks, monuments,
9. Often used spotlights halogen type during installation highlighting landscaping, for example, in the pool, gazebo on the pond for registration of the road to the house.The diverse mix of lights, which give the light at different angles, for beautiful lighting effects.
Species halogen spotlights
Halogen lamps used in the spotlight:
1. Depending on the color are:
2. In relation to the structure:
- with the presence of the outer bulb,
- with the presence of a reflector,
- capsular type.
The earliest halogen lamps are linear.They are characterized by high power and high brightness.In most cases, used for the mounting of projectors.The main advantage of these lamps is increased resistance to mechanical damage.In most cases only arranged horizontally.
bulb-lamps are an alternative to the ordinary, have the same shape.They do not require special fixtures.These lamps have a small flask in protecting the inside of the device.These devices are transparent, opaque or milk.Characterized by the presence of the relay, which is responsible for the smooth turn on the lamp.Provide protection from light bulbs burning out during the surge.
Halogen bulbs with the presence of reflector lamps are also called light direction.They are varied lighting angles.This includes the presence of a small light bulb and reflector, is responsible for the distribution of light.Lamps with reflectors made of aluminum are able to generate heat.
pencil halogen lamps are small and have a longitudinal body.
Depending on the application distinguish halogen spotlights:
- outdoor lighting,
- indoor lighting.
floodlights used outside have properties of resistance to temperature changes, are protected against moisture, are more resistant to mechanical stress.Floodlights for indoor lighting, less powerful, but also have a high luminous efficiency.
Depending on the availability of additional functions distinguish spotlights:
- with a motion sensor,
- with additional amplifiers and lenses.
standard floodlights are a device for installing a halogen lamp.Halogen with motion sensor saves electricity and regulates the automatic switching on and off the device.Additional amplifiers and lenses provide the ability to control brightness and the type of lighting.
in relation to the form of halogen floodlights are:
Recommendations for choosing halogen spotlights
Before Halogen buy, offer to read tips on choosing this device.
1. If you wish to obtain a bright yellow sun, it is recommended to buy halogen floodlight with a transparent bulb.Frosted lamp provides white, slightly bluish tint, and milk - a soft yellow-white light.
2. To install the floodlights outside the premises of a residential type, it is recommended to buy floodlight with a motion sensor.This device works in the presence of people.
3. Note the number of the luminous flux, performance is the main characteristic of halogen floodlights.Should be selected on the basis of the spotlight area refreshment.Too much light indoors is harmful to the health of the eyes and the people who reside there.
4. Before buying the spotlight clearly define its place of installation and functional features.
5. When choosing a spotlight for mounting on the outside, study its characteristics such as frost and humidity, the presence of a special cable, which is not exposed to moisture.
6. Consider an external enclosure.It is recommended to examine the case material, the glass of the lamp, the quantity and quality reflectors, closed part.
7. Floodlight made of aluminum do not overheat because the body quickly releases the heat into the environment, it is advisable to buy such devices.
8. It is better to choose a lamp made of tempered glass, they have a higher resistance to mechanical stress.
9. Choose or polished aluminum reflector type, they are capable of high-quality reflection and transmission of the light flux.
10. In order to ensure safety during operation of the device must have the spotlight firmly hidden electrical circuits.
11. The most important indicator of the reliability of halogen spotlights, which is installed outside - is a class of security.
12. Halogen price is determined by the following characteristics:
- size of the device,
- power unit,
- the halogen lamp complete,
- size and number of lamps,
- the motion sensor,
- materialconstruction of the body,
- scheme halogen spotlights,
- appointment spotlight: external or internal lighting,
- safety class.
Review producers halogen spotlights
1. Halogen Navigator (China) - spotlights that have these characteristics:
- level of protection against dust and water IP 54;
- high reliability and integrity;
- used for both internal and external lighting;
- spotlights are made in black and white;
- different capacity;
- body is made of plastic reflectors - aluminum;
- some models have built-in infrared sensor that controls the operation of the spotlight;
- additional functions let you customize the amount of light, the range and sensitivity of the spotlight;
- made steel mounting bracket.
2. Halogen floodlights Galad (Russia) have such features:
- are symmetrical and asymmetrical;
- have aluminum reflectors;
- used for illumination of facades, advertising and architectural structures;
- name of each model includes a number of several digits that indicate the value of the type of lighting, for example, AI - the use of halogen lamps for general lighting, followed by the serial number, the amount of power and modification;
- spotlights are characterized by first-class electrical safety;
- able to operate in a temperature range from -45 to +40 degrees;
- work 18 months of use.
3. Halogen spotlights Philips (Netherlands), although it has a higher cost than the previous spotlights, but they have a huge number of advantages over them:
- compactness and light weight,
- strength and work in any conditions,
- economical electricity consumption at high light output,
- easy care and easy maintenance,
- variety of light beams,
- the possibility of 80-degree adjustment device,
- presence of an additional set of shvorok and verticals,
- high quality and durability,
- availabilitybracket ensures reliable fixation and stability of the device.
4. Halogen spotlights Vivo Luce (Italy) - have such features:
- body is covered with powder paint type,
- used parts from die-cast aluminum,
- presence of clear tempered glass,
- variety of forms, from simplesymmetrical round to complex asymmetric floodlights,
- antikorroziynot and strength ensures high quality materials, which make up the spotlight.
Installation and connection type Halogen
Before installing the floodlight should determine its location and be sure to read the installation instructions and the device.As a template mounting bracket type which will help pre-raschertit attaching spotlight.Drill the holes and secure with screws spotlight.Then, proceed to connect the device.On the back of the illuminator, remove the protective cover and inspect the terminal box.
then need to contact the cable run through the channel, which is located directly in the box.
A special clamp lock the channel and make contact.Close the lid and tighten the screws.
To install the lamp in the spotlight, the attention should be paid to the front of the gun.Remove the screws and remove the cover, then secure the halogen bulb using spring clips make installation and lamp.
Do not touch the surface of the lamp arms.If this is not avoided, it is recommended to wipe the surface with a cloth pre-moistened with an alcohol solution.Put the cover back into position and secure with screws.