sliding doors are becoming popular and are gradually replacing the standard swing, due to the ease of use and aesthetic appeal.Consider the main types and characteristics of the installation of sliding gates.
- features and design of the sliding gate
- Species sliding gates Sliding gates
- Sliding doors with their hands
- Recommendations for mounting sliding gates
Features and design of sliding gates
sliding doors - a kind of gatewhich are smooth opening in one or opposite directions, without requiring any additional space in front of the gate.
The main difference from the usual sliding doors is economy of space.
Standard sliding doors include:
- guide U-shaped bar;
- two roller bearings;
- removable end video;
- lower catcher;
- top catcher;
- upper lock - an arm;
- fixing plate.
Before installing the sliding gate should prepare a special foundation, which will be fixed castors.On the bottom edge of the metal frame
Advantages of the sliding gate:
- sliding gates compact design and does not require additional space for opening;
- are highly reliable and able to withstand even a strong wind;
- no noise during operation;
- possibility of remote control;
- ease of use and additional services;
- sliding doors are not able to damage the machine, during the opening.
Disadvantages sliding gates:
- cost - higher compared to the swing,
- complexity of installation,
- need for the construction of special foundations,
- need cleaning roller bearings.
Sliding gates Photo:
Species sliding gates
Depending on the design are three types of sliding doors:
1. Sliding gate cantilever type - is one of the best kinds of sliding gates.The design of the gate is cantilevered beam fixed to the foundation, to which the roller carriage mounted portal web.These doors are the advantages:
- installation is made at a distance of 80-90 mm from the surface of the earth.Thus, the door does not touch the ground, and in the winter season work well, despite the presence of snow;
- cantilever gates are not limited to height and come in all sizes;
- for cantilever gates do not require extra bars that restrict the height of the entering vehicle;
- to install these gates do not need a lot of money to build the foundation, this design is easy to assemble;
- cantilever gates do not need the final opening;
- sliding gates cantilever type do not produce unusual sounds during operation, and allow discovery of both manually and automatically.
- these gates are quite complex in construction;
- require settling a smooth surface on the side;
- in space with a sliding side should not be unnecessary items that will hinder the opening.
2. Sliding doors suspended type common in industrial enterprises.They are expensive, and have a special popularity.The design of the gate is suspended from a beam, which is suspended above the opening, it is fixed portal web.
Benefits suspended gate:
- resistance to wind loads;
- burglar and reliability;
- withstand high plating;
- have no restrictions in size.
Disadvantages suspended gate:
- high cost;
- presence of height restrictions of transport entering the country;
- need for ready opening.
3. Sliding gate rail type - the simple design of sliding gates.These gates consist of a rail along the opening, which established portal web.To hold the blade in a vertical position using a bracket that attaches to the post.
advantages of rail gates:
- ability to cover large openings;
- high resistance to wind loads;
- possibility of any skin.
Disadvantages rail gates:
- need for arrangement of the opening;
- require additional cleaning rails.
in relation to the type of work release sliding doors:
- electric sliding gate.
Automatic sliding doors have electric drive, which allows you to save time for opening and closing the gate.
Power - quite expensive, so it is possible the opening of the gate manually.
Sliding gate prices
Price of the set of sliding doors depends on such factors:
- opening size for mounting the gate;
- kind of sliding gate;
- length of the guide beam;
- weight of the gate;
- manufacturer of accessories;
- number of fasteners;
- operation: manual or automatic;
- installation work.
average cost of fabric sliding gate is $ 600.In addition, you must purchase the guide, hardware, automation.
Before you buy a sliding gate, should determine the type and size of the opening gate to suit the individual characteristics of the consumer.
With self-manufacturing of sliding doors, the cost of such a goal will be several times less than the purchase.
Sliding doors with their hands
The modern type of sliding gates are no guides at the top or at the bottom, so the transport of any length easily pass through the opening gate data.
sliding gate movement is due to the presence of the console - Hard guide profile, which is welded to the frame structure.The guide profile produces motion of the gate roller sliding grooves that secure foundation.
to manufacture rollers for sliding gates use sealed bearings that do not require additional lubrication.The inside of the guide is equipped with sliding trolleys that are protected from moisture.Each Sliding trolley comprises eight bearings that are pressed by means of metal or plastic clips.
average number of cycles of opening-closing sliding gate is 45000.
Sliding doors do not require additional lubrication, if we make them blur, fine particles of dust and sand will stick to the sliding mechanism and the gate will begin to creak.
as skin sliding gates can be used:
- metal forging,
- wood panels,
- metal sheet.
sliding doors drawing:
Before you begin work on the production of sliding gates with their hands, specify the size of the opening, which will set the gate.The size of the aperture affects the number of required materials and accessories.Gates must be of such a width to transport safely passed through them.To determine the size, drive the two pegs into the ground, and try to drive through them by car.
Door size affects the distance that will need to leave for the rollback.This distance should exceed the size of the gate in half.
Installing sliding gates begins with construction of supporting pillars.As a support may be used:
- metal pipe,
- wooden beams,
- pillar made of concrete or brick.
Tip: Place the support at least 100 cm deep that in the autumn and spring pole did not move from the vertical and did not violate the integrity of the entire structure.
use to install pillars of concrete.Setting time of concrete about 7-10days.
to build the foundation for sliding gates, use metal channel bar width of 160-200 mm and a reinforcement with a cross section of 100-140 mm.Cut reinforcement to pieces, the size of 100 cm, and is welded to the channel iron shelves.
Dig a hole, the length of which is half the size of doorways, the width of 400 mm and a depth of 100-125 cm. Lower the channel in a hole and pour concrete.
Channel is set according to the level.The upper part of the sill must comply with the territory of arrival.
At the end to obtain a flat area, installed some sliding rollers.
minimum time to the foundation to withstand 7-8 days.While the foundation is to stand proceed with the construction of a metal frame.
To make the frame will need to have:
- guide profile,
- grinders or electric drills,
- wire brush,
with metal pipes have to clean off the scale, and degrease the pipe with gasoline or solvent.Then, wipe the surface of pipes corrosion primer for metal products.
next step - welding work on the construction of door frame.To do this, use the pre-designed drawings for sliding gates.
To make use of the profiled pipe frame with a section of 6x4 or 5x5 cm. These pipes are suitable for the formation of the outer frame.
To provide additional rigidity gates Construct an inner frame, which is also a fastening element hammering the gate.
for welding pipes use pot holders, oven gloves range between 200-300 mm.
Tip: To avoid twisting the curtain should be carried out welding work sequentially in a staggered manner.
To clean weld grinder use.Put another layer of anticorrosive primer on the metal surface.
After the primer dries ka, go staining implementation framework.The best option would be to use an alkyd paint enamel.Apply paint in two or three layers.
When the last coat of paint has dried, you should take skin gate.To fix Sewing material using rivets or screws.To reduce the physical costs in the process, use Sverlova screws.To perform the trim, use a drill or screwdriver.
Recommendations for mounting sliding gates
1. Set the rollers and the guide profile on the surface of the fabric is made sill.
2. Check the evenness of the installation via the gate level.
3. Use welding for welding rollers to the surface of the lower sill.
4. Attach the welding upper rollers.
Tip: Do not use pins or bolts to secure the fabric, since this material is not able to secure the gate in the doorway.It is better to use welding.
Gates recoiling video: