for each home owner it is important to equip all the rooms with special comfort.Considerable importance is given to interior doors.They serve not only to determine the boundaries of conditional doors combine all the rooms together.Therefore, the color, the material should be in harmony with the decorations and furniture.In this article we will focus on solid wood doors.
- Types interior doors
- Choosing interior doors on the way of opening
- types of wood for doors made of solid
- doors of solid oak doors
- doors of solid ash
- Exotic breed
- Additional elements for the doors of the array
- Metering doors of solid
- Highlights for mounting doors of solid
- installation methods and massive doors with their hands
- Care of doors from the array
Types interior doors
production of door panels and their components is carried out by modern technologies using different materials.Diverse pursuant able cater
masonite door. The Canadian company is the founder of Masonite doors away from her and went their name.The design is a kind of sandwich, where the faces are made of sheets of fiberboard, but "filling" between them is 3 kinds: with paper, squared and fiberboard core.
- Plus. Environmental cleanliness.Attractive exterior quality.Low cost.Relatively good performance.
- Minus. low strength, especially doors with paper filling.Low durability.
Plastic doors. PVC allows to make doors in different shapes and in any color.PVC products are undemanding in care, resistant to temperature change and humidity.
- Plus .High strength.Resistance to changes in climate.The price corresponds to the published specifications.
- Minus. level of environmental cleanliness is questionable.
glass doors. Doors made of such a material widely used, not only because of the refined design, and high strength characteristics.Despite its apparent fragility, the web break is very difficult.For making use 3 types of glass: matolyuks, triplex and tempered glass.
- Plus .Visually increase the room.Do not afraid of moisture, temperature changes.They are made to order.
- Minus. high cost.Do not give a feeling of warmth and security.
Doors of the array. Particularly noteworthy paintings, made from solid natural wood.Production is carried out as a rare, valuable tree species, and from very cheap wood.The web may be deaf or have a glass insert.
door from an array of photos
the re-array is a subspecies of the wooden doors.Technology of production is gluing wood bars under pressure.Arrangement of lumber each manufacturer has its own.The calculations are based on numerous tests of strength.With this method the web is not subjected to deformation.
- Pros .Absolutely harmless.Reliability and durability.Respectable appearance.
- Cons .The high cost of doors from the array.
Choosing interior doors on the way of opening
Classification of doors from the array held by many criteria.First of all you should decide when choosing the material, and then with the way their opening.From the door structure it depends on how much will be comfortable and functional exploitation.
- Swing doors from the array. of common views.Such doors are opened only in one direction.They may have either one or two webs.Sometimes the leaf sizes are different.Swing option impractical in areas with limited space, because the open doors take up some space, and can interfere with free movement.
- Pendulum door.Due to the special mounting open in both directions.These doors are designed for large rooms, as opening space as the need for a single, and on the other side.Fabrics for such fasteners should be light, so solid wood is not used.
- sliding doors. opened by sliding the cloth (canvas) on the guide.The design relevant for small spaces, especially saves space if "rails" installed inside walls.If these doors are installed after the construction work will be needed if the external guide.Basically, the door frame is made of aluminum or PVC profile, as an insert in favor safety glass with a decorative coating.
- Folding doors (harmonica). significantly saves space.The design consists of a number of rather narrow panels that fold like an accordion when opened.Slipping is carried out on the top, sometimes lower guide.The panels can be deaf or stained glass inserts.The frame is made of different materials.
- Konyushennaya door. variation of swing doors.There are not divided the leaf vertically and horizontally, each has its own fasteners and locks.This option is often set of doors in private homes, thus, lower wing does not enter from the street living creatures, and the top is for ventilation.Typically, the lower part of the deaf, and the top can have a transparent box.The apartments Konyushennaya door mounted rare.
types of wood for doors made of solid
aesthetic and performance characteristics depend on two things - the manufacturing process and the wood itself.Each breed has distinctive features, the manufacturer can only enhance the unique properties or minimize their negative aspects.As a result of the "tandem" durable consumer gets high aesthetic qualities of the canvas.
doors of solid oak
- Such wood is synonymous with hardness, strength and steadfastness.Its texture is light pink with dark brown streaks attracted many consumers.Over time, the product is dark, thereby acquiring a noble appearance.
- strength characteristics are key to the reliability of the door leaf.If the wood quality of oak was dried and processed, these doors will last decades.Among the shortcomings can be noted only the weight of the product.
- Its wood is only slightly inferior to the oak on the mechanical properties.Homogeneous with a light cream color, it allows doors to fit almost any decor.An array of perfectly amenable to treatment and grinding, which makes it possible to produce high-quality door panels.
- From the perspective of professionals, beech wood a little "capricious" - feels a change in the level of humidity in the room.However, if the production of cloth was carried out at a large enterprise on the expensive equipment in compliance with all processes, then no moisture beech is not terrible.Interior doors in beech have the most positive reviews of the owners.
doors of solid ash
- This valuable wood with unique properties used for the manufacture of fabrics, along with oak and beech.The strength characteristics superior performance even oak.Wood is resilient and flexible, which makes it suitable for the production of doors complex, intricate shapes.
- offers a vast assortment of ash - from light to dark.It is known that best shows the timber in the characteristics of the cortex than in the core barrel.So, light shades dominated by wood ash from just bark.
- Articles of this breed are not subject to deformation, perfectly respond to changes in temperature and humidity, is resistant to mechanical stress, not exacting care.
doors of pine
- web of pine has an attractive texture and pleasant aroma.But low density can not long withstand the mechanical stresses.In addition, pine does not tolerate wet conditions, and therefore, the web is recommended in kitchen and bathroom facilities.As for the harmonious interior doors must be the same, the door panels of pine suitable for offices rather than at home.
- Another disadvantage of this timber are resins which can be released during operation.Therefore, the majority of consumers prefer alder massive doors that are always "clean".
- This category includes trees that grow in tropical forests.Sequoia, mahogany, wenge, ebony - for the strange name hides: the unique strength characteristics, amazingly beautiful texture.Buy interior doors made of solid wood data can only be in the elite building stores.
Additional elements for the doors of the array
interior door includes not only painting, occupy most of the components: frames, box, threshold, accessories and more.The end result is the total cost related "stuff" can be compared with the price of the door leaf.
- important to remember additional elements should be made of the same wood as the door.Serious manufacturer provides certification of products.
- Prior to the acquisition, it is desirable to get acquainted with all supporting documents.This does not need to know the regulations of GOST and SNIP, it is enough that the paper available.
Metering doors of solid
Before you go to the store, you must perform a measurement of the doorway and on the basis of these data, you can proceed to the choice of fabric.All calculations are desirable to do only after the installation of flooring.In other cases it is necessary to take into account how much can raise the level of the floor after completion.
- width of the opening. Construction tape measure the width of the opening at least 3-4 points (top, bottom, middle).The basis is the lowest figure.If it is possible to fix the wall, for example, locally knock out concrete, brick, or vice versa slightly to impose a solution, it is quite possible to take the arithmetic mean.The calculations should take into account the mounting gap - at 5-10 cm from each side.
- opening height.Similarly measured and height (to the right, left, middle).Do not forget to take into account the level of the floor.
Tip: paintings by local producers available in largely standard height that is 2 meters, then at the height of the box should be 2.07-2.10 m. At this stage it is better to finalize the opening height.
important to note is the door with or without threshold.
- thickness of the walls. This indicator will help determine whether the need for an transoms.Transoms are panels that are set in cases when the wall thickness greater than the width of the box.It is worth noting that the standard size is 7.5 cm.
Highlights for mounting doors of solid
Mounting boxes leaf requires not only skill, but also a special tool for tapping hinges and locks.Tutor installation labor is not recommended.Not every artist is able to execute in the web infeed accessories especially made of precious wood, which are often not subject to error correction.
is worth noting that the door may have a different readiness for installation:
included is a box, casing and cloth.Fit the size of the door frame, frame, hinges and locks held their own.
door door ready for installation, ie, it is only necessary to mount.
- gap between the door leaf and the boxes on the sides and the top should be 2 mm below about 6 mm, if the room carpets are provided, the distance increases.
- fabric made of solid wood, mounted on three hinges (top, bottom, middle).For such heavy doors better use of pivot sheds, in this case the removal of the web will happen more easily.From the bottom and top of the door is measured 25 cm, these points are placed extreme canopies, another shed will be located in the center, that is, at a distance of 1 m from the top or bottom of the canvas.
installation methods and massive doors with their hands
There are two main methods for installing doors with their hands.It is only necessary to choose the best option.
- In accordance with the door leaf is going to box.Cut the space for hinges, lock and door handle.The unit is installed in the opening and fixed with wooden wedges, keeping vertical and horizontal planes in all.
- fasteners to the wall by means of screws or dowels, depending on what material made the wall partition.In the closed position between the blade and the duct spacers are inserted, it is possible to use a sheet thickness of 2-3 mm fiberboard.The space between the wedges and the wall is filled with foam.
- Fit fabric trimmed door frame, fixed in the opening by means of hardware, wedges of foam.After drying foam, cuts castle, established shelters.Such a method is more suitable for light doors as massive canvas will be quite difficult to keep on weight, checking compliance of all elements.
- As for casings, their matchmaking can be done by undercutting angle of 45 ° or 90 °.Mounting is finishing nails, no hats, making them virtually invisible.
Care of doors from the array
coating made in the factory, provides reliable protection.But in the operation may occur different situations, when restoration work may be required.
- most common defect - a scratch, which is fairly easy to remove.The damaged area is moistened and carefully SKINS fine sandpaper.Then rubbed with a soft cloth polishing wax.
- As a rule, doors from the array does not require special care.Cleaning is carried out only by special means.You may not use abrasive cleaners, chemical constituents may enter the interaction with the wood, which would entail a change of color and can accelerate the natural aging.
- to remove dust is enough to wipe the door slightly damp cloth.Repeat the procedure has produced a soft, dry cloth to remove wet streaks.
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