sure, every once faced with the problem of creaking floors, or in a public place, or at home.This attack creates unbearable conditions - no privacy.A sharp whistling creaking notified of your move in the house not only your household, but sometimes neighbors.Involuntarily the question arises as to eliminate the creaking parquet.Despite the excellent performance of the wooden floor, his naturalness and sustainability, yet with time and it is in need of repair.The most reliable means of creaking parquet - it is a complete replacement.But not everyone can afford such expenses right away, so the temporary elimination of scratches, use one of the following ways.
- reasons creaking parquet
- How to get rid of the creaking parquet
- If Rassokha parquet paneling
- If the substrate (plywood, MDF) is loose to the ground floor
- If between a wall and parquet are no gaps
- If the concrete base has significant irregularities
- If the parquet strips dried up and the gap formed between
- If you peel off the parquet strips of plywood or fiberboard
- If deformed lags
- If flooring rubs against the joists
- If the floorboard broken comb or notch
- If the parquet blocks free"walk" on the nails
- If dried up and peeled asphalt mastic, which is attached parquet
reasons creaking parquet
To perform high quality repair the creaking parquet and find the right way to accurately determine the cause of creaking andlocation.All the causes of scratches can be divided into two categories: those associated with non-compliance technology stacking wood floor, and those that are associated with poor quality dried wood parquet blocks or improper use of a wooden cover.Due to the fact that a tree - a natural living material, it "breathes", picking up moisture from the room and give it back.If the room is not observed optimum humidity conditions or laying a floor for low-quality wood slats it starts to deform.This gives rise to scratches and even deformation brackets.
Errors in technology laying parquet floor :
- not enough flat surface.
- substrate MDF or plywood adjacent to the concrete base tightly.
- wrong location and size of the lag.
- not strong enough fixed lags.
- Deformation lag.
- parquet blocks are fixed to a low-quality adhesive.
- Fail expansion gap between the flooring and the wall.
- incorrectly mounted plinth.
desiccation or deformation of the wood parquet blocks :
- initially poor quality material - wood-cured or retain moisture.
- During the operation was not observed an optimal humidity and temperature conditions.As a result, parquet shrinks or deforms from frequent "wet" and then drying.
- Getting wet parquet vapor coming from the bottom.The reason is the failure of stacking technology - no vapor barrier membrane was used.
Such a large number of causes of squeaking obliged to know exactly what is in the cake wooden parquet floor in your home, as well as the version of his installation and use fasteners.On this depends the way to eliminate the squeak, which can be used in a particular case.
How to get rid of the creaking parquet
total there are several places where forms creaking:
- Wood planks creak from rubbing against each other.
- Wood trims rub against the substrate.
- parquet strips rubbing against nails, which they were assigned.
- Scrape publishes substrate loosely adjacent to the base.
- Scrape publish logs.
Now that you have decided to perform the elimination of creaking parquet with your hands, try to pinpoint the cause of creaking and choose the suitable way to deal with it from below.
If Rassokha parquet paneling
block parquet is a square 50x50 or 60x60 cm, consisting of a base of wooden planks and parquet strips, glued to him from above.Most often, the very foundation of a two-layer strips and rows in it are perpendicular to each other, ie,if one longitudinal, transverse the second.All layers of wood bonded together an adhesive compound.Wood panels can be quickly and easily mounted to the joists.It is thanks to the convenience of many standard apartments in Soviet times laid parquet paneling.Unfortunately, this type of flooring goes down faster than a classic and virtually can not be restored.
have panelboard parquet may be two problems:
first - boards loosely fitting to the logs, which in turn are not the best geometry and mounted on elastic lining .With such a problem can be combated, though difficult.First we need to determine the location of a log.Then fasten them firmly shields.The corners of the panels are performed hole depth of 15 - 20 mm and diameter as the screw cap for the dowels.Then zasverlivayutsya holes through the entire cake - and shield lag.They are inserted into the plastic wall plugs and screws are then screwed.Cap screws must be recessed into the flooring strip at least 15 mm.The remaining hole shuts wooden plug and smeared putty to match the parquet.Of course, the whole procedure must be performed only with those boards that creak.
second - due to deflection shield layers strips rassohlis flaking, the board in the bottom panels may crack or split, boards and parquet strips rubbing against each other, making squeaky sound .In other words, all three layer parquet board stratified.Such a misfortune, unfortunately, can not be cured.If you this is the case and you are wondering how to fix the creaking of old parquet, the answer is only one - to replace him.
If the substrate (plywood, MDF) is loose to the ground floor
As often happens during the construction or repair of many ignore the requirement to perform a leveling floor screed of cement-sand mortar.As a result, not too smooth concrete floor laid plywood, glued or screwed to the ground, and everything seems to be fine ... for the time being.Due to constant mechanical stress in the entrance area of veneer peeled from the concrete floor and starts to "wiggle" and "squish" on it.
way to solve the problem of a few:
Method 1. Uploading a plywood laitance .In areas of intense squeak to be determined as follows: in the place to set the creaking load of 80 - 100 kg if the creaking was lost, so the place is defined correctly.The desired location is necessary to remove a few parquet blocks, if they are kept firmly on the ground, one of them will have to sacrifice.To do this, parquet blocks split into three pieces and removed.Then, in the substrate (plywood, fiberboard) drilled a hole about 20 mm in diameter.Kneading cement milk (1 part cement and 1 part water) and poured into the hole up until the solution begins to flow back.Next, a solution must be given at least a day to dry.Then removing the parquet strips are glued to plywood and chopped to be replaced new.
In this method, you can make adjustments - parquet strips can not be removed, and drill a hole through them.Then it will have to shut Chopik from the same wood as the parquet, and paint over putty.
Method 2 . Injection under the plywood foam .The site gapping plywood drilled hole into which is injected polyurethane foam in two parts: the first is necessary to make a break of not more than one hour.Then, a hole must be plugged handle and install a minimum load of 150 kg to foam swelled not the entire floor.
method 3. Removing the creaking parquet flooring with screwing plywood to concrete base with screws. For work needed beams 50x50 mm or 50h75 long as the floor to ceiling.One edge of the beam is pointed in a heel, the size of nickels (2 cm diameter).The supposed site of creaking beams fifth set down the top edge should rest on the ceiling.For a good stop between the beam and the ceiling wedged wooden tower.Since the beam is initially undertook a length equal to the distance from the floor to the ceiling, then it will not be smooth, but will have some bias.It is necessary to continue to tamp bar up until it becomes smooth, and the floor is the most pressed against the ground.If the procedure done creaking in this location faded, it is necessary to close screw screw.
Before you twist the screw, check the rest of the floor on the subject of squeaking.And in places where it is found to do the same procedure with the beam.When the entire area of the floor creaking will not count the number of screws needed.
screw must be long enough to go into the concrete base of 40 - 50 mm, and a hat in this case must be recessed by 5 - 7 mm in wood.
first drilled hole with a diameter equal to the cap screws, depth of 5 - 7 mm.Then the drilled hole depth equal to the length of the screw diameter equal to the diameter of the plastic wall plugs.Dowel inserted into the hole, the screw is screwed.Under the head of the screw is enclosed washer to provide emphasis in the parquet blocks.The same procedure must be repeated for all seats.Then, all the remaining holes smeared wood putty.At the end of the spacer removed.
It should be noted that when a creaking parquet eliminate it in a way is the most reliable and durable.However, this increases complexity and dismantling the coating in the future.
If between a wall and parquet are no gaps
between the wooden floor and the wall must always be expansion joint of at least 15 mm around the perimeter of the room.If the parquet floor mounted without complying with this rule, due to the temperature and moisture expansion of wood plank flooring are beginning to put pressure on each other, as are obtained raspertymi between the walls.
Eliminate such a defect is easy - to cut around the perimeter of 15 - 20 mm and wood substrates.The main thing that was not too late.There are cases where, because of wet strips of parquet swell and deform permanently without the possibility of repair.
If the concrete base has significant irregularities
Perhaps the problem is one of the most difficult, because it does not suggests half-measures.If before laying the wood flooring was not executed screed and concrete base has significant elevation changes, you have to completely disassemble the entire coating to the core.Then, the surface is leveled using cement-sand mixture, after it has dried, and the substrate is placed on top - flooring.In fact, I have to make a completely new parquet floor.
If the flooring strips and dried up the gap formed between
desiccation strips of parquet - the result of the fact that they laid nedosushennymi.Trims deformed and now rub against each other and on the base / substrate.Eliminate creaking parquet in this case it is possible, not allowing the strips to rub against each other and "fidgeting."For this between slats are driven wooden wedges so that their upper edge does not protrude from the surface of the parquet.Step wedges made between 15 - 20 cm. Then, the space between the slats is embedded putty.
If parquet peel off strips of plywood or fiberboard
How to remove the creaking parquet if it is peeled off and rub strips on the base?There are several effective ways.
Method 1 .In places where the strap away from the plywood flooring, it is necessary to stick pieces of masking tape.If the area is large creaking point with tape should be placed in increments of 20 cm. Then, in the center of a piece of masking tape is made of 2 mm diameter hole to a depth of plywood.The drill must break the tape, eventually formed a small hole.With the conventional syringe without a needle inserted into the hole glue .This can be a special glue for laying parquet and other adhesive can be to work with wood, such as PVA.Slowly, slowly the glue is pushed into the space between the lath parquet and plywood.After filling the cavity of the glue must be given time to dry.Then, the masking tape is removed, and if by chance on the surface of the parquet glue stains remain, they should be removed with a solvent, and then wipe the floor with a dry cloth.
glue dries 24 hours, all the time in the repair areas should be a weight (50 kg).After drying glue holes filled with wood putty or wax and polished.
Method 2 .In places creaking parquet blocks are fixed pins using air gun.
Method 3 .Remove creaking plank flooring, in their place put a piece of cardboard , and secure the top bracket.In this case, both can be secured parquet adhesive, and by means of screws, cap utaplivaja blocked by 5 mm into the wood.
Method 4 .All shaky plank flooring is screwed to the base (plywood / MDF) screws .It is desirable zasverlivat holes screws are not exactly, but at an angle of 45 °.Do not forget that the cap must be utaplivat screws in the floor.A top zashpaklevyvat.
problem described above - is the easiest of all, as a last resort, you can delete all exfoliated parquet blocks, clean the base and paste them again, but high-quality adhesive.
If deformed lags
Deformation lag wood floor - the trouble, as is likely, the reason was wetting the wood from the fumes coming from the room below.Eliminating creaking parquet in this case will not solve the problem.The only possible case - to dismantle the parquet, check the subfloor, lay a vapor barrier film, securely logs.If the logs are deformed too much, then they must be replaced, otherwise after a short time you will again encounter the problem of squeaks.
If the flooring rubbing against the joists
An effective way to eliminate the creaking floorboard, if it rubs against the joists - is broaching screws .The main problem - to determine exactly where the logs are, and whether they have any communications.Secure the floorboard to the lag is necessary on both sides, as shown in the photo.Holes for screws are drilled at an angle of 45 °, the fasteners themselves should at least look at each other.On the same level 1 m in length will have to make at least 6 mounts.Do not forget utaplivat hat in wood.
In addition, sometimes the gap between the floorboard poured talcum powder or sand to reduce the contact of the boards and joists.
If the floorboard broken comb or notch
main objective in this case - seal between a parquet boards .For this purpose screws .This method is similar to the previous broach screws, but in this case the screws should be short, such as to connect the two boards to each other diagonally.Holes are drilled with a space from the edge of the board 1 cm under the angle 45 °, so that the tip of the screw went into the next board approximately 1 cm. The neighboring screw should be in the opposite direction - from the next board in the first.
If the parquet blocks free "walk" on the nails
Fixing parquet on nails is associated with a very significant drawback - when the wood shrinks, it smoothly "walks" on a smooth surface of the nail, and he simply ceases to hold her.Although immediately after the installation nothing portends trouble and everything is kept well, eventually your idyll can break the eerie creak of wood on metal.