Want to create an interior in the house in the spirit of European province?Decorative Venetian plaster with your hands make space around you the way want it to be.Venetian plaster has a long history that stretches from the time of Caesar.After application of the material room becomes like a housing, located in the heart of Italii.Sostav and technology application Venetian invented in ancient Rome.In the 16th century Andrea Polladaio, the famous Italian architect, by trial and error revived technology plastering.On the Venetian villas still preserved room with a similar finish.
- history of Venetian plaster Venetian plaster
- - the realities of today
- composition of Venetian plaster
- Venetian plaster Venetian plaster application
- Creating layers
- Polishing plaster
history of Venetian plaster
name "Venetian plaster" sounds in Italian «stucco veneziano» means "liquid marble".
The structure of the ancient Venetian plaster, established in Venice, are water, vegetable dyes and marble dust.Currently there are no products that are in its composition purely mineral components.They all have a certain percentage of the acrylic binder or lime.In appearance they are almost impossible to distinguish.Some people believe that synthetic plaster and more technological form after drawing a flexible coating.
historically accepted that the Venetian - a purely interior material.Venetian plaster life because of its composition can not be used on the facades.But along with that there are manufacturers of materials, which are made with Venetian plaster, which can be used for facades.Naturally, this material - not a completely natural and acrylic components, but this is what provides the ability of exterior use.
Venetian plaster - the realities of today
At present, the domestic construction materials market represented a lot of the most diverse coatings, which are grouped under the general title - Venetian plaster.Professionals only called Venetian plaster coating, which is as close to the original composition and application technique.
coating traditionally performed in one color, but can be created and multicolored coat.The term "Venetian plaster" refers along with the use of high quality material special technology plastering - "pripressovyvanie" hand many thin layers to each other.This technology includes a smoothing, "cement" and special polishing each layer with a spatula.The process of creating the coating is extremely labor intensive.For example, smoothing each layer is carried out with the application of such efforts master Venetian plaster the wall and heated spatula.
finished coating up to a thickness of 3-5 mm and thus has a high vapor permeability - "breathes", creating a comfortable indoor climate.Venetian stucco has minimum sheen that can be enhanced by subjecting the coating to a grinding operation wax, which also gives additional moisture plaster."Venetian" - sufficiently solid coating which becomes even harder with time.
Wall that finished with Venetian plaster, as if lit from within - on the basis of a matte coating could be seen glowing glare that are often referred to as "the phenomenon of the depth of the world."This effect is achieved as a consequence of the application of several semi-transparent layers.Glow effect is noticeable thanks to the game of reflected sunlight that penetrates the surface and are reflected at different depths depending on the angle of incidence.Therefore, Venetian plaster is very similar to the polished marble.
composition of Venetian plaster Venetian plaster
known as a transparent coating of which consists of marble dust, which lets you create when applied to the surface effect of clear and transparent marble.Besides dust, Venetian-coating contains hydrated lime and water emulsion.This elegant coat becomes a unique decoration of walls, columns and cornices.
marble dust in some cases it may be replaced by granite, quartz, onyx, malachite or lime dust.Hydrated lime is a link.In addition, the commercially available species Venetian coatings which contain acrylic resin or other polymeric binders.
Another component of Venetian plaster are organic or inorganic pigments.Surfaced, thanks to these pigments perfectly resists negative effects of UV rays, which greatly increases the useful life of the coating.
fundamental and last component, which is part of the decorative coating is considered to be wax, which is a final coating layer Venetian.Using wax thus solves two important problems.The wax provides protection against moisture and dirt.Thanks to its own opportunities to penetrate layers of wax gives vibrance and luster coating.
Classification Venetian plaster
In appearance Venetian decorative plaster can be smooth or embossed art.Venetian plaster relief contains in its structure intact marble granules to 2 millimeters.It seemed such Venetian coating may not be smooth, but a second layer of gloss, contacting first.A small roughness create the effect of antiquity.Wall finished with Venetian plaster, appearance does seem a bit aged.
smooth Venetian plaster, usually consists of a binder and fine marble dust.In the role of binder often serves dispersion lime acrylate copolymer, making Venetian predictable color coating and application.Lime-based binder is less common, and with the plaster work hard, because the colors are just light tone to pick up difficult, because it greatly lightened after drying (up to 5 tones), and on the walls may remain darker areas (the effect pyatneniya).
Art Venetian plaster has 4 or more colors.In this Venetian material does not play a big role, because there are a lot of decorative materials, which are not Venetian plaster, but also at the same gloss.The main skill of the artist acts, which actually draws using tinted plaster instead of paint.Normally this technique is used to simulate the stone surfaces with large splashes of color streaks, textures and cracks.The price is comparable to the Venetian plaster painted and sometimes even surpasses it.
Venetian plaster Venetian plaster coating technology has developed over the years.Application Venetian - a creative process, but does not require special artistic skills.While at the same time you reach a good result without specific experience.
Venetian plaster consumption ranges from 600 grams per square meter up to 1.5-2 kg per square meter.Venetian plaster can be matte, semi-matt or glossy.It depends on the level polishing plaster and wrought the desired effect.Modern manufacturers offer material for a separate matte and glossy separately for Venetian plaster.The difference between them - only in proportions of natural materials.
To exclude cracking plaster made to put on the prepared base.The surface primarily must be perfectly smooth and dry.She then primed with a special substance, deep penetration, that provides the best adhesion of plaster to the base and guarantee a long service life of the Venetian coverage.
primer also acts as an antiseptic, preventing the spread of the fungus on the surface.If the surface is not perfectly prepared and there are irregularities, it is not scary.Venetian plaster is a thick-decorative materials, bridging all the irregularities, but its consumption while significantly increasing.Therefore, the wall is always better to prepare a cheap filler, rather than expensive Venetian plaster to correct all errors.
essence of Venetian plaster coating lies in the creation of several layers on the surface with a metal spatula.Spatula should be made of special steel, which is not singeing material during application.The substance is applied to the surface evenly and episodic, erratic movements.To achieve the optimal effect is generally applied 2 - 4 layers of Venetian plaster.
The first layer is the base layer, which is necessary to hide the entire surface.After applying the surface of the material it is recommended to make amends, but not zapolirovyvat.The first coat of Venetian plaster is needed to create a "picture", and acts as a basis for future work.
The second layer is used to create a "picture" of Venetian plaster, which can be seen through transparency material.The chaotic and active movement spatula, the more saturated will figure that is created by stretching the material on the surface.What is important is the slope of the spatula during the application of plaster.The angle should be close to 20 degrees relative to the surface.The second layer of material to be polished with little effort.
third layer is the final layer is typically responsible for decorative effect.Use the spatula to the surface is applied a small amount of the material and carefully polished.After the distribution of the material to polish trowel applied material.Some decorators to correct errors of work, cause and a fourth layer of Venetian and only then finally zapolirovyvayut.
After drying top coat over it is recommended to walk sandpaper.This slight scratching leads to mixing of the upper and lower layers of Venetian plaster, which adds to the depth of coverage.After polishing the wall is wiped with a soft cloth to remove dust.On the wall after such a procedure will be a long-awaited shine.Polish the plaster then again with a clean and dry a wide spatula.
polishing and work with Venetian plaster need to perform the vertical and horizontal movements.Try on the spatula is not much pressure to avoid damaging the decorative plaster.After drying and polishing plaster wall can rub wax.Sometimes you have to wait a few weeks until all layers are completely dry.
wax Wax is a natural substance that protects plaster from minor damage and moisture.In addition, the wax allows the walls to give a finished look and extra shine.Waxing is not necessarily carried out, but for wet areas, this procedure is desirable.
Waxing can be done with a rag or a spatula.Wax should be applied to the tool and rub into the plaster.It is impossible to apply a lot of wax spatula.The substance must cover a thin layer of smooth wall, no frills in the form of dark spots or streaks.
only genuine Venetian plaster repair and suitable stands.This means that minor injuries or small defects can be restored locally.Wall from corner to corner do not need to remodel, and only need to process the selected area.This is a very efficient and convenient.
When trimmed with Venetian plaster walls are falling rays of light, it glows like hitting "depth."This material creates a unique atmosphere in the room, which is impossible to convey images.In this case it is better to view a video of the application of technology of Venetian plaster, because this technique has come to us since the days of ancient Rome, bypassing the millennium.