protection window openings with the help of grids has long been a necessity.Secure in this way the path of possible intruders into the room, the residents feel more secure, more reliable.In addition, they can be a real adornment of the facade of the building.In this article we will focus on a variety of bars on the windows.
- Materials of construction for window bars
- Types of window guards designs
- Deaf lattice
- sliding bars on the windows
- Swing window lattice shutters
- windows with bars
- Methodsmounting location and bars on the windows
- Grille on the window with his hands
- Installing grilles on the window with his hands
Window lattice is a structure created in the frame.She is represented by interlacing twigs placed in the window opening, and serves as a protection against penetration into the building.Most often placed on the lattice windows of the premises located on the first or the last floor, near the fi
grilles on the windows Photo
Materials of construction for window bars
- Metal grilles are of two types: low-cost and high-end welded forged.
- welded constructions made of metal rods with a square or circular cross section.The variant with combined materials.Welded gratings are greater functional load than decorative.Design, tend to create a simple, made up of the intersection of the bars, with cells of regular geometric shape.Sometimes they are decorated with simple patterns, which is manufactured by the high temperature of the metal and giving it the desired shape.All seams are fixed by welding.
- forged bars on the windows are made of hardened metal by hot or cold forging.The material is resistant to corrosion, and the shutters themselves are robust, reliable, stylish.They serve as both a means of protection and decoration of the facade.Openwork, multi-element grille give a unique charm and glamor of the windows.
- wooden bars on the windows .They perform a purely decorative function.They decorate the window alcoves, porch or veranda.Unlike metal counterparts, they do not aggravate the appearance of the facade, on the contrary, it gives it lightness.Besides them pretty easy to make your own, which is a huge advantage for most gardeners.
Types of window guards designs
By way of installation design, the following types of lattices:
- windows with bars.
- They can not be installed on all windows.This is contrary to the rules of fire safety.If necessary, an emergency evacuation at least one of the lattices must swing.
- Deaf-frame structure presented a framework, which is attached to the window frame by means of bolts or bars.
sliding bars on the windows
- They are represented by a fixed frame, equipped with a system of flaps that open, shifting sideways.This design invisible in the assembled state, easy to operate, reliable.But because of the rigidity of the design features of such a grating is lower than the swing.
sliding sash lattice folded like an accordion.Among the many advantages can be identified:
- assembled lattice takes up little space;
- free access to the window;
- meets the requirements of fire safety;
- aesthetic appearance;
- wide range of colors allows you to choose the design to match the interior.
- general appearance similar to ordinary bars equipped with a pair of vertical elements between which is maintained a small gap of 1.8 cm;
- fee structure is realized by the connector placed between the vertical elements;
- number of rows depends on the height of the window;
- vertically located at a distance of 12 cm from one another in the closed state of the lattice;
- vertical elements move along the monorail, which is equipped with a bottom element bearings;
- lock design may be different - the built-in or outboard.
There are 2 models, differing versions of opening the valves:
- shift occurs in one direction.
- flaps are moved from the center to the sides.
Swing window grilles
- They are represented by a rigid frame placed in the window opening.On hinges hung sash to her, closing and logged half a mortise lock.Excellent option in cases where it is necessary to preserve space.
- Swing lattice become imperceptible in the open state.From the standpoint of fire - a good option.When emergency evacuation design will not interfere with the free exit to the outside.Most often swing system is placed on one of the window openings, equipping remaining deaf grilles.
The strengths and weaknesses can be identified:
- the need for regular maintenance of rotary hinges;
- grille must be reliable, durable, otherwise it becomes a set of rods;
- assembly mounting units made a one-off.However, the constant vibration creates microtension in locations anchors.The result is that the wall collapses and loses its connection strength;
- is not necessary to equip the hinged design complex locking system.In cold weather, it loses its efficiency.
- alternative to protect against penetration areas are the shutters.The design consists of a guide and navigate through the plates.Place them not only in window openings, but in the door, garage.Shutters are designed to protect against noise, light and hacking.
- placed outside the building shutters glazing saves from intruders, being excellent barrier penetration into the room.Compared with grilles, blinds can not be silently removed.They do not violate the architectural ensemble, as in the daytime they are lifted into the cavity structure, which makes them invisible.As a nice add-ons are: heat retention by 20% and noise insulation.
- design feature that in the assembled fragments webs formed in a roll.Simplicity, reliability, simplicity of maintenance - the undoubted merits of roller blinds.
windows with bars
- Today you can buy a variety of bars on the windows, but there is one quite interesting idea to combine safety and aesthetics - windows with bars.But this is only at first glance.Among the advantages can be distinguished attractive appearance design, the invisibility of lattice-free opening of the shutters of the window, easy to clean.
But as a safety measure, this construction is rather weak:
- grille unable to prevent the penetration.Its function is to repel intruders inexperienced;
- for greater reliability must install special hardware against burglary.Otherwise, an attacker can easily destroy the integrity of the sash and being in her lattice.
fastening methods and location of bars on the windows
There is also a division of the bars on the types of the method of attachment:
- stationary .Installation takes place directly in the window opening tightly;
- removable .Secure the structure in the opening by means of bolts.If necessary, dismantling is carried out in a short time.
on the location of the lattice are divided into interior and exterior:
- exterior features on the outer slopes of the window opening, flush with the facade on top of the window unit;
- internal placed between frames.Such construction is set when the window sash opening outwardly.
also distinguish species gratings depending on the form:
Depending on the purpose of the lattice is divided into the following types:
- fine. main function - to decorate the appearance of the facade.Is made of small diameter rods, creating a structure with large air cells;
- decorative and security. Combines 2 functions at once - the protection and decoration.The cells produce a smaller average thickness of the bars is taken;
- security. cell diameter in this case the minimum thickness rods - maximum.Also, the additional reinforcement elements.
Grille on the window with his hands
However, if you do not want to install cumbersome design roller blinds and protect the premises would be desirable, the best option would be the installation of windows gratings.With enough experience with the welding machine, you can create it yourself.
Tools and materials:
- welding machine;
must purchase bars of various sections.To produce suitable frame area, with a width of more than 2.5 cm. As additional decoration design acquire forged items.
- Measure the window opening, and make a sketch of the future product.If the plan is to swing the lattice, then the optional hinge for wings and mounted or built-in lock.
- on smooth concrete or wood surface spread of the lattice.Grinder equipped with a circle of metal, cut into pieces of desired size.From the corners of the welded frame, and then attach it to the rest of the details.Care should be taken long diagonals - they must be equal.
- strips welded to the castle, a loop in the opposite direction, which excludes the possibility of dismantling the protective grille.
- then begin to create patterns of twigs.It can be used as decoration finished forged elements.Production of decorative details - quite a difficult process.Alternatively, adorn the grille contour drawing.Weld part of the pattern separately from the design and decoration of the resulting welded to the bars.The finished window frame primed and painted.
Installing grilles on the window with his hands
If you create your own window grills did not work, you can save on the installation process and to work independently.It will be a great help to the family budget, as the average price of installing bars on windows ranges 1000rub.a single window opening located on the first floor.
are the following ways of mounting bars on the windows.
- The wall hammered metal elements, which act as pins longer than 12 cm, which is then welded construction.Outside, they can not project more than 0.5 cm. This method is suitable for mounting grids created by welding.Mandatory requirement - the fortress walls.In terms of security - this is the most reliable method, however, remove and paint over such a structure will not be possible.Therefore, the site of attachment is necessary to carefully handle to prevent rust.
- Commit to the built elements using hardware.This method is suitable for forged gratings.
- to wooden houses mounted lattice using the threaded studs.
- Slice pins length of 12 cm.
- on all sides of the window opening showing places of the future location pins.Apply a grill and place her mark holes for fasteners.
- drill holes in the wall, the length of them should get a little more than 12 cm.
- Frame drilled by a drill fixture suitable diameter.
- is then placed in the window opening, to stringing pins.
- With welder fix hardware and window frame.
- The process is quite simple.It is important not to forget to cover the window, the glass and the frame are not damaged during the welding process.
Fixing by bolts
- Rama must also be equipped with lugs.
- in wall cavities drilled holes for anchor bolts.
- lattice placed in the window opening, through the eye bolts are inserted into the opening.
- If slots are not screwed bore, you get detachable design.
- with long drill to create a hole passing through the wall.
- inserted into the opening frame.
- bolts inserted in the hole, the end of which will be located inside the building.
- wind the nut on the bolt.
unpleasant feature of the method lies in the visibility of fasteners inside the building.We'll have to carry out additional work facing.
If the building is faced with siding, then the order of attachment bars on the windows will be as follows:
- drill holes careful not to damage the liner.
- threaded bolt is attached to the frame by welding.On the heels
- a limiter which preserve the integrity of the siding in places docking.
- design fastened with screws.
feasibility of installing bars on the windows clear.It is safe and quiet living in the house of people.