Recently increasingly gaining popularity construction of houses with an attic floor, which allows economical use of living space.In the space equip the attic bedroom, study, children's rooms and kitchens, bathrooms and dressing rooms.When large areas of the attic window in the gable house is not able to provide adequate lighting of the space.To solve this problem can install skylights in the roof slope.Experts say that properly chosen and installed a skylight transmits 40% more light.In addition, improved ventilation of the room.And indeed the attic looks aesthetically more attractive.Many homeowners are interested in the question of how to install a roof window.Say at once, the matter is complicated and very responsible.How you set up will depend on the tightness of the roof.Therefore, if you do not want surprises in the form of window leaks or infiltration of cold air, better pay for the installation to certified specialists with extensive ex
- Types skylights
- device skylights
- Installing roof windows with their hands
- Choice attic windows and space for
- Site Preparation for installation of the roof window
- Installation frame (box): adjustment, alignment
- Installing waterproofingaround the roof window installation
- salary dormer
- Installation of mansard windows: video instruction
On the attic you can set different types of windows.The easiest - vertical windows , which are not much different from the usual glass of the front window.They are installed either in front of the house or in the roof slope in a special external structures, also called house or starling house.These windows look aesthetically pleasing, enliven the appearance of the roof, but the pass a little light.
Sloping skylights - modern challenge the elements of nature.They are mounted flush with the roof slope, passed by 30 - 40% more sunlight and different designs, materials and method of opening.
for the production of roof windows used high-quality wood, PVC - profile or aluminum.Wooden windows should be installed in bedrooms, offices and other premises with normal humidity.But in bathrooms and kitchens better to install new windows, since they are more resistant to moisture, mold and aggressive media.
roof window design may have some features which are produced according to the classification:
- standard window rectangular or square shape .Used most often consist of a frame and sash and blind glazing.By the way, dormer windows with a blind glazing are available only on request, but the windows with pivoting doors in different modifications of the market is saturated.
- balcony windows are inclined design of the windows in the slope of the roof and vertical windows beneath it and sometimes even from the side.Both windows open: oblique - top and bottom vertical to the side (as usual) or down.This allows access to the balcony.
- lower member at an oblique window .It is a blind box under the opening sash.Such a construction is used when the height of the ramp is not enough to establish two windows: one above the other, and one window is not enough to illuminate the space.
- extension - top element .Typically, a decorative element on the inclined window having a circular or triangular shape.Used to a more harmonious combination.
- Curtain box set in when a high loft pristenok, not allowing normal inclined to look in the window.Then, under the window set the vertical window, which is also open.This design allows you to survey the landscape in the attic window as in a conventional.
- light tunnel we still rarely used, but it is also the place to be.Installed in place of the ramp, which has no direct contact with the room, such as the attic.From the window there is a reflective tunnel, most pipe leading to the place that you want to highlight.Here you set the bowl evenly scatter light.
all types of roof windows are made on specially equipped factories and tested for strength in special installations.High-quality materials, high technology, hardware, providing turn and open, but does not allow leakage, all this guarantees the functionality and safety.Yes, the cost of such windows rather big, but do dormer windows with their hands is not necessary.They can not provide proper comfort and seal.
By way of opening the roof windows are divided into:
- with the central axis of rotation flaps .Can scroll through 180 °, which makes it easy to wash the outer pane.
- with raised axis of rotation .The axis is located at a distance of 2/3 from the bottom of the window.
- a combined pivot .They include central and raised axle.Top-axis allows you to open a window to the outside to the corner of 45 °, and a central scroll completely.
- with lateral pivot .Opens like a conventional window, they are called attic hatches, because they are used for access to the roof.
- Bottom pivot issued only for balcony sash windows.They open forward.
- With remote control .In the high attic, where there is no possibility to open the window manually using the remote control, powered by the mains.In this case, before making a skylight, it is necessary to bring to the installation a separate line.
When choosing a roof window should guide the design of the roof, windows and usability parameters of the attic space.For example, the height of the attic and the angle of slope of the roof affects how high you need to install the window, and what it will provide an overview.
roof window is a complicated structure, because it will have to operate under difficult conditions: rain, wind, hail, snow, and even the location of the angle.To ensure the strength of the window manufacturers use a special heavy-duty glass, capable of withstanding high pressure.
roof window consists of frame and sash , as well as accessories , allowing the flap to rotate at different positions and to fix it.The sash is glazed windows filled with inert gas.
But in addition, the kit also includes waterproofing and vapor control aprons , drainage trough , to avoid leaks, insulation , so necessary in our harsh climate and protective salary , protect the window elements from damage anddirecting water down to the roofing material, as well as internal slopes .
cost of installing roof window depends on the amount of work that will have to perform, and on the presence of certain elements in the kit.
Before ordering a roof window should consult with a professional to choose the right to his salary, depending on the type of roofing and accessories for sun protection in the summer, rolstavni, rolshtory both.
Installing roof windows with their hands
reiterate that it is better to order the installation of skylights from certified professionals, then to not be excruciatingly painful.If you wish to entrust this task roofers or construction crew that is building you a house, ask them whether they did it before.It happens frequently that the builders, having no experience, are taken for roof windows and then have to redo everything.
certified specialists, the coordinates of which can be obtained from the representatives of the manufacturer of windows will do everything solidly observing technology.The installation of skylights price depends on whether already covered roof roofing material, whether completed all roofing work or just under construction.If the roofing material has not yet been laid, the inner workings are not met, the installation will be cheaper.
Well, if you really decided to do everything by yourself, painted below the total for various technology producers installation of roof windows.
Choice attic windows and space for
size of the roof window with the selected area of the attic and the distance between the rafters.It is better if the window is installed between the rafters, without changing the design.
As a general rule, the window area should be no less than 10% of the area of the attic.Window width should be 4 - 6 cm less than the distance between the rafters.If you have too little space, for example, 60 cm, and the window must be large, install two windows side by side, in adjacent sections between the rafters.
Important!Two windows always give more light than one large.
height of the window depends on the angle of slope of the roof and on the location of the handle to the window.So steep slope better to locate it at the bottom of the window, and on the flat - on the contrary - at the top.The optimum height of the roof window 80 - 130 cm from the floor.If the handle is located on the top of the window, the window is set at an altitude of 100 - 110 cm, and if the bottom - 120 - 130 cm. More specifically, the height of the window affected by the type of roofing material.For example, if it is ceramic tile, it can not be undercut, the window must be positioned directly over a number of tiles.If the sheet material, it is possible to cut a hole anywhere.
Important!Do not forget to provide that, in order to secure a roof window of ice, misting and condensation, it is necessary to install a heating device.
type of opening roof window, select on the basis of ease of use.
Once decided on the number of windows, their size and location, mark these places inside the attic.
Correctly pick salary for roof window.Despite the fact that all skylights seem about the same, though each manufacturer has its own characteristics, different equipment.Pick up all the accessories of a line manufacturer (this will be indicated on the label), after discussing with the manager on the phone, check, whether you order, you get a kit or something for something is not fit.
Site Preparation for installation of the roof window
Consider the case when the roof is ready, but no interior finishing.In this case, the waterproof film inside the building outline the position of the window.The distance on each side must be 2 - 3 cm from the right and left side trusses.The window will be installed in the rafters and the lower mounting board.The planned location of the bottom of the window, retreating 9 cm for profiled roofing materials or 4 - 6 cm flat.Note the upper point of the window and set aside a further 9 - 15 cm upwards.
Cut waterproofing material, leaving a margin of 20 cm on all sides.The remaining cloth yet wrap inside the attic.Remove roofing or cut.
Cut the crate, departing from the rafters 2 cm.
further down the windows nailed mounting board, a minimum thickness of 50 mm at a distance of 8 - 10 cm from the batten.Expose it horizontally strictly on the level.The distance depends on the type of roofing material.
lower edge of the waterproofing of a stapler to fasten the mounting board.The top edge - to the top of the crate.Lateral pulling out.
Installation frame (box): adjustment, alignment
Supplied you will find instructions for installing skylights exactly your manufacturer.Follow her.The fact that the windows are different.Some rectangular mounting brackets and secured only to the rafters, in others they are carbon and secured to the rafters and sheathing.And most importantly, they are attached to the window frame in a different position.Therefore, it is important to discuss this issue with the manager of the company.
Installation of roof windows Velux, Fakro, Roto, and other similar, though in general terms, but differs in particular.
example, the windows Fakro, the frame has grooves with marks V and N, denoting the depth of planting box.It depends on the type of roofing material and salary.
For ease of installation is necessary to remove the sash.How to do this will be specified in the instructions to your window.Also, if the window is set salary, shoot him too.We reserve the bare frame.
the frame set mounting brackets are designed for this place.Then, on top of the frame put on the thermal insulation (mineral wool) and we fix a stapler.
bottom of the window insulation laid on the mounting rail and then set in the opening frame, presses the insulation to the beam.
firmly fasten the lower bracket and the top is not to end, we still have a bit to straighten the frame.Set the shutter in place, close and see whether there is a bias.Is adjustable via its upper anchorage.It is important that the window stood perfectly straight, fold adjoined on all sides equally, and the gap was the same.In the future, do not fix it out.
After adjustment tighten all fasteners are tight, and also side to the rafters.Different manufacturers are formed differently.Fasten side waterproofing to the window frame, cutting unnecessary.Then we laid into the side openings of the insulation.
Installing waterproofing around the attic windows
complete with a roof window is always insulation apron.At the request can use homemade, purchased from his own material.
up over the future of the window cut out on both sides of a piece of furring, equal to the width of the drain gutter.Pruned in this place, in the middle, waterproof film.Set up under her trench drain and set the space between the lath.Thus, water will flow from top to sealing the chute, not to the window.
Expand apron and put it around the window so to protect the design of the roof and leaks.Fix the stapler to the frame mounting beams, rafters and sheathing the top, we start at the edge of a lath.The upper edge of the apron factory under the drain spout.
Then you can return the number of roofing material at the bottom of the window in place.
Installation salary dormer
Installation salary starts from the bottom up.The first step is set lower pleated apron, then the side parts, the upper and the last to overlay window.
have salaries from different manufacturers have their own peculiarities of installation, so follow the instructions.For example, the windows Roto has a special rubber seal on the frame, under which the plant and fixed salary.This ensures exceptional sealing.But the windows Fakro this compactor no salary attached directly to the frame, and the top covered with additional salary elements that hide the connection frame and salary.
carefully butted all parts of salary and fasten them to the frame and sheathing.
Lower apron fastened to the top of roofing materials.
At least for the installation of roofing material on the salary fasten special element, which will closely fit the roofing material.
Everything can be hung sash, and remove the protective cover.Skylight ready.
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