today suspended ceilings are at the top of its popularity.The simplicity of design, modern technologies in the construction and imagination of designers have given almost unlimited possibilities for their application.Most often you can find the usual one-tier structure in which mounted lighting fixtures.But in order to create a truly unusual ceiling, you need to pay attention to the two-level ceilings.Of course, to create them require good skills builder and designer, but a two-tiered ceiling with his hands - a feasible task for anyone who knows how to handle the tool.
- surface preparation ceiling
- calculation scheme and a two-level ceiling
- wiring diagram
- Duplex ceiling with his hands
- Duplex suspended ceiling with his hands
Firstall it is necessary to ensure free access and movement in the room.It will have to either move all the furniture out of the room, or to place it so that it does not interfer
surface preparation ceiling
before a two-tiered ceiling, conduct a thorough inspection of the ceiling for integrity.To do this, remove the old finish is completely up to the ceiling or the old plaster.If plastered surfaces for cracks and loose particles can start finishing putty.In the case where the ceiling visible deep cracks, and at rapping heard a thud need to completely clean up the damaged area of the overlap.Then apply a first coat of deep penetration and re-seal the plaster mixture.If the damage is more than 30% of the total surface area of the ceiling is best to re-plaster the ceiling.Also, a full plaster ceiling makes sense to do in case of large fluctuations and irregularities.But if the level differences greater than 10 mm, for leveling will simply poshpatlevat ceiling in multiple layers using a masking grid.After svezheoshtukaturenny and oshpatlevanny ceiling is completely dry, you can proceed to further work.
calculation scheme and a two-level ceiling
This stage of the preparatory work is the most difficult and requires the master of engineering and design skills.First, you need to draw at least approximately, what would be a two-tiered ceiling, which will be hidden niches and protruding elements construction and location of lighting fixtures.If you draw yourself such a project difficult, then you can use one of the ready-made two-level ceilings:
When the project design is ready, you can begin to create a scheme of the design and calculation of requiredmaterials.This can be done as follows:
- Measure the width and length of the room and look forward to the perimeter.For example, take a room with a length of 5 m and a width of 3 meters. F = (5 + 3) * 2 = 16 linear meters.The result is the length of the guide profile (UD).For the length of the two-level ceiling would have to double the guide profile as necessary to do a second guide path for the second level.
Important!If you measure the room, you will find that facing each other walls are of different lengths must be used for the calculation of greater importance.
- now calculates the required number of the frame profile (CD).Frame profile itself is fixed at 600 mm, and its length is equal to the width of the strips of the room.5000/600 = 8.3 rounded up and get 8 bars of the frame profile of 3 m each.
Important!Step frame profile 600 mm is selected on the basis of standard sizes GCR.Sheets are available in widths of 600 and 1200 mm, and their installation is necessary to ensure that the edges are clearly laid down in the profile.The length of the FCL is also standardized, but for suspended ceilings perfect sheet length of 2,500 mm.
- Knowing the number of bars of the frame profile, you can proceed to the calculation of direct hangers on which will be attached straps.Step fixing hangers is 600 mm, but the first suspension from the walls along the track mounted at a distance of 300 mm.On this basis, we obtain (3000/600) * 8 = 40 pieces of hangers for mounting the frame profile.
- to construct two-level ceiling has been stronger, you need to install jumpers between the main carcass profiles and fittings for them (crabs).First we count the number of crabs.Step of attachment is 600 - 650 mm.(3000/600) * 8 = 40 pcs.crabs.On this basis, we obtain the 5-series connectors, the length of each will be 5000 mm.
Important!Offset from the wall for the jumpers and crabs should be selected based on the size of the second level.For example, if the width of the second level is 500 mm and the planned hidden illumination, whereas the first and last bridge will be mounted at a distance of 400 mm from the wall.
- made all the calculations for the first level, proceed to the second.At this stage, all the more easy.So for the second-level jumpers need 18 pieces of profile CD of 400 mm and 4 mm for the 1000 corner joints.Also for fixing these bridges require suspensions in an amount 22 pieces.
Important!Direct hangers can be used if the height of the two-level ceiling is not more than 120 mm.
- To make the design strength and that was where the vertical mount plasterboard, hiding the skeleton structure required rack profile CD.The number of columns equal to the number of jumpers to the second level - 22 pcs.The size selected on the basis of the features of the design of the ceiling.The fact that the second layer can both be mounted to the main support structure, and directly to the ceiling.
- remains to calculate the number of sheets of drywall.It's all very simple.All sheets of standard dimensions, and for installation in a residential area convenient to use a sheet or 2500h1200 2500h600.Therefore, measure the area of the first level of the ceiling and around the edges of the profile divided by the area of one leaf, the result is the required number of sheets.For the second-level calculations were carried out in a similar way, but we must also protruding edge and vertical bars that hide the design.When you select a sheet of drywall stop your choice on sheets of thickness of 9.5 mm.They are ideal for weight and strength for suspended ceilings.
Important!For some embodiments, the two-level structure of the ceiling created only along the perimeter of the room, and the middle is left free.Such two-level ceilings can save on materials and make it possible to install the suspended ceiling, or otherwise arrange the ceiling surface.
For starters need to identify the location of all lighting, and then settle the power consumption of all devices and cable lengths.Based on the data acquired to conduct the necessary section.Also wires still need corrugation, mounting box or cable channel.Gofra good that it can be flown directly through the entire structure of the ceiling, while the cable channel and the box have fixed to the wall on the perimeter.
All of these materials need to reliably and securely fastened to each other, to the ceiling and walls.It will have to purchase a large number of different screws, anchors and dowels.From all variety of fasteners, use these screws and dowels:
- for attachment to the wall and ceiling anchors and screws 6x40 mm or 6h60 mm mounting pitch 300 mm;
- to interconnect and suspensions profile, crabs and profile using self-tapping screws 9 LN, LN 11, or 9 LB, LB 11;
- fasteners made of sheets of drywall screws MN 25 and MN 30 in increments of 250 mm.
Important!To fix the crab used 4 screws to connect the suspension and the profile of the 2 screws.All installation work is best done with two companions.
Duplex ceiling with his hands
about how to make split-level ceilings, you can write a scientific report, listing all sorts of designs and options for mounting.In this article it is considered one of the most common variants of the two-level ceiling for the manufacture of their own hands.If you need to create a more complex structure, will have to turn to a specialist or a professional literature.So, in order to realize the previously drawn a two-level design of the ceiling, you must do the following:
- Once leveled the ceiling surface, take a ruler or tape measure and measure off the height of the two-level ceiling without the thickness of the sheet of drywall.Put 3 - 4 marks on one wall and connect them with masking thread, and then pulling and releasing the thread, we get a clear line - a distinguished future ceiling.
- be marked on the ceiling frame profile CD.The same markup for the use of suspensions, to which will be attached profile.Measure out the required distance from the wall, put 3 - 4 labels and connect them with masking thread.Then, in steps of 600 mm set the mark for the other strips of the profile.
- Now take the guide profile UD, it zasverlivaem mounting holes in increments of 300 mm.Putting a profile on the wall so that its lower edge was strictly for the intended line and using chipper outline the space under the dowel.Then take a punch and zasverlivaem holes, to drive into the dowels.Again, we are putting a profile and fasten it to the wall.
Important!Scope of tightening screws and different screws is large enough, you are strongly advised to use a screwdriver.
- applied to the ceiling suspension and punch zasverlivaem place in the fixture.It is possible to make one or two holes.Here already all depends on the desire to make the design more robust.Drill holes for each hanger, to drive into the dowels and fasten hangers.
Important!Zasverlivaya holes for suspensions, you must make sure that the planned line was strictly perpendicular to the suspension and held precisely in the middle.
- It is the turn to fix frame profile CD for the first level of the ceiling.Clenched suspensions like the letter "P", so that the profile of the width of the free passes inside.On the suspension have holes, which allow you to adjust the height of the ceiling, so you should determine in advance, in which holes are screwed screws to get the necessary height of the first level.For a reliable connection with the suspension profile enough 2 screws, one on each side.
- Once fastened straps frame profile, take a tape measure and note the location of the ceiling crabs for connecting transverse slats profile.Then we set yourself crabs.They get turned down on top of the profile antennae and under stress firmly latched inside the profile, and then fixed with screws to the profile.
- remains to establish the framework for a jumper.But first you need to pick up a grinder or metal shears and cut the required number of jumpers from the profile CD of a certain size.By doing this, we put the jumper in place.For this plant it under the bottom of the crab, and clung to him, snaps, and then fix the crab and jumper 2 screws.
now proceed to the installation of the frame for the second level.Essentially all operation similar to that for the first frame level.The difference is as follows:
- first profile CD is put into the UD guide and fixed to the suspension.Then also fixed to the guide profile 2 screws;
- to stiffen the design, all strips Profile CD of the second level are connected to each other on the perimeter profiles UD and fixed screw 1;
- to consolidate vertically standing pieces of drywall, profile and second tier vertically connect a jumper from the profile CD.They are installed on each of the horizontal slats profile CD of the second level;
- completing the installation of the frame, you can begin the installation of wiring.To do this, put the wires in a ripple directly from the place of installation of the lighting unit to the place of connection to the network, or fixed to the wall cable channel, and it will pave the wire.When installing the wire importantly - make a stock 10 - 15 cm for its output beyond the ceiling structure and easy connection of the lighting;
- Now fasten sheets of drywall.Getting their installation on the first level.To make the reliability of the ceiling and fasten them vrazbezhku fix to the profile, which is bolted to the ceiling hangers.For mounting use special screws, which are screwed in increments of 250 mm;
- completing the first level, we proceed to the second.There will have to carefully cut the sheets, so that they coincided exactly with the length of the profiles.The process of cutting is quite simple - cut through a line of cardboard on one side, then carefully cut through and it breaks the second side.If necessary, trim special planes, and then fasten to the profile;
- to hide the internal structure anchoring the vertical pieces of drywall between the second and first levels, screwing them to the uprights profile.If the second level has a broken or curved path, that of a sheet of drywall cut strip, and then soaked in water, the drywall is soft and pliable.Bending it under the form of a gap is applied and fixed.
At the end of the two-level ceiling installation of drilled holes in designated areas under the coverage.On the edge of the projecting part of the sheet is pasted a small border of drywall, which will be hidden for the lights, and then gruntuem shpatlyuem all the joints between the sheets.As soon as the ceiling surface is dry, you can apply finishing and connect the lighting.
Video: How to make a two-level ceiling
Duplex suspended ceiling with his hands
creation of such a ceiling would be a little bit easier with respect to the above described embodiment the two-level ceiling.Primarily this will involve the type of bearing structure and the amount of materials to create it.Otherwise, the installation is almost identical to a conventional suspended ceiling.But before you make a two-tier suspended ceiling, will have to make a new design project and to recalculate materials.A key differentiator of the two-level stretch ceiling is that the suspension structure of gypsum boards located around the perimeter of the room.And the center of the room set aside for web tension.