tracks leading from the house to the other structures or pergolas, blind area around the house, a playground for the car are an integral part of the landscape design throughout the estate.When choosing what to cover them, should be guided by several rules.The coating should be strong, durable, environmentally friendly, durable, and most importantly - beautiful.All these advantages have Pavement.I can not believe that until quite recently in suburban residents had no choice but to lay the tracks and platforms of asphalt.But it is in the heat softens, highlighting in the air volatile petroleum products and deforms under high load.On its surface water accumulates under the influence of changes in temperature asphalt crack and deform.All this is difficult to correct, either to form patches that will stand out from the crowd or to completely replace the entire coating.With paving tiles such problems do not happen.In addition, accidental damage port
- Pavers: production and price
- General rules laying paving slabs
- Technology laying paving slabs
- preparatory work and the formation of cushions
- Laying of paving slabs
- Grouting tile and compacting
Pavers: production and price
Production of paving in two ways: vibrocasting and vibropressing.
Various forms for paving slabs allow the tiles to make a variety of shapes, sizes and colors.Vibration casting method involves the use of special forms of various cement blends and plasticizers, as well as colored pigments.Similarly, paving slabs and produce in factories and private enterprises to order.
for manufacturing of paving slab by vibrocompression vibropress need for paving slabs.It can be mechanized, from electric and mechanical hand.It consists of the mold matrix, which is filled with a working mixture of cement, sand and the pick with a small amount of water.Then, the matrix must be pressed down and create a vibration that will compress the working mixture.Matrix come in various shapes, sizes and designs, they can be used many times.This method of production much cheaper vibrocasting by saving on consumables and improvised means, but the matrices for vibropress is only a few (9-15) types and forms for vibratory casting can be hundreds or thousands - for every taste.
factory for finished products under the label "Pavement" price ranges from $ 10up to 16 US dollars per 1 m2.The cost depends on the complexity of the shape and its tile colors, as well as the manufacturer.For example, some types of tiles can reach a price of 25 - 30 USDper 1 m2.
sett - Pavement very simple rectangular shape, reminiscent of brick.Its name is based on the words "Planking stone," indicating the stone in the form of a beam (rectangular).Today is the most popular paving stones and paving slabs inexpensive.
General rules laying paving slabs
choosing material for paving, it is possible to try to save on the tile.But its installation is not worth saving.If there is no such experience, but there is a financial opportunity, it is better to turn to professionals.Firstly, they have invaluable experience and knowledge.Secondly, the master probably faced with unusual situations and know how to get out of them.
If, however, decided to perform his own laying paving slabs, then the following information is useful to you.
Before we proceed directly to the styling techniques you should be familiar with the general rules:
- Laying of paving slabs can not be done in wet weather.Otherwise, you must be sure to use a protective tent.
- If the tiles have small dimensions, it needs to be laid on concrete or tile adhesive.
- Sand, which is used for the cushions shall not contain impurities (clay, humus, organic matter or other.)
- Upon completion, the tiles can not sprinkle sawdust.
- No integer tiles are placed at the end.
- Acquire tiles must be with a margin of 10% in the case will be spoiled.
- Border can be installed as a paving tile before and after.
is also worth noting that the size of the carrier cushion depends on the destination track or pad.If it is planned that the site will call in the car, the thickness of ballast layer must be greater than (15 - 20 cm).For the arrival of the truck cushion is not enough, have a pre-concrete surface.
Technology laying paving slabs
First decide on a purpose of the site, it will be a footpath, area under the gazebo or a car.Then choose the size, color and pattern tile.To form shaped layout would be nice to draw a diagram of the hand.Then acquire paving tiles, curbs and Sediment materials.
preparatory work and the formation of cushions
- plot, which is going to pave the paving slabs, fence.For this we use wooden stakes and twine.Measure the dimensions of the plot tape and apply them on the plan.
Important!We think through how to drain rainwater.Do I need drainage.
- Then remove the top layer of soil.The depth is calculated as follows: rubble - 10 cm gravel - 15 cm, the sand - 10 cm, cement-sand mixture - 5 cm, paving slabs - 5 cm. A total of 40 cm. But given the fact that we will tamp the surface, andtile must extend above the general level of soil on the 5 - 7 cm, the indentation do a depth of 25 - 30 cm.
- poured 10 cm layer of gravel fraction of 5 - 20 mm.He will perform the antifreeze function.Screed surface.Carefully ramming.For these purposes, it is best to rent a compactor.But for want of anything better, you can use the log with the bottom board nailed (this option is not very good, but for garden paths will be sufficient).
- poured gravel or crushed stone fraction 2 - 6 cm. This layer is a carrier, so its thickness depends on the destination site.The thinnest layer - 15 cm. Large - 35 cm. Also flatten ramming and vibratory plates.
Important!In order to rainwater drain freely and did not stand on the tile, it is most often done in the slope side of the mid section.If this path around the house - blind area, the slope of the building is done.
- At this point, you can spread out on top of the rubble geotextiles.It will prevent washout of the upper layers of the lower, but the water is flowing at the same time.
- next layer - the sand, always clean, free of impurities.If you plan on top another layer with the addition of cement, the sand will be sufficient to 5 cm. Carefully flattened layer of sand and ramming.
- Set borders.To do this excavation at the right place, pour gravel and sand.Then we set curbs on the sand and cement.
Important!Curbs should fit tightly to each other, so that sand does not rain washed away from the site.Also, a border will keep the tiles on site.
- Pour a layer of sand with a hose so that began to appear on the surface of the puddle.Then, give it to dry (the day).
- The next day, in sunny warm weather to flatten the sand perfectly smooth state.
- now starts filling finishing layer of cement-sand mixture.Its layer should be from 3 to 7 cm, depending on the thickness of the tiles and the surface load.In order to obtain a clean layer, laid on a plot of beacons with distance of 1 - 1.5 m. For these purposes, you can use purchased beacons or conventional plastic pipes the required diameter.
- ready mix for paving slabs.It can have different consistency.But we mix 1 part of cement and 8 parts sand.The ratio may be different (1: 6, 1: 4).
- Fall asleep mixture and flatten it a rule or a board, relying on beacons or pipes.
surface is ready - you can start laying the tiles.
Laying of paving slabs
Last check the availability of proper slope for water drainage.
start to lay the tile.If there is a complicated pattern, it is best to start laying the right angle from the curb.Otherwise - as required by the pattern (it is quite possible that will have to start from the center).Doing it on my own, that is,We stand on a hot plate and placed on a prepared surface.
plates firmly pressed to the ground.If they "go" then they nailed wooden mallet.Between a tile butted tightly, leaving no gaps.They will do - and naturally will be much smoother than if we would do it on purpose.
If a tile falls, or is not exactly lower level relative to the other, then remove it, add it under the sand, again laid and compacted.
Do not forget about laying tiles to drain water with a special groove.
Important!Always check the correctness of the figure and a horizontal level.The error may be from 5 mm to 1 cm 2 m2.
At least laid non-integer tiles.To do this, cut them on a special machine with a diamond cutter.You can also use the grinder, though it is harder and longer.Since the cutting process is to pour a lot of dust, it is recommended only lightly incise the tile, and then break it.
After laying paving slabs and check its horizontal level position relative to each other.If any is uneven, sought her mallet.
Grouting tile and compacting
When all the tiles laid, check that all the straight, then all the joints must be filled with a mixture of cement and sand or sand.
Important!Adding cement backfill colored paving slabs can not otherwise change its color.
pours the mixture on the paving slabs.Take a broom with a stiff brush and a mixture of prometaem in the gap.
Important!It is impossible to give a greater load on the tile, for example, to call on the car before'll wake up the sand in the cracks.
When swept sand from the tile surface, wetting it with a hose.A mixture of "vmyvaetsya" in the slot.If necessary, we fill up the sand again and prometaem tile.Then moisturize.The mixture should "grab".It is this "Loose-fill 'technology allows to make the tiles did not move and did not move.
The last time carefully ramming tile machine or vibrator.
fully enjoy the track or platform, laid paving slabs, only two days later.This all works are completed.Do not forget - saving on materials for high-quality backfill eventually have to change all tiles on site.So rather spend now, but then will admire the strength and durability of the coating.