massive, rusty creaking shutters covered with oil paint peeling.Gloom-clumsy heavy weight design.These were the gates to the garage for 10-15 years ago.The domestic industry at the time, in most cases nothing better to offer, alas, could not.With the advent of the post-Soviet space, products of foreign manufacturers, the situation has changed.Today, in addition to reliability, to the garage door still impose a number of requirements - functionality, usability, aesthetics, safety in operation, reliable insulation.
- Gates for garage Sectional
- Lifting gates for the garage
- Rolling shutters for garage
- Gates for garage Swing
- Metal gates for the garage
- Automatic gate to the garage
The main criterion for choosing a garage door has been and remains a reliable protect the vehicle from theft.This garage door should not bring any inconvenience to the owner, they are designed to be reliable and convenient.
In this article we will look at different types and designs of gates, and, we hope, will help you choose the best option for your garage.
Gates for garage Sectional
Sectional garage doors are quite popular and are still the most common.Cloth sectional doors made of several (4 to 6) of the horizontal sections.The width of sections ranges from 35 to 61 centimeters, and the maximum length of the section - about 5 meters.The height of the leaf can be arbitrary - depending on the garage door opening.The material for the manufacture of sections is often aluminum, primed and galvanized steel with thickness of 1 millimeter.For the most expensive luxury models sectional doors can be used tree.
To improve insulation made double-skinned section thickness 42 mm, and around the contour of the gate stack elastic sealant.Insulation between the walls of the sections should have a minimum water absorption.Otherwise, the inside insulation will be formed condensate violates the functionality of the gate.One of the best insulation for sectional doors is considered to be a polyurethane foam.
When the gates opened, the whole body moves vertically up and fit under the ceiling.All sections are connected to the door leaf hinges.At both ends of each section have rollers on bearings that move along the guide up and unfold the ceiling.For additional protection against hacking to the uppermost section of the side guides do more.
sectional door design allows you to install them in rooms of different sizes, with virtually any form of roof slopes and views of the opening.Simply put, most versatile sectional doors from the architectural point of view.The gate can be opened manually or by using the built-in automation.
finishing options sectional doors enough - sections may be covered with paint, plastic, aluminum, heat-resistant glass.If desired, you can order a sectional door with wicket.However, this option will cost the customer a lot more expensive.
advantages of sectional doors:
- Save space in the garage and at the entrance to the garage;
- When using a heater quite good sound - and heat insulation;
- versatility, the ability to install in rooms with the door opening height of up to 6 meters and a width of up to 7 meters.
Disadvantages sectional doors:
- high cost;
- rather complicated design;
- poorly protected against tampering.
Lifting gates for the garage
Lifting gates for the garage (door leaf is lifted vertically upwards), very popular not enjoy.This is due to the fact that this design requires gate headspace opening.Much more common have tilt-up garage doors.
Sales liftable-over doors in Russia in recent years has grown enormously.This design combines the strength of the gate, and ease of operation in manual or automatic mode with a relatively low cost.Gates is a flat sheet, occupying the entire opening.The maximum allowable size of up-and-over doors - 6 x 2.2 meters.The door leaf is equipped with a hinged lever mechanism by which it rises and keeps the ceiling.Door weight is balanced by springs, which are mounted on both sides of the web, and are protected by covers.
With no guide, the entire structure is virtually silent.The web is pressed firmly to the frame, which improves the tightness of up-and-over doors.But the scheme design movement may cause some inconvenience.
So, the car can not drive up to the gate closer than one meter.Otherwise, rising web may hurt the car.From the need to make a small nut in order to be able to press tightly against him painting.Nut should not be high - about 3 centimeters, but a push when moving through it still felt.In addition, the door leaf can not be repaired - if damaged portion of the web will not replace, but the whole body as a whole.The shape of the opening for the door construction must be rectangular and arched openings and the segment can not be used.
However, the opportunities in terms of finishing and decorating fabric patterns partially compensate for this shortcoming.In addition, the door leaf can be built small viewing windows made of durable reinforced glass, or order a door-gate.Installation of the gate will require additional spending (about $ 700), but sometimes there is a need for additional input, dictated by local conditions placing the garage.
Benefits elevating rotary design garage doors:
- Compact, space-saving;
- Ease of installation;
- Easy equipped with automation;
- not need to clear the snow in front of the garage.
- insufficient protection against burglary;
- high heat loss;
- Gates should not lift / lower the more than 10 times a day;
- can not drive right up to the garage;
- only be installed in a rectangular opening;
- impossible to replace the damaged part of the blade;
Rolling shutters for garage
rolling shutters - a modern, relatively new for Russia konstruktsiya.Ona consists of a profiled horizontal stripes - slats, with a maximum width of 1.5 centimeters.Slats interconnected by hinges at one flexible web.The web is wound on a shaft, which is placed above the door opening.Since rolling shutter rise vertically upwards, they are not afraid of the snow drifts, and so the car can drive up the gates close.
A significant drawback of this design - the thickness of the double-walled slats filled with a heat insulator may not exceed 2.5 cm.If the lamella is thicker, the paper roll, which keeps the door leaf will be too large in diameter, the web is bent and stuck in the side guides.
usually roller gates installed in the openings having a height of 2-2.5 meters.Manufacturers supply roller gates with automatic electric drive, but if the gap does not exceed 3 meters in width, the gate can be easily opened by hand.
rolling shutters Advantages:
- There is no need in the space in front of the garage;
- Ease, ease of construction;
- Ability to install automatic.
- high price;
- Insufficient insulation;
- Low protection against hacking.
Gates for garage Swing
This type of garage door is most popular and common because of its simplicity and relatively low cost.The flaps swing gates often open outwards - to save space inside the garage.Opening gates in most cases do bivalve.Single leaf design too, but they have a big disadvantage - leaf begins to sag due to the large weight and torque.To protect the structure of the winter frost heave, Gates put above the ground about 10 santimetrov.Dlya convenience swing gates can be built a little door-wicket.
base flaps swing gates is a simple frame made of profile or corner, covered with metal sheets.To achieve greater insulation flaps may be made of sandwich type panels - using mineral wool or foam plastic between the metal sheets.
swing gate design requires a rigid frame and a dual drive.Also for the normal operation of swing gates must be quite a large space in front of the garage cleared of snow and debris.
Benefits swing design:
- Easy to manufacture;
- Low cost;
- Good resistance to cracking.
- unattractive appearance;
- Large weight of the structure, the need for a rigid frame;
- need more space in front of the garage.
metal Gates for garage
In fact, the simplest and cheapest kind of garage doors that can be taken in a separate category - single sheet metal gates.Their main advantages - low cost and the ability to install in the opening with thin walls.Production of gates for the garage - it is requiring specific skills and experience, but as of this design, it will be mastered by any qualified welder.If you have experience in the welded business, garage gate single-sheet it is possible to make your own.
Automatic gate to the garage
Virtually all of the above types of garage doors can be automated by installing the necessary electrical equipment.The electric gates can be switched either manually or by remote control from up to 50 meters without leaving the car.
What if the garage is closed using the remote control, and the house suddenly lost electricity?By the way, firms that implement automation for garage doors, such situations delicately keep quiet.
ways out of such situations exactly three:
- presence in the garage doors that can be opened with a key;
- Installation on automatic gate device with which you can disconnect the electric traction on the web.Then the door can be opened with a key from the outside;
- And the third way - is banal to wait, when there will be electricity.
device, and the design of automatic shutter control greatly affect the value of the finished gate.Most often, the seller refers to the cost of a standard basic set - frame, canvas, constipation and manual transmission.For each additional set element will have to pay separately.
Finally it should be noted that the installation of the gate in a garage - a rather complicated process.And no matter what type of garage door you would not have chosen, for help to install only proven, contact specialized firms.